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Raves postmodernism

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  • 1. Postmodernism
  • 2. Modernism vs Postmodernism
    Master narrative of progress through science and technology.
    Sense of unified, centered self; "individualism," unified identity.
    Idea of "the family" as central unit of social order: model of the middle-class, nuclear family.
    Skepticism of progress, anti-technology reactions, neo-Luddism; new age religions
    Sense of fragmentation and decentered self; multiple, conflicting identities.
    Alternative family units, alternatives to middle-class marriage model, multiple identities for couplings and childraising.
  • 3. Modernism vs Postmodernism
    Subverted order, loss of centralized control, fragmentation.
    Trust and investment in micro-politics, identity politics, local politics, institutional power struggles.
    Hyper-reality, image saturation, simulacra seem more powerful than the "real"; images and texts with no prior "original". "As seen on TV" and "as seen on MTV" are more powerful than unmediated experience.
    Hierarchy, order, centralized control.
    Faith and personal investment in big politics (Nation-State, party).
    Faith in the "real" beyond media and representations; authenticity of "originals"
  • 4. How does it appear?
    Pastiche
    Kitsch
    Visual humour
    Parody
    Bricolage
    Masanori Umeda, Boxing Ring Conversation Pit, 1981. (for Memphis)
  • 5. Ian Hamilton Finlay , Adorno’s Hut, 1986-7
  • 6. +
    =
    Postmodernism!
    Thomas Chippendale
    (18th century)
    bookcase
    Mies van derRohe (1954)
    Seagram Building, NYC
    Philip Johnson (1984)
    AT+T Headquarters, NYC
  • 7. Post Modernism in Action
    Analysis becomes aware that the context of the text and the reader create meaning
    Art – self reflexivity
    Music – Generic Hybridisation
    Visual Culture – the visual becomes more important
    Architecture
  • 8. Pruitt Igoe Housing Project (1960s - 1972). 3 p.m., on March 16, 1972
  • 9. Postmodernarchitecture
    In his seminal work Learning from Las Vegas,Robert Venturi researches the symbolism and impact of popular culture on architectural styles and suggests that architects should be more receptive to popular tastes and values (Venturi, 1972).
  • 10. Post Modern Architecture
    Las Vegas signs and Buildings
    Venturi Learning from Las Vegas 1972
  • 11. Postmodern architecture
    Postmodernism manifests itself in decoration, often using plastic aluminium, neon and trompel’oeil effects to suggest familiar architectural features. Venturi suggested that ‘dressed in historical styles, buildings evoked explicit associations and romantic allusions to the past’ (Venturi, 1998 p.7)
    Venturi, Children’s museum Texas,1989
  • 12. Left: Children’s Museum. Right: Caryathids, Parthenon, Athens
  • 13. Postmodern architecture
    Venturi’s concept of post-modernism advocated a rejection of Modernist simplicity and the adoption of a collage style composed of an eclectic mixture of historic references. However in a later theoretical work,Venturi denies that he advocates postmodernism. Although he suggested ‘Less is a bore’
    (Glancey, 1998)
  • 14. Postmodernarchitecture
    The design works on two levels in an attempt to create a building that can be appreciated by both architects and ‘the man in the street’
    The Disney World’s Swan Hotel (image)
  • 15. Postmodernarchitecture
    Charles Jencks in his book Bizarre Architecture describes a store project for Best supermarkets. Designed by SITE in 1975 it is described as ‘de- architecture’
    ’Every morning at 9.00 this front door slides open for shoppers , but unlike other push-button apertures it takes part of the building with it, forty-five tons of jagged- edged engineering brick. The handling of the “ripped joint” is carefully realistic; it follows the angle of shear which might occur in an earth quake, and a few bricks are missing near the points of violence’
    Jenks, C. 1979 p31
  • 16. Postmodern: concepts
    Plurality (a large number)‘The idea of plurality is essential to Post-Modernism; the necessity of crossing boundaries and mixing genres is also a norm’(Jencks 1985)
    Peter Blake, The Meeting or Have a nice Day Mr. Hockney, 1981
  • 17. Post modern: concepts
    A new version of Courbet’s The Meeting or Bonjour Monsieur Courbet.
    A meeting of three artists Peter Blake , David Hockney and Howard Hodgkin. The girl skater is a combination of commercial art and classical sculpture
    The composition commemorates a historic meeting much as 19th century Classicists would have enjoyed
    Peter Blake, The Meeting or Have a nice Day Mr. Hockney, 1981
  • 18. Courbet, G. Courbet’s The Meeting or Bonjour Monsieur Courbet. 1854
  • 19. Postmodernconcepts
    Double coding
    Charles Jenks posits the concept of ‘double-coding’, that is meanings that could be seen as referring simultaneously to the future and the past
    Lloyd’s bank Canons Marsh Bristol (left)
  • 20. He suggests that postmodernism can be ‘partly defined as double coding’. The combining of modern techniques with (in architecture) traditional building design.
    Postmodernconcepts
  • 21. Post Modernism: Key Points or how to spot a Postmodern text!
    Self –reflexivity
    Generic Hybridisation
    Kitsch
    Irony
    Mix of Low and High Art
    Mass produced is now art!
    Hyperreality
  • 22. Post modernism and Film
    In Last Action Hero there are three Schwarzeneggers; one acting in the film , one in the film within the film and the ‘real’ one who is attending the premiere with his real wife , in the film.
    (Appignanesi, 1995)