Subnetten

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Subnetten

  1. 1. Beheer van een servergestuurd netwerk
  2. 2. <ul><li>Grotere netwerken </li></ul>
  3. 3. Subnetten: waarom? <ul><li>Beheer grote netwerken: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opsplitsen; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vereenvoudigen; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Geografische spreiding ook vastleggen in IP-adressen; </li></ul><ul><li>Verkleinen broadcastdomein; </li></ul><ul><li>Eén groot WAN dat opgesplitst is via een router. </li></ul>
  4. 4. NETWORK HOST NETWORK HOST Voor Subnetting na Subnetting SUBNET
  5. 5. 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 128 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 192 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 224 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 240 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 248 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 252 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 254 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 255
  6. 6. Voorbeeld <ul><li>Klasse C-netwerk: 192.168.0.X </li></ul><ul><li>Subnetmasker is normaal: 255.255.255.0 </li></ul><ul><li>3 bits worden gebruikt als subnet </li></ul><ul><li>Binair: 1111 1111 . 1111 1111 . 1111 1111 . 1110 0000 </li></ul><ul><li>Decimal: 255.255.255. 224 </li></ul><ul><li>Geeft 8 (=2³) theoretische subnetten: 000, 001, 010, 011, 100, 101, 110, 111 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Probleem subnet Broadcast address Network address 111 000
  8. 8. Voorbeeld klasse C <ul><li>192.168.000.XXX </li></ul><ul><li>3 subnetbits 111 0 0000 </li></ul><ul><li>8(6) subnetten </li></ul><ul><li>Subnetmask: 255.255.255. 224 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 Subnet 1 001 Subnet 2 010 Subnet 3 011 Subnet 4 100 Subnet 5 101 Subnet 6 110 Subnet 7 111
  10. 10. Berekenen subnetten <ul><li>Bepaal eerst het netwerkadres. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aantal hosts: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8 bits – aantal subnetbits: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8 – 3 = 5 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 5 = 32 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eerste subnet: 192.168.0.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tweede subnet: eerste netwerkadres + aantal host: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>192.168.0.32 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 Subnet 1 001 Subnet 2 010 Subnet 3 011 Subnet 4 100 Subnet 5 101 Subnet 6 110 Subnet 7 111
  12. 12. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 Subnet 2 010 Subnet 3 011 Subnet 4 100 Subnet 5 101 Subnet 6 110 Subnet 7 111
  13. 13. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 Subnet 3 011 Subnet 4 100 Subnet 5 101 Subnet 6 110 Subnet 7 111
  14. 14. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 Subnet 4 100 Subnet 5 101 Subnet 6 110 Subnet 7 111
  15. 15. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 Subnet 5 101 Subnet 6 110 Subnet 7 111
  16. 16. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 Subnet 6 110 Subnet 7 111
  17. 17. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 Subnet 7 111
  18. 18. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224
  19. 19. Broadcast address <ul><li>Is netwerkadres volgende subnet – 1: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>192.168.0.31 </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224
  21. 21. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224
  22. 22. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224
  23. 23. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224
  24. 24. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224
  25. 25. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224
  26. 26. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224
