Weather Disasters


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Weather Disasters

  1. 1. CERT Weather Disasters
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Identify potential weather related threats. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare for a weather related disaster. </li></ul><ul><li>Respond appropriately to weather threats. </li></ul>
  3. 3. NOAA/NWS RADIO <ul><li>NOAA NWS stands for National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. National Weather Service. </li></ul><ul><li>NOAA Radio is a 24 hour Weather and Emergency Alert System. </li></ul><ul><li>A Storm Watch Means a storm or flooding is possible. A Warning means a storm or Flooding is immanent. </li></ul><ul><li>NWS now broadcasts Civil Emergencies such as Terrorism and Amber Alerts. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Weather Threats to consider. <ul><li>Heavy Winds </li></ul><ul><li>Storms </li></ul><ul><li>Hail </li></ul><ul><li>Hurricane </li></ul><ul><li>Flooding </li></ul><ul><li>Lightning </li></ul>
  5. 5. Thunderstorms represent a host of potential dangers. <ul><li>Strong Winds </li></ul><ul><li>Lightning </li></ul><ul><li>Tornadoes </li></ul><ul><li>Flooding </li></ul><ul><li>Hail </li></ul>
  6. 6. Strong Winds <ul><li>Strong winds can damage structures and throw debris which can further damage property and hurt people. </li></ul><ul><li>At what speed do sustained winds represent a hurricane? </li></ul><ul><li>74 mph. </li></ul><ul><li>58-73 mph. is a Severe Thunderstorm. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lightning <ul><li>If you can hear thunder, you are close enough to be struck by lightning. </li></ul><ul><li>Lightning can strike from up to 40 miles away and in clear skies. </li></ul><ul><li>Lightning causes an average of 80 deaths and 300 injuries per year. </li></ul>
  8. 8. When a Storm Approaches <ul><li>Tune to NOAA Weather Broadcast. </li></ul><ul><li>Seek shelter in a building or car. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid metal wires and pipes. </li></ul><ul><li>Unplug and avoid electrical appliances. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid taking a bath or shower. </li></ul><ul><li>Draw blinds or shades to contain broken glass. </li></ul>
  9. 9. If Caught Outside <ul><li>In woods, take shelter under the shortest trees. </li></ul><ul><li>Build shelter if necessary to stay dry. </li></ul><ul><li>If boating or swimming, get to dry land immediately. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Hurricane Preparation <ul><li>Prepare Vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>Check and update emergency kit. </li></ul><ul><li>Have cash on hand. </li></ul><ul><li>Inspect and secure property. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare to shield windows and doors. </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to NOAA radio for updates. </li></ul><ul><li>Have 5 days supply of food and water. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Flooding <ul><li>Flooding is most common natural disaster in the state of Delaware. </li></ul><ul><li>As little as 6 inches of running water can carry a person downstream. </li></ul><ul><li>As little as 12 inches of running water can carry a vehicle off the road. </li></ul><ul><li>Flash flooding can occur nearly anywhere. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Preparation for a Flood. <ul><li>Listen to NOAA Radio if raining unusually long, unusually hard, or after an extended draught. </li></ul><ul><li>Turn off utilities if a flood warning is issued. </li></ul><ul><li>Move all valuables to a safe place and raise furniture off floor. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare to evacuate if necessary. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Winter Storms <ul><li>Winter Storms present special problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted travel. </li></ul><ul><li>Extended periods when people may be trapped and unable to receive help. </li></ul><ul><li>Extended utility outages. </li></ul><ul><li>Cold related effects on property and people. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Winter Storm Facts <ul><li>Snow with winds of 35 mph. Or more constitute a Blizzard. </li></ul><ul><li>70% of winter storm injuries are vehicle related. </li></ul><ul><li>Most injuries occur in males over 40 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Winter Storms can generate coastal flooding. </li></ul>
  15. 15. When a Winter Storm Approaches. (Indoors) <ul><li>Stay Inside. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to insulate unheated rooms. Close off unused cold rooms. </li></ul><ul><li>Eat and drink regularly. </li></ul><ul><li>Wear layers of loose fitting dry clothes. </li></ul><ul><li>Properly ventilate fireplaces and gas based heat sources. </li></ul>
  16. 16. When a Winter Storm Approaches. (Outdoors) <ul><li>Try to stay dry. </li></ul><ul><li>Cover all exposed body parts. </li></ul><ul><li>Build a wind shelter and or fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Melt snow for use as water. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay hydrated. </li></ul><ul><li>Remain visible to rescuers. </li></ul>
  17. 17. When a Winter Storm Approaches (Vehicle) <ul><li>Stop driving to avoid disorientation and prevent a crash. Remain in vehicle. </li></ul><ul><li>If quick rescue or evacuation seems unlikely, run engine and heat for around 10 minutes per hour. </li></ul><ul><li>Open window to ventilate carbon Monoxide poisoning. </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise periodically to maintain heat. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid exertion and sweating that will result in chill and hypothermia. </li></ul><ul><li>Remain visible to rescuers. </li></ul>