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2011 hooimeijer water managemant_urban design

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2011 hooimeijer water managemant_urban design 2011 hooimeijer water managemant_urban design Presentation Transcript

  • Fransje Hooimeijer TU Delft, NL Exploring the Relationship betweenWater Management Technology and Urban Design in the Dutch Polder Cities
  • Attitude Natural Defensive Offensive Early Manipulative Adaptive water water water Manipulative water ManipulativeSource: Van der management management management water management waterHam 2002 management management -1000 1000-1500 1500-1800 1800-1890 1890-1990 1990 -typologytechnology
  • Attitude Natural water management -1000typology Moulds Dry core Strong relation to the landscapetechnology
  • mould city Dokkum, Leeuwardengeestgrond cityAlkmaar, Haarlem
  • dune (coast) city The HagueArnhem River cityRiver city Zaltbommel
  • Attitude Natural Defensive water water management management -1000 1000-1500typology Dike Cooperation Invented landscapetechnology
  • main street city, church ring city key city Middelharnisharbour city, cape cityGoedereede Vlissingen
  • Attitude Natural Defensive Offensive water water water management management management -1000 1000-1500 1500-1800typology Mill Value Plan City landscapetechnology
  • Water management = urban design • Encircling canal • parallel canals • heightening • ordering • foundationpolder city, seventeenth century Almaar Alkmaar
  • water management greater scaleIdeal city, Simon Stevin water management smaller scale
  • Attitude Natural Defensive Offensive Early water water water Manipulative management management management water management -1000 1000-1500 1500-1800 1800-1890typology Steam engine Hygiene Project development City developmenttechnology
  • Water project 1854 Rotterdam
  • Attitude Natural Defensive Offensive Early Manipulative water water water Manipulative water management management management water management management -1000 1000-1500 1500-1800 1800-1890 1890-1990typologytechnology
  • Bijlmermeer, Amsterdam 1969
  • Manipulative Pre war Post war 1970swatermanagement1890-1940 1940-1970 1970-1990
  • Attitude Natural Defensive Offensive Early Manipulative Adaptive water water water Manipulative water Manipulative management management management water management water management management -1000 1000-1500 1500-1800 1800-1890 1890-1990 1990 -typologytechnology
  • Natural Defensive Offensive Early Manipulative Adaptivewater water water Manipulative water Manipulativemanagement management management water management water management management -1000 1000-1500 1500-1800 1800-1890 1890-1990 1990 - Structures/ Relation constructios design to technology Relations to the landscape/ Water system WW 2
  • Drawing the line to the future1. Flexible attitude mental and physical (reintroduction of mould)2. Critical towards constructions (balance with other measures)3. No segregation between engineer and urban designer: urban engineer!4. Take the original waterscape into account (study the patterns)5. Integration of tasks and solutions (spatial and technical)6. Introduction of the aspect of time (incorporate uncertainties)7. Spatial diversity (by the use of technology and landscape)
  • 1. Flexible attitude mental and physical (reintroduction of mould)2. Critical towards constructions (balance with other measures) Heerlen Palmboom van den Boutdune (coast) city The HagueHighest mould in the Netherlands Haverleij Den Bosch
  • 3. No segregation between engineer and urban designer: urban engineer!4.Take the original waterscape into account (study the patterns)5. Integration of tasks and solutions (spatial and technical) Water project 1854 Rotterdam
  • ”everything is controlled by the level of raising: the layout of the waterwaysystem, the water storage surface, the sluice system, and pumping stations. Acity laid out as an outlet waterway city must be designed differently than apolder city that lowered its groundwater table.” Van Eesteren 1934”a city expansion established as such [as a polder city that lowered itsgroundwater table] would also need to be set up for this pumping station, whichwould result in such things as the reservation of a significant surface of thetown for canals and watercourses in order to obtain sufficient water storage.”
  • Who is the next?Simon Stevin 1548-1620 w.n. rose 1801-1877 c. Van eesteren (1897-1988)
  • 6. Introduction of the aspect of time (incorporate uncertainties)7. Spatial diversity (by the use of technology and landscape) Water sensitive urban design, australia
  • f.l.hooimeijer@tudelft.nl