Us.1.Middle Colonies Power Point L


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Us.1.Middle Colonies Power Point L

  1. 1. Middle Colonies By: Courtney, Brooke, Tatum and Kinsey
  2. 2. <ul><li>Climate: </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively hot </li></ul><ul><li>Geo: </li></ul><ul><li>Philadelphia and New York Ports, through the Appalachians mountains (Pennsylvania), hills </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Soil: </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile , near the coast </li></ul><ul><li>Farms larger and more productive </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Crops: </li></ul><ul><li>Corn, wheat, maize, rye, barley </li></ul><ul><li>These together could make bread, milk, and whiskey </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Major towns: Ports important for trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Amste rd am </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philadelphia (City of Brotherly Love) </li></ul></ul>Geography
  3. 3. Founding of the Middle Colonies <ul><li>Founded in 1609 by Dutch Merchants </li></ul><ul><li>Came to trade furs with the Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Colonist came from Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Scotland, France, Sweden, and Finland. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Religion was most tolerated in this region of colonies </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey, very diverse religions </li></ul><ul><li>Religiously- no single religious group dominated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quakers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baptists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anglicans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presbyterians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lutherans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mennonite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dutch Reformed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>German Reformed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jews </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. William Penn <ul><li>Born October 14, 1644 and died on July 30 1718 in London. </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of Pennsylvania “The Holy Experiment” </li></ul><ul><li>Went against society by accepting other faiths into his colony </li></ul>William Penn <ul><li>Founder of Pennsylvania “The Holy Experiment” </li></ul><ul><li>Went against society by accepting other faiths into his colony </li></ul><ul><li>Born October 14, 1644 and died on July 30 1718 in London. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Primary Source <ul><li>Preface to the Frame of Government by William Penn 1682 </li></ul><ul><li>Basic plan to how William Penn was going to form the government for Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Representative Democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>William Penn’s views and opinions on different types/“frames” of government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beliefs in which governments are founded, managed, and corrupted </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Politics <ul><li>Representative Assemblies/Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New York </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government supported life, liberty, propriety, and equality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Relationship with England </li></ul><ul><li>Local councils </li></ul><ul><li>Legislatures (both appointed and elected) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>passed laws for the colony </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Governor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appointed by the monarch unless proprietary which was by the proprietary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monarch had control over laws and officials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>parliament passed laws as well </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Society in the Middle Colonies <ul><li>Became the most ethnically and culturally diverse region in the entire British Empire </li></ul><ul><li>The Middle Colonies were tolerant of all religions and offered immigrants better opportunities than other regions. </li></ul><ul><li>Education was scarce and expensive </li></ul><ul><li> New Jersey was the only colony to have more than one college: the College of New Jersey and Queens (Princeton and Rutgers). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Economy in the Middle Colonies <ul><li>Based on family farms due to the temperate climate </li></ul><ul><li> Able to produce more and better quality wheat than New England </li></ul><ul><li>Exporting wheat became a big point of trade for the Middle Colonies </li></ul><ul><li> Philadelphia and New York were two great seaports for exporting goods </li></ul>
  10. 10. Works cited <ul><li>“ America as a Religious Refuge: The Seventieth Century.” Religion and the Founding of the American Republic. February 14, 2007. Library of Congress. October 6, 2008. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ American History Timeline 1600-1700.” History Hotline . 2007. History Hotline. October 6, 2008. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial America From Exploration Through the American Revolution” One Nation Under God, Indivisible. September 21, 2000. UsGenNet. 10/2/07. </li></ul><ul><li>Currier & Ives. William Penn’s Treaty with the Indians. 19 th Century. Britannica Encyclopedia . 2008. October 6, 2008. < > </li></ul><ul><li>Cusack, Andrew. “James II, Our Catholic King.” Andrew Cusack . October 16, 2006. October 6, </li></ul><ul><li>2008. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Frame of Government of Pennsylvania.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 11 Aug 2008, 22:27 UTC. 6 Oct 2008 < >. </li></ul><ul><li>Lapsansky-Werner, Emma J., Peter B. Levy, Randy Roberts, Alan Taylor.  United States </li></ul><ul><li>History. Boston, Massachusetts: Pearson Education, Inc, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Mac, Maggie. “Overview of the Middle Colonies.” History of American Woman . 3 October 2008. Blogger. 3 October 2008. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Mintz, S. “The Middle Colonies: William Penn’s Holy Commonwealth.” Digital History. 1 October 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>October 6. 2008. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Pennsylvania Frame of Government (1682).&quot; American History . 2008. ABC-CLIO. 6 Oct. 2008 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Photographer Unknown. William Penn. Britannica Encyclopedia . 2008. October 6, 2008 < > </li></ul><ul><li>“ Religion and the Founding of the American Republic.” Library of Congress. 17 October 2003. 6 October 2008. < 3DN>. </li></ul><ul><li>Susan Oliver. “The Middle Colonies.” History Lives. 3/10/2008. Cerritos College. October 6, 2008.< >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tao: The Middle Colonies Climate.” Exploring the Thirteen Colonies. February 22, 2006. October 6, 2008. < >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ William Penn (1644-1718).” The Chrisitain History Tudor . Nancy Koester. 2001. Luther Seminary. </li></ul><ul><li>October 6, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>< >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;William Penn.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 30 Sep 2008, 21:15 UTC. 1 Oct 2008 < >. </li></ul>