One God many forms
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One God many forms

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One God many forms One God many forms Presentation Transcript

  • HINDUISM: ONE GOD, MANY FORMS Presented by Dipu
  • Hindu Prayer before Eating
    • Brahmaarpanam Brahma Havihi
    • Brahmaagnau Brahmanaa Hutam
    • Brahmaiva Tena Gantavyam
    • Brahma Karma Samaadhinaam
  • Brief History of Hinduism
    • Most ancient religion in the world today
    • Based on the timeless spiritual vision and revealed knowledge of the sacred Vedas
    • Also known as Sanātana Dharma and Vaidika Dharma
    • Now the third largest religion in the world
    • Nepal is the only nation with Hinduism as its state religion
  • Basic Beliefs
    • Various religions of man are different paths to the one God Essential Concepts:
      • Dharma (individual ethics duties and obligations),
      • Samsara (reincarnation/rebirth)
      • Karma (actions leading to a cause and effect relationship; selfless action)
      • Moksha (salvation of every soul through a variety of paths)
      • Bhakti (devotion; belief in God)
      • Jnana (enlightenment, knowledge)
    • Importance of Om (Aum)
    • Deities are all manifestations of the ONE SUPREME monistic Brahman
  • A Monotheistic Religion
    • Often misconceived to be a polytheistic religion
    • However, fundamental is the belief in a singular, Universal Soul that is the ultimate divine Reality
    • "The Reality is One, the wise ones refer to It variously (by various terms).”
    • He has various names that all refer to the same Being
    • Different forms can be considered different paths to suit different types of people
  • Why so many forms?
    • Varied expressions of the glory, power, grandeur and a mysterious divine nature of the Supreme Being.
    • While fulfilling a certain cosmic function, the Supreme Being becomes referred to by a specific name.
    • Certain deities were personified with features that symbolized various aspects of the Divine nature.
    • These manifest forms are thus a great help in enabling one to dwell upon God in a tangible manner.
    • The Water Analogy: one substance that takes on different forms to fulfill different functions.
  • Ganesha: Remover of Obstacles
    • 'Ga' symbolizes Buddhi (intellect) and 'Na' symbolizes Vijnana (wisdom).
    • Considered the master of intellect and wisdom.
    • Provides prosperity and fortune.
    • His grace is invoked before the undertaking of any task
  • Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva
    • Trimurti are three aspects of God, as Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva
    • Brahma - the Source/Creator/ G enerator
    • Vishnu - the Preserver/Indwelling-Life/ O perator
    • Shiva - the Transformer/ D estroyer-Creator
    • Similar to interpretations of the Trinity in Christianity
  • Krishna
    • Eighth avatar (incarnation) of Vishnu
    • Known for His pastoral childhood as well as His youth and life as a heroic warrior and teacher
    • Non-Hindu religions that originated in India have their own versions of Him.
  • Lakshmi: Goddess of Wealth
    • Goddess of wealth, light, wisdom and fortune, as well as luck, beauty, and fertility.
    • Representations are also found in Jain and Buddhist monuments.
    • Also considered the Mother of the Universe and Vishnu's Shakti (strength)
  • Saraswati: Goddess of Knowledge
    • First goddess worshipped in the Hindu religion.
    • Goddess of Knowledge and music, arts, and speech.
    • Also Goddess of thoughts of truth and forgiveness.
    • Originated as a river goddess. Her name is Sanskrit for "she who has lakes or pools."
  • References
    • Pictures from wikipedia.org and Google Images.
    “ Man is made by his belief. As he believes, so he is.” -The Gita