  27. 27. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  28. 28. Eerste host <ul><li>Is netwerkadres + 1: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>192.168.0.1 </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  30. 30. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  31. 31. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  32. 32. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  33. 33. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.129 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  34. 34. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.129 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.161 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  35. 35. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.129 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.161 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.193 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  36. 36. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.129 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.161 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.193 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.225 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  37. 37. Laatste host <ul><li>Is broadcastaddress - 1: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>192.168.0.30 </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.30 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.129 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.161 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.193 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.225 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  39. 39. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.30 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.62 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.129 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.161 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.193 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.225 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  40. 40. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.30 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.62 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.94 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.129 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.161 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.193 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.225 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  41. 41. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.30 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.62 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.94 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.126 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.129 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.161 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.193 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.225 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  42. 42. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.30 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.62 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.94 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.126 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.129 192.168.0.158 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.161 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.193 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.225 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  43. 43. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.30 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.62 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.94 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.126 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.129 192.168.0.158 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.161 192.168.0.190 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.193 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.225 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  44. 44. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.30 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.62 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.94 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.126 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.129 192.168.0.158 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.161 192.168.0.190 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.193 192.168.0.222 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.225 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  45. 45. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.30 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.62 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.94 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.126 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.129 192.168.0.158 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.161 192.168.0.190 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.193 192.168.0.222 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.225 192.168.0.254 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  46. 46. Probleem subnet Broadcast address Network address 111 000
