Upper Crum Creek Streamside Landowners Meeting June 3, 2010<br />Funded by: Coldwater Heritage Partnership<br />
Upper Crum Creek Coldwater Conservation<br />Statewide concern for species preservation<br />Local steering committee<br /...
Drinking Water Supply<br />Springton Reservoir – Crum Creek<br />Photo courtesy  of CRC<br />
Flood Control<br />Crum Creek floodplain at Kirkwood Preserve<br />Discharge 1500 cfs; Normal discharge 30 cfs<br />Photo ...
Habitat and Food Supply<br />West Branch Crum Creek<br />www.flickr.com/photos/22295793@N07/2463275762/<br />www.flickr.co...
HQ CWF, 15% of PA  Streams<br />CWF<br />WWF<br />EV, 3% of PA  Streams<br />
Upper Crum Creek Fish Survey PA Fish & Boat Commission - June 1999<br />Near Stoneybrook Lane<br />Downstream of Twin Broo...
Brown Trout – 6<br />Brown Trout – 54<br />Brown Trout – 295<br />Brook Trout – <3 <br />Rainbow Trout – <3<br />American ...
Brown Trout, Salmo trutta<br />Introduced<br />Temperature<br />Preferred: 53-66 F<br />Lethal: 78-81 F<br />Oxygen<br />P...
Brook Trout, Salvelinus fontinalis<br /><ul><li>Native
PA state fish
Temperature
Preferred: 51-61 F
Lethal: 77 F
Oxygen
Preferred: 7-9 mg/L
Pools and cover
Jump Height
Max 2.4 feet</li></ul>www.flickr.com/photos/42180949@N02/4544533341/<br />
Upper Crum Creek Temperature PA Fish and Boat Commission – June 1999<br />69.8 F<br />65.7 F<br />68 F<br />68 F<br />72.5...
Benthic Macro Invertebrates … BUGS<br />Fish food<br />Water quality indicators<br />They live in the stream<br />Varying ...
Eisenhower Road<br />Jaffrey Road<br />Warren Road<br />
Benthic Macroinvertebrate Data(PA DEP and DRN)<br />Downward Trend?<br />www.flickr.com/photos/22295793@N07/4374684183/in/...
Value of Riparian Buffers<br />Food chain link – 75% of stream’s food base<br />Shade - 9° F cooler in the summer<br />Ero...
Pollutant Removal vs. Buffer Width<br />The wider the better…<br />but even a little can make a big difference<br />
Upper Crum Creek Buffers<br />2004 “Upper Crum Creek Watershed Assessment and Restoration/Protection Plan” <br />Growing G...
Condition of Riparian Buffer<br />2004 “Upper Crum Creek Watershed Assessment and Restoration/Protection Plan” <br />
East Branch at West Circular Drive<br />Photo courtesy of CRC<br />
West Branch at Paoli Pike<br />
West Branch near Warren Avenue<br />
Coldwater Conservation Plan<br />Focus on EV West Branch <br />Applicable throughout upper Crum Creek watershed<br />
www.taylorgeoservices.com/gis/GIS.htm#crc<br />
Coldwater Conservation Plan Recommendations<br />Riparian buffer enhancement<br />No-mow zone establishment<br />Proper de...
Riparian (Streamside) Buffer<br />Benefits<br />Shade	<br />Water uptake<br />Food source<br />Erosion control<br />Living...
Create continuous wooded buffer along the stream<br /><ul><li>Maximize width
Native trees and shrubs
Help Available
CRC, DRN, and WCT</li></ul>Crum Creek at Kirkwood Preserve<br />Photo courtesy Willistown Conservation Trust <br />
Keys to Successful Buffers<br />Plant in early spring or fall<br />Deer protection<br />Supplemental watering for first tw...
Periodically Flooded<br />Red maple<br />Swamp white oak<br />Black gum<br />Tulip tree*<br />Virginia sweetspire*<br />Sw...
No Mow Establishment<br />
Streamside Mowing<br />Crum Creek<br />
Turf Grass vs. Native Grasses & Wildflowers<br />www.lrc.usace.army.mil/co-r/best_management_practices.htm<br />
No Mow Establishment<br />How wide? <br />Goal 50’ but 15’ will help<br />Establishment<br />Remove turf and invasives<br ...
Crum Creek Tributary, Edgmont<br />No mow and plantings installed by CRC with Canter Village<br />Photo courtesy of CRC<br />
Yard Waste and Debris<br />
<ul><li>Nutrient loading
Decrease in oxygen</li></li></ul><li>Blocking stream flow<br />
West Branch Crum Creek at Forest Lane<br />
Yard Waste and Debris<br />Compost leaves <br />Pile branches away from stream<br />Grass cycling (leave on lawn)<br />Pro...
