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International Space Station calendar 2011
International Space Station calendar 2011
International Space Station calendar 2011
International Space Station calendar 2011
International Space Station calendar 2011
International Space Station calendar 2011
International Space Station calendar 2011
International Space Station calendar 2011
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International Space Station calendar 2011

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Transcript of "International Space Station calendar 2011"

  1. 1. R D A N E L C A 2011 S TATION S PA CE INTERNAT I ONAL National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov For more information on the International Space Station, visit: www.nasa.gov/station
  2. 2. A M E S S A G E F R O M T H E P R O G R A M M A N A G E R2011 The International Space Station (ISS) is one of the greatest technological, geopolitical and engineering accomplishments in human history. The completion of the ISS on-orbit assembly allows for a focus on the multifaceted purpose of the ISS, one of scientific research, technology development, exploration and education. As a National Laboratory, the ISS will provide opportunities beyond NASA to academia, commercial entities and other government agencies to pursue their research and development needs in science, technology development and education. With everyone working together, we look forward to extending human presence beyond and improving life here on Earth. This calendar is designed to show all facets of the ISS using displays of astounding imagery and providing significant historical events with the hope of inspiring the next generation. NASA is appreciative of the commitment that America’s educators demonstrate each and every day as they instruct and shape the young students who will be tomorrow’s explorers and leaders. I hope you enjoy the calendar and are encouraged to learn new and exciting aspects about NASA and the ISS throughout the year. Regards, MICHAEL T. S U F F REDINI ISS Program Manager
  3. 3. 1 2 23 4 65 LOOK HOW FAR WE’VE COME J NASAN powered us R Y A has U A 2011 into the 21st century through signature accomplishments that are enduring icons of human achievement. Among these accomplishments are technological innovations and scientific discoveries that have improved and shaped our lives on Earth in myriad ways.7 8 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY New Year’s Day 1 2 3 S 1 M 4 2 T 5 3 W 4 6T 5 F 7 6 S 8 2000 – Expedition 1 1959 – Luna 1, first spacecraft to reach arrives at ISS. Continuous 1973 – Mariner 10. First escape velocity and orbit the sun 2004 – Spirit lands on Mars 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 human occupation of ISS spacecraft to explore begins Mercury 7 8 9 10 11 Veterans Day 12 13 1966 – Gemini XII 1971 – Mariner 9–Mars. 1996 – Mars Global 1982 – STS-5. First space First spacecraft to orbit Surveyor 1967 – Apollo 4 shuttle operational mission another planet 14 15 16 – STS-81, Shuttle - Mir 17 1997 18 19 20 16 17 Martin Luther King, Jr. Day 18 19 20 21 1998 – Zarya Control 22 1969 – Apollo 12 Module. ISS construction 2008 – STS-126 Supply 1973 – Skylab 4 begins 21 22 23 24 25 Thanksgiving Day 26 27 2003 – STS-107, Inaugural Spacehab flight 1998 – STS-89 Shuttle - Mir 23 1958 – Explorer 1, 24 1986 – Voyager 2, first spacecraft to 25 2002 – STS-113 P1 truss, Expedition 6 26 27 28 29 first U.S. 28 observe Uranus 29 30 30 31 satellite 2004 – . Opportunity lands on Mars 1984 – President Ronald Reagan announces U.S. plans to build 1986 – STS-51L, Space Shuttle Challenger 1998 – Intergovernmental Agreement 1964 – Mariner 4–Marsspace station a 1967 – Apollo 1 fire accident on Space Station Cooperation signed 1983 – STS-9. First non-American participates 2000 – STS-97 P6 truss. in U.S. mission First set of ISS solar arrays S M T W T F S S M T W T F S D EM C TE M B T E R F EM B T 1UW 2 T3 Y R A R 4 October 2010 December 20101 An overhead view of the Skylab space station cluster in Earth orbit as photographed from the Skylab 4 command and service 1 2 S W F S S F Smodules (CSM) during the final fly-around by the CSM before returning home. 2 A view of the space station after the crew of STS-130 undocked. 