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    International Space Station calendar 2011 International Space Station calendar 2011 Document Transcript

    • R D A N E L C A 2011 S TATION S PA CE INTERNAT I ONAL National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov For more information on the International Space Station, visit: www.nasa.gov/station
    • A M E S S A G E F R O M T H E P R O G R A M M A N A G E R2011 The International Space Station (ISS) is one of the greatest technological, geopolitical and engineering accomplishments in human history. The completion of the ISS on-orbit assembly allows for a focus on the multifaceted purpose of the ISS, one of scientific research, technology development, exploration and education. As a National Laboratory, the ISS will provide opportunities beyond NASA to academia, commercial entities and other government agencies to pursue their research and development needs in science, technology development and education. With everyone working together, we look forward to extending human presence beyond and improving life here on Earth. This calendar is designed to show all facets of the ISS using displays of astounding imagery and providing significant historical events with the hope of inspiring the next generation. NASA is appreciative of the commitment that America’s educators demonstrate each and every day as they instruct and shape the young students who will be tomorrow’s explorers and leaders. I hope you enjoy the calendar and are encouraged to learn new and exciting aspects about NASA and the ISS throughout the year. Regards, MICHAEL T. S U F F REDINI ISS Program Manager
    • 1 2 23 4 65 LOOK HOW FAR WE’VE COME J NASAN powered us R Y A has U A 2011 into the 21st century through signature accomplishments that are enduring icons of human achievement. Among these accomplishments are technological innovations and scientific discoveries that have improved and shaped our lives on Earth in myriad ways.7 8 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY New Year’s Day 1 2 3 S 1 M 4 2 T 5 3 W 4 6T 5 F 7 6 S 8 2000 – Expedition 1 1959 – Luna 1, first spacecraft to reach arrives at ISS. Continuous 1973 – Mariner 10. First escape velocity and orbit the sun 2004 – Spirit lands on Mars 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 human occupation of ISS spacecraft to explore begins Mercury 7 8 9 10 11 Veterans Day 12 13 1966 – Gemini XII 1971 – Mariner 9–Mars. 1996 – Mars Global 1982 – STS-5. First space First spacecraft to orbit Surveyor 1967 – Apollo 4 shuttle operational mission another planet 14 15 16 – STS-81, Shuttle - Mir 17 1997 18 19 20 16 17 Martin Luther King, Jr. Day 18 19 20 21 1998 – Zarya Control 22 1969 – Apollo 12 Module. ISS construction 2008 – STS-126 Supply 1973 – Skylab 4 begins 21 22 23 24 25 Thanksgiving Day 26 27 2003 – STS-107, Inaugural Spacehab flight 1998 – STS-89 Shuttle - Mir 23 1958 – Explorer 1, 24 1986 – Voyager 2, first spacecraft to 25 2002 – STS-113 P1 truss, Expedition 6 26 27 28 29 first U.S. 28 observe Uranus 29 30 30 31 satellite 2004 – . Opportunity lands on Mars 1984 – President Ronald Reagan announces U.S. plans to build 1986 – STS-51L, Space Shuttle Challenger 1998 – Intergovernmental Agreement 1964 – Mariner 4–Marsspace station a 1967 – Apollo 1 fire accident on Space Station Cooperation signed 1983 – STS-9. First non-American participates 2000 – STS-97 P6 truss. in U.S. mission First set of ISS solar arrays S M T W T F S S M T W T F S D EM C TE M B T E R F EM B T 1UW 2 T3 Y R A R 4 October 2010 December 20101 An overhead view of the Skylab space station cluster in Earth orbit as photographed from the Skylab 4 command and service 1 2 S W F S S F Smodules (CSM) during the final fly-around by the CSM before returning home. 2 A view of the space station after the crew of STS-130 undocked. 3 Astronaut Edward White II, pilot on the Gemini-Titan 4 spaceflight, is shown during his egress from the spacecraft. 5 2 1 6 3 4 7 3 8 49 5 6 7 18 2 10 7 9 3 4 11 5 6White became the first American astronaut to walk in space. 4 Astronaut Steve Robinson, STS-114 mission specialist, anchored toa foot restraint on the station Canadarm2 during the mission’s third spacewalk. 5 Astronaut Edwin Aldrin, Jr., lunar module pilot, 5 11 8 610 7 12 139 10 11 14 15 16 6 12 1314 815 9 10 7 14 16 17 11 18 12 13walks on the surface of the moon during the Apollo 11 extravehicular activity. Astronaut Neil Armstrong, commander, took thisphotograph and can be seen in Aldrin’s visor. 6 STS-130 Space Shuttle Endeavour after departure from the ISS. 7 The Gemini-3 12 131714 15 16 18 19 20 17 18 21 22 23 13 19 2021 22 23 17 14 21 16 24 15 18 25 19 20 New 1st Full 3rdspacecraft “Molly Brown” carrying astronauts Virgil Grissom, command pilot, and John Young, pilot, on the first crewed mission New 1st Full 3rd 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 20 28 21 22 23 24 25 26 27of Project Gemini. 8 A spectacular picture of a space shuttle night launch. 6 4 13 12 21 19 28 26 25 26 27 28 29 30 26 27 28 29 30 31 26 27 28 29 30 31 6 27 28
    • 1 2 3 4 V I E W F R O M T H E T O P F E B R U A R Y 2011 For nearly a decade, crew members on board the space station have taken thousands of photos of the Earth below. From fiery volcanoes spewing smoke and lava to icy lakes and glaciers in the coldest environments of our planet, crews have given humankind views of these natural phenomena from one of the most unusual perspectives available.5 6 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY 1 2 3 4 5 2003 – STS-107, Space Shuttle 1995 – STS-63, Eileen Collins first Columbia accident female space shuttle pilot 6 S7 1 M 8 2 T 9 3 W 4 10T 5 11 F 6 S 12 1984 – STS-41B, first untethered spacewalks 2001 – STS-98/5A, U.S.-Destiny 2000 – Expedition 1 Laboratory 2010 – STS-130/20A, U.S.-Tranquility arrives at ISS. Continuous 1973 – Mariner 10. First 2008 – STS-122/1E, ESA-Columbus Connecting Module and ESA-Cupola 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 human occupation of ISS spacecraft to explore begins Mercury 7 8 9 10 11 Veterans Day 12 13 1966 – Gemini XII 1971 – Mariner 9–Mars. 1996 – Mars Global 1982 – STS-5. First space First spacecraft to orbit Surveyor 1967 – Apollo 4 shuttle operational mission 1977 – Space Shuttle Enterprise another planet 14 15 16 17 18 first flight test 19 20 20 Presidents’ Day 21 22 23 24 25 1998 – Zarya Control 26 1969 – Apollo 12 Module. ISS construction 2008 – STS-126 Supply 1973 – Skylab 4 begins 21 22 23 24 25 Thanksgiving Day 26 27 1966 – Apollo/Saturn 201, first flight of the Saturn 1B launch vehicle with 1962 – Friendship 7, John Glenn first an Apollo command and service American to orbit Earth module attached 27 28 29 2002 – STS-113 P1 truss, Expedition 6 30 31 28 29 30 1964 – Mariner 4–Mars 1983 – STS-9. First non-American participates 2000 – STS-97 P6 truss. in U.S. mission First set of ISS solar arrays S M T W T F S S M T W T F S1 Photo of the Grand Canyon South Rim. The vertical drop is 7,000 feet plus the station’s altitude of 200 nautical miles. 