Presentation by-      Deepak Rawal    Assistant ProfessorMohanlal Sukhadia University       Udaipur India
MAMMALIACLASSIFICATION
General characters•   Mammology- study of mammals•   Presence of hair•   Female have mammary glands for for suckling the y...
CLASS-              MAMMALIA SUBCLASS-    SUBCLASS-     SUBCLASS-PROTOTHERIA   METATHERIA     EUTHERIA  ORDER-        ORDE...
ORDER- MONOTREMATA• Cloaca present• Teeth in young beak in adult• Oviparous with reptile like  characters• Found only in A...
ORDER- MARSUPIALIA• Brood pouch or  marsupium present in  female• Double vagina and  uterus• Corpus callosum  absent• Pinn...
Marsupials after birth
SUBCLASS- EUTHERIA•   MNEMONICS- CIDCARCHESTLPPP•   ORDER- INSECTIVOTRA•   ORDER- CHIROPTERA•   ORDER- DERMOPTERA•   ORDER...
ORDER- INSECTIVORA• Small primitive  mammals• Long pointed snout• Plantigrade feet with  claws• Nocturnal• Dental formula=...
ORDER- CHIROPTERA• Flying mammals (bats)• Limbs are with patagium (folds  of skin)• Sternum with keel for  attachment of f...
ORDER- DERMOPTERA• Lateral furry skin form  patagium• Gliding mammal  called flying lemur• Nocturnal and hang  like bats• ...
ORDER- EDENTATA• Anteaters, armadillos and  sloths• Teeth absent in anteaters• In armadillos and sloths  incisors and cani...
ORDER- PHOLIDATA• Body covered with  large horny scales• No teeth• Tongue long and  protrusible for  capturing insects• Ex...
ORDER- TUBULIDENTATA• Tongue slender and  protrusible• Teeth lack enamal• Ears are long, erect  and pointed• Exampe- Oryct...
ORDER- RODENTIA• Largest order• Gnawing mammals• Each jaw with one  pair of incisors• Canines absent• Gap between incisors...
ORDER- LAGOMORPHA• Canines absent• Diatema present• 2 pairs of incisor in  upper jaw• Example- Oryctolagus  (rabbit)
ORDER- CETACEA• Large marine fish like  mammals• Neck absent• Hair present only in embryo• Forelimbs are modifiied into  f...
ORDER- SIRENIA• Herbivores aquatic mammals• Neck absent• Pinna absent• Paddle like forelimbs• Hindlimbs absent• Horizontal...
ORDER- CARNIVORA• Predatory flesh eating  mammals• Claws well developed• Canines large• Mammae are abdominal• Divided in t...
ORDER- HYRACOIDEA• Snout,ear and legs  short• Forelimbs with 4  fingers• Hindlimbs with 3 toes• No canines• Lower incisors...
ORDER- PERRISODACTYLA• Odd toed (1 to 3)  hoofed animals  (ungulates)• Unguligrades• Herbivores• Horns absent• Stomach is ...
ORDER- ARTIODACTYLA• Even toed (2 to 4) hoofed  animals (ungulates)• Somach complex (4  chambered)• Ruminants except pigs•...
ORDER- PROBOSCIDEA• Largest living land animals• Pinna large• Skin thick and hairless• Nose and upper lip modified as  an ...
ORDER- PRIMATES• Nails present• High intelligence quotient• Eyes turned forward for  binocular vision• First finger opposa...
Mammalia classification by deepak rawal
Mammalia classification by deepak rawal
Mammalia classification by deepak rawal
Mammalia classification by deepak rawal
Mammalia classification by deepak rawal
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Mammalia classification by deepak rawal

  1. 1. Presentation by- Deepak Rawal Assistant ProfessorMohanlal Sukhadia University Udaipur India
  2. 2. MAMMALIACLASSIFICATION
  3. 3. General characters• Mammology- study of mammals• Presence of hair• Female have mammary glands for for suckling the young• Skin glands such as sebaceous (oil) gland and sweat gland present• Muscular diaphragm present between thoracic and abdominal cavity• Dicondylic skull• Cervical vertebrae 7 in number• Heterodont and thecodont teeth• Warm blooded (homeothermic)• Small and non-nucleated R.B.C.• Metanephric kideys• Ureotelic excretion• Brain highly evolved and convulated• 4 optic lobes forms corpora quadrigemina• Corpus callosum present connecting both cerebral hemispheres except monotremes and marsupials• 12 pairs of cranial nerves• External ear opening with pinna except monotremes and middle ear with malleus, incus and stapes• Viviparous except egg laying monotremes
  4. 4. CLASS- MAMMALIA SUBCLASS- SUBCLASS- SUBCLASS-PROTOTHERIA METATHERIA EUTHERIA ORDER- ORDER-MONOTREMATA MARSUPIALIA
