Introduction to Farm to School

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  • 1. Farm to School: A National Perspective Debra Eschmeyer
  • 2. Farm to School Local, Farm fresh produce in schools School Gardens, Composting, Recycling Nutrition Education / Experiential Learning Farm tours / Visits by farmers
  • 3. What is Farm to School
    • Farm to school is a school-based program that connects schools (K-12) and local farms with the objectives of:
      • serving healthy meals in school cafeterias
      • improving student nutrition
      • providing agriculture, health and nutrition education opportunities
      • supporting small and medium-sized local and regional farmers
  • 4. Connecting local farmers to schools
    • buy and feature farm fresh foods
    • incorporate nutrition-based curriculum
    • provide students experiential learning opportunities through farm visits, gardening, and recycling programs
    • access to new markets
  • 5. Farm to Kindergarten Philadelphia - Pennsylvania
    • Snacks in class
    • Nutrition education
    • Farm tours, cooking demonstrations
    • Parent education
    • Statewide legislation and funding available to replicate Philadelphia model
  • 6. Florida, Georgia, Alabama
    • New North Florida Cooperative Association
    • Farmer-led
    • 15 school districts
    • 300,000 students
    • Value added products
    • Relationship marketing
  • 7. Chicago Public Schools
    • 385,000 lunches and breakfasts / day – 600 schools
    • Chartwells Thompson Hospitality contract
    • 2008 - Pilot program in 30 schools
    • Linkage with distributor and processor
    • Local products on menu twice a week
  • 8.
    • NM Dept. of Agriculture, Albuquerque Public School District, Farm to Table
    • $85,000 from the state for local fresh fruits & vegetables in schools
    • 12 schools
    • 6000 children
    Albuquerque, New Mexico Valley Cluster Project
  • 9. Organic Choices Salad Bar Olympia, Washington
    • Organic fruits & vegetables, whole grain bread, protein choices, eggs, soymilk
    • F&V consumption increased by 27%; meal participation increase by 16%
    • The organic food costs more, but the program is financially viable. No outside funding for project.
  • 10. Ohio Examples
  • 11. Ohio Examples
  • 12. Why we need Farm to School
  • 13. Why we need farm to school
    • For our Children
    • 2.3- to 3.3-fold increase in childhood obesity over the last 25 years.
    • Our children will be the first generation to have a life expectancy shorter than their parents.
    • 1 in 3 children born in 2000 will be diabetic in their lifetime (CDC).
  • 14. Why we need farm to school
    • For our Farmers
      • 330 farm operators leave their land every week.
      • The farmer’s share of every dollar spent on food has dropped to 19 cents from 41 cents in 1950.
      • In the 1930s, there were close to seven million farms in the United States. Today, just over two million farms remain— less than 1 percent of the country's population.
  • 15. Why we need farm to school
    • For our Environment
    • Crop Varieties lost between 1903-1983
    • Tomatoes: 80.6 percent
    • Lettuce: 92.8 percent
    • Corn: 90.8 percent
    • Apples: 86.2 percent
    • In the U.S., the typical food item now travels from 1,500 to 2,400 miles from farm to plate, i.e. A head of CA lettuce shipped to Washington DC requires 36x more fuel energy to transport than the food energy it provides.
  • 16. Why we need farm to school
    • Dollars and Sense
    Price of feeding one child school lunch during their tenure in k-12 = $6,000 Price of treating one adult for illness related to poor nutrition over the course of their life= $175,000 Farm to School = Priceless
  • 17. How you do Farm to School
  • 18. Implementing Farm to School
    • Local Product used in:
      • salad bars
      • hot entrees / other meal items
      • snack in classroom
      • taste tests
      • fundraisers
    • Educational Activities:
      • chef/farmer in class, cooking demos
      • greenhouses, waste management, recycling, and composting
      • farm tours
      • harvest of the month
      • CSA in the classroom
      • School gardens
  • 19. Let’s get started
      • Start small—taste testing, farm tour, apples
      • Organize various stakeholders/hold a meeting
      • Research area farmers
      • Contact food service director and school administration
      • Identify funding sources
      • Market the program
      • Volunteer
  • 20. National Farm to School Network Networking Training and Technical Assistance Policy Information Services Media and Marketing
  • 21.  
  • 22. www.farmtoschool.org Debra Eschmeyer [email_address] 419-753-3412
  • 23.