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Facility layout

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  • 1. FACILITY LAYOUT
    Presented By-
    Deepak Khandelwal
    Roll No- 5
  • 2. Facility Layout
    Types of layout-
    • Process layout
    • 3. Product layout
    • 4. Fixed position layout
    • 5. Combination layout
    Objective-
    Least material handling cost.
    Workers effectiveness.
    Group technology
  • 6. PROCESS LAYOUT
    In this layout similar process ,machine or equipment of the same function are group together in a separate department.
    Advantage-Flexibility and finished goods inventory is low.
    Finished goods inventory is low.
    Limitation-Time consuming process.
    Cost of material handling is high.
  • 7. PRODUCT LAYOUT
    In a product (or line) layout, various facilities, such as machine, equipment, work force, etc., are located as per the sequence of operation on parts.
    Advantage-
    Less work in process (WIP) inventory 
    The through-put time (or product cycle time) is less
    control and better coordination of different activities
    Limitation-
    Change in product design is difficult to accommodate.
     Product variety is very much limited. 
  • 8.
  • 9. FIXED POSITION LAYOUT
    In fixed position layout, the main product being produced is fixed at a particular location.
    Advantage-
    Easy for products which are difficult to move.
    Large project type of jobs such as construction are suited in this layout.
    Limitation-
    High capital investment.
    Space requirement for storage of material.
  • 10. COMBINATION LAYOUT
    It is a combination of process layout and product layout.