Biobased Farm To Cafeteria March 2009


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  • Healthy Food in Hospitals 06/09/09 Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy
  • Biobased Farm To Cafeteria March 2009

    1. 1. BEYOND ORGANIC: GREENING YOUR FARM TO CAFETERIA PROGRAM Biobased Food Service Ware -Considerations & Implementation Tips Photo courtesy BPI
    2. 2. <ul><li>Problems with Disposables </li></ul><ul><li>Biobased Food Service Ware </li></ul><ul><li>Oregon Biobased Food Service Ware Pilot </li></ul><ul><li>Considerations and Tips For Implementation </li></ul>Presentation Objectives Going the Distance and Shortening It! 4 th National Farm to Cafeteria Conference March 20, 2009 Arielle Tozier Program Assistant Oregon Center for Environmental Health
    3. 3. Problems with Disposables <ul><ul><li>Deplete resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End up in landfills, incinerators or oceans, causing harm to humans and environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contribute to global warming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing, shipping & disposal contribute to air and water pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Release toxic chemicals into environment through production, use, & disposal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May contaminate food from leaching chemicals </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Problems with Plastic <ul><li>Petroleum non-renewable resource </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling problematic </li></ul><ul><li>Light weight – easily becomes litter </li></ul><ul><li>Persists in the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Absorbs other persistent pollutants </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic chemicals associated with manufacture, use, and disposal </li></ul>Photo Courtesy of Best Life Online Photo courtesy of The Ferris Files
    5. 5. Biobased Food Service Ware <ul><li>Alternative to conventional plastic </li></ul><ul><li>Derived wholly or in part from renewable forestry and agricultural resources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potatoes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar cane waste (bagasse) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perennial grasses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tapioca </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Close the loop if composted </li></ul>Photo courtesy BPI
    6. 6. Benefits of Composting Biobased Food Service Ware <ul><li>Facilitate composting food-scrap and non-recyclable paper </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce volume of waste going to landfills and incinerators </li></ul><ul><li>May reduce reliance on fossil fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Revitalize farming and rural communities </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve overall improvements in human health and environmental quality </li></ul>Photo courtesy of Cedar Grove Composting
    7. 7. HCWH Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Hierarchy <ul><ul><li>Raw materials used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compostability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impacts of conventional forestry and agricultural production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical additives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of GMO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of nanomaterials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marine pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HCWH Purchasing Hierarchy for Food Service Ware: </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Performance Across Life Cycle: </li></ul>
    8. 8. Composting & Biobased Food Service Ware in Portland Hospitals <ul><li>1989 Styrofoam ban – but Hospitals exempt </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of composting system </li></ul><ul><li>Disposable food service ware widely used in hospitals </li></ul>
    9. 9. Oregon Hospitals Biobased Service Ware Pilot 2006 <ul><li>Biobased Food Ware & Composting Workgroup </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Representatives from 6 hospitals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baseline Survey: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Products </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quantity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Waste </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtained samples and conducted initial screening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>performance </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Food Ware Pilots <ul><li>Cutlery </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Potato </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corn </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Clamshells </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sugarcane </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PLA (corn) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PLA (corn & other blend) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Results <ul><li>Customer surveys: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>high support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no major performance issues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3 hospitals substituted: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>polystyrene bowls and plates with sugarcane bowls and plates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1,653,000 items per year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>polystyrene trays with 100% recycled paper trays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>54,000 items per year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>2 hospitals allocated additional funds </li></ul><ul><li>1 hospital using complete suite of biobased products </li></ul>
    12. 12. Considerations and Tips for Implementation <ul><li>Product information and availability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allergies not an issue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtaining product information can be challenging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Additives - Not easy to ascertain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry is growing rapidly – be wary of green-washing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ask questions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Partner hospitals addressed cost by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing use of disposables </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Putting items behind the counter </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Charging premium for take-out </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing waste haul fees through compost programs </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Considerations and Tips for Implementation <ul><li>Composting - Biobased materials do not provide as many benefits if they are not composted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all certified compostable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not backyard compostable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all composting facilities are the same </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ask about shredded products composting more quickly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Request manufacturer-distributor arrangement to return used biobased materials for composting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compost shredding and dewatering can reduce waste and water costs </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Considerations and Tips for Implementation <ul><li>Education and Outreach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contamination of recycling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confusion over what to dispose of where </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutional Buy-in/ Support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include this as part of your overall sustainability plan </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Resources <ul><li>Oregon Center for Environmental Health – </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Health Care Without Harm – </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Biomaterials Collaborative – </li></ul><ul><li>Green Guide For Healthcare – </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>