2 The J AM N TU A R TY M AM R TC1 H2 October 2010 December 2010 1 2 3 4mighty Brahmaputra River carves a narrow west-east valley between the Tibetan Plateau to the north and the Himalaya Mountains to S W F S S W T F Sthe south as it rushes eastward for more than 932 miles in southwestern China. 3 Aurora Australis photo taken by an Expedition 23crew member. 4 Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) astronaut Soichi Noguchi takes Earth observation pictures from the 3 4 5 6 7 81 9 5 6 7 18 2 9 3 4 10 11 5Cupola. 5 Wide-angle view of Italy. 6 This image featuring Mt. Everest and Makalu was taken by an Expedition 8 crew member onthe station. 2 5 6 310 411 12 13 7 15 9 14 15 816 12 13 714 8 16 6 17 11 10 18 12 9 101711 12 13 18 19 20 21 22 23 19 20 21 22 16 14 15 13 14 15 23 24 18 17 25 19 New 1st Full 3rd New 1st Full 3rd 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 6 3 13 11 21 18 28 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 26 27 28 29 30 31 23 /30 /31 25 26 27 24 28 29 27 28 29 30 31
    • 1 2 3 Lake Puma Yumco H O M E A W A Y F R O M H O M E M A R C H 2011 Living aboard the space station presents some unique challenges for the astronauts. Sleeping, eating and exercising are just as critical in space as they are on Earth, but all have to be done Grey Glacier in an almost weightless environment. Astronauts have to strap in to sleep and/or take a jog. They also have to remember to attach their food to something when they are not holding it so it doesn’t float away. While living in space takes a bit of adjusting, working to help improve life on Earth makes it all worthwhile.4 5 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY 1 2 3 4 5 1959 – Pioneer 4, first successful lunar mission by U.S. spacecraft 1969 – Apollo 9, first crewed flight of the command and service module along with the lunar module 6 7 SS 1 MM 8 2 1 TT 9 3 2 WW 4 3 10T T 5 4 11 FF 6 5 SS 12 2001 – STS-102/5A.1, first MPLM 2000 – Expedition 1 flight and ESP-1; ISS Expedition 2, arrives– First ESA Automated 2008 at ISS. Continuous 1973 – Mariner 10. First 1966 – Surveyor I becomes first crew rotation Transfer Vehicle 2008 – STS-123/1JA, JAXA-ELM-PS 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 human occupation of ISS spacecraft to explore rst U.S. spacecraft to soft 1965 – Gemini IV 2002 – STS-111 begins Mercury on moon land 1966 – Gemini IX-A Expedition 5 7 6 8 7 9 8 10 9 11 10 Veterans Day 12 11 13 12 1966 – Gemini XII 1971 – Mariner 9–Mars. 1996 – Mars Global 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 1982 – STS-5. First space 2003 – Mars Exploration First spacecraft to orbit 1926 – First liquid-fueled rocket – Apollo 4 1967truss Surveyor 2009 – STS-119/15A, S6 truss shuttle operational mission Rover–Spirit 1965 – Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov, first another planet 1966 – Gemini VIII, first docking of two 14 13 15 14 and solar arrays 16 15 spacecraft in orbit 17 16 18 17 19 18 person to spacewalk 20 19Spring Begins 20 21 22 23 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova 24 25 1998 – Zarya Control 26 1969 – Apollo 12 becomes rst female 1983 – STS-7. Sally RideModule. ISS construction 2008 – STS-126 Supply 1973 – Skylab 4 in space begins rst U.S. female in space 21 20 2221 Summer Solstice— Summer begins 2322 2423 2524 Thanksgiving Day 26 25 27 26 1965 – Gemini III, first crewed mission of Project Gemini 2009 – ISS Expedition 19 27 28 29 2002 – STS-113 P1 truss, Expedition 6 30 31 2827 2928 3029 30 1964 – Mariner 4–Mars2006 – ISS Expedition 13 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1983 – STS-9. First becomes rst shuttle to non-American participates 2000dock with Russian Mir – STS-97 P6 truss. in U.S. mission First set of ISS solar arrays space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident S M T W T F S S M T W T F S F EM B T UW A TRT Y W 1 ST 2 F S S PMS M 1 T 2WT3 T 4 F R S M F A1 R TI L W S October 2010 December 20101 Tucked away in a sleeping bag, astronaut Daniel Tani poses for a photo near two extravehicular mobility unit (EMU) spacesuits July 2010 May 2010 S 1 F 2 S3in the Quest Airlock of the station. 2 Astronaut Steve Robinson plays a guitar in the Cupola of the International Space Station.3 Expedition 21 and STS-129 crew members gather for a meal at the galley table in the Unity node of the International Space 14 22 3 6 4 7 4 8 59 76 5 76 4 7 5 8 6 9 7 108 11 9 10 5 3 5 6 3 8 1 2Station. 4 Astronaut Jeffrey Williams exercises on the Cycle Ergometer with Vibration Isolation System (CEVIS) in the Destinylaboratory of the station. 5 JAXA astronaut Soichi Noguchi, Expedition 22 flight engineer, uses a vacuum cleaner during housekeeping 6 11 9 10 11 15 13 14 710 8 91210 111412 121613 12 134 14121513161417151816 17 3 13 14 15 11 5 6 7 8 9operations in the Kibo laboratory of the International Space Station. 13 21 141715 16 17 21 22 232010 20 21 2213 14 15 16 18 19 20 18 19 19 11 12 23 24 25 New 3rd 1st New Full 1st 3rd Full 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 New 1st Full 3rd 20 28 21 22 23 24 28 29 302717 27 28 2920 21 22 23 25 26 26 18 19 30 31 6 4 4 13 12 12 21 19 19 2826 26 25 26 27 25 26 27 28 29 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 27 28 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
    • 1 2 34 GOING GREEN: T H E U LT I M AT E RECYCLING EXPERIENCE A P R I L 2011 Rationing and recycling are essential parts of life on the station. For power, light from the sun is converted into electricity through the use of solar arrays. Wastewater is collected, processed and stored from the space shuttle’s fuel cells as well as from urine, oral hygiene and hand washing, and by condensing humidity from the air. Careful water recycling reduces the amount required from Earth to resupply the station by 60 percent.5 6 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY 1 2 2010 – ISS Expedition 23 3 S4 1 M 5 2 T 6 3 W 4 7T 5 F 8 6 S 9 2000 – Expedition 1 1964 – Gemini I test flight 1959 – NASA announces the seven arrives–at ISS. Continuous 1984 STS-41C, first orbital 1973 – Mariner 10. First 2002 – STS-110/8A, S0 truss Mercury astronauts, NASA’s first 2010 – STS-131/19A, MPLM satellite repair mission 2007 – ISS Expedition 15 2008 – ISS Expedition 17 astronaut class 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 human occupation of ISS spacecraft to explore begins Mercury 7 8 9 10 11 Veterans Day 12 13 1966 – Gemini XII 1971 – Mariner 9–Mars. 1996 – Mars Global 1961 – Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, first 1982 – STS-5. First space