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Essay Mode #2 Causal Analysis

Essay Mode #2 Causal Analysis

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English group 2 1 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Causal AnalysisChapter 9
    Aisha Brownlee, Avery Carmichael, Dejha Brown, YetundeAmolegbe
  • 2. Writing Causal Analysis with a Reader’s Eye
    Causal analysis essays must have a logical, believable development
    Otherwise they will not connect with their audience and will fail to accomplish their purpose.
    This should be considered when engaging your desired audience with your writing
    Think of audience throughout the writing process
  • 3. Issues to Keep in Mind
    The intended purpose of a causal analysis essay is to explain a situation to the reader
    Including both causes and effects may be difficult
    What is the best way to present each cause or effect
    Consider the nature and importance of each cause or effect
    Weigh the causes and effects
    Determine major causes/effect to focus on
  • 4. Issues to Keep in Mind (cont.)
    Do not mistake correlation for causation
    Understand the relationship between simultaneous event
    Do not forget that all causes may have unintended consequences
  • 5. Choosing Internal Strategies
    Internal strategies refers to the focus of the essay: usually either on causes or effects
    Good causal analysis essays avoid a narrow, formulaic approach to their subject matter
    You will most likely apply more than one internal strategy to develop your essay thoroughly
  • 6. Choosing a Topic
    Keep in mind the scope of the assignment
    Narrow down broad topics to make them manageable
    Fully understand the topic, allowing for better analysis
    Research may be necessary
  • 7. Prewriting
    Use an informal, idea-gathering strategy such as brainstorming, clustering, or free-writing to develop possible causes and effects
    Revise results to include only Major causes and/or effects
  • 8. Organizing
    Essay should reflect its pattern
    i.e. Multiple causes, one effect
    Or one cause with multiple effects
    Using an outline will help indentify minor causes or effects
  • 9. Drafting
    Introduction should supply both context and essay
    Avoid being formulaic in analysis
    Avoid summarizing in the conclusion
    Instead give the significance of the topic
    Evaluate the causes or effects and propose a solution
  • 10. Revising
    Questions
    Is the purpose clear? Was enough background provided?
    Is there a clear thesis, as well as clear topic sentences?
    Is the conclusion effective?
    Elements
    False causes or effects
    Correlation mistaken for causation
    Structure
  • 11. Examining a Causal Analysis Essay
    “Black Men and Public Space”
    By Brent Staples
    Page 167
  • 12. A Closer Look at Causal Analysis
    Questions to Consider
    Is there an effective introduction?
    Is there a clear and effective thesis?
    What are the causes discussed?
    What are the effects discussed?
    Which one does the writer focus on?
    Is there a good conclusion?
    Does the author propose a solution?
  • 13. Introduction
    “My first victim was a woman” 167
    The author goes on to paint a vivid picture of a past experience
    His topic becomes clear in the introduction
  • 14. Thesis
    “It was in the echo of that terrified woman’s footfalls that I first began to know the unwieldy inheritance I’d come into-the ability to alter public space in ugly ways” (167)
    The author’s position on his chosen topic becomes clear in his thesis statement
  • 15. Causes
    “I understand of course, that the danger they perceive is not a hallucination” (168).
    Vulnerability
    Crime rate
    Preconceived notions
    All out of his control
  • 16. Effects
    The author briefly discusses he has become used to in his time in Chicago and New York
    Passengers locking the car doors
    Regardless of the passenger’s gender or race
    Pedestrians crossing to the other side of the street
  • 17. Focus
    The author chose to focus on the causes of these reactions
    Possible patterns:
    Multiple causes, one effect
    Why an event happen
    Discusses different causes that warrant similar responses at the end of paragraph two
  • 18. Conclusion
    The author proposes a solution
    “I now take precautions to make myself less threatening” (168)
    Also learned how not to become angry
    Does not offer a solution to end the problem
  • 19. How Does Causal Analysis Work?
    The writer examines the causes and effects of a particular situation
    3 different types
  • 20. Three Types of Causal Analysis
    Hypothetical
    Effects of past event
    Why past events happened
    Writer must decide whether to focus on causes or effects depending on the chosen topic
  • 21. Hypothetical
    Writer is asked to predict the effects of something happening
    Businesses use this type before making decisions
    i.e. What would happen if we raise prices 5%?
    Also called feasibility study
  • 22. Effects of Past Events
    Focuses on factual events that can be both studied and understood
    September 11th
    Tighter airport security
    Negative feelings towards those of Middle Eastern decent
  • 23. Why Events Happened
    Focuses on the causes that contributed to an event taking place
    Why is it so hard to find parking on campus?
    Limited space
    High demand
    Unorganized administration
  • 24. Four Basic Patterns
    Multiple causes leading to one effect
    Here the writer how the outcome of a particular situation is the combinations of multiple causes
    One major cause with multiple effects
    This type of essay focuses on a single event that has a wide array of consequences
  • 25. Four Basic Patters (cont.)
    Hypothetical effects
    Writer tries to rationally predict the effects of a proposed change
    Explore both possible positive and negative effects
    Causal chains
    Here the writer explains the chain of events that led to an outcomes
    Causes are caused by the preceding event
  • 26. Exercise
    “A Bad Move Gentleman”
    Page 304
  • 27. A Bad Move Gentleman
    Our college has a new policy, it’s a horrible policy: any student that misses more than 3 ‘contact hours’ will be dropped from their class. The effects are going to hurt badly individual students: they will be punished unfairly.First in a three-day a week class over 16 weeks has 45 class meetings, therefore, at least 42 classes must be attended orelsethe student is dropped. Thats too much. What if you get sick. What if your car wont start. And besides everyone gets a day off every once in a while, dont they?Students with too absenses could find themselves living in fear because they know their on the edge.Moreover students, we, pay the tuition that runs this school, who is the school to cancel us after we’ve paid are money? The whole thing sucks if you ask me. We putup with alot with this school anyway; bad parking , old classrooms. What are they thinking? In conclusion, as I have clearly pointed out, the new rules is too hard on students and unfair toboot. Think it over gentleman.
  • 28. Revisions- 1st Paragraph
    Our college has a new policy,< Grammatical Error: Comma Splice. it’s a horrible policy: any student that misses more than 3 ‘contact hours’ will be dropped from their class. The effects are going to hurt badly individual students: they will be punished unfairly. < Organization of words, Not clear.
  • 29. 2nd Paragraph
    First, < Grammatical Error: Comma needed. in a three-day a week class over 16 weeks has 45 class meetings, therefore, at least 42 classes must be attended orelse< Spellingthe student is dropped. That’s too much.< Spelling What if you get sick. What if your car wont start. And besides everyone gets a day off every once in a while, don’t < Grammatical Errors: Punctuation errors. they?
  • 30. Revisions (cont.)
    Moreover students, we, < Organization of words. pay the tuition that runs this school, who is the school to cancel us after we’ve paid are money? The whole thing sucks if you ask me. We putup with alot< Spelling with this school anyway; bad parking, old classrooms. What are they thinking?
    In conclusion, as I have clearly pointed out, the new rules is too hard on students and unfair toboot< Spelling. Think it over gentleman. < Sexist language
  • 31. Works Cited
    “Causal Analysis”. Howard Univesity Student Handbook for Writers. Eds. Elaine P. Maimon, Janice H. Peritz, Kathleen Blake Yancey. USA: The McGraw-Hill Companies 2010. 272-307. Print.
    Staples, Brent. “Black Men and Public Space”. Revelations. Ed. Teresa M. Redd, Carolyn E.Shuttlesworth. Boston, MA: Pearson Learning Solutions, 2010. 167-168. Print.