  47. 47. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.30 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.62 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.94 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.126 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.129 192.168.0.158 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.161 192.168.0.190 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.193 192.168.0.222 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.225 192.168.0.254 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  48. 48. Host 1 Laatste Host Network Broadcast Subnet 0 000 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.30 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.31 Subnet 1 001 192.168.0.33 192.168.0.62 192.168.0.32 192.168.0.63 Subnet 2 010 192.168.0.65 192.168.0.94 192.168.0.64 192.168.0.95 Subnet 3 011 192.168.0.97 192.168.0.126 192.168.0.96 192.168.0.127 Subnet 4 100 192.168.0.129 192.168.0.158 192.168.0.128 192.168.0.159 Subnet 5 101 192.168.0.161 192.168.0.190 192.168.0.160 192.168.0.191 Subnet 6 110 192.168.0.193 192.168.0.222 192.168.0.192 192.168.0.223 Subnet 7 111 192.168.0.225 192.168.0.254 192.168.0.224 192.168.0.255
  49. 49. Host 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 . 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Subnet 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 . 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Host 1 172 . 16 . 15 . 1 Subnet 255 . 255 . 192 . 0
  50. 50. Host 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 . 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Subnet 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 . 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Host 2 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 . 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 . 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 Subnet 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 . 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Host 3 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 . 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 . 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 Subnet 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 . 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 . 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  51. 51. 255.0.0.0 10.1.1.1 10.32.1.1 10.64.1.1 10.128.1.1 10.192.1.1 10.224.1.1
  52. 52. 255.0.0.0 10.1.1.1 10.32.1.1 10.64.1.1 10.128.1.1 10.192.1.1 10.224.1.1
  53. 53. 255.255.0.0 10.1.1.1 10.32.1.1 10.1.64.1 10.1.128.1 10.1.1.192 10.224.1.1
  54. 54. 255.255.0.0 10.1.1.1 10.32.1.1 10.1.64.1 10.1.128.1 10.1.1.192 10.224.1.1
  55. 55. 255.255.0.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.32.16.1 172.16.32.1 172.32.32.1 172.16.32.32
  56. 56. 255.255.0.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.32.16.1 172.16.32.1 172.32.32.1 172.16.32.32
  57. 57. 255.255.255.0 10.1.1.1 10.32.1.1 10.1.1.64 10.128.1.1 10. 192.1.1 10.1.1.244
  58. 58. 255.255.255.0 10.1.1.1 10.32.1.1 10.1.1.64 10.128.1.1 10. 192.1.1 10.1.1.244
  59. 59. 255.255.255.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.32.16.1 172.16.32.1 172.16.16.16 172.16.1.32
  60. 60. 255.255.255.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.32.16.1 172.16.32.1 172.16.16.16 172.16.1.32
  61. 61. 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.1 192.168.16.1 192.168.1.168 192.168.2.168 192.1.168.1 192.1.1.168
  62. 62. 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.1 192.168.16.1 192.168.1.168 192.168.2.168 192.1.168.1 192.1.1.168
  63. 63. 255.255.128.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.16.64.1 172.16.64.192 172.16.128.1 172.16.64.224
  64. 64. 255.255.128.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.16.64.1 172.16.64.192 172.16.128.1 172.16.64.224
  65. 65. 255.255.192.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.16.64.1 172.16.64.192 172.16.128.1 172.16.64.224
  66. 66. 255.255.192.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.16.64.1 172.16.64.192 172.16.128.1 172.16.64.224
  67. 67. 255.255.224.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.16.64.1 172.16.30.64 172.16.32.192 172.16.64.192
  68. 68. 255.255.224.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.16.64.1 172.16.30.64 172.16.32.192 172.16.64.192