First spacecraft to orbit human in space 1967 – Apollo 4 Surveyor shuttle operational mission another planet 1981 – STS-1, first space shuttle 14 15 (Columbia) mission 16 17 18 2005 – ISS Expedition 11 19 20 17 18 19 20 21 22 1998 – Zarya Control 23 1969 – Apollo 12 Module. ISS construction 2008 – STS-126 Supply 1973 – Skylab 4 begins 21 22 23 24 25 Thanksgiving Day 26 27 2001 – STS-100/6A, CSA- 2004 – ISS Expedition 9 Canadarm2 and MPLM 24 25 26 2002 – STS-113 P1 truss, Expedition 6 27 28 29 30 28 29 301967 – Soyuz 1 accident1990 – STS-31, Hubble Space 1964 – Mariner 4–MarsTelescope launched 2003 – ISS Expedition 7 – STS-9. First 1983 non-American participates 2000 – STS-97 P6 truss. in U.S. mission First set of ISS solar arrays S M T W T F S S M T W T F S M A R TC H M A Y October 2010 December 20101 While anchored to a foot restraint on the end of the Orbiter Boom Sensor System, astronaut Scott Parazynski, STS-120 mission 1 2 1 2 3 4 S M W T F S S M T W T F Sspecialist, assesses his repair work as the solar array is fully deployed during the mission’s fourth spacewalk. 2 Russian cosmonautValery Tokarev holds a full Russian water (EDV) container as he conducts a water transfer from Progress water tanks. 3 NASA 14 2 6 7 4 8 59 6 5 762 7 38 4 10 5 3 3 1 9 5 6 11 7astronaut Jeffrey Williams installs a Urine Processor Assembly/Distillation Assembly (UPA DA) in the Water Recovery System(WRS) rack in the Destiny laboratory of the station. 4 Astronaut Donald Pettit holds a Grab Sample Container (GSC) used for 6 11 9 13 11 12 14 10 16 17 710 8 12 10 14 15 1613 12 139 14 1511 12 8 13 18 14collecting air samples as part of station environmental monitoring. 5 The Expedition 19 crew celebrates the station’s recycled watersystem with a “toast.” 6 Russian cosmonaut Fyodor Yurchikhin conducts a session for Russia’s Environmental Safety Agency (EKON), 13 18 19 20 18 19 21 141715 16 17 21 22 232015 20 21 2218 19 19 16 17 23 24 20 25 21 New 1st Full 3rdmaking observations and taking aerial photography of environmental conditions on Earth. New 1st Full 3rd 20 28 21 22 23 24 28 29 302722 27 28 2925 26 25 26 26 23 24 30 31 27 28 6 3 13 11 21 18 28 25 25 26 27 27 28 29 30 31 29 30 31
    • 1 2 3 N O T Y O U R A V E R A G E D A Y J O B M A Y 2011 Spacewalks, global photography, scientific research, robotics – it’s just another day at the office for space station crew members. Add to that the maintenance of a spaceship the size of a football field and it’s easy to see how busy life on orbit can be for the space station’s international crew. Inside the station, astronauts prepare for spacewalks, perform important science experiments and maintain equipment. All of these tasks keep the station an exciting place to live and work in, one that benefits people here on Earth.4 5 6 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1961 – Freedom 7. Alan Shepard Jr., first American in space 8 S9 1 M 10 2 T 11 3 W 4 12T 5 13 F 6 S 14 2000 – Expedition 1 arrives at ISS. Continuous 1973 – Mariner 10. First 1973 – Skylab space station launched 2010 – STS-132/ULF4, MRM1 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 human occupation of ISS spacecraft to explore begins Mercury 7 8 9 10 11 Veterans Day 12 13 1966 – Gemini XII 1971 – Mariner 9–Mars. 1996 – Mars Global 1982 – STS-5. First space First spacecraft to orbit Surveyor 1967 – Apollo 4 shuttle operational mission another planet 14 15 16 17 18 2000 – STS-101/2A.2a, Spacehab 19 20 22 23 24 25 26 27 1998 – Zarya Control 28 1969 – Apollo 12 Module. ISS construction 2008 – STS-126 Supply 1973 – Skylab 4 begins 21 22 23 24 25 Thanksgiving Day 26 first space 1999 – STS-96/2A-1, 27 1973 – Skylab 2, first U.S. shuttle to dock with ISS space station crew 2009 – ISS Expedition 20 29 Memorial Day 30 31 2002 – STS-113 P1 truss, Expedition 6 28 29 30 1964 – Mariner 4–Mars2008 – STS-124/1JA, JAXA- 1983 – STS-9. First JEM-PM, JEM-RMS non-American participates 2000 – STS-97 P6 truss. in U.S. mission First set of ISS solar arrays S M T W T F S S M T W T F S A PM R TI L W J U MN E 1 October 2010 December 20101 Astronaut Sunita Williams uses the Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System (LOCAD-PTS) to test for 1 2 2 3 4 S T F S S T W T F Sbiological and chemical substances from surfaces on board the station. 2 European Space Agency astronaut Thomas Reiter works withthe Passive Observatories for Experimental Microbial Systems (POEMS) payload in the Minus Eighty Degree Laboratory Freezer for ISS 3 4 5 6 7 1 8 29 5 6 7 8 1 10 113 9 2 4(MELFI). 3 Astronaut Sunita Williams uses a pistol grip tool (PGT) as she participates in a spacewalk. 4 JAXA astronaut Soichi Noguchi,Expedition 22 flight engineer, uses a still camera to photograph Earth from a window in the Cupola. 5 Thanks to the weightlessness of 3 11 6 410 5 12 137 148 15 916 12 136 14 7 16 17 18 5 15 8 9 10 11space, astronaut Greg Chamitoff isn’t toting the excessive weight load he appears to be while moving an experiment rack. 6 AstronautsJulie Payette and Tim Kopra work the controls of the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS) or Canadarm2. 10 111712 13 14 18 19 20 15 16 12 13 14 23 24 17 21 22 23 19 20 21 22 15 16 25 18 New 1st Full 3rd New 1st Full 3rd 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 6 3 13 10 21 17 28 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 26 27 28 29 30 31 3 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 26 27 28 29 30
    • 1 2 F R OM TH E G R OU ND UP 4 J U N E trainers, 2011 From astronaut food scientists and scuba divers to the men and women of Mission Control, it takes more than a village to support the International Space Station. Ground support for the station involves more than 100,000 people in space agencies at 500 contractor3 facilities in 37 U.S. states.5 6 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY 1 2 3 4 1966 – Surveyor I, first U.S. spacecraft 2010 – SpaceX Falcon 9 Block 1, to soft land on the moon first successful flight 5 6 S 1 M 7 2 T 3 8 W 4 9T 5 10 F 6 S 11 2002 – STS-111/UF-2, MBS (Mobile 2000 – Expedition 1 Base System) and MPLM: ISS arrives– STS-117/13A, S3/S4 truss 2007 at ISS. Continuous 1973 – Mariner 10. First Expedition 5 and solar arrays 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 human occupation of ISS spacecraft to explore begins Mercury 7 8 9 10 11 Veterans Day 12 13 1966 – Gemini XII 1971 – Mariner 9–Mars. 1996 – Mars Global 1982 – STS-5. First space First spacecraft to orbit Surveyor 1967 – Apollo 4 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, mission shuttle operational another planet 1983 – STS-7, Sally Ride, first U.S. 14 15 16 – ISS Expedition 24 17 2010 first female in space 18 19 20 female in space 19 20 Summer Begins 21 22 23 24 1998 – Zarya Control 25 1969 – Apollo 12 Module. ISS construction 2008 – STS-126 Supply 1973 – Skylab 4 begins 21 22 23 24 25 Thanksgiving Day 26 27 26 27 28 2002 – STS-113 P1 truss, Expedition 6 29 30 28 29 30 1995 – STS-71 Atlantis, first shuttle to 1964 – Mariner 4–Mars dock with Russian Mir space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident 1983 – STS-9. First non-American participates 2000 – STS-97 P6 truss. in U.S. mission First set of ISS solar arrays S M T W T F S S M T W T F S M A Y J UM L Y October 2010 December 20101 European Space Agency astronaut Frank De Winne participates in a training session in the Cupola module mock-up at NASA’s 1 2 1 2 3 4 S M T W T F S S T W T F SJohnson Space Center. Crew trainer Elizabeth Horton assists De Winne. 