Robert Capa, Death of a Loyalist Soldier, 1936 Tony Vaccaro, White Death — Requiem for a dead soldier. Bihain, Belgium. January 12, 1945.
John Heartfield, Don’t be Frightened he's a Vegetarian, 1936 (l), The Seeds of Death, 1937 (r)
John Heartfield, Heil Hitler, 1934 (l) The Thousand Year Reich , 1934 (r)
YevgenyKhaldei, Raising the Soviet Flag over the Reichstag, 30 April 1945
Joe Rosenthal, Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, February 23, 1945
Group Activity In groups, which include representatives from the different courses, prepare a presentation addressing the homework task i.e. The influence of your subject area on the second world war and the impact of the war on your area of study. You will be presenting your ideas formally for the class.
Potsdam Conference July 1945 Germany divided into 4 zones under military supervision of US, Russia, Britain and France Berlin divided into 4 zones Poland lost some of its eastern land to Russia but gained some on Germany’s eastern land Poland’s government was democratically elected but Stalin ensured it remained under Soviet control
Nuremburg Trials 1945/6 Participation in a common plan or conspiracy for the accomplishment of a crime against peace Planning, initiating and waging wars of aggression and other crimes against peace War crimes Crimes against humanity
American Modernism: Apolitical Art “have the picture occupy so much of one’s visual field that it loses its character as a discrete tactile object and thereby becomes that much more purely a picture, a strictly visual entity” - Clement Greenberg
Korean War 1950-53 After WW2 North Korea was occupied by Russia, South Korea by US. Elections were called for. South elected a government, North did not- Russia set up a government (People’s Republic of Korea0 US and Russia withdrew by 1949 1950 N. Korea invaded the South. UN (set up in 1945) demanded withdrawal. US and allies sent troops to support South. China and Russia aided the North. 1953 peace was negotiated, country was divided along 38th Parallel with a 2.5mile wide DMZ between the two countries.
French Indochina (Vietnam) France had controlled Vietnam since 1883. Vichy France had allowed Japan into the country. When they withdrew communist forces fought, and defeated, the French. Vietnam was divided into the communist north and democratic south.
Two main factors qualify the post-war European experience. First the European Left was strong, especially the Communist party, its prestige enhanced by the leading role it had played in the Resistance. There was no comparable pole of attraction in Cold War America. Second, whereas America was now rich, richer by far than in the Depression years of the 1930s, Europe was devastated.Harrison, C. Wood, P. eds. (2007) Art in Theory 1900 – 2000: An Anthology of Changing Ideas Blackwell Publishing p. 559
Actors (l. to r.) Danny Kaye, June Havoc and Humphrey Bogart (standing) and Bogart’s wife actress Lauren Bacall (sitting) listens intently to House Un-American Activities Committee Hearings on the presence of communists in the film industry. October 1947. Martha Holmes for LIFE.http://iconicphotos.wordpress.com/2009/05/page/2/
Calyx, the first design that brought her real fame, was exhibited at the Festival of Britain in 1951. A large expanse of it hung in the Homes and Gardens pavilion, in the "contemporary" dining room designed by Robin. The pattern of free-floating cusps or mushroom caps, Lucienne's fresh interpretation of the geometry of nature, was screen-printed on linen. The original colouring – so redolent of the festival – was sharp yellow, orange, black and white on an olive ground. http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2010/feb/03/lucienne-day-obituary
The feelings of the moment are nicely captured in Humphrey Jennings’ contemporary film documentary of England in 1951, ‘Family Portrait’. The title itself points to something distinctive about the country- no documentary film-maker in France or Italy or Germany or Belgium would have thought to use it. The film is a celebration of Englishness, strongly coloured by shared recollections of suffering and glory in the recent war, and it is suffused with only partly self-conscious pride in the peculiarities of the place. There is much emphasis upon science and progress, design and work. And there is no reference whatsoever to England’s (sic) neighbours or allies. The country is presented in 1951 as it truly stood in 1941: alone Judt, T. (2005) Postwar: A History of Europe since 1945 London: Pimlico p.163
During the 1950s mass production and new technologies were celebrated by the Media. Novel materials were to influence all areas of life, from the daily maintenance of the living space to the built environment as well as the production of art.Architect and writer Theo Crosby’s initial idea for an exhibition involving architects, artists, designers and theorists resulted in This is Tomorrow which took place at the Whitechapel in 1956 in collaboration with members of the Independent Group. The theme was the ‘modern’ way of living and the exhibition was based on a model of collaborative art practice. The 38 participants formed 12 groups, which worked towards producing one artwork. The outcome transformed the Whitechapel Gallery into a vibrant interactive space of installations.http://www.whitechapelgallery.org/exhibitions/this-is-tomorrow