Bank Stabilization<br />Solution versus Band-Aid<br />BEWARE: Streams are a dynamic, interconnected system<br />Consult a ...
Soil Bioengineering<br />Photo courtesy of CRC<br />© 2004 Salix Applied Earthcare<br />Photos from NRCS<br />
Bank Grading<br />Valley Creek<br />Stony Creek<br />
Instream Structures<br />
No Permit Required<br /><ul><li> Buffer planting
Tree removal
Live stakes
Erosion control blankets</li></li></ul><li>Permit Required<br /><ul><li>Bank grading
Gravel removal
Tree revetment
Placement of rock along the channel bank
Instream structures
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Streamside Management for Upper Crum Creek, Pennsylvanaia

1,305 views

Published on

Presentation given by Delaware Riverkeeper Network on 6/3/2010 for streamside landowners in the upper Crum Creek watershed in Chester and Delaware Counties, PA. Discusses streamside management strategies to protect the Exceptional Value, High Quality, and Cold Water Fishery waters in the watershed.

Published in: Technology, Sports
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,305
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Preferred temp for adult (Raleigh et al. 1986)
  • Jump height - Kondraieff and Myrick (2006) with 16” plunge pool for adult &gt;8”
  • 9 degrees Klapproth &amp; Johnson, 200075% food base Welsch, 1991
  • Lowrance, R. et al, 2001
  • http://panutrientmgmt.cas.psu.edu/pdf/G97.pdf – Penn State Horse Stable Manure Management
  • Streamside Management for Upper Crum Creek, Pennsylvanaia

    1. 1. Upper Crum Creek Streamside Landowners Meeting June 3, 2010<br />Funded by: Coldwater Heritage Partnership<br />
    2. 2. Upper Crum Creek Coldwater Conservation<br />Statewide concern for species preservation<br />Local steering committee<br />Chester Ridley Crum Watersheds Association<br />Willistown Conservation Trust<br />Brandywine Conservancy<br />Willistown<br />Easttown<br />Newtown<br />Malvern<br />Edgmont<br />White Manor Country Club<br />
    3. 3. Drinking Water Supply<br />Springton Reservoir – Crum Creek<br />Photo courtesy of CRC<br />
    4. 4. Flood Control<br />Crum Creek floodplain at Kirkwood Preserve<br />Discharge 1500 cfs; Normal discharge 30 cfs<br />Photo by: Ted Leisenring<br />
    5. 5. Habitat and Food Supply<br />West Branch Crum Creek<br />www.flickr.com/photos/22295793@N07/2463275762/<br />www.flickr.com/photos/david_panevin/3500469081/<br />www.flickr.com/photos/7202153@N03/2606304268/<br />
    6. 6. HQ CWF, 15% of PA Streams<br />CWF<br />WWF<br />EV, 3% of PA Streams<br />
    7. 7.
    8. 8. Upper Crum Creek Fish Survey PA Fish & Boat Commission - June 1999<br />Near Stoneybrook Lane<br />Downstream of Twin Brook Confluence at White Horse Road<br />Off Crum Creek Lane<br />Hillview Road<br />Mill Hollow Lane <br />
    9. 9. Brown Trout – 6<br />Brown Trout – 54<br />Brown Trout – 295<br />Brook Trout – <3 <br />Rainbow Trout – <3<br />American Eel – 3-25<br />Brown Trout – 2<br />American Eel – 3-25<br />Brown Trout – 97<br />Rainbow Trout – <3<br />American Eel – 3-25<br />
    10. 10. Brown Trout, Salmo trutta<br />Introduced<br />Temperature<br />Preferred: 53-66 F<br />Lethal: 78-81 F<br />Oxygen<br />Preferred: 5-9 mg/L<br />Gravel <br />Preferred: 1-7cm<br />Pools and cover<br />Jump Height<br />Max 2.6 feet<br />
    11. 11. Brook Trout, Salvelinus fontinalis<br /><ul><li>Native
    12. 12. PA state fish
    13. 13. Temperature
    14. 14. Preferred: 51-61 F
    15. 15. Lethal: 77 F
    16. 16. Oxygen
    17. 17. Preferred: 7-9 mg/L
    18. 18. Pools and cover
    19. 19. Jump Height
    20. 20. Max 2.4 feet</li></ul>www.flickr.com/photos/42180949@N02/4544533341/<br />
    21. 21. Upper Crum Creek Temperature PA Fish and Boat Commission – June 1999<br />69.8 F<br />65.7 F<br />68 F<br />68 F<br />72.5 F<br />
