U.S.2,The South And West Transformed


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U.S.2,The South And West Transformed

  1. 1. The South and West Transformed Ashli Mallary Meg
  2. 2. How did the economy, society, and culture of the south and the west change after the civil war?
  3. 3. Racism <ul><li>African Americans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continued after civil war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>African Americans were given rights (civil and voting rights) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some African Americans began to leave the South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When blacks moved to the North there was still racism there </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jim Crow Laws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Native Americans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reservations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boarding schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dawes Act (1887) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chinese Immigrants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped build transcontinental railroad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criticized as cheap labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laws were made that prohibited Chinese Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese Exclusion Acts (1882-1943) </li></ul></ul>Reservations are in red
  4. 4. Southern Resistance and Jim Crow <ul><li>Jim Crow Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforced by South by the end of reconstruction in 1877 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separated blacks from whites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A chance for whites to regain control over blacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affected rights of African Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started to control blacks in every way possible </li></ul></ul><ul><li>End of Jim Crow Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1949—U.S Supreme Court decisions eventually changed some of these laws </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Chinese immigrants working on railroads Jim Crow Laws Jim Crow Laws
  6. 6. American Indians and Buffalo Soldiers As American settlement pushed across the Appalachian Mountains in the late 18 th century, hostilities increased between Native Americans and the United States <ul><li>American Indian Wars </li></ul><ul><li>Buffalo Soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>African American Soldiers </li></ul>
  7. 7. Age of Railroads <ul><li>Transcontinental railroad. </li></ul><ul><li>Union Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Life on the railroad </li></ul><ul><li>Scandals and fraud </li></ul>Crédit Mobilier scandal
  8. 8. Homestead Act of 1862 <ul><li>Started settling in the “interior areas” of the country </li></ul><ul><li>Passed by Congress May 20, 1862 </li></ul><ul><li>Gave people 160 acres </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria: </li></ul><ul><li>Head of household (male and female) </li></ul><ul><li>21 years of age </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen of almost citizen of U.S </li></ul><ul><li>Only 40% of population were able to obtain the land </li></ul><ul><li>Build on land </li></ul><ul><li>Live on land </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain land and 5 years minimum </li></ul><ul><li>Hard to maintain </li></ul><ul><li>0-20 inches of rain per year </li></ul><ul><li>Hard to grow crops and create farm land </li></ul>
  9. 9. Era of the Cowboy <ul><li>American Cattle Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Cowboys drove cattle from Texas to Canada and Westward to the Rocky Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle supplied meat the fed the nation </li></ul><ul><li>Over 40,000 cowboys – over 9 million miles </li></ul><ul><li>End of Era </li></ul><ul><li>1881 - last big cattle drive to Dodge City </li></ul><ul><li>Open range transformed into farmland </li></ul><ul><li>Started ranching and farming </li></ul><ul><li>Makes it easier for cattle to be raised on ranches then being driven </li></ul><ul><li>Closer to cities </li></ul>
  10. 10. How it changes <ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Railroads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homestead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Era of cowboy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Racism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jim Crow </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buffalo soldiers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Melting pot </li></ul></ul>railroads Racism/Jim Crow Melting Pot
  11. 11. Work Cited <ul><li>&quot;Racism in America, 1870-1914 (Overview).&quot; American History . 2009. ABC-CLIO. 29 Apr. 2009 <http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Southern Resistance: Ku Klux Klan and Jim Crow (Overview).&quot; American History . 2009. ABC-CLIO. 29 Apr. 2009 <http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com>. </li></ul><ul><li>Text Book </li></ul><ul><li>Atlas </li></ul><ul><li>Ali, Omar. &quot;Chronology of Events.&quot; Chronology . 07 May 2009 <http://www.geocities.com/salika_2000/chronology1.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Jim Crow: Your government at work �.&quot; The Cotton Boll Conspiracy . 18 Feb. 2009. 07 May 2009 <http://southcarolina1670.wordpress.com/2009/02/18/jim-crow-your-government-at-work/>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;EHS Gilder-Lehrman.&quot; Welcome to Eureka City Schools . 07 May 2009 <http://www.eurekacityschools.org/ehs/perryr/GLWeb/GLPageCurriculum.htm>. </li></ul>