2 Spacewalkers on the STS-131 crew training in the VirtualReality Lab. 3 STS-131 crew during deorbit prep training in the Fixed Base Trainer. 4 Astronaut Cady Coleman performs a test of 1 5 5 2 3 34 4 6 7 6 8 79 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 11 2her extravehicular activity suit in the Space Station Airlock Test Article (SSATA) Chamber at NASA’s Johnson Space Center. 5 LelandMelvin trains at a console in the simulation control area in the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory. 6 Astronauts Mike Foreman and Randy 8 91010 11 12 11 12 13 13 14 16 7 14 15 16 12 13 14 515 6 17 3 4 8 18 9Bresnik, STS-129 mission specialists, in training versions of their spacesuits, are about to be submerged in the water of the NeutralBuoyancy Laboratory. 15 161717 18 19 18 19 20 20 21 19 11 12 13 24 21 22 23 10 20 21 22 23 14 15 25 16 New 1st Full 3rd New 1st Full 3rd 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 6 1 13 9 21 15 28 23 25 26 27 28 29 30 26 27 28 29 30 31 29 30 31 /31 25 26 27 28 24 29 30
    • · S W I T Z E R L A N D - C O L L A B O R AT I O N I N T E R N AT I O N A L E · T H E U N I T E D K I N G D O M - I N T E R N AT I O N A L C O L L A B O R AT I O N · U . S . - I N T E R N AT I O N A L C O L L A B O R AT I O N · C A N A D A - I N T E R N AT I O N A L C O L L A B O R AT I O N · J A PA N - 国 際 協 力 · R U S S I A - М Е Ж Д У Н А Р О Д Н О Е С О Т Р УД Н И Ч Е С Т В О INTERNATIONALE SAMENWERKING · NORWAY - INTERNASJONALT SAMARBEID · SPAIN - COLABORACIÓN INTERNACIONAL · SWEDEN - INTERNATIONELLT SAMARBETE 1 2 3 INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION J U L Y 2011 It takes an enormous effort from people around the world to construct and maintain the International Space Station. Across borders, people from a variety of professions work together, meet challenges and collaborate down to the last detail to achieve one of the greatest technological, geopolitical and engineering accomplishments in human history. Fifteen nations have contributed to the building of the station with over 40 missions and more than 140 spacewalks. 4 5 6 7 B E L G I U M - I N T E R N AT I O N A L E S A M E N W E R K I N G - D E N M A R K - I N T E R N AT I O N A LT S A M A R B E J D E · F R A N C E - C O L L A B O R AT I O N I N T E R N AT I O N A L · G E R M A N Y - I N T E R N AT I O N A L E K O L L A B O R AT I O N · I TA LY - C O L L A B O R A Z I O N E I N T E R N A Z I O N A L E · T H E N E T H E R L A N D S · S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY 1 2 1962 – Cape Canaveral, Fla., established as NASA Launch Operations Center 3 Independence Day SS 4 1 1 MM 5 2 2 S T T 13 3 6WW M 2 4 4 TT T7 3 5 5 W F F 8 4 6 6 T S S 5 9F 2000 –2000 – Expedition 1 Expedition 1 2000 – Expedition 1 1997 – Pathfinder lands on Mars 1973 –1973 – Mariner 10. First arrives arrives at ISS. Continuous at ISS. Continuous Mariner 10. First arrives at ISS. Continuous 1973 – Mariner 10. First 2006 – STS-121/ULF1-1, MPLM 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 human human occupation of ISS occupation of ISS spacecraft to exploreexplorehuman occupation of ISS spacecraft to spacecraft to explore begins begins Mercury Mercury begins Mercury 7 7 8 8 7 9 9 8 10 10 9 11 Veterans Day 12 11 Veterans Day 10 12 11 13 Day 13 Veterans 12 1966 –1966 – Gemini XII Gemini XII 1966 – –1971 –XII9–Mars. 1971 Gemini Mariner 9–Mars. Mariner 1996 –1996 – Mars Global Mars Global 1996 – Mars Global STS-5. First space1975 – Apollo-Soyuz, first joint Russia-First – STS-5. First orbitto orbit 1982 –1982 – STS-5. First space 1982 spacecraft to space First spacecraft 2001 – STS-104/7A, U.S.-Quest Airlock –1967 – 4 U.S./Soyuz spaceflight SurveyorSurveyor 1967 Apollo Apollo 4 1967 – Apollo 4 1965 – Mariner 4 takesshuttle operational mission shuttle operational mission 2009 – STS-127/2JA, JAXA-JEM-EFshuttle operational mission another planet planet another 1962 – Telstar-1, first commercial 1979 – Skylab reenters 2000 – Proton/1R, Russia-ZvezdaSurveyor first close-up communications satellite 14 14 Earth’s atmosphere 15 15 Service Module 14 16 16 15 17 17 16 18 18 pictures of Mars 17 19 19 and ELM-ES 18 20 20 19 17 18 19 20 21 22 1998 –1998 –ControlControl Zarya Zarya 23 1969 –1969 – 12 Apollo Apollo 12 1969 – Apollo 12 Module. ISS construction Module. ISS construction 2008 – 2008 – STS-126 Supply STS-126 Supply 2008 – STS-126 Skylab 4 1973 –1973 – Supply Skylab 4 1973 – Skylab 4 begins begins 21 21 22 22 21 23 23 22 24 24 1969 – Apollo 11, first crewed lunar landing 23 25 Thanksgiving 26 26 25 Thanksgiving Day 24 Day 25 Thanksgiving Day 26 27 27 1976 – Viking 1, first U.S. spacecraft 1999 – STS-93, Eileen Collins, first female to land on Mars space shuttle commander 24 25 26 2002 –2002 – STS-113 P1 truss, STS-113 P1 truss, Expedition 6 Expedition 6 27 28 2002 – STS-113 P1 truss, Expedition 6 29 30 28 28 29 29 28 30 30 29 30 31 1963 – Syncom 2, world’s first geosynchronous communications satellite 2005 – STS-114, first shuttle flight 1964 –1964 – Mariner 4–Mars Mariner 4–Mars following the Space Shuttle Columbia – Mariner 4–Mars 1964 1973 – Skylab 3 1958 – NASA established 1983 –1983 – STS-9. First accident STS-9. First 1983 – STS-9. First non-American participates non-American participates non-American – STS-97 P6 truss. 2000 –2000 participates STS-97 P6 truss. 2000 – STS-97 P6 truss. in U.S. in U.S. mission mission in U.S. mission solar arrays arrays First set of ISS of ISS solar First set First set of ISS solar arrays S M ST M TT W TS F SS M ST M TT W TS S M W F W F F S T W T J UM N TE A U 1 G 2U 13 2T 3 4 S 4 October 2010 October 2010 December 2010 December 2010 October 20101 JAXA astronaut Naoko Yamazaki lifts Soichi Noguchi as they pose for a group photo in the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM). 