  69. 69. 255.255.240.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.16.64.1 172.16.30.64 172.16.32.192 172.16.64.192
  70. 70. 255.255.240.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.16.64.1 172.16.30.64 172.16.32.192 172.16.64.192
  71. 71. 255.255.248.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.16.64.1 172.16.30.64 172.16.32.192 172.16.64.192
  72. 72. 255.255.248.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.16.64.1 172.16.30.64 172.16.32.192 172.16.64.192
  73. 73. 255.255.252.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.1.2 172.16.1.4 172.16.2.1 172.16.4.1 172.16.1.252
  74. 74. 255.255.252.0 172.16.1.1 172.16.1.2 172.16.1.4 172.16.2.1 172.16.4.1 172.16.1.252
  75. 75. 255.255.255.128 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.32 192.168.1.64 192.168.1.128 192.168.1.192 192.168.1.224
  76. 76. 255.255.255.128 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.32 192.168.1.64 192.168.1.128 192.168.1.192 192.168.1.224
  77. 77. 255.255.255.128 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.16.64.1 172.16.1.64 172.16.32.128 172.16.1.192
  78. 78. 255.255.255.128 172.16.1.1 172.16.16.1 172.16.64.1 172.16.1.64 172.16.32.128 172.16.1.192
  79. 79. 255.255.255.192 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.32 192.168.1.64 192.168.1.128 192.168.1.192 192.168.1.60
  80. 80. 255.255.255.192 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.32 192.168.1.64 192.168.1.128 192.168.1.192 192.168.1.60
  81. 81. 255.255.255.224 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.32 192.168.1.30 192.168.1.128 192.168.2.1 192.168.1.2
  82. 82. 255.255.255.224 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.32 192.168.1.30 192.168.1.128 192.168.2.1 192.168.1.2
  83. 83. 255.255.255.240 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.2 192.168.1.3 192.168.1.4 192.168.1.5 192.168.1.6
  84. 84. 255.255.255.240 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.2 192.168.1.3 192.168.1.4 192.168.1.5 192.168.1.6
  85. 85. 255.255.255.248 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.2 192.168.1.3 192.168.1.4 192.168.1.5 192.168.1.6
  86. 86. 255.255.255.248 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.2 192.168.1.3 192.168.1.4 192.168.1.5 192.168.1.6
  87. 87. 255.255.255.252 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.2 192.168.1.3 192.168.1.4 192.168.1.5 192.168.1.6
  88. 88. 255.255.255.252 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.2 192.168.1.3 192.168.1.4 192.168.1.5 192.168.1.6
  89. 89. Subnetcalculator <ul><li>Op het internet: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://jodies.de/ipcalc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.subnetmask.info/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Te downloaden: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.gold-software.com/download2845.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.sofotex.com/IPCalculator-download_L18860.html </li></ul></ul>
  90. 90. oefening 20 <ul><li>Klasse C-netwerk: 192.168.12.xxx </li></ul><ul><li>4 subnetbits 1111 0000 </li></ul><ul><li>…… subnetten </li></ul><ul><li>Subnetmasker: 255.255.255.xxx </li></ul>
  91. 91. oefening 20 <ul><li>Klasse C-netwerk: 192.168.12.xxx </li></ul><ul><li>4 subnetbits 1111 0000 </li></ul><ul><li>16(14) subnetten </li></ul><ul><li>Subnetmasker: 255.255.255. 240 </li></ul>
  92. 92. Host 1 Host (laatste) Netwerk broadcast Subnet 1 Subnet 2 Subnet 3 Subnet 4 Subnet 5 Subnet 6 Subnet 7
  93. 93. Host 1 Host (laatste) Netwerk broadcast Subnet 1 192.168.12.1 192.168.12.14 192.168.12.0 192.168.12.15 Subnet 2 192.168.12.17 192.168.12.30 192.168.12.16 192.168.12.31 Subnet 3 192.168.12.33 192.168.12.46 192.168.12.32 192.168.12.47 Subnet 4 192.168.12.49 192.168.12.62 192.168.12.48 192.168.12.63 Subnet 5 192.168.12.65 192.168.12.78 192.168.12.64 192.168.12.79 Subnet 6 192.168.12.81 192.168.12.94 192.168.12.80 192.168.12.95 Subnet 7 192.168.12.97 192.168.12.110 192.168.12.96 192.168.12.111
  94. 94. Host 1 Host (laatste) Netwerk broadcast Subnet 8 192.168.12.113 192.168.12.126 192.168.12.112 192.168.12.127 Subnet 9 192.168.12.129 192.168.12.142 192.168.12.128 192.168.12.143 Subnet 10 192.168.12.145 192.168.12.158 192.168.12.144 192.168.12.159 Subnet 11 192.168.12.161 192.168.12.174 192.168.12.160 192.168.12.175 Subnet 12 192.168.12.177 192.168.12.190 192.168.12.176 192.168.12.191 Subnet 13 192.168.12.193 192.168.12.206 192.168.12.192 192.168.12.207 Subnet 14 192.168.12.209 192.168.12.222 192.168.12.208 192.168.12.223 Subnet 15 192.168.12.225 192.168.12.238 192.168.12.224 192.168.12.239 Subnet 16 192.168.12.241 192.168.12.254 192.168.12.240 192.168.12.255
