Marcus garvey
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Marcus garvey

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Marcus garvey Marcus garvey Presentation Transcript

  • MARCUS GARVEY
    The Black Moses
  • Context
    Garvey’schildhood and youth
    Garvey’stheory and prophecy
    The Black Star Line and the decline
    End of life
    Some tributes to Marcus Garvey
  • I. Context
  • I. Context
    Garveywasborn 08/17/1887 in St Ann’sBay (Jamaica)
  • I. Context
    Garveywasborn 08/17/1887 in St Ann’sBay (Jamaica)
    1886 : Slavery’s abolition in Cuba
  • I. Context
    Garveywasborn 08/17/1887 in St Ann’sBay (Jamaica)
    1886 : Slavery’s abolition in Cuba
    Jamaicawas an opressed country wheretherewere racial segregations
  • I. Context
    Garveywasborn 08/17/1887 in St Ann’sBay (Jamaica)
    1886 : Slavery’s abolition in Cuba
    Jamaicawas an opressed country wheretherewere racial segregations
    1885-1886 the beginning of Africa’s colonisation by lots of european countries (mostlyEngland and France)
  • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
  • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
    Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker
  • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
    Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker
    His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority
  • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
    Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker
    His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority
    Hisfamily come fromMaroons
  • Marrons
    Runaway slaves duringslavery
  • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
    Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker
    His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority
    Hisfamily come fromMaroons
    Atchurchheplayedorgan and helovedreading
  • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
    Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker
    His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority
    Hisfamily come fromMaroons
    Atchurchheplayedorgan and helovedreading
    He has got a job at a printing house and heled a strike
  • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
    Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker
    His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority
    Hisfamily come fromMaroon
    Atchurchheplayedorgan and helovedreading
    He has got a job at a printing house and heled a strike
    He becamejournalist and politicianactivist
  • II. Garvey’schildhood and youth
    Hisfatherwas a mason and hismother a domesticworker
    His parents gotelevenchild but only Marcus and hissistersurviveduntilmajority
    Hisfamily come fromMaroons
    Atchurchheplayedorgan and helovedreading
    He has got a job at a printing house and heled a strike
    He becamejournalist and politicianactivist
    He travelled a lot in Europe and South Americabefore WWI
  • III.Garvey’samericanperiod
  • III.Garvey’samericanperiod
    He moved to New-York in 1916 wherehe met lots of leaders of afro-americanemancipationmovements
  • III.Garvey’samericanperiod
    He moved to New-York in 1916 wherehe met lots of leaders of afro-americanemancipationmovements
    In 1917 hecreated the Unversal Negro Improvement Association, this association aimed to the improvement of the living condition for coloured people
  • UNIA’smotto
  • III.Garvey’samericanperiod
    He moved to New-York in 1916 wherehe met lots of leaders of afro-americanemancipationmovements
    In 1917 hecreated the Unversal Negro Improvement Association, this association aimed to the improvement of the living condition for coloured people
    He lived in Harlem and became one of the first black leader and becamefamous world wide
  • III.Garvey’stheory and prophecy
    He supported and admired Ho Chi Minh, Gandhi, Lenine and Trotsky
  • III.Garvey’stheory and prophecy
    He supported and admired Ho Chi Minh, Gandhi, Lenine and Trotsky…
    … but didn’tagreewithTrotsky about the unification of mankind : hebelievedthat black people wouldberespectedonly in Africa
  • III.Garvey’stheory and prophecy
    He supported and admired Ho Chi Minh, Gandhi, Lenine and Trotsky…
    … but didn’tagreewithTrotsky about the unification of mankind : hebelievedthat black people wouldberespectedonly in Africa
    He waspan-africanist and created the theorycalled the « Back to Africa » like the Jews in Israel, Africawas the « Promised Land »
  • In the 1920s in a speech Garveysaid : « Look to Africa, when a black kingshallbecrowned for the day of deliveranceisat hand! ».
    12/02/1930 HailieSelassie I iscrowned in Abyssinia (Ethiopia). Afterit the rastafarian religion appeared and considered Marcus Garvey as a prophet
  • HaileSelassie I, the Negus of Abyssinie, the King of kings, the Lord of lords, the Lion of Judah…
  • IV. The Black Star Line and the decline
  • IV. The Black Star Line and the decline
    Garveycreated a transatlantic line to repatriate black people fromAmerica and Caraibeannamed the « the Black Star Line »
  • IV. The Black Star Line and the decline
    Garveycreated a transatlantic line to repatriate black people fromAmerica and Caraibeannamed the « the Black Star Line »
    The Black Star Line got a lot of shareholders, and Garveycreated a real parralleleconomybetween black people
  • IV. The Black Star Line and the decline
    Garveycreated a transatlantic line to repatriate black people fromAmerica and Caraibeannamed the « the Black Star Line »
    The Black Star Line got a lot of shareholders, and Garveycreated a real parralleleconomybetween black people
    In 1922the Black Star Line wentbankrupt and Garveywascharged of mail fraud and went to jail in 1925
  • V. End of life
  • V. End of life
    He went back to Jamaicain 1927, whereheisconsidered as a hero
  • V. End of life
    He went back to Jamaicain 1927, whereheisconsidered as a hero
    He moved to London in 1935 and died in 1940
  • VI. Some tributes to Marcus Garvey
    He is on jamaican coins
  • A Statue at National Heroes Park in Kingston and at St Ann’sBay
  • In reggae Music :
  • In reggae Music :
  • In reggae Music :
  • In reggae Music :
  • In reggae Music :
  • In reggae Music :
  • THANK YOU !