Username: Decking Materials, Methods, and Equipment I
*Also called “housewrap.” A polyolefin sheet material that is permeable to water vapor but not to liquid water or air. “ Tyvek” *This material is used for insulation purposes to keep the interior air from escaping or exterior air from entering. It is useful against air but not liquid or vapor.
*Allows water vapor to escape, but also keeps house cooler in the summer by preventing conduction of solar heat through the roofing and roof sheathing. * Gable Vent * Roof Turbine *Both of these objects are used as exhaust vents for the purpose of attic ventilation.
* Ridge Vent *This object is used as an exhaust vent for attic ventilation purposes.
* Soffit Vent *Unlike the other attic ventilation systems, the soffit vent is actually used as an intake vent rather than an exhaust.
*A hydraulic excavating machine consisting of a tractor having an attached hinged boom, with a bucket with movable jaws on the end of the boom. * 2 ’ wide backhoe bucket *This device is used for the purpose of excavation on the job site, using the bucket at the end of the boom.
*A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation.
*Roman Arch(corbelled) *Jack Arch
*Roman Arch With A Keystone * Centering- Temporary form work for an arch, dome, or vault.
* Running Bond * Stack Bond - Consists of continuous rows of stretchers with staggered mortar joints. -Consists of continuous rows of stretchers with aligning mortar joints. This is the weakest of all masonry bonds.
*Rowlocks *Headers *Soldiers
*Stretcher Rowlocks (Shiners) *Sailors
* Standard Brick : 3 ½ “ x 8” x 2 ¼” * Modular Brick : 3 ½ “ x 7 ¾ “ x 2 ¼ “
*A tractor with a large, shovel-like blade on the front, for pushing or moving earth, debris, etc...
*Brick * EIFS * Stone (Random Rubble)
*Wood Boards *Wood Shakes – a wooden shingle that is made from “split” logs. *Wood Shingle- a square or rectangular wooden block that has been “sawn” from a log.
BEDROOM WINDOW *The egress window in the bedroom to the left of the door is not required to meet the specific guidelines set aside by the residential building codes because an egress door is including in the room. *Actual Window Dimensions (very odd window): -Width(when open)= 42 in. -Height(when open)= 33 in. -8 in. off of ground -Open Area= App. 9.6 sq. ft. -Classified as a single hung window. **MEETS CODE** *Egress Window Requirements: -5.7 sq. ft. -20 in. wide -24 in. high -less than 44 in. off ground
INTERIOR STAIRCASE *These stairs meet the code for an interior staircase. * The code requirements are as follows: -Risers must be a maximum of 7 ¾ “ -Tread must me a 10” min. -Nosing must be between .75” and 1 ¼ “ -Minimum 3’ wide Riser- 7” Tread- 10 ½” Nosing- 1” Width- 3’ 11” Tread Riser Width Nosing
* Control Joint- An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure. *Failure *Control Joint
* Isolation Joint- A joint, such as an expansion joint, between two adjacent concrete slabs that are not in contact; used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement of slab-on-grade applications that adjoin fixed foundation elements such as columns, building or machinery foundations, etc. *This control joint is isolating the stresses caused by the column from the rest of the concrete slab.
*A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone. *One course of CMU equals three courses of brick. *Standard Dimensions: Actual= 7 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 15 5/8” Nominal= 8” x 8” x 16”
8” x 8” x 16” 8” x 12” x 16” 8” x 4” x 16”
*Ribbed Split-Faced Block *Split-Faced Block
*Flush *Panel * Top Rail * Bottom Rail * Stile * Lock Rail
* Transformer - an electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current. * Service Head - the assembly by which electricity is conducted from outdoor lines to the meter base.
* Meter -allows operator to monitor voltage of each electrical phase. * Service Panel- where the operator can turn the electrical power on and off. * Duplex Receptacle - outlet with two receptacles which are used to provide individual plug in points for power distribution.
* These are other elements of the framing process that are not directly included in the Step by Step framing discussion. *#12 Stringer - Used as the framework for the interior staircase during the wood framing process. * Anchor Bolt- This is used to attach the sill plate to the concrete foundation. In this picture the first floor is a slab on grade and the anchor bolt is used to attach the sole plate to the slab on grade.(THIS PHOTO INCLUDED B/C INITIAL PHOTO OF ANCHOR BOLT ON SILL PLATE WAS NOT VISIBLE)
1&2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
*A loader having a shovel or bucket at the end of an articulated arm located at the front of the vehicle. *A front end loader allows a worker to pick up and move objects around the site opposed to a bulldozer which simply pushes objects such as dirt around a job site.