1 2 1 2 S W T F S S M T W T F S2 A group photo with Expedition 23 and STS-131 crew members representing Japan, Russia and the U.S. 3 Astronaut Bill McArthurand Cosmonaut Valery Tokarev pose with their respective extravehicular mobility units (EMUs); McArthur with the U.S. EMU 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 4 35 46 57 68 79 8 59 6 57 68 79 8 911 10 11 10 3 4 5 56 6 7and Tokarev with the Orlan suit. 4 European Space Agency astronaut Frank De Winne (right) along with Canadian Space Agencyastronaut Robert Thirsk (bottom right) and NASA astronauts Jeffrey Williams and Nicole Stott during an educational event. 5 6 12 11 814 9 10 1116 7 15 16 17 18 10 10 11 10 7 13 12 13 14 15 12 13 12 13 14 915 16 11 15 16 14 8 10 17 18 13 12 12 13 11 145 Astronauts Stephanie Wilson, Naoko Yamazaki, Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger and Tracy Caldwell Dyson (top right) as they work atthe Robotics Workstation during STS-131/Expedition 23 joint docked operations. 6 The crew members aboard the station give a unified 17 18 19 18 15 20 17 18 rd 19 15 23 2423 18 12st 13171420 19 16 21 22 19 2014 20 21 22172524 21 22 23 23 21 22 16 17 25 20 19 19 20 18 21 New New 1st 1st Full Full 3rd rd 3New 1 Full 3“thumbs up” signal following the Changing-of-Command ceremony from Expedition 10 to Expedition 11. 7 Astronaut Jeffrey Williams New 1st Full 3rd New 21 2726 27 24 2530 26 22 30 31 30 31 19 20 262522 23 28 2926 2721 27 28 2924 25 23 27 26 26 27and Cosmonaut Maxim Suraev hold a plastic inflatable globe used to select locations for CBS’s “Everyone in the World Has a Story.” 6 1 13 13 21 21 28 28 6 8 15 6 23 30 13 25 2129 30 2828 29 28 25 28 26 27 28 29 30 28 29 30 31
    • 1 23 VISITING VEHICLES A Orbiting about 240 statute T U G U S 2011 miles (386.24 km) above the Earth at 17,500 mph (32,410 kph) creates a challenge when it comes to getting supplies. The station depends on regular deliveries of experiment equipment and spare parts as well as food, air and water for its crew. The U.S., Russia, Japan and Europe all have vehicles that make deliveries and the commercial sector is developing spacecraft to help keep the station “stocked.”4 5 6 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY 1 2 3 4 5 6 7S MS 8 1 TS M 9 21 WT M 10 T T W 321 432 11W FT 543 SFT12 54 SF 13 5 1978 – Pioneer 13-Venus, first U.S. spacecraft to study Venus in detail 2007 – STS-118/13A.1, S5 truss, 2001 – STS-105/7A.1, MPLM; 1977 – Space Shuttle Enterprise, Spacehab and ESP-3 1966ISSSurveyor I becomes – Expedition 3 1966 – Surveyor I becomes 1966 – Surveyor II becomes test 1966 – Surveyor first free-flight becomes 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 rst U.S. spacecraft to soft 1965 –U.S. spacecraft to soft rst Gemini IV 1965 –U.S. spacecraft to soft 2002 – STS-111 rst U.S. spacecraft to soft 1965 – Gemini IV rst Gemini IV 1965 – Gemini IV 2002 – STS-111 2002 – S 2002 – land on moon 1966 – on moon land Gemini IX-A 1966 –on moon land Gemini IX-A land on moon Expedition – Gemini IX-A 1966 5 1966 – Gemini IX-A Expedition 5 Expeditio Expediti 6 76 876 987 10 8 9 11 9 10 1210 11 12 11 12 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 20032007 – STS-117 S3/S4 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 – Mars Exploration 2003 – Mars Exploration 2003 – Mars Exploration 2003 – Mars Exploration truss truss truss truss Rover–Spirit Rover–Spirit Rover–Spirit Rover–Spirit 13 13 14 15 13 14 16 14 15 17 15 16 1816 17 1917 18 19 18 19 21 22 23 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova 24 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova 25 1963 – Cosmonaut 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova Valentina Tereshkova 26 27 becomes rst female becomes rst female 1983 – STS-7. rst female becomes Sally Ride becomes rst female 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride in space in space in space in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space 20 21 Summer Solstice— 2220 Solstice— 2321 Summer Solstice— 23 20 begins Summer 21 Summer begins 22 Summer begins 2422 Summer Summer Solstice— Summer begins 2523 24 26 25 24 26 25 26 1989 – Voyager 2, first spacecraft to observe Neptune 28 29 30 31 27 27 28 2927 28 30 29 28 30 29 30 2009 – STS-128/17A, MPLM 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir space station space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident1 The Progress is the Russian automated resupply vehicle. 2 The Japanese uncrewed resupply craft HII-Transfer Vehicle. 3 The first S M T W T F J UM LSM MTWTW WT T F FSS S S S Y S SEMMT TTWWT TTF F 3 SRS S SM M T W T FS S P T EW 1 2 E 1 M B F 1 S M S M July 2010 July 2010 May 2010 May 2010 July 2010 May 2010 S1 T T 1 F2 3 1 Sflight of SpaceX’s Falcon 9. 4 The Soyuz TMA-12 spacecraft, with Expedition 17 crew members, approaches the International SpaceStation. 5 Space Shuttle Discovery and its seven-member STS-131 crew head toward Earth orbit and rendezvous with the ISS. 6 ATV, 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 10 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 34 5 4 2 5 3 6 4 7 5 8 6 9 710 8 4 25 36 4 7 58 69 7 8 4 5the European Space Agency’s Automated Transfer Vehicle, is also used to resupply the ISS. 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 3 11 912 10 6 14 12 13 14915 11 9125 13 11141215138 14 9151011 12 4 5 13 11 715 8 1716 10 11 7 16 17 4 9 10 6 12 13 14 15 11 12 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 3rd rd New 1strd st 3 Full New 13rd 3 rd st 16 Full New 22 18 16 17 Full 19 20 21 22 1816 17 18 19 20 21 22 18 19 17 New 19 20 21 1st 18 1st 19 20Full 22 23 24 1821 19 20 21 22 23 24 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 18 19 1st Full 3rd New 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 4 12 19 4 6 26 12 13 19 4 21 2626 27 2819 25 26 2725 26 27 28 29 25 26 2725 26 27 28 29 25 26 12 29 25 26 30 31 /31 25 26 2728 2929 30 25 26 272828 27 28 29 25 26 29 25 26 30 31 29 24 28 29 30
    • 1 2 3 54 I N T H E Z O N E Lake Puma Yumco S E P T E M B E R 2011 The station is the largest human-made structure to be placed in orbit. The truss, or Glacier is the length of a Grey backbone, football field, including end zones, and the solar arrays are 1.5 times the width, which makes the station about 170 ft. long and 360 ft. wide. 6 It was assembled in space like building blocks, demonstrating human capability to perform construction in space. It can be seen from the ground with the naked eye (go to http:// spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdatasightings/ index.html for sighting opportunities).5 6 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY 1 2 3 4 S Labor Day MS 5 1 TS M 6 21 WT M 321 7 TT W 432 8T FW 543 SFT 9 54 SF 10 5 1975 – Viking 2, first spacecraft to 1977 – Voyager 1, first spacecraft to successfully land on Mars return a photo of Earth and moon 1966 – Surveyor I becomes 1966 – Surveyor ISTS-106/2A.2b, 1966 – Surveyor II becomes 2000 – becomes 1966 – Surveyor 2006 – STS-115/12A, P3/P4 truss Spacehab becomes JAXA HII-Transfer Vehicle 2009 – FirstSTS-111 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 