ALL ABOUT SIMPLE MACHINES













by Monica Findley
EDTECH 541
September 29, 2013



Photo credit:
http://www.google....
“HMMM...”

Have you ever
wondered how work
is made easy? 
Photo Cre
dit:
http://me
dia.mimm
i-m

ichaela.co

m/2013/0

3/B...
SIMPLE MACHINES SONG
VIDEO CREDIT: HTTP://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=YNUGBDSWSM4

Simple Machines make our work easy!
There are six types of Simple
Machines?

• 
• 
• 
• 
• 
• 



Lever
Incline Plane 
Wedge 
Screw
Pulley 
Wheel & Axle
Lever



There are two parts that make up
the lever. The bar, which is called
the arm and the fulcrum or pivot
point. The ...
Examples of the Lever
ARM

FULCRUM
ARM
3 HOLE PUNCH
ARM

ARM

ARM

FULCRUM
ARM

FULCRUM

SCISSORS

STAPLER

Here are some ...
Inclined Plane"
"
"

The Incline Plane is made up of a straight plane
that is tilted up. Heavy objects can be moved
from l...
Examples of an Inclined Plane

LEARNING COTTAGE RAMP
PLAYGROUND SLIDE

Incline planes are everywhere. How many Incline Pla...
Wedge"
"
"



FORCE

W ED G E

"

A Wedge is made up of two inclined planes. It
is used to raise or to split an object."

...
Examples of the Wedge

BOOK ENDS

DOOR STOP

Here are some classroom and office tools that are wedges. Can you think
of any...
Screw"
"
"
"

The Screw is made up of an incline plane
wrapped around a pole. It holds objects
together or drills holes."
...
Examples of the Screw

DOOR HINGE
SWING HINGES

These screws help hold these objects together. Can you think what else scr...
Pulley
A Pulley is a made up from a wheel that is
wrapped with a cord or rope. A pulley
changes the direction of force and...
Examples of the Pulley

LAPTOP EXTENSION CORD

FLAG POLE

HERE ARE SOME PULLEYS THAT I FOUND AT SCHOOL. WHAT OTHER
PULLEYS...
Wheel & Axle
A Wheel & Axle is a simple machine
made of a wheel that turns on a cylinder
or post, to help objects move qui...
Examples of a Wheel & Axle 

TAPE DISPENSER

PAPER TOWEL
DISPENSER
SPINNING GLOBE

How many other wheel & axle objects can...
Game Break!"
"
Do you understand simple
machines yet? "
"

"
Click on this link and play the Simple Machine Game:"
"

http...
SIMPLE MACHINES SCIENCE COURT VIDEO
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ro11TmGlSX4
Writing Activity"

"
Write 2-3 paragraphs to answer the following questions:"

"
1. Based on the movie, what is the job th...
"
"


BILL NYE THE SCIENCE GUY VIDEO-SIMPLE MACHINES
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z5eC1C_PDgY
INTERACTIVE ACTIVITY
Directions: Click the picture and Work with a partner to identify all of the simple
machines in a hou...
Assessment Activity"
"
"
How much have you learned? "
"