3 Astronaut Edward White II, pilot on the Gemini-Titan 4 spaceflight, is shown during his egress from the spacecraft. 5 2 1 6 3 4 7 3 8 49 5 6 7 18 2 10 7 9 3 4 11 5 6White became the first American astronaut to walk in space. 4 Astronaut Steve Robinson, STS-114 mission specialist, anchored toa foot restraint on the station Canadarm2 during the mission’s third spacewalk. 5 Astronaut Edwin Aldrin, Jr., lunar module pilot, 5 11 8 610 7 12 139 10 11 14 15 16 6 12 1314 815 9 10 7 14 16 17 11 18 12 13walks on the surface of the moon during the Apollo 11 extravehicular activity. Astronaut Neil Armstrong, commander, took thisphotograph and can be seen in Aldrin’s visor. 6 STS-130 Space Shuttle Endeavour after departure from the ISS. 7 The Gemini-3 12 131714 15 16 18 19 20 17 18 21 22 23 13 19 2021 22 23 17 14 21 16 24 15 18 25 19 20 New 1st Full 3rdspacecraft “Molly Brown” carrying astronauts Virgil Grissom, command pilot, and John Young, pilot, on the first crewed mission New 1st Full 3rd 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 20 28 21 22 23 24 25 26 27of Project Gemini. 8 A spectacular picture of a space shuttle night launch. 6 4 13 12 21 19 28 26 25 26 27 28 29 30 26 27 28 29 30 31 26 27 28 29 30 31 6 27 28
  4. 4. 1 2 3 4 V I E W F R O M T H E T O P F E B R U A R Y 2011 For nearly a decade, crew members on board the space station have taken thousands of photos of the Earth below. From fiery volcanoes spewing smoke and lava to icy lakes and glaciers in the coldest environments of our planet, crews have given humankind views of these natural phenomena from one of the most unusual perspectives available.5 6 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY 1 2 3 4 5 2003 – STS-107, Space Shuttle 1995 – STS-63, Eileen Collins first Columbia accident female space shuttle pilot 6 S7 1 M 8 2 T 9 3 W 4 10T 5 11 F 6 S 12 1984 – STS-41B, first untethered spacewalks 2001 – STS-98/5A, U.S.-Destiny 2000 – Expedition 1 Laboratory 2010 – STS-130/20A, U.S.-Tranquility arrives at ISS. Continuous 1973 – Mariner 10. First 2008 – STS-122/1E, ESA-Columbus Connecting Module and ESA-Cupola 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 human occupation of ISS spacecraft to explore begins Mercury 7 8 9 10 11 Veterans Day 12 13 1966 – Gemini XII 1971 – Mariner 9–Mars. 1996 – Mars Global 1982 – STS-5. First space First spacecraft to orbit Surveyor 1967 – Apollo 4 shuttle operational mission 1977 – Space Shuttle Enterprise another planet 14 15 16 17 18 first flight test 19 20 20 Presidents’ Day 21 22 23 24 25 1998 – Zarya Control 26 1969 – Apollo 12 Module. ISS construction 2008 – STS-126 Supply 1973 – Skylab 4 begins 21 22 23 24 25 Thanksgiving Day 26 27 1966 – Apollo/Saturn 201, first flight of the Saturn 1B launch vehicle with 1962 – Friendship 7, John Glenn first an Apollo command and service American to orbit Earth module attached 27 28 29 2002 – STS-113 P1 truss, Expedition 6 30 31 28 29 30 1964 – Mariner 4–Mars 1983 – STS-9. First non-American participates 2000 – STS-97 P6 truss. in U.S. mission First set of ISS solar arrays S M T W T F S S M T W T F S1 Photo of the Grand Canyon South Rim. The vertical drop is 7,000 feet plus the station’s altitude of 200 nautical miles. 2 The J AM N TU A R TY M AM R TC1 H2 October 2010 December 2010 1 2 3 4mighty Brahmaputra River carves a narrow west-east valley between the Tibetan Plateau to the north and the Himalaya Mountains to S W F S S W T F Sthe south as it rushes eastward for more than 932 miles in southwestern China. 3 Aurora Australis photo taken by an Expedition 23crew member. 4 Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) astronaut Soichi Noguchi takes Earth observation pictures from the 3 4 5 6 7 81 9 5 6 7 18 2 9 3 4 10 11 5Cupola. 5 Wide-angle view of Italy. 6 This image featuring Mt. Everest and Makalu was taken by an Expedition 8 crew member onthe station. 2 5 6 310 411 12 13 7 15 9 14 15 816 12 13 714 8 16 6 17 11 10 18 12 9 101711 12 13 18 19 20 21 22 23 19 20 21 22 16 14 15 13 14 15 23 24 18 17 25 19 New 1st Full 3rd New 1st Full 3rd 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 6 3 13 11 21 18 28 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 26 27 28 29 30 31 23 /30 /31 25 26 27 24 28 29 27 28 29 30 31
