Digital literacy and competences as essential life skills


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This is a presentation I gave at the Learning, Innovation and ICT workshop organised by the EACEA and the European Commission at Online Educa Berlin 2009

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  • Intro – me, Vidéoscop, eLene How digitally literate I really am? Digital literacy = also information and media literacy. ‘ How do we deal with the sheer mass of information out there, not only for learning but in order to be true eCitizens’? Big thing in France over the weekend = single dose swine flu jab. Sceptical husband! (T)
  • Googling news item => information sources I believe and trust. [Aside: OEB in 2007 Andrew Keen’s keynote!] Generation X - mainstream media – press, radio, TV… But also online!
  • Even so, Times Online – criticising approach other journalists – what was the motivation behind this?
  • Official agencies, surely there must be some truth to found here? European Medecines Agency - single dose vaccines… fake drugs; NHS website spoke of new strains of the virus. I began to feel a bit feverish so thought I’d better check my symptoms… (T) Looked around (scary!), found THIS self-diagnosis tool…
  • Offered by a well known multinational! (click)
  • Blogosphere, intriguing comment… (T) Husband, antivirus for new laptop….
  • Paying versions always more visible! (T) After helping hubby, time to check my emails…
  • Winning vast amounts of money in return for all my personal details, or serving as an intermediary for the transfer of even more vast amounts of money… but what about this? Babyboomer Husband: ‘What’s wrong with that one?’ Spelling mistakes, lack of accents in French, inconsistent size and position of otherwise official looking logos. => Digital literacy now takes more and more skill as these spams and hoaxes get ever more sophisticated. (T) After emails, quick run through my social networks…. Wondering about my digital identity…
  • Small glimpse of what digital literacy challenges I personally face on a daily basis, other occurrences of online presence – tweets, discussion boards, websites…. (T) What do the experts say…
  • 8 key competencies Recommendation of the European Parliament and Council (18 Dec 2006, key competencies for lifelong learning). “ Confident and critical use” – remember those…
  • eLene-TT and eLene-TLC – notion of competence, socially situated rather than as skill, working definition for educational ICT competency framework (more later)
  • E-inclusion initiative - i2010 programme - working paper + recommendations three stages of implementation Access to ICT, basic ICT skills increasing TRUST and CONFIDENCE. Do you start to a see a PATTERN here?
  • Graph = no internet skills by socio-economic group two key messages: alarming statistics… secondary digital divides
  • ICT cluster (representatives of member states such as ministry of education officials) E&T 2010 programme, Transformation Enabler Critical use of digital media, in particular for teacher training. (T) – reflects preoccupation in eLene-TT and eLene-TLC
  • 9 HEIs in 8 member states As part of work ‘preparing HE for ne(x)t gen students => educational ICT competency framework.
  • Going back to the notion of socially situated competency – framework classifying competencies in 3 teacher roles, working within wider domains management and technology. Validated by focus groups and online Delphi (76 experts, 34 institutions, 16 countries) then applied to teacher trainers, students and educational technologists.
  • Students, study across 6 member states (NL, FR, DE, ES, IT, SE). Check the perceptions of students against what the literature says about them. Scope of study relatively small(<100 respondents) But reassuring to find that ‘quality of information’ = most important eLene-TLC - Developed self-assessment instrument for information literacy.
  • Pattern emerges Priorities for the years to come = to develop critical thinking, trust, confidence and literacy (= media literacy / digital literacy / information literacy). Implications for developments in eGovernment, eHealth and Lifelong Learning, to be truly active and aware as E and as EU citizens.
  • Digital literacy and competences as essential life skills

    1. 1. Digital literacy and competences as essential life skills Learning, Innovation and ICT workshop Online Educa Berlin, Dec 2 nd 2009 Deborah Arnold, Project manager eLene coordinator Vidéoscop – Université Nancy 2, France
    2. 2. Who & what do I trust ? ... Mainstream media…
    3. 3. Even so …
    4. 4. Official agencies ?
    5. 5. Multinational companies ?
    6. 6. Bloggers ? “ This was really valuable information and the fact that it didn’t come from a news source made it even better.”
    7. 7. To pay or not to pay ?
    8. 8. In my inbox last week …
    9. 9. Is this me ?
    10. 10. Or this ?
    11. 11. Or this ?
    12. 12. Key competences <ul><li>communication in the mother tongue </li></ul><ul><li>communication in foreign languages </li></ul><ul><li>mathematical competence and basic competences in science and technology </li></ul><ul><li>digital competence involves the confident and critical use of information society technology (IST) and thus basic skills in information and communication technology (ICT)” </li></ul><ul><li>learning to learn </li></ul><ul><li>social and civic competences </li></ul><ul><li>sense of initiative and entrepreneurship </li></ul><ul><li>cultural awareness and expression </li></ul>Knowledge, skills and attitudes [ …] fundamental for each individual in a knowledge-based society.
    13. 13. Competency eLene working definition: “ The complex system actions that integrate knowledge, practical skills, attitudes, value orientation, emotions and other social behavioural components that together can be mobilised for effective action” Guasch, T. et al, (2006), ‘Criteria for ICT-supported Higher Education Teachers Training’ Competency as skill Socially situated competency ability to perform roles and carry out tasks according to standard expectations McClelland 1973; Pearson 1984; Spencer and Spencer 1993, cited in Eraut 1998.. … it is the actors themselves, their expectations, who determine and shape the content of the competencies required to perform successfully in individual professional contexts Messick 1984; Gonzi et al. 1993, cited in Eraut 1998; Westera 2001.
    14. 14. i2010 initiative : e-inclusion Riga target: halving digital literacy disparities (2006-2010)
    15. 15. e-inclusion : Groups at risk <ul><ul><li>81% of age group 65-74 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>72% of retired / inactive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>62% of those with low-level of education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>60% of age group 55 – 64 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… have NO Internet skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secondary digital divides: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People in disadvantaged groups use Internet less intensively </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Education & Training 2010 programme <ul><li>ICT cluster – key messages: </li></ul><ul><li>Do not plan for ICT: plan for transformation </li></ul><ul><li>ICT is an enabler for learning in terms of efficiency, effectiveness, equity or innovation </li></ul><ul><li>A new focus on the critical use of digital media in teacher training is needed </li></ul>
    17. 17. eLene-TLC ( 2007-2008 ) Université Nancy 2 Politecnico di Milano Bremen University Université Paris-Dauphine UOC Maria Curie Sklodowska University Utrecht University Finnish Virtual University Umeå University Preparing higher education for the ne(x)t generation of students
    18. 18. eLene-TLC : Educational ICT competency framework for HE
    19. 19. Needs and expectations of netgen students <ul><li>Are ‘net-generation’ students really … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fast and impatient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>learning by doing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>result-oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social and interactive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>multi-taskers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>visually oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>connected and mobile </li></ul></ul>Quality of information ++ Social and interactive + Design -
    20. 20. Key issues & challenges Critical thinking Trust Confidence Media / Digital / Information Literacy eGovernment eHealth Lifelong Learning Citizenship
    21. 21. Thank you … Deborah Arnold Project manager Vidéoscop-Université Nancy 2, France [email_address]