  5. 5. ORDER- MONOTREMATA• Cloaca present• Teeth in young beak in adult• Oviparous with reptile like characters• Found only in Australian region• Mammary glands without teats• No corpus callosum• Pinna absent• No placenta• Example- Ornithorhynchus (Platypus/duckbill) and Echidna (spiny anteater)
  6. 6. ORDER- MARSUPIALIA• Brood pouch or marsupium present in female• Double vagina and uterus• Corpus callosum absent• Pinna present• Example- Macropus (kangaroo)
  7. 7. Marsupials after birth
  8. 8. SUBCLASS- EUTHERIA• MNEMONICS- CIDCARCHESTLPPP• ORDER- INSECTIVOTRA• ORDER- CHIROPTERA• ORDER- DERMOPTERA• ORDER- EDENTATA• ORDER- PHOLIDOTA• ORDER- TUBULIDENTATA• ORDER- RODENTIA• ORDER- LAGOMORPHA• ORDER- CETACEA• ORDER- SIRENIA• ORDER- CARNIVORA• ORDER- HYRACOIDEA• ORDER- PROBOSCIDEA• ORDER- PERRISODACTYLA• ORDER- ARTIODACTYLA• ORDER- PRIMATES
  9. 9. ORDER- INSECTIVORA• Small primitive mammals• Long pointed snout• Plantigrade feet with claws• Nocturnal• Dental formula= 2 3143/3143• Example- Sorex (shrew)
  10. 10. ORDER- CHIROPTERA• Flying mammals (bats)• Limbs are with patagium (folds of skin)• Sternum with keel for attachment of flight muscles• Large pinnae• Knee are directed backward• During daytime they found suspended by their feet• Nocturnal• Capable of echolocation which helps them to locate object during flight• Example- Pteropus (flying fox)
  11. 11. ORDER- DERMOPTERA• Lateral furry skin form patagium• Gliding mammal called flying lemur• Nocturnal and hang like bats• Example- Cynocephalus (flying squirrel)
  12. 12. ORDER- EDENTATA• Anteaters, armadillos and sloths• Teeth absent in anteaters• In armadillos and sloths incisors and canines are absent and molars present without enamal• Toes with long claws• Example- Myrmecophaga (giant anteater), Dasypus (armadillo) and Bradypus(3-toed sloth)
  13. 13. ORDER- PHOLIDATA• Body covered with large horny scales• No teeth• Tongue long and protrusible for capturing insects• Example- Manis (pangolin/scaly anteater)
  14. 14. ORDER- TUBULIDENTATA• Tongue slender and protrusible• Teeth lack enamal• Ears are long, erect and pointed• Exampe- Orycteropus (aardvark/cape anteater)
  15. 15. ORDER- RODENTIA• Largest order• Gnawing mammals• Each jaw with one pair of incisors• Canines absent• Gap between incisors and molars is called diastema• Plantigrades• Example- Rattus (rat)
  16. 16. ORDER- LAGOMORPHA• Canines absent• Diatema present• 2 pairs of incisor in upper jaw• Example- Oryctolagus (rabbit)
  17. 17. ORDER- CETACEA• Large marine fish like mammals• Neck absent• Hair present only in embryo• Forelimbs are modifiied into flippers• Tail divided into horizontal flukes• Hindlimbs absent• No external ears• Blubber (fat) present beneath skin• Example- Delphinus (dolphin) and Balaenoptera (blue whale)
  18. 18. ORDER- SIRENIA• Herbivores aquatic mammals• Neck absent• Pinna absent• Paddle like forelimbs• Hindlimbs absent• Horizontal flattened tail• Hairs few• Clavicles absent• Phylogenetically related to ungulates• Example- Halicore (dugong)
  19. 19. ORDER- CARNIVORA• Predatory flesh eating mammals• Claws well developed• Canines large• Mammae are abdominal• Divided in two suborder• Suborder- Fissipedia (terrestrial forms); Example-Panthera tigris (tiger)• Suborder- Pinnipedia (marine forms)• Example- Phoca (seal)
  20. 20. ORDER- HYRACOIDEA• Snout,ear and legs short• Forelimbs with 4 fingers• Hindlimbs with 3 toes• No canines• Lower incisors are comb like• Example- Hyrax (procavia)
  21. 21. ORDER- PERRISODACTYLA• Odd toed (1 to 3) hoofed animals (ungulates)• Unguligrades• Herbivores• Horns absent• Stomach is simple• Example- Equus (horse)
  22. 22. ORDER- ARTIODACTYLA• Even toed (2 to 4) hoofed animals (ungulates)• Somach complex (4 chambered)• Ruminants except pigs• Horns or antlers may present• herbivores• Example- Bubalus (water buffalo)
  23. 23. ORDER- PROBOSCIDEA• Largest living land animals• Pinna large• Skin thick and hairless• Nose and upper lip modified as an elongated flexible trunk• Two upper incisors elongated as ivory tusks• Legs pillar like not bend at knees• Example- Elephas maximus (indian elephant)
  24. 24. ORDER- PRIMATES• Nails present• High intelligence quotient• Eyes turned forward for binocular vision• First finger opposable forms thumb• Primarily arboreal• Includes monkeys, apes and humans• Example- Homo sapiens

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