  95. 95. Network Host 1 Host (laatste) Netwerk broadcast Subnet 1 192.168.12.1 192.168.12.14 192.168.12.0 192.168.12.15 Subnet 2 192.168.12.17 192.168.12.30 192.168.12.16 192.168.12.31 Subnet 3 192.168.12.33 192.168.12.46 192.168.12.32 192.168.12.47 Subnet 4 192.168.12.49 192.168.12.62 192.168.12.48 192.168.12.63 Subnet 5 192.168.12.65 192.168.12.78 192.168.12.64 192.168.12.79 Subnet 6 192.168.12.81 192.168.12.94 192.168.12.80 192.168.12.95 Subnet 7 192.168.12.97 192.168.12.110 192.168.12.96 192.168.12.111
  96. 96. Broadcast Host 1 Host (laatste) Netwerk broadcast Subnet 8 192.168.12.113 192.168.12.126 192.168.12.112 192.168.12.127 Subnet 9 192.168.12.129 192.168.12.142 192.168.12.128 192.168.12.143 Subnet 10 192.168.12.145 192.168.12.158 192.168.12.144 192.168.12.159 Subnet 11 192.168.12.161 192.168.12.174 192.168.12.160 192.168.12.175 Subnet 12 192.168.12.177 192.168.12.190 192.168.12.176 192.168.12.191 Subnet 13 192.168.12.193 192.168.12.206 192.168.12.192 192.168.12.207 Subnet 14 192.168.12.209 192.168.12.222 192.168.12.208 192.168.12.223 Subnet 15 192.168.12.225 192.168.12.238 192.168.12.224 192.168.12.239 Subnet 16 192.168.12.241 192.168.12.254 192.168.12.240 192.168.12.255
  97. 97. oefening 21 <ul><li>Klasse B-netwerk: 172.16.xxx.xxx </li></ul><ul><li>5 afdelingen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Management : 10 toestellen; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personeelsdienst: 80 toestellen; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research: 120 toestellen; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facturatie en klantendienst: 50 toestellen; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Productie en verzending: 100 toestellen. </li></ul></ul>
  98. 98. oefening 21 <ul><li>172.16.xxx.xxx </li></ul><ul><li>… . subnetbits …. …. </li></ul><ul><li>…… .. subnetten </li></ul><ul><li>Subnetmask: 255.255.XXX.XXX </li></ul>Host 1 Laatste host Netwerk broadcast Manage Personeel Research Facturatie Productie
  99. 99. oefening 21 <ul><li>172.16.xxx.xxx </li></ul><ul><li>3 subnetbits 111 0 000 </li></ul><ul><li>8(6) subnetten </li></ul><ul><li>Subnetmask: 255.255. 224 .0 </li></ul>Host 1 Laatste host Netwerk broadcast Manage Personeel Research Facturatie Productie
  100. 100. oefening 21 <ul><li>172.16.xxx.xxx </li></ul><ul><li>3 subnetbits 111 0 000 </li></ul><ul><li>8(6) subnetten </li></ul><ul><li>Subnetmask: 255.255. 224 .0 </li></ul>Host 1 Laatste host Netwerk broadcast Manage 172.16.32.1 172.16.63.254 172.16.32.0 172.16.63.255 Personeel 172.16.64.1 172.16.95.254 172.16.64.0 172.16.95.255 Research 172.16.96.1 172.16.127.254 172.16.96.0 172.16.127.255 Facturatie 172.16.128.1 172.16.159.254 172.16.128.0 172.16.159.255 Productie 172.16.160.1 172.16.191.254 172.16.160.0 172.16.191.255
  101. 101. oefening 22 <ul><li>10 afdelingen van ongeveer 500 hosts </li></ul><ul><li>172.16.xxx.xxx </li></ul><ul><li>… . subnetbits …. …. </li></ul><ul><li>…… subnetten </li></ul><ul><li>Subnetmask: 255.255.XXX.XXX </li></ul>
  102. 102. oefening 22 <ul><li>172.16.xxx.xxx </li></ul><ul><li>4 subnetbits 1111 0000 </li></ul><ul><li>16(14) subnetten </li></ul><ul><li>Subnetmask: 255.255. 240.0 </li></ul>
  103. 103. Host 1 Host (laatste) Netwerk broadcast Vest. 1 Vest. 2 Vest. 3 Vest. 4 Vest. 5 Vest. 6 Vest. 7 Vest. 8 Vest. 9 Vest. 10
  104. 104. Host 1 Host (laatste) Netwerk broadcast Vest. 1 172.16.16.1 172.16.31.254 172.16.16.0 172.16.31.255 Vest. 2 172.16.32.1 172.16.47.254 172.16.32.0 172.16.47.255 Vest. 3 172.16.48.1 172.16.63.254 172.16.48.0 172.16.63.255 Vest. 4 172.16.64.1 172.16.79.254 172.16.64.0 172.16.79.255 Vest. 5 172.16.80.1 172.16.95.254 172.16.80.0 172.16.95.255 Vest. 6 172.16.96.1 172.16.111.254 172.16.96.0 172.16.111.255 Vest. 7 172.16.112.1 172.16.127.254 172.16.112.0 172.16.127.255 Vest. 8 172.16.128.1 172.16.143.254 172.16.128.0 172.16.143.255 Vest. 9 172.16.144.1 172.16.159.254 172.16.144.0 172.16.159.255 Vest. 10 172.16.160.1 172.16.175.254 172.16.160.0 172.16.175.255
  105. 105. <ul><li>Grotere netwerken </li></ul>
  106. 107. Routing activeren <ul><li>Installatie 2 de netwerkkaart op server; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plaats 2 de netwerkkaart; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instellen als DHCP-client </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controle IP-adres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controle internet-toegang server </li></ul></ul>

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