*An interior facing panel consisting of gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called drywall or plasterboard. *Mudded Joints
*A device that utilizes a refrigeration cycle either to heat or cool a building by passing air or water over either the condensing coils or evaporating coils, respectively. * Compressor/evaporator - the exterior component of the heat pump in which a fan moves air across coils containing refrigerant.
* Air handling unit - sends cooled refrigerant to a coil in the supply duct that cools the circulated air; a heating coil is used in this process when heat is needed. *Advantage- Rapid response time *Disadvantage- Relatively noisy
*creates a thermal envelope around the conditioned(heated and/or cooled) spaces in a house. Batt/Blanket- used as insulation on the interior of the house, generally placed between studs. Loose Fill- also called “blow-in” insulation, this is often used as attic insulation. “ Blow-In”
*Foamed- There is also spray-in foam insulation used on large projects as the primary form of insulation, but this type in a can is generally used for cracks in homes to prevent air infiltration. *Rigid Board- acts as part of the thermal envelope in insulation, often used as exterior sheathing.
*A steel beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening.
Concave Joint- This specific mortar joint is a “C-shaped” joint that is tooled after the mortar is laid. *Joint Width = 3/8 “ *Mortar Type = N or S *Used for structural purposes below a deck on a residential home.
Raked Joint- This specific mortar joint is also tooled after the mortar is laid. *Joint Width = 3/8” *Mortar Type = S (possibly O or N) *Used on a brick cladding wall on the exterior of an office building.
*A building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure. Process : Long strands of wood particles are compressed and glued into three to five layers. The grain of the two outside layers should be facing in the same direction, while the interior layers should have the grain running perpendicular to each other.
* Lavatory - A washbowl or basin, especially one permanently installed with running water. Drained with a 1 ½” pipe. Water Closet - an enclosed room or compartment containing a toilet bowl fitted with a mechanism for flushing. Drained with 3” pipe.
* Plumbing Vent(VTR) - Vents provide for relief of sewer gases, admission of oxygen for aerobic sewage digestion, and maintenance of the trap water seals which prevent sewer gases from entering the building. Kitchen Sink *This specific kitchen sink is considered an undermount sink.
*This is an example of a framed in shower unit which must be moved in before the framing and drywall is complete because of its size.
* Plywood- a wood panel composed of an odd number of wood veneers bounded together under pressure. * Process - rotary sliced, clipped into sheets, dried, then glued together with the grain of the two outside panels running in the same direction and the grain of the interior panels running perpendicular to each other. * Veneer- A thin layer, sheet, or facing.
*A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deferent to the passage of infrared energy .
*Steel reinforced bars used in concrete or masonry. *Ribbed for the purpose of better adhesion to concrete. * This specific piece of rebar is considered a “no. 4” rebar and is ½ “ in diameter.
* gutter- a channel that collects the rainwater and snowfall at the eave of the roof. * downspout- vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level.
* splashblock- a small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout.
* underlayment- a layer of waterproofing material such as building felt between roof sheathing and the roofing. -used to protect the building from precipitation before the roof is applied.
*Clay Tile Roofing
Shingle- a small unit of water resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight. *Metal Shingles
* Metal Panel Roof- small sheets of preformed metal installed by ingenious methods of joining and fastening to maintain water tightness at the seems. *Galvanized or Aluminized steel is generally used for these products.
*Gable *Gambrel *This is an interesting gambrel roof because on each side there is an added shed roof .
* Hip * Mansard
* Ridge- level of intersection of two roof planes on a gable roof. * Valley- a trough formed by the intersection of two roof planes.
* Eave- horizontal edge at the low edge of a sloping roof. * Rake- sloping edge of a steep roof.
* Fascia- the exposed vertical face of an eave. *With Fascia *Without Fascia *The edge of this roof line is flush with the cladding of the house, containing no fascia.
* Soffit - A vent used as an air intake, used for the purposes of attic ventilation.
*Random Rubble *Coursed Rubble
*Random Ashlar *Coursed Ashlar
*A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly; *place on the “warm in winter” side of the insulation. Several different types of insulation come with this material already placed on the inside face of the material. *Generally this material is used in clear form, but I found it in both clear, white, and black, which is shown in this picture.
*Protects the foundation wall from moisture in the earth. *This is a photo of a LIQUID APPLIED membrane.
*A small opening in masonry walls whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly. *This is the most common weep hole; the “open head joint.”
*A grid of steel rods welded together used to reinforce a concrete slab. 6” x 6” WWF Grid
* Out-swinging Casement Window - this window is only hinged on one side. * Awning - this window is hinged at its top.
* Double-Hung Window - this window is much like a single hung window, but can open from both its top and its bottom.