Let s take this quiz and see if we are Simple Machines Experts ye...
Simple machines power point
Simple machines power point
Simple machines power point
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  1. 1. ALL ABOUT SIMPLE MACHINES by Monica Findley EDTECH 541 September 29, 2013 Photo credit: http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fje012.k12.sd.us%2F3rd%2520grade%2FSimple %2520Machines.htm&h=0&w=0&sz=1&tbnid=wVI8dOAbZxxhM&tbnh=173&tbnw=291&zoom=1&docid=TLuro7rzzYSRbM&ei=hC9GUra9Aebk4APR0oGgDg&ved=0CAIQsCU
  2. 2. “HMMM...” Have you ever wondered how work is made easy? Photo Cre dit: http://me dia.mimm i-m ichaela.co m/2013/0 3/Baby-th inking.jpg
  3. 3. SIMPLE MACHINES SONG VIDEO CREDIT: HTTP://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=YNUGBDSWSM4 Simple Machines make our work easy!
  4. 4. What are Simple Machines?" " Simple machines are tools that make our lives easier. These tools enable us to use less energy and less force to do work." " " " " Photo credit: http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.avon.k12.ma.us%2Flibrarymedia%2FSimple %2520Machines.htm&h=0&w=0&sz=1&tbnid=sqONhm9PVTYEXM&tbnh=239&tbnw=211&zoom=1&docid=oEjod1TezMDRIM&ei=bFxHUs2FFYzl4APb_oDoAw&ved=0CAQQsCU
  5. 5. There are six types of Simple Machines? •  •  •  •  •  •  Lever Incline Plane Wedge Screw Pulley Wheel & Axle
  6. 6. Lever There are two parts that make up the lever. The bar, which is called the arm and the fulcrum or pivot point. The lever helps us lift things easily. ARM FULCRUM OR PIVOT POINT Photo Credit: http://www.michaelcawood.com/images/ Personal_Projects/Dogs_on_a_Seesaw.jpg
  7. 7. Examples of the Lever ARM FULCRUM ARM 3 HOLE PUNCH ARM ARM ARM FULCRUM ARM FULCRUM SCISSORS STAPLER Here are some examples of a Lever that I found in the classroom. Can you think of some other examples of a lever in your home or in the school building?
  8. 8. Inclined Plane" " " The Incline Plane is made up of a straight plane that is tilted up. Heavy objects can be moved from lower levels to higher levels." " " " PHOTO CREDIT: http://www.flickr.com/photos/45034206@N06/7342060068/in/photolist-cbMYEy-a3Yf47-487yLa-aqTF3pkDv6U-kDv6y-8dPsFt-bYtgDA-9CHDEA-67GYps-c4PCJU-4UtwK2-4UtwzK-aRcJxBduNUtX-6Mb7Zq-4f5GyR-7Yce8R-7CEQHG-4zjdea-4zosRb-Lan5j-7HZpTz-6Jec6q-bVveGc-bVvdQF-ccSuDYbVvea4-bYtgV3-7ZBDv3-bVvfRa-bVvgt8-ccSv7y-ccSwqW-ccSvyY-ccSvMw-ccSvm1-bVvg5Z-9xs6TPedvmLN-b7c5ex-Lan73-7vRcnf-KY327-7RogQh-9hbhZc-dQbd8x-4NZVhk-9wu8px-5N1tb7-dS8Fcb
  9. 9. Examples of an Inclined Plane LEARNING COTTAGE RAMP PLAYGROUND SLIDE Incline planes are everywhere. How many Incline Planes can you find around you?
  10. 10. Wedge" " " FORCE W ED G E " A Wedge is made up of two inclined planes. It is used to raise or to split an object." AXE PHOTO CREDIT: http://www.flickr.com/photos/34067077@N00/3743184350/in/photolist-6GLNidaWrrp-9A7V6x-9AaR5Y-9AaTDW-9AaSqS-9A7Tdt-9AaSCy-9A7Vii-9AaRFy-9AaS4Q -9A7VMM-9A7Ubc-9AaRfU-9A7W9i-9AaTej-9A7UwD-5fwHEs-2jg9PvqvS8-9x8Pic-9x8Pu6-9xbNkbaNnaya-4KK7Cj-7WHLpW-6gFg9U-5rLc3T-6gB62XpRErF-4RRDRP-6jWtwv-7msFaG-6vXM1b-ydZ4Z-adHTn-4FhTQQ-bzU8ApbmZoiU-9iWQEk-6iermM-5TzNRf-7CR5h8-7CUTbf-7CUTq3-7CR5nT-7CUTks-7CR5a k-7CR54v-7CR5ba-7CR55P
  11. 11. Examples of the Wedge BOOK ENDS DOOR STOP Here are some classroom and office tools that are wedges. Can you think of any other examples of a wedge?
  12. 12. Screw" " " " The Screw is made up of an incline plane wrapped around a pole. It holds objects together or drills holes." " SCREW PHOTO CREDIT: HTTPS://WWW.GOOGLE.COM/SEARCH?AS_Q=A +SCREW&TBS=SUR:FMC&TBM=ISCH#FACRC=_&IMGDII=M5EB2G5AZVWH9M %3A%3BHVUW-IDLW6JUZM%3BM5EB2G5AZVWH9M %3A&IMGRC=M5EB2G5AZVWH9M%3A%3BTE7RJRVXODYW4M%3BHTTP %253A%252F%252FUPLOAD.WIKIMEDIA.ORG%252FWIKIPEDIA %252FCOMMONS%252FTHUMB%252F0%252F0C%252FPHILLIPS_SCREW.JPG %252F1024PX-PHILLIPS_SCREW.JPG%3BHTTP%253A%252F %252FCOMMONS.WIKIMEDIA.ORG%252FWIKI%252FFILE %253APHILLIPS_SCREW.JPG%3B1024%3B731
