U.S.2.Industry And Labor In The 19th Century


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U.S.2.Industry And Labor In The 19th Century

  1. 1. Blair, Camille, Carroll, and Evon INDUSTRY AND LABOR IN THE 19 TH CENTURY
  2. 2. The Effect of Business and Industry on American Culture and Society
  3. 3. Business of America Big Business Tycoons of the 19 th Century Andrew Carnegie Henry Ford John D. Rockefeller Cornelius Vanderbilt J.P. Morgan Industry Corporation -Complex economy -No longer all small family businesses -New inventions and technology make this possible Eliminate competition and expand production - Monopolies - Horizontal and Vertical Integration - Trusts - Group ownership - One huge company - Wanted to control all production of their product
  4. 4. The Effect of Big Businesses and Corporations
  5. 5. Age of Railroads TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD Unfair Treatment of Laborers <ul><li>Pay for Chinese, Mexican, and African-American workers was less than that of white workers (they worked longer hours too) </li></ul><ul><li>500 Chinese workers go on strike </li></ul><ul><li>Showed tension between labor and business </li></ul><ul><li>led to guideline of railroad industry and better organized labor movement </li></ul>The Great Strike of 1887 Made travel between the two coasts much shorter (a few days instead of months) Would benefit the nation greatly Central Pacific and Union Pacific start to build tracks (pay by mile), but commit fraud on taxpayers so bankers take over
  6. 6. Invention <ul><li>INDUSTRY </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1860 and 1890 440,000 patents were issued for new ideas and products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to the creation of new industries to develop, manufacture, and use products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The explosion of invention brought more productivity to the industry </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Work Force <ul><li>laborers in factories worked under poor conditions </li></ul><ul><li>workers also faced oppression and unfair policies from employers </li></ul><ul><li>soon became tired of their treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>formed unions (National Trades Union, AFL, Knights of Labor, etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>participated in protests </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Haymarket Square brings down the Knights of Labor </li></ul><ul><li>some legal protection finally comes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme Court overrules some important laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Labor and Children’s Bureau established </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Socialism becomes a somewhat popular idea as a result </li></ul><ul><li>Formed this union in resistance to their poor working conditions and the lack of rights they had as workers </li></ul><ul><li>Showed America and workers the power of organized labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Workers of the World Unite </li></ul><ul><li>The Knights of Labor </li></ul>
  8. 8. Primary Source: Brooklyn Bridge <ul><li>one of the most sophisticated engineering projects to date </li></ul><ul><li>connected New York and Brooklyn (among fastest growing cities) </li></ul><ul><li>was a necessary advancement because workers needed the transportation </li></ul><ul><li>1866: NY legislature approves building plans and John A. Roebling begins as head of construction </li></ul><ul><li>very challenging, but successful project </li></ul><ul><li>May 24, 1883: opening ceremonies </li></ul>
  9. 9. Works Cited <ul><li>Lapsansky-Werner, Emma J., Peter B. Levy, Randy Roberts, Alan Taylor.  United States History. Boston, Massachusetts: Pearson Education, Inc, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Business of America, 1850-1900 (Overview).&quot; American History. 2009. ABC-CLIO. 11 May 2009 <http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Age of Railroads (Overview).&quot; American History. 2009. ABC-CLIO. 11 May 2009 <http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Invention, 1850-1900 (Overview).&quot; American History. 2009. ABC-CLIO. 11 May 2009 <http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Workers of the World, Unite! 1870-1914 (Overview).&quot; American History. 2009. ABC-CLIO. 11 May 2009 <http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Knights of Labor.&quot; American History. 2009. ABC-CLIO. 11 May 2009 <http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Brooklyn Bridge.&quot; American History. 2009. ABC-CLIO. 12 May 2009 < http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com >. </li></ul><ul><li>Golden spike ceremony. American History. ABC-CLIO. 12 May 2009 <http://www.americanhistor y.abc-clio.com/Eras/Display.aspx?storyid=1187717&entryid=290233&issublink=true&from search=false >. </li></ul><ul><li>John D. Rockefeller . American History. ABC-CLIO. 12 May 2009 <http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com/Eras/Display.aspx?storyid=1187729&entryid=270888&issublink=true&fromsearch=false >. </li></ul><ul><li>Brooklyn Bridge Under Construction . American History. ABC-CLIO. 12 May 2009 < http://www.americanhistory.abcclio.com/Search/Display.aspx?categoryid=24&searchtext=brooklyn+bridge&type=simple&option=all&entryid=916869&issublink=true&fromsearch=false > </li></ul><ul><li>Brooklyn Bridge, ca. 1883 . American History . ABC-CLIO. 12 May 2009 < http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display.aspx?categoryid=24&searchtext=brooklyn+bridge&type=simple&option=all&entryid=916770&issublink=true&fromsearch=false > </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Graham Bell opens long distance line . American History . ABC-CLIO. 12 May 2009 < http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com/Eras/Display.aspx?storyid=1187723&entryid=1172012&issublink=true&fromsearch=false> </li></ul>