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Marcus garvey
 

Marcus garvey

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    Marcus garvey Marcus garvey Presentation Transcript

    • MARCUS GARVEY
      The Black Moses
    • Context
      Garvey’schildhood and youth
      Garvey’stheory and prophecy
      The Black Star Line and the decline
      End of life
      Some tributes to Marcus Garvey
    • I. Context
    • I. Context
      Garveywasborn 08/17/1887 in St Ann’sBay (Jamaica)
    • I. Context
      Garveywasborn 08/17/1887 in St Ann’sBay (Jamaica)
      1886 : Slavery’s abolition in Cuba
    • I. Context
      Garveywasborn 08/17/1887 in St Ann’sBay (Jamaica)
      1886 : Slavery’s abolition in Cuba
      Jamaicawas an opressed country wheretherewere racial segregations
    • I. Context
      Garveywasborn 08/17/1887 in St Ann’sBay (Jamaica)
      1886 : Slavery’s abolition in Cuba
      Jamaicawas an opressed country wheretherewere racial segregations
      1885-1886 the beginning of Africa’s colonisation by lots of european countries (mostlyEngland and France)
    • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
    • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
      Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker
    • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
      Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker
      His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority
    • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
      Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker
      His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority
      Hisfamily come fromMaroons
    • Marrons
      Runaway slaves duringslavery
    • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
      Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker
      His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority
      Hisfamily come fromMaroons
      Atchurchheplayedorgan and helovedreading
    • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
      Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker
      His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority
      Hisfamily come fromMaroons
      Atchurchheplayedorgan and helovedreading
      He has got a job at a printing house and heled a strike
    • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
      Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker
      His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority
      Hisfamily come fromMaroon
      Atchurchheplayedorgan and helovedreading
      He has got a job at a printing house and heled a strike
      He becamejournalist and politicianactivist
    • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
      Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker
      His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority
      Hisfamily come fromMaroons
      Atchurchheplayedorgan and helovedreading
      He has got a job at a printing house and heled a strike
      He becamejournalist and politicianactivist
      He travelled a lot in Europe and South Americabefore WWI
    • III.Garvey’samericanperiod
    • III.Garvey’samericanperiod
      He moved to New-York in 1916 wherehe met lots of leaders of afro-americanemancipationmovements
    • III.Garvey’samericanperiod
      He moved to New-York in 1916 wherehe met lots of leaders of afro-americanemancipationmovements
      In 1917 hecreated the Unversal Negro Improvement Association, this association aimed to the improvement of the living condition for coloured people
    • UNIA’smotto
    • III.Garvey’samericanperiod
      He moved to New-York in 1916 wherehe met lots of leaders of afro-americanemancipationmovements
      In 1917 hecreated the Unversal Negro Improvement Association, this association aimed to the improvement of the living condition for coloured people
      He lived in Harlem and became one of the first black leader and becamefamous world wide
    • III.Garvey’stheory and prophecy
      He supported and admired Ho Chi Minh, Gandhi, Lenine and Trotsky
    • III.Garvey’stheory and prophecy
      He supported and admired Ho Chi Minh, Gandhi, Lenine and Trotsky…
      … but didn’tagreewithTrotsky about the unification of mankind : hebelievedthat black people wouldberespectedonly in Africa
    • III.Garvey’stheory and prophecy
      He supported and admired Ho Chi Minh, Gandhi, Lenine and Trotsky…
      … but didn’tagreewithTrotsky about the unification of mankind : hebelievedthat black people wouldberespectedonly in Africa
      He waspan-africanist and created the theorycalled the « Back to Africa » like the Jews in Israel, Africawas the « Promised Land »
    • In the 1920s in a speech Garveysaid : « Look to Africa, when a black kingshallbecrowned for the day of deliveranceisat hand! ».
      12/02/1930 HailieSelassie I iscrowned in Abyssinia (Ethiopia). Afterit the rastafarian religion appeared and considered Marcus Garvey as a prophet
    • HaileSelassie I, the Negus of Abyssinie, the King of kings, the Lord of lords, the Lion of Judah…
    • IV. The Black Star Line and the decline
    • IV. The Black Star Line and the decline
      Garveycreated a transatlantic line to repatriate black people fromAmerica and Caraibeannamed the « the Black Star Line »
    • IV. The Black Star Line and the decline
      Garveycreated a transatlantic line to repatriate black people fromAmerica and Caraibeannamed the « the Black Star Line »
      The Black Star Line got a lot of shareholders, and Garveycreated a real parralleleconomybetween black people
    • IV. The Black Star Line and the decline
      Garveycreated a transatlantic line to repatriate black people fromAmerica and Caraibeannamed the « the Black Star Line »
      The Black Star Line got a lot of shareholders, and Garveycreated a real parralleleconomybetween black people
      In 1922the Black Star Line wentbankrupt and Garveywascharged of mail fraud and went to jail in 1925
    • V. End of life
    • V. End of life
      He went back to Jamaicain 1927, whereheisconsidered as a hero
    • V. End of life
      He went back to Jamaicain 1927, whereheisconsidered as a hero
      He moved to London in 1935 and died in 1940
    • VI. Some tributes to Marcus Garvey
      He is on jamaican coins
    • A Statue at National Heroes Park in Kingston and at St Ann’sBay
    • In reggae Music :
    • In reggae Music :
    • In reggae Music :
    • In reggae Music :
    • In reggae Music :
    • In reggae Music :
    • THANK YOU !