    22. 22. Benthic Macro Invertebrates … BUGS<br />Fish food<br />Water quality indicators<br />They live in the stream<br />Varying tolerance to pollution <br />Mayfly, stonefly, caddisfly (EPT)<br />Photos, respectively: www.flickr.com/photos/22295793@N07/4375437778/in/set-72157619076769607, <br />www.flickr.com/photos/grabe/1397669571/in/set-72157602060020933, www.flickr.com/photos/the_smileyfish/3247058992, www.flickr.com/photos/divinenephron/3459143769<br />
    23. 23. Eisenhower Road<br />Jaffrey Road<br />Warren Road<br />
    24. 24. Benthic Macroinvertebrate Data(PA DEP and DRN)<br />Downward Trend?<br />www.flickr.com/photos/22295793@N07/4374684183/in/set-72157619076769607<br />
    25. 25. Value of Riparian Buffers<br />Food chain link – 75% of stream’s food base<br />Shade - 9° F cooler in the summer<br />Erosion control<br />Wildlife refuge and corridor<br />Filter out pollutants<br />
    26. 26. Pollutant Removal vs. Buffer Width<br />The wider the better…<br />but even a little can make a big difference<br />
    27. 27. Upper Crum Creek Buffers<br />2004 “Upper Crum Creek Watershed Assessment and Restoration/Protection Plan” <br />Growing Greener Grant from PA DEP to Willistown Township<br />Consultants: Willistown Conservation Trust and Mesa Environmental Services<br />
    28. 28.
    29. 29. Condition of Riparian Buffer<br />2004 “Upper Crum Creek Watershed Assessment and Restoration/Protection Plan” <br />
    30. 30. East Branch at West Circular Drive<br />Photo courtesy of CRC<br />
    31. 31. West Branch at Paoli Pike<br />
    32. 32. West Branch near Warren Avenue<br />
    33. 33. Coldwater Conservation Plan<br />Focus on EV West Branch <br />Applicable throughout upper Crum Creek watershed<br />
    34. 34. www.taylorgeoservices.com/gis/GIS.htm#crc<br />
    35. 35. Coldwater Conservation Plan Recommendations<br />Riparian buffer enhancement<br />No-mow zone establishment<br />Proper debris and yard waste disposal<br />Stream bank stabilization<br />Stormwater runoff management<br />Pond management<br />Horse pasture management<br />Floodplain and wetland protection<br />Invasive plant removal<br />Fish passage barrier removal<br />
    36. 36. Riparian (Streamside) Buffer<br />Benefits<br />Shade <br />Water uptake<br />Food source<br />Erosion control<br />Living filter<br />Wildlife habitat<br />Crum Creek at Grubbs Mill Road Bridge<br />Photo courtesy of CRC<br />
    37. 37. Create continuous wooded buffer along the stream<br /><ul><li>Maximize width
    38. 38. Native trees and shrubs
    39. 39. Help Available
    40. 40. CRC, DRN, and WCT</li></ul>Crum Creek at Kirkwood Preserve<br />Photo courtesy Willistown Conservation Trust <br />
    41. 41. Keys to Successful Buffers<br />Plant in early spring or fall<br />Deer protection<br />Supplemental watering for first two years (1” per week)<br />Mulch or weed mat<br />
    42. 42. Periodically Flooded<br />Red maple<br />Swamp white oak<br />Black gum<br />Tulip tree*<br />Virginia sweetspire*<br />Sweet pepperbush<br />* Denotes species easiest to establish<br />What Natives to Plant?<br />Wettest Areas<br />Sycamore*<br />River birch*<br />Alder species<br />Silky dogwood<br />Wet to Dry<br />Redbud*<br />Sweet gum<br />American hornbeam<br />
    43. 43. No Mow Establishment<br />
    44. 44. Streamside Mowing<br />Crum Creek<br />
    45. 45.
    46. 46. Turf Grass vs. Native Grasses & Wildflowers<br />www.lrc.usace.army.mil/co-r/best_management_practices.htm<br />
    47. 47. No Mow Establishment<br />How wide? <br />Goal 50’ but 15’ will help<br />Establishment<br />Remove turf and invasives<br />Seed with native mix<br />Set clear mowing boundaries<br />Maintenance<br />Monitor and control invasive plants <br />“Mow” once in February<br />Cut no shorter than 6”<br />Little Crum Creek<br />Buffer installed by CRC and Ridley Park Borough<br />Photo courtesy of CRC<br />
    48. 48. Crum Creek Tributary, Edgmont<br />No mow and plantings installed by CRC with Canter Village<br />Photo courtesy of CRC<br />
    49. 49. Yard Waste and Debris<br />
    50. 50. <ul><li>Nutrient loading
    51. 51. Decrease in oxygen</li></li></ul><li>Blocking stream flow<br />
    52. 52.