rst U.S. spacecraft to soft 1965 –U.S. spacecraft to soft rst Gemini IV 1965 –U.S. spacecraft to soft 2002 – STS-111 rst U.S. spacecraft to soft 1965 – Gemini IV rst Gemini IV 1965 – Gemini IV 2002 – 2002 – S 2002 – land on moon 1966 – on moon land Gemini IX-A 1966 –on moon land Gemini IX-A land on moon Expedition – Gemini IX-A 1966 5 1966 – Gemini IX-A Expedition 5 Expeditio Expediti 6 76 876 987 10 8 9 11 9 10 1210 11 12 11 12 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 20032007 – STS-117 S3/S4 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 – Mars Exploration 2003 – Mars Exploration 2003 – Mars Exploration 2003 – Mars Exploration truss truss – Soyuz/4R, Pirs docking truss 2001 truss Rover–Spirit Rover–Spirit Rover–Spirit Rover–Spirit 13 13 14 15 13 14 16 14 15 compartment 17 15 16 1816 17 1917 18 19 18 19 18 19 20 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova 21 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova 22 1963 – Cosmonaut 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova Valentina Tereshkova Autumn Begins 23 24 becomes rst female becomes rst female 1983 – STS-7. rst female becomes Sally Ride becomes rst female 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride in space in space in space in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space 20 21 Summer Solstice— 2220 Solstice— 2321 Summer Solstice— 23 20 begins Summer 21 Summer begins 22 Summer begins 2422 Summer Summer Solstice— Summer begins 2523 24 26 25 24 26 25 26 2003 – Galileo, first spacecraft to 2007 – ISS Expedition 14 enter Jupiter’s atmosphere 25 26 27 28 29 30 27 27 28 2927 28 30 29 28 30 29 30 1988 – STS-26, first shuttle flight following the Space Shuttle 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis Challenger accident 2005 – ISS Expedition 12 becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir space station space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident1 The Unity node (connecting module) is shown with the Russian segment Zarya to the right (aft), the U.S. Laboratory Destiny to S M T W T F A UM G M MTWTW WT T F FSS S S S S U S T T 1 F2 3 1 O SCM MT TOWB TETTF F 3 S S S SM M T W T FS S T T W1 2 F 1R 1 S M S M July 2010 July 2010 May 2010 May 2010 July 2010 May 2010 S1 T S Wthe left (fore), the Quest Airlock at the bottom (starboard), and the PMA-3 at the top (port). 2 Set against the blackness of space,the various elements visible, from top to bottom, are the Unity node, Zarya, Zvezda and a Progress cargo supply vehicle. Photo taken 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 4 25 36 4 7 58 69 7 8 4 2 5 3 6 4 7 5 8 6 9 710 8 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 14 5 4 5during STS-92. 3 Destiny is the primary U.S. payloads research laboratory, supporting a wide range of experiments and studiescontributing to health, safety and quality of life for people all over the world. 4 This football field-sized machine flies about 230 miles 9 7 8 9 13 14 1512 13 10 11 16 17 10 11 12 13 14 15 11 912 10 11 12 13 14 15 2 91210134141215136 14 715 811 12 11 9 11 5 16 17 310 11 12 13 14 15 11 12above the Earth, going 17,500 mph. 5 Astronaut Robert Curbeam, Jr. (left) and European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut ChristerFuglesang, both STS-116 mission specialists, participate in the mission’s first of three planned sessions of3extravehicular activity 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 rd rd New 1strd st 3 Full New 13rd 3 rd st 16 Full New 22 18 16 17 Full 19 20 21 22 17 New 19 20 21 1st 18 1st 19 20Full 22 23 24 1821 1816 17 18 19 20 21 22 18 19 19 20 21 22 23 24 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 18 19(EVA). 6 View of the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) Pressurized Module (JPM), Japanese Experiment Logistics Module- 1st Full 3rd New 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 16 17 18 19 20 21 22Pressurized Section (ELM-PS), mounted on top, and JEM Exposed Facility (EF), mounted to the right. 4 12 19 4 4 26 12 12 19 4 20 2626 27 2819 25 26 2725 26 27 28 29 12 27 25 29 26 29 30 31 28 /30 26 2725 26 27 28 292925 26 25 24 /31 252826 27 28 29 25 26 25 26 30 31 29 28 29 30 31 23 27 28
    • 1 2 3 H E A L T H B E N E F I T S F O R A L L H U M A N K I N D O C T O B E R 2011 The techniques addressing astronaut health risks on long missions will benefit patients suffering from similar conditions on Earth, such as bone loss, muscle wasting, shift-related sleep disturbances and balance disorders.4 5 6 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY 1 1958 – NASA officially begins operations 2S MS 3 1 TS M 4 21 WT M 321 5 TT W 432 6T FW 543 SFT 7 54 SF 8 5 1957 – Sputnik 1 (U.S.S.R.), first satellite 1966 – Surveyor I becomes 1966 – Surveyor I becomes 1966 – Surveyor II becomes 1966 – Surveyor 2002 – STS-112/9A, S1 truss becomes 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 rst U.S. spacecraft to soft 1965 –U.S. spacecraft to soft rst Gemini IV 1965 –U.S. spacecraft to soft2002 – STS-111 rst U.S. spacecraft to soft 1965 – Gemini IV rst Gemini IV 1965 – Gemini IV 2002 – STS-111 2002 – S 2002 – land on moon 1966 – on moon land Gemini IX-A 1966 –on moon land Gemini IX-A land on moon Expedition – Gemini IX-A 1966 5 1966 – Gemini IX-A Expedition 5 Expeditio Expediti 6 Columbus Day 76 876 987 10 8 9 11 9 10 1210 11 12 11 12 1958 – Pioneer 1, first NASA launch 1968 – Apollo 7, first crewed 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 Apollo mission 1964 – Voskhod 1 (U.S.S.R.),2003 – Mars Exploration first flight 2003 – Mars Exploration 2003 – Mars Exploration 2003 – Mars Exploration 2007 – ISS Expedition 16, Peggy truss 2000 – STS-92/3A, Z1 truss truss multiple crew members Rover–Spirit with truss truss Rover–Spirit Rover–Spirit Rover–Spirit 13 13 14 Whitson, first female ISS commander 15 13 14 2009 – ISS Expedition 21 16 14 15 2008 – ISS Expedition 18 17 15 16 1816 17 1917 18 19 18 19 16 17 18 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova 19 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova 20 1963 – Cosmonaut 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova Valentina Tereshkova 21 22 becomes rst female becomes rst female 1983 – STS-7. rst female becomes Sally Ride becomes rst female 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride in space in space in space in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space 20 21 Summer Solstice— 2220 Solstice— 2321 Summer Solstice— 23 20 begins Summer 21 Summer begins 22 Summer begins 2422 Summer Summer Solstice— Summer begins 2523 24 26 25 24 26 25 26 2003 – ISS Expedition 8 23 2007 – STS-120/10A, ESA-Harmony 24 25 26 27 28 29 27Connecting 27 28 2927 28 30 29 28 30 29 30 30 31 Module 2000 – Expedition 1, start of permanent human 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 2009 – Ares-1X launch presence on the ISS becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir space station space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident1 Astronaut Peggy Whitson, Expedition 16 commander, exercises on the Cycle Ergometer with Vibration Isolation System (CEVIS) S M T W T F S EM PSM MEWTW WT T F RSS S S S T T M TB1 E2 F3 1 N SO MT TEWM T B TFEF 3 S S S SM M T W T FS S V T W1 T 2 F 1 R1 S M S M July 2010 July 2010 May 2010 May 2010 July 2010 May 2010 S1 T F S M Win the Destiny laboratory of the International Space Station. 