Local Foods Strengthen Your Local Economy

1,212 views
1,137 views

Published on

0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,212
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
70
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Local Foods Strengthen Your Local Economy

  1. 1. Local Foods Strengthen Your Local Economy Ken Meter Crossroads Resource Center (Minneapolis) Community Food Security Coalition F2S Portland, Oregon March 20, 2009
  2. 2. “Finding Food in Farm Country” Studies plus Maui & Hawai’i 44 regions in 19 states (8 statewide)
  3. 3. Local Farm & Food Economies The perspectives of the communities where commodities are produced and used... …are often overlooked
  4. 4. Local foods may be our strongest path toward economic recovery
  5. 5. Vision for local food economies Build: Health Wealth Connection Capacity
  6. 6. Schools play a role How can schools promote this vision?
  7. 7. Consumption out of balance 50% of U.S. public school students •  qualify for free / reduced lunch 10% of households are “food •  insecure” Source: USDA Mural: The Food Project
  8. 8. Economic crisis brings opportunity! School budgets are strapped •  People realize we need to change •  Sources: Flegal, Wellman. Mural: The Food Project
  9. 9. Data helps you Metro make Denver your Health & case Wellness Commission & Civic Results
  10. 10. Economic roots of the crisis A primer on the economy
  11. 11. Economic crisis A “stimulus” will not be enough
  12. 12. Economic crisis We have to redirect the economy
  13. 13. Economic crisis Fundamental rule: the economy draws wealth away from our communities
  14. 14. The Bubble Economy Farms — 1973 – 1985 Global Trade — 1990 - 2001 Stocks — 1996 - 2001 Housing — 2001 - 2007 Derivatives — 2006 - 2008
  15. 15. -50 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 1929 1931 1933 1935 1937 1939 1941 1943 1945 1947 1949 1951 1953 1955 1957 1959 1961 1963 1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1929 – 2009 (est) in billions ($2008) 1985 1987 1989 1991 U.S. Farm Cash Receipts and Production Expenses 1993 Balance 1995 Prod Exp 1997 1999 Cash Receipts 2001 Farm Production 2003 2005 2007 2009
  16. 16. Household debt in U.S., 1974 - 2005 $1,200 $1,000 $800 Home mortgage debt billions (2005 dollars) Consumer debt $600 $400 $200 $- 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 $(200) BEA
  17. 17. Net change in assets for consumers in Western states, 1984 - 2006 $50,000 $40,000 Change in Total Assets $30,000 Change in Total Liabilities Change in Net Assets $20,000 $10,000 $- 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 $(10,000) $(20,000) $(30,000) BEA
  18. 18. Issues in housing development 30% of ALL loans made in U.S. metro areas were subprime (2006) Source: Wall Street Journal, October 11, 2007
  19. 19. Value Chain Food Service Producer Processor Distributor Retailer Consumer
  20. 20. Farmers' share of retail prices paid by consumers, 1950-2004 900 800 700 600 $ billions (2004) 500 marketing bill 400 farm value 300 200 41% 20% 100 0 Source ERS; chart by Ken Meter, 2007
  21. 21. Value Network Policy Council Non Profits Consumer: Producer “Coproducer” Processor Retailer Educator Distributor Food Service
  22. 22. Corn sweeteners consumed in U.S., 1966-2002 Corn sweeteners consumed in U.S., 1966 - 2002 70 60 50 40 HFCS Glucose 30 Dextrose 20 10 0 Source: USDA/ERS — chart by Ken Meter, 2006
  23. 23. U.S. Youth Who are Overweight Percent by Age Percent 16 14.0% 14 10.7% 12 13% 10 10.7% 8 6 4.6% 4 4.1% 2 0 1963-70 1971-74 1976-80 1988-94 1999 Ages 6-11 Ages 12-17 >95th percentile for BMI by age and sex, based on NHANES I reference data Source: Troiano RP, Flegal KM. Pediatrics 1998;101(3):497-504. NHANES 1999, National Center for Health Statistics. Chart by Melinda Hemmelgarn
  24. 24. Energy is a major cost •  The average food item in the U.S. travels 1,500 miles from farmer to consumer Source: Aldo Leopold Center
  25. 25. Energy in the Food System Source: BLS; Department of Energy (estimates based on 1976 studies)
  26. 26. The Bubble Economy Yet local action, and public policy, can create the change
