Marcus garvey

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Marcus garvey

  1. 1. MARCUS GARVEY<br />The Black Moses<br />
  2. 2. Context<br />Garvey’schildhood and youth<br />Garvey’stheory and prophecy<br />The Black Star Line and the decline<br />End of life<br />Some tributes to Marcus Garvey<br />
  3. 3. I. Context<br />
  4. 4. I. Context<br />Garveywasborn 08/17/1887 in St Ann’sBay (Jamaica)<br />
  5. 5. I. Context<br />Garveywasborn 08/17/1887 in St Ann’sBay (Jamaica)<br />1886 : Slavery’s abolition in Cuba <br />
  6. 6. I. Context<br />Garveywasborn 08/17/1887 in St Ann’sBay (Jamaica)<br />1886 : Slavery’s abolition in Cuba<br />Jamaicawas an opressed country wheretherewere racial segregations<br />
  7. 7. I. Context<br />Garveywasborn 08/17/1887 in St Ann’sBay (Jamaica)<br />1886 : Slavery’s abolition in Cuba<br />Jamaicawas an opressed country wheretherewere racial segregations<br />1885-1886 the beginning of Africa’s colonisation by lots of european countries (mostlyEngland and France) <br />
  8. 8. II. Garvey’schildhood and youth<br />
  9. 9. II. Garvey’schildhood and youth<br />Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker<br />
  10. 10. II. Garvey’schildhood and youth<br />Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker<br />His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority<br />
  11. 11. II. Garvey’schildhood and youth<br />Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker<br />His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority<br />Hisfamily come fromMaroons<br />
  12. 12. Marrons<br />Runaway slaves duringslavery<br />
  13. 13. II. Garvey’schildhood and youth<br />Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker<br />His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority<br />Hisfamily come fromMaroons<br />Atchurchheplayedorgan and helovedreading<br />
  14. 14. II. Garvey’schildhood and youth<br />Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker<br />His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority<br />Hisfamily come fromMaroons<br />Atchurchheplayedorgan and helovedreading<br />He has got a job at a printing house and heled a strike<br />
  15. 15. II. Garvey’schildhood and youth<br />Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker<br />His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority<br />Hisfamily come fromMaroon<br />Atchurchheplayedorgan and helovedreading<br />He has got a job at a printing house and heled a strike<br />He becamejournalist and politicianactivist<br />
  16. 16. II. Garvey’schildhood and youth<br />Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker<br />His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority<br />Hisfamily come fromMaroons<br />Atchurchheplayedorgan and helovedreading<br />He has got a job at a printing house and heled a strike<br />He becamejournalist and politicianactivist<br />He travelled a lot in Europe and South Americabefore WWI<br />
  17. 17. III.Garvey’samericanperiod<br />
  18. 18. III.Garvey’samericanperiod<br />He moved to New-York in 1916 wherehe met lots of leaders of afro-americanemancipationmovements<br />
  19. 19. III.Garvey’samericanperiod<br />He moved to New-York in 1916 wherehe met lots of leaders of afro-americanemancipationmovements<br />In 1917 hecreated the Unversal Negro Improvement Association, this association aimed to the improvement of the living condition for coloured people <br />
  20. 20. UNIA’smotto<br />
  21. 21. III.Garvey’samericanperiod<br />He moved to New-York in 1916 wherehe met lots of leaders of afro-americanemancipationmovements<br />In 1917 hecreated the Unversal Negro Improvement Association, this association aimed to the improvement of the living condition for coloured people<br />He lived in Harlem and became one of the first black leader and becamefamous world wide<br />
  22. 22. III.Garvey’stheory and prophecy<br />He supported and admired Ho Chi Minh, Gandhi, Lenine and Trotsky<br />
  23. 23. III.Garvey’stheory and prophecy<br />He supported and admired Ho Chi Minh, Gandhi, Lenine and Trotsky…<br /> … but didn’tagreewithTrotsky about the unification of mankind : hebelievedthat black people wouldberespectedonly in Africa<br />
  24. 24. III.Garvey’stheory and prophecy<br />He supported and admired Ho Chi Minh, Gandhi, Lenine and Trotsky…<br /> … but didn’tagreewithTrotsky about the unification of mankind : hebelievedthat black people wouldberespectedonly in Africa<br />He waspan-africanist and created the theorycalled the « Back to Africa » like the Jews in Israel, Africawas the « Promised Land » <br />
  25. 25. In the 1920s in a speech Garveysaid : « Look to Africa, when a black kingshallbecrowned for the day of deliveranceisat hand! ».<br /> 12/02/1930 HailieSelassie I iscrowned in Abyssinia (Ethiopia). Afterit the rastafarian religion appeared and considered Marcus Garvey as a prophet<br />
  26. 26. HaileSelassie I, the Negus of Abyssinie, the King of kings, the Lord of lords, the Lion of Judah…<br />
  27. 27. IV. The Black Star Line and the decline<br />
  28. 28. IV. The Black Star Line and the decline<br />Garveycreated a transatlantic line to repatriate black people fromAmerica and Caraibeannamed the « the Black Star Line »<br />
  29. 29. IV. The Black Star Line and the decline<br />Garveycreated a transatlantic line to repatriate black people fromAmerica and Caraibeannamed the « the Black Star Line »<br />The Black Star Line got a lot of shareholders, and Garveycreated a real parralleleconomybetween black people<br />
  30. 30. IV. The Black Star Line and the decline<br />Garveycreated a transatlantic line to repatriate black people fromAmerica and Caraibeannamed the « the Black Star Line »<br />The Black Star Line got a lot of shareholders, and Garveycreated a real parralleleconomybetween black people<br />In 1922the Black Star Line wentbankrupt and Garveywascharged of mail fraud and went to jail in 1925 <br />
  31. 31. V. End of life<br />
  32. 32. V. End of life<br />He went back to Jamaicain 1927, whereheisconsidered as a hero<br />
  33. 33. V. End of life<br />He went back to Jamaicain 1927, whereheisconsidered as a hero<br />He moved to London in 1935 and died in 1940<br />
  34. 34. VI. Some tributes to Marcus Garvey<br />He is on jamaican coins<br />
  35. 35. A Statue at National Heroes Park in Kingston and at St Ann’sBay<br />
  36. 36. In reggae Music :<br />
  37. 37. In reggae Music :<br />
  38. 38. In reggae Music :<br />
  39. 39. In reggae Music :<br />
  40. 40. In reggae Music :<br />
  41. 41. In reggae Music :<br />
  42. 42.
  43. 43. THANK YOU !<br />

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