  5. 5. 1 2 3 Lake Puma Yumco H O M E A W A Y F R O M H O M E M A R C H 2011 Living aboard the space station presents some unique challenges for the astronauts. Sleeping, eating and exercising are just as critical in space as they are on Earth, but all have to be done Grey Glacier in an almost weightless environment. Astronauts have to strap in to sleep and/or take a jog. They also have to remember to attach their food to something when they are not holding it so it doesn’t float away. While living in space takes a bit of adjusting, working to help improve life on Earth makes it all worthwhile.4 5 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY 1 2 3 4 5 1959 – Pioneer 4, first successful lunar mission by U.S. spacecraft 1969 – Apollo 9, first crewed flight of the command and service module along with the lunar module 6 7 SS 1 MM 8 2 1 TT 9 3 2 WW 4 3 10T T 5 4 11 FF 6 5 SS 12 2001 – STS-102/5A.1, first MPLM 2000 – Expedition 1 flight and ESP-1; ISS Expedition 2, arrives– First ESA Automated 2008 at ISS. Continuous 1973 – Mariner 10. First 1966 – Surveyor I becomes first crew rotation Transfer Vehicle 2008 – STS-123/1JA, JAXA-ELM-PS 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 human occupation of ISS spacecraft to explore rst U.S. spacecraft to soft 1965 – Gemini IV 2002 – STS-111 begins Mercury on moon land 1966 – Gemini IX-A Expedition 5 7 6 8 7 9 8 10 9 11 10 Veterans Day 12 11 13 12 1966 – Gemini XII 1971 – Mariner 9–Mars. 1996 – Mars Global 2007 – STS-117 S3/S4 1982 – STS-5. First space 2003 – Mars Exploration First spacecraft to orbit 1926 – First liquid-fueled rocket – Apollo 4 1967truss Surveyor 2009 – STS-119/15A, S6 truss shuttle operational mission Rover–Spirit 1965 – Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov, first another planet 1966 – Gemini VIII, first docking of two 14 13 15 14 and solar arrays 16 15 spacecraft in orbit 17 16 18 17 19 18 person to spacewalk 20 19Spring Begins 20 21 22 23 1963 – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova 24 25 1998 – Zarya Control 26 1969 – Apollo 12 becomes rst female 1983 – STS-7. Sally RideModule. ISS construction 2008 – STS-126 Supply 1973 – Skylab 4 in space begins rst U.S. female in space 21 20 2221 Summer Solstice— Summer begins 2322 2423 2524 Thanksgiving Day 26 25 27 26 1965 – Gemini III, first crewed mission of Project Gemini 2009 – ISS Expedition 19 27 28 29 2002 – STS-113 P1 truss, Expedition 6 30 31 2827 2928 3029 30 1964 – Mariner 4–Mars2006 – ISS Expedition 13 1995 – STS-71. Atlantis 1983 – STS-9. First becomes rst shuttle to non-American participates 2000dock with Russian Mir – STS-97 P6 truss. in U.S. mission First set of ISS solar arrays space station 1971 – Soyuz 11 accident S M T W T F S S M T W T F S F EM B T UW A TRT Y W 1 ST 2 F S S PMS M 1 T 2WT3 T 4 F R S M F A1 R TI L W S October 2010 December 20101 Tucked away in a sleeping bag, astronaut Daniel Tani poses for a photo near two extravehicular mobility unit (EMU) spacesuits July 2010 May 2010 S 1 F 2 S3in the Quest Airlock of the station. 2 Astronaut Steve Robinson plays a guitar in the Cupola of the International Space Station.3 Expedition 21 and STS-129 crew members gather for a meal at the galley table in the Unity node of the International Space 14 22 3 6 4 7 4 8 59 76 5 76 4 7 5 8 6 9 7 108 11 9 10 5 3 5 6 3 8 1 2Station. 4 Astronaut Jeffrey Williams exercises on the Cycle Ergometer with Vibration Isolation System (CEVIS) in the Destinylaboratory of the station. 5 JAXA astronaut Soichi Noguchi, Expedition 22 flight engineer, uses a vacuum cleaner during housekeeping 6 11 9 10 11 15 13 14 710 8 91210 111412 121613 12 134 14121513161417151816 17 3 13 14 15 11 5 6 7 8 9operations in the Kibo laboratory of the International Space Station. 13 21 141715 16 17 21 22 232010 20 21 2213 14 15 16 18 19 20 18 19 19 11 12 23 24 25 New 3rd 1st New Full 1st 3rd Full 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 New 1st Full 3rd 20 28 21 22 23 24 28 29 302717 27 28 2920 21 22 23 25 26 26 18 19 30 31 6 4 4 13 12 12 21 19 19 2826 26 25 26 27 25 26 27 28 29 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 27 28 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