  27. 27. Hood River, Oregon
  28. 28. Gorge Grown region Orchards export to: •  Mexico •  Columbia •  India •  Russia Source: GGFN growers
  29. 29. Farm Production Balance in Gorge Grown region, 1969-2006 0.30 0.25 0.20 0.15 $ billions (current) 0.10 Cash Receipts Production expenses 0.05 Balance 0.00 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 -0.05 -0.10 -0.15 Source: BEA
  30. 30. Farm Production Balance in Gorge Grown region, 1969-2006 0.5 Cash receipts Production expenses 0.4 Balance 0.3 $ billions (2006 dollars) 0.2 5 positive years since 1983 0.1 0.0 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 -0.1 -0.2 $600 million lost over last 30 years Source: BEA
  31. 31. Gorge Grown region Source: BEA
  32. 32. Gorge Grown region 56% of region’s farms reported net losses in 2002 Source: Ag Census
  33. 33. All told, Gorge Grown region... •  Loses $20 million raising crops •  Buys $90 million of outside inputs •  Buys $200 million of outside food Potential wealth lost each year
  34. 34. Total loss to Hood River region is: •  $310 million each year! •  more than the value of all products produced in the region •  more than the value of all food consumed in the region
  35. 35. What are people doing about this?
  36. 36. Direct Food Sales
  37. 37. Local Food Expenditures by the participating institutions in the Black Hawk County Area, Iowa 1997-2007 $2,500,000 25 $2,000,000 20 $1,500,000 15 $1,000,000 10 $500,000 5 Number of Institutions Local Food Expenditures 0 $0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Year Local Food Expenditures Number of Institutions Northern Iowa Food & Farm Partnership
  38. 38. Rudy’s Tacos — Waterloo, Iowa 71% local food! Photo by Arion Thiboumery
  39. 39. Jobs, Fruit & Veggies, and Black Hawk County region If Black Hawk region residents purchased locally grown fruits and vegetables just 3 months out of the year: •  475 new jobs •  $6.3 million in labor income added to local economy David Swenson, ISU Economist
  40. 40. Organic Sales
  41. 41. Organic Valley
  42. 42. $ millions $ millions - 100 200 300 400 500 600 1988 1989 1990 1991 Source: Organic Valley 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 Organic Valley Sales, 1988 - 2007 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
  43. 43. Will Allen, Growing Power, Milwaukee
  44. 44. Growing Power, Milwaukee
  45. 45. Innovative farm operations Winter CSA Milan, Minnesota Fresh fresh organic greens November to April Sells only within 30 miles
  46. 46. Winter CSA — Milan, Minnesota
  47. 47. Winter CSA — Milan, Minnesota
  48. 48. Public sector can help Local and state governments spend $50 billion each year promoting economic development
  49. 49. Public sector can help Stimulus package has money for schools, health infrastructure, job training, and more! Source: National Association of City and County Health Officials NACCHO)
  50. 50. Public sector can help Wisconsin asks that stimulus money be used to upgrade school kitchens Source: Michael Fields Institute
  51. 51. Data helps you make your case Appeal to officials on: •  reducing health care costs •  increasing tax base •  creating jobs
  52. 52. Schools represent a large market Schools spend $17 billion each year on food!
  53. 53. Source: Ag Census
  54. 54. Schools represent a large market Great Lakes Schools spend: Illinois $350 million Indiana 200 Michigan 235 Minnesota 130 Ohio 230 Wisconsin 135 each year on food alone for Great Lakes Farm to School Network
  55. 55. School spending cycles through economy Multiplier studies: SW Wisconsin (farms) 2.2 – 2.6 NE Iowa (local food) 1.91 Oregon (schools) 1.87 Michigan (fruits & vegs) 1.34 Iowa (mainstream) 1.3 Sources: Larry Swain, UWRF, David Swenson, ISU, Kaiser Permanente/ Ecotrust, Hamm et al, MSU, Swenson, ISU
  56. 56. Resources www.crcworks.org/econ.html (612) 869-8664 kmeter@crcworks.org www.crcworks.org/crcdocs/lfcedwd.pdf www.crcworks.org/cfscced.html http://www.crcworks.org/crcdocs/MDHWC2008.pdf
  57. 57. “Finding Food in Farm Country” www.crcworks.org/econ.html (612) 869-8664 kmeter@crcworks.org

×