    53. 53. West Branch Crum Creek at Forest Lane<br />
    54. 54. Yard Waste and Debris<br />Compost leaves <br />Pile branches away from stream<br />Grass cycling (leave on lawn)<br />Properly dispose of trash<br />Monitor the stream after storm events<br />www.flickr.com/photos/emeryjl/2747229917<br />
    55. 55. Bank Stabilization<br />Solution versus Band-Aid<br />BEWARE: Streams are a dynamic, interconnected system<br />Consult a professional<br />Permits may be needed from: US Army Corps of Engineers, PA Department of Environmental Protection, County Conservation District, local municipality<br />
    56. 56. Soil Bioengineering<br />Photo courtesy of CRC<br />© 2004 Salix Applied Earthcare<br />Photos from NRCS<br />
    57. 57. Bank Grading<br />Valley Creek<br />Stony Creek<br />
    58. 58. Instream Structures<br />
    59. 59. No Permit Required<br /><ul><li> Buffer planting
    60. 60. Tree removal
    61. 61. Live stakes
    62. 62. Erosion control blankets</li></li></ul><li>Permit Required<br /><ul><li>Bank grading
    63. 63. Gravel removal
    64. 64. Tree revetment
    65. 65. Placement of rock along the channel bank
    66. 66. Instream structures
    67. 67. Installation of bridge</li></li></ul><li>Stormwater Management<br />Runoff from roads, houses, parking lots, lawns, etc.<br />Impervious surfaces increase volume and rate of runoff<br />Carries pathogens, nutrients, pollutants<br />Can cause erosion and flooding<br />
    68. 68. West Branch Crum Creek<br />
    69. 69. West Branch Crum Creek<br />
    70. 70. West Branch Crum Creek at Andrews Road <br />
    71. 71. Stormwater Management<br />Slow down and infiltrate – make an asset<br />Direct into gently sloped vegetated areas<br />Protect existing vegetation<br />Vegetate open areas<br />Retrofit stormwater basins<br />Porous pavement<br />Infiltration trenches<br />Green (vegetated) roofs<br />Crabby Creek<br />Front lawn alternative<br />Photo courtesy of CRC<br />
    72. 72. Stormwater Management<br />Photos courtesy of CRC<br />
    73. 73. Increase water temperatures<br />Increase nutrients, algae blooms<br />Decrease dissolved oxygen<br />Canadian goose habitat<br />Pond Management<br />
    74. 74. Pond Management<br />Evaluate need<br />Plant margins<br />Maintain depth<br />Aeration<br />Sediment forebay<br />Nutrient reed bed<br />Deterrents<br />Hershey’s Mill Stormwater Pond<br />Photo by: Bruce Foreacre<br />
    75. 75. Horse Pasture Management<br />=<br />Annual Production per Horse<br />Manure – 8.5 tons<br />Nitrogen – 102 pounds<br />Phosphate – 43 pounds<br />
    76. 76.
    77. 77. Density <br />1 acre/horse<br />Stream fencing<br />Riparian buffer<br />Manure management<br />Site layout and runoff<br />Stream crossings<br />Horse Pasture Management<br />Photo courtesy of CRC <br />
    78. 78. Floodplain Protection<br />
    79. 79. Wetland Protection<br />West Branch Crum Creek downstream of White Manor<br />
    80. 80. Invasive Plant Removal<br />Multiflora rose<br />Honeysuckle<br />Japanese hops<br />Reed canary grass<br />Phragmites<br />Porcelain berry<br />Garlic mustard<br />Lesser celandine<br />www.flickr.com/photos/steveguttman/3591568057/<br />www.dcnr.state.pa.us/forestry/invasivetutorial/List.htm<br />
    81. 81. Japanese Knotweed<br /><ul><li>Watershed priority
    82. 82. If present contact CRC</li></ul>Photos from: www.environet-uk.co.uk/graphics/japanese-knotweed-2a.JPG<br />
    83. 83. Fish Passage Barrier Removal<br />Why care?<br />Block upstream migration<br />Decrease habitat value<br />Elevate water temperatures upstream and downstream <br />
    84. 84. Next Steps<br />Neighborhood stream walks<br />Free technical assistance<br />Help implementing <br />Photo by: Ed Tierney<br />
    85. 85. Questions?<br />Emma B.L. Gutzler<br />Restoration Manager<br />emma@delawareriverkeeper.org<br />215.369.1188 x112<br />Anne Murphy<br />Executive Director<br />crc@nni.com<br />610.892.8731<br />

    ×