  13. 13. Examples of the Screw DOOR HINGE SWING HINGES These screws help hold these objects together. Can you think what else screws hold together?
  14. 14. Pulley A Pulley is a made up from a wheel that is wrapped with a cord or rope. A pulley changes the direction of force and makes it easy to hoist or lift objects. LOAD FORCE PHOTO CREDIT: HTTPS://WWW.GOOGLE.COM/SEARCH?AS_Q=AN+ANIMATED +SCREW&TBS=SUR:FMC&TBM=ISCH#Q=AN +PULLEY&TBM=ISCH&TBS=SUR:FMC&FACRC=_&IMGDII=_&IMGRC=DMUH5Y R3UKPY3M%3A%3BVLQG3NDGJAKJJM%3BHTTP%253A%252F %252FFARM4.STATICFLICKR.COM %252F3076%252F2893140066_396ACE1EED_O.JPG%3BHTTP%253A%252F %252FWWW.FLICKR.COM%252FPHOTOS%252FELSIE %252F2893140066%252F%3B2304%3B3072
  15. 15. Examples of the Pulley LAPTOP EXTENSION CORD FLAG POLE HERE ARE SOME PULLEYS THAT I FOUND AT SCHOOL. WHAT OTHER PULLEYS CAN YOU THINK OF?
  16. 16. Wheel & Axle A Wheel & Axle is a simple machine made of a wheel that turns on a cylinder or post, to help objects move quickly. Photo Credit: ed101.bu.edu PENCIL SHARPENER
  17. 17. Examples of a Wheel & Axle TAPE DISPENSER PAPER TOWEL DISPENSER SPINNING GLOBE How many other wheel & axle objects can you think of?
  18. 18. Game Break!" " Do you understand simple machines yet? " " " Click on this link and play the Simple Machine Game:" " http://www.msichicago.org/fileadmin/Activities/Games/ simple_machines/
 "
  19. 19. SIMPLE MACHINES SCIENCE COURT VIDEO http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ro11TmGlSX4
  20. 20. Writing Activity" " Write 2-3 paragraphs to answer the following questions:" " 1. Based on the movie, what is the job that Joe Smoe and Mary Murray do? " 2. How does Joe do his job and how does Mary do the same job?" 3. Do you think Joe Smoe works harder than Mary Murray? Why or why not?
  21. 21. Science Experiment " Activity" " " 1. Click on the Young Engineers Science Club website below. " http://education.usace.army.mil/clubhouse/science/list.cfm?Topic=simmach" " " 2. Work with a partner and choose an experiment. " 3. Discuss the experiment and your findings. " 4. Record your findings." " " " "
  22. 22. " " BILL NYE THE SCIENCE GUY VIDEO-SIMPLE MACHINES http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z5eC1C_PDgY
  23. 23. INTERACTIVE ACTIVITY Directions: Click the picture and Work with a partner to identify all of the simple machines in a house or a shed. http://edheads.org/activities/simple-machines/
  24. 24. Assessment Activity" " " How much have you learned? " " Let s take this quiz and see if we are Simple Machines Experts yet. " Click the link below." " SIMPLE MACHINE QUIZ
  25. 25. References" Internet Sources" " * Edheads Simple Machine Interactive Activity. Available from http://edheads.org/activities/simple-machines." * Nye, B. (2013, March 1). Simple Machines[Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0LnkviArKBA" * Patricktoons12 (2013, June 20). Science Court: Work and Simple Machines [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ro11TmGlSX4" * Science Experiment Activity. Available from http://education.usace.army.mil/clubhouse/science/science/list.cfm?Topic=simmach" * Science4us. (2012, January 12). Simple Machines Song[Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yNUgbdsWSm4" * Simple Machine Quiz. Available from http://softschools.com/quizzes/science/simple_machines/quiz392.html" * Simple Machines Simulation Activity. Available from http://www.brainpopjr.com/science/forces/simplemachines/activity" "

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