2 Astronaut Sunita Williams prepares a laptop in the Human ResearchFacility-2 (HRF-2) for data entry during a blood draw as part of the Nutritional Status Assessment (Nutrition) study. 3 Russian 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 10 4 25 36 4 7 58 69 7 8 1 2 3 4 54 5 4 2 5 3 6 4 7 5 8 6 9 710 8 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 4 5cosmonaut Yury Lonchakov works with the Phantom Torso, which was designed to help scientists more accurately predict theradiation exposure astronauts receive inside their bodies, especially to blood-forming organs. 4 Astronaut Garrett Reisman measures 9 4 5 6 137 14 815 9 10 10 11 12 13 14 15 11 912 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 6 9127 13 1114121513 14 15 1211 12 11 9 10 11 10 9 10 11 8 12 13 14 15 11 12 16 17his body mass, a basic index of nourishment, using the Body Mass Measurement Device (BMMD) on the station. 5 Astronaut SunitaWilliams receives assistance from astronaut Michael Lopez-Alegria in donning a sensor-studded cap as she prepares equipment for 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 3rd rd New 1strd st 3 Full New 13rd 3 rd st 16 Full New 22 18 16 17 Full 19 20 21 22 17 New 19 20 21 1st 18 1st 19 20Full 22 23 24 1821 1816 17 18 19 20 21 22 18 19 19 20 21 22 23 24 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 18 19the Anomalous Long Term Effects on Astronauts (ALTEA) experiment. 6 Astronaut Nicole Stott, equipped with a bungee harness, 1st Full 3rd New 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 4exercises on the Combined Operational Load Bearing External Resistance Treadmill (COLBERT) on board the station. 12 19 4 4 26 12 12 19 4 20 2626 27 2819 25 26 2725 26 27 28 29 12 26 25 29 26 29 30 31 28 25 26 2725 26 27 28 29 25 26 28 29 30 31 25 26 27 28 29 25 26 25 26 27 28 29 30 6 27 28 29 30
    • 1 2 INT ERN ATIO N AL HO USE O F SCIEN CE3 N O V orbiting international R E M BE 2011 This laboratory is a technologically sophisticated facility that supports a wide range of scientific inquiry in biology, human physiology, physical and materials sciences, and Earth and space science. Scientists from all over the world are already using ISS facilities, putting their talents to work in almost all areas of science and technology, and sharing their knowledge to make life on Earth better for people of all nations.4 5 6 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY 1 2 3 4 5 2000 – Expedition 1 arrives at ISS; continuous human occupation 1973 – Mariner 10, first spacecraft to of ISS begins explore Mercury 6 S MS 7 1 TS M 8 21 WT M 321 9 TT W 432 10 FW T Veterans Day 543 SF11 T 54 SF 12 5 1982 – STS-5, first space shuttle 1966 – Surveyor I becomes 1966 – Surveyor I becomes 1966 – Surveyor II becomesmission 1966 – Surveyor operational becomes 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 rst U.S. spacecraft to soft 1965 –U.S. spacecraft to soft rst Gemini IV 1965 –U.S. spacecraft to soft2002 – STS-111 rst U.S. spacecraft to soft 1965 – Gemini IV rst Gemini IV 1965 – Gemini IV 2002 – STS-111 2002 – S 2002 – land on moon 1966 – on moon land Gemini IX-A 1966 –on moon land Gemini IX-A land on moon Expedition – Gemini IX-A 1966 5 1966 – Gemini IX-A Expedition 5 Expeditio Expediti 6 76 876 987 10 8 9 11 9 10 1210 11 12 11 12 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 20032007 – STS-117 S3/S4 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 – Mars Exploration 2003 – Mars Exploration 2003 – Mars Exploration 2003 – Mars Exploration 1973 – Skylab 4 1971 – Mariner 9-Mars, first spacecraft truss truss – STS-129/ULF3, ELC1 2009 truss truss Rover–Spirit Rover–Spirit Rover–Spirit Rover–Spirit to orbit another planet 13 13 14 2008 – STS-126/ULF2, MPLM 15 13 14 16 14 15 and ELC2 17 15 16 1816 17 1917 18 19 18 19 20 21 22 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova 23 Thanksgiving Day 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova 24 1963 – Cosmonaut 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova Valentina Tereshkova 25 26 becomes rst female becomes rst female 1983 – STS-7. rst female becomes Sally Ride becomes rst female 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride in space in space in space in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space 20 21 Summer Solstice— 2220 Solstice— 2321 Summer Solstice— 23 20 begins Summer 21 Summer begins 22 Summer begins 2422 Summer Summer Solstice— Summer begins 2523 24 26 25 24 26 25 26 1998 – Proton – Russia, Zarya Control 2002 – STS-113/11A, P1 truss; Module, ISS first element launch ISS Expedition 6 27 28 29 30 27 27 28 2927 28 30 29 28 30 29 30 2000 – STS-97/4A, P6 truss, first set 1983 – STS-9, first international agency 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis of solar arrays 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis participates in U.S. mission becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir space station space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident1 Astronaut Jeffrey Williams conducts the first run of the Pore Formation and Mobility Investigation (PFMI) in the station’sMicrogravity Science Glovebox (MSG). 2 This close-up view shows three bowling-ball-sized free-flying satellites called Synchronized S M T W T F O CM T M MTWTW WT T F FSS S S S S O B E TR1 F 2 3 1 S SM MT TWWT T F F S S D SEMM T M 1 B 2EF3F 1 S S M C E W TT RS S M T July 2010 July 2010 May 2010 May 2010 July 2010 May 2010 S1 T S W 1Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites (SPHERES). 3 Materials International Space Station Experiment (MISSE)is a series of external exchangeable test beds for studying the durability of materials such as optics, sensors, electronics, communications 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 10 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 34 5 4 2 5 3 6 4 7 5 8 6 9 710 8 4 25 36 4 7 58 69 7 8 4 5devices, coatings and structural materials. 4 View of the station’s Oil Emulsion Experiment (OEE) that will be used to teach studentsbasic principles of fluid physics. 