  6. 6. 1 2 34 GOING GREEN: T H E U LT I M AT E RECYCLING EXPERIENCE A P R I L 2011 Rationing and recycling are essential parts of life on the station. For power, light from the sun is converted into electricity through the use of solar arrays. Wastewater is collected, processed and stored from the space shuttle’s fuel cells as well as from urine, oral hygiene and hand washing, and by condensing humidity from the air. Careful water recycling reduces the amount required from Earth to resupply the station by 60 percent.5 6 S U N D AY M O N D AY T U E S D AY W E D N E S D AY T H U R S D AY F R I D AY S AT U R D AY 1 2 2010 – ISS Expedition 23 3 S4 1 M 5 2 T 6 3 W 4 7T 5 F 8 6 S 9 2000 – Expedition 1 1964 – Gemini I test flight 1959 – NASA announces the seven arrives–at ISS. Continuous 1984 STS-41C, first orbital 1973 – Mariner 10. First 2002 – STS-110/8A, S0 truss Mercury astronauts, NASA’s first 2010 – STS-131/19A, MPLM satellite repair mission 2007 – ISS Expedition 15 2008 – ISS Expedition 17 astronaut class 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 human occupation of ISS spacecraft to explore begins Mercury 7 8 9 10 11 Veterans Day 12 13 1966 – Gemini XII 1971 – Mariner 9–Mars. 1996 – Mars Global 1961 – Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, first 1982 – STS-5. First space First spacecraft to orbit human in space 1967 – Apollo 4 Surveyor shuttle operational mission another planet 1981 – STS-1, first space shuttle 14 15 (Columbia) mission 16 17 18 2005 – ISS Expedition 11 19 20 17 18 19 20 21 22 1998 – Zarya Control 23 1969 – Apollo 12 Module. ISS construction 2008 – STS-126 Supply 1973 – Skylab 4 begins 21 22 23 24 25 Thanksgiving Day 26 27 2001 – STS-100/6A, CSA- 2004 – ISS Expedition 9 Canadarm2 and MPLM 24 25 26 2002 – STS-113 P1 truss, Expedition 6 27 28 29 30 28 29 301967 – Soyuz 1 accident1990 – STS-31, Hubble Space 1964 – Mariner 4–MarsTelescope launched 2003 – ISS Expedition 7 – STS-9. First 1983 non-American participates 2000 – STS-97 P6 truss. in U.S. mission First set of ISS solar arrays S M T W T F S S M T W T F S M A R TC H M A Y October 2010 December 20101 While anchored to a foot restraint on the end of the Orbiter Boom Sensor System, astronaut Scott Parazynski, STS-120 mission 1 2 1 2 3 4 S M W T F S S M T W T F Sspecialist, assesses his repair work as the solar array is fully deployed during the mission’s fourth spacewalk. 2 Russian cosmonautValery Tokarev holds a full Russian water (EDV) container as he conducts a water transfer from Progress water tanks. 3 NASA 14 2 6 7 4 8 59 6 5 762 7 38 4 10 5 3 3 1 9 5 6 11 7astronaut Jeffrey Williams installs a Urine Processor Assembly/Distillation Assembly (UPA DA) in the Water Recovery System(WRS) rack in the Destiny laboratory of the station. 4 Astronaut Donald Pettit holds a Grab Sample Container (GSC) used for 6 11 9 13 11 12 14 10 16 17 710 8 12 10 14 15 1613 12 139 14 1511 12 8 13 18 14collecting air samples as part of station environmental monitoring. 5 The Expedition 19 crew celebrates the station’s recycled watersystem with a “toast.” 6 Russian cosmonaut Fyodor Yurchikhin conducts a session for Russia’s Environmental Safety Agency (EKON), 13 18 19 20 18 19 21 141715 16 17 21 22 232015 20 21 2218 19 19 16 17 23 24 20 25 21 New 1st Full 3rdmaking observations and taking aerial photography of environmental conditions on Earth. New 1st Full 3rd 20 28 21 22 23 24 28 29 302722 27 28 2925 26 25 26 26 23 24 30 31 27 28 6 3 13 11 21 18 28 25 25 26 27 27 28 29 30 31 29 30 31

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