5 Saibo Experiment Rack is a multipurpose payload rack system that sustains life science experiment 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 2 11 912 10 5 14 12 13 14815 1149121013 1114121513 814 9 1011 12 3 4 13 11 615 7 17 16 9 10 6 7 16 17 15 5 11 12 13 14 15 11 12units inside and supplies resources to them. The first use of Saibo was for studies of the effects of radiation on immature immune cells.6 Advanced Biological Research System (ABRS) is a single locker system with two growth chambers. Each growth chamber is a closedNew system 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 3rd rd 1strd st 3 Full New 13rd 3 rd st 16 Full New 22 18 16 17 Full 19 20 21 22 1816 17 18 19 20 21 22 18 19 17 New 19 20 21 1st 18 1st 19 20Full 22 23 24 1821 19 20 21 22 23 24 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 18 19 1st Full 3rd New 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 4 12capable of independently controlling temperature, illumination and atmospheric composition to grow a variety of biological organisms. 19 4 2 26 12 10 19 4 18 2626 27 2819 2425 26 2725 26 27 28 29 25 26 2725 26 27 2830 31 26 12 25 25 26 30 31 /30 /31 25 2628 2928 29 25 26 27 26 27 28 29 25 26 29 25 29 30 3129 25 28 23 27 28 29
    • 1 2 3 5 6 SPACE IN YOUR LIFE D E C theE M Bspace R E 2011 In 20th century, exploration has profoundly impacted the way we view ourselves, our world and the way we live. Our nation’s investment in space has resulted in numerous services and products that affect our everyday lives. Whether we are making a trans- Pacific telephone call, creating with a computer- aided design tool, using our mobile phone, wearing a pacemaker, or undergoing an MRI, we are using technology that space exploration either developed or improved.4 7 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY 1 2 3 1973 – Pioneer 10, first flyby of outer planet (Jupiter) 4S MS 5 1 TS M 6 21 WT M 321 7 TT W 432 8T FW 543 SFT 9 54 SF 10 5 1998 – STS-88/2A, Unity Connecting 2001 – STS-108/UF-1, MPLM; 2006 – STS-116/12A.1, Spacehab Module, first U.S. component ISS Expedition 4 19661972 – ApolloI17, final Apollo mission – Surveyor I becomes – Surveyor becomes 1966 1966 – Surveyor II becomes 1966 – Surveyor and P5 truss becomes 2002 – STS-111 2002 – STS-111 2002 – S 2002 – 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 rst U.S. spacecraft to soft 1965 –U.S. spacecraft to soft rst Gemini IV 1965 –U.S. spacecraft to soft rst U.S. spacecraft to soft 1965 – Gemini IV rst Gemini IV 1965 – Gemini IV land on moon 1966 – on moon land Gemini IX-A 1966 –on moon land Gemini IX-A land on moon Expedition – Gemini IX-A 1966 5 1966 – Gemini IX-A Expedition 5 Expeditio Expediti 6 76 876 987 10 8 9 11 9 10 1210 11 12 11 12 1965 – Gemini VI-A and VII, first crewed rendezvous between two spacecrafts 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 1970 – Venera 20032007 – STS-117 S3/S4(U.S.S.R.), first human- – Mars Exploration 7 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 2003 – Mars Exploration 2003 – Mars Exploration 2003 – Mars Exploration made spacecraft to successfully land on truss truss truss truss Rover–Spirit another planet (Venus) and to transmit Rover–Spirit Rover–Spirit Rover–Spirit 13 13 14 15 13 14 16 14 15 17 15 16 1962 – Mariner 2, first flyby of Venus 1816 17 data from there back to Earth 1917 18 19 18 19 18 19 20 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova 21 Winter Begins 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova 22 1963 – Cosmonaut 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova Valentina Tereshkova 23 24 becomes rst female becomes rst female 1983 – STS-7. rst female becomes Sally Ride becomes rst female 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride 1983 – STS-7. Sally Ride in space in space in space in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space rst U.S. female in space 20 21 Summer Solstice— 2220 Solstice— 2321 Summer Solstice— 23 20 begins Summer 21 Summer begins 22 Summer begins 2422 Summer Summer Solstice— Summer begins 2523 24 26 25 24 26 25 26 1968 – Apollo 8, first crewed mission 2009 – ISS Expedition 22 to orbit the moonChristmas Day 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 27 27 28 2927 28 30 29 28 30 29 30 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to becomes rst shuttle to dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir dock with Russian Mir space station space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident1 Using the Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity protocols, astronaut Leroy Chiao performs an ultrasound examinationof the eye on cosmonaut Salizhan Sharipov. This technology enables users with little training to send diagnostic-quality ultrasound S M T W T F N OS V M MTWTW WE T F FSS S S S E M BT T F2 3 1 R J SM MT TUWA TRTTF F 3 S S S S M T W T FS S AM N T W1 2 F 1 Y S M S M July 2010 July 2010 May 2010 May 2010 July 2010 May 2010 S1 M T 1 S W 1images to medical professionals remotely. 2 NASA helped industry leaders develop cool, lightweight, aerodynamic biking helmets andspecial bike wheels using NASA research in airfoils (wings) and design software. 3 Astronaut Mike Fincke narrates during a Capillary 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 23 3 5 65 7 68 74 5 10 4 4 4 2 5 3 6 4 7 5 8 6 9 710 8 4 25 36 4 7 58 69 7 8 4 5Flow Experiment (CFE) that investigates capillary flows and flows of fluids. 4 The ADVANCED ASTROCULTURE™ (ADVASC)examines the effects of microgravity on gene expression levels and the seed-to-seed life cycle in microgravity. 5 Dr. Lewis Nashner’s 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 6 11 912 10 9 14 12 11 14 15 11 9129 13 111411 13 14 15 1411 12 7 8 13 11 1015 13 12 16 17 12 13 8 9 10 10 1215 13 14 15 11 12 10 11 12 16 17computerized dynamic posturography, derived from NASA-funded research on human movement and balance, is now a standard 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 15 16 17 18 19 20 21noninvasive clinical technique for assessing the systems that allow the body to balance. 6 View of Astronaut Peggy Whitson looking 3rd rd New 1strd st 3 Full New 13rd 3 rd st 16 Full New 22 18 16 17 Full 19 20 21 22 1816 17 18 19 20 21 22 18 19 17 New 19 20 21 1st 18 1st 19 20Full 22 23 24 1821 19 20 21 22 23 24 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 18 19 1st Full 3rd New 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4at the ADVASC Soybean plant growth experiment located in the U.S. Laboratory. 7 The MARCbot (Multi-function Agile RemoteControl Robot) received multiple upgrades from engineers at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center, and hundreds have now been 12 19 4 2 26 12 10 19 4 18 2626 27 2819 25 26 2725 26 27 28 29 25 26 2725 26 27 28 29 25 26 12 24 25 29 26 29 30 31 28 28 29 30 31 25 26 27 28 29 25 26deployed by the U.S. military overseas to help soldiers identify IEDs (improvised explosive devices). 27 28 29 30 29 30 31