U.S.1.Gilded Age

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U.S.1.Gilded Age

  1. 1. “ Underneath the surface of glitter and gold, a world of corruption is revealed”
  2. 2. Mark Twain 1873 <ul><li>&quot;To gild refined gold, to paint the lily... is wasteful and ridiculous excess.&quot; (Shakespeare’s, King John) </li></ul><ul><li>The “ideal” Golden Age  compared  The “less worthy” Gilded Age </li></ul><ul><li>Gilded : having a pleasing or showy appearance that conceals something of little worth </li></ul><ul><li>“ Unless you can get the ear of a Senator...and persuade him to use his ‘influence’ in your behalf, you cannot get an employment of the most trivial nature in Washington. Mere merit, fitness and capability, are useless baggage to you without ‘influence…it would be an odd circumstance to see a girl get employment…merely because she was worthy and a competent, and a good citizen of a free country that ‘treats all persons alike.’” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Society Segregation increased when the northern troops left -Jim Crow laws -poll tax & literacy test Immigration increased dramatically -discrimination -life style
  4. 4. $Economy$ <ul><li>Coinage Act of 1873: </li></ul><ul><li>Added silver with gold as the national currency (bimetallism) </li></ul><ul><li>Put more money in circulation </li></ul><ul><li>Gold Standard: </li></ul><ul><li>The government use of gold as the basis of the nation’s currency </li></ul><ul><li>McKinley Tariff: </li></ul><ul><li>Protective tariff on imports of manufactured goods and agricultural products </li></ul><ul><li>Rose farm equipment prices </li></ul>President McKinley
  5. 5. The Populist Party 1891 <ul><li>Farmer’s Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>1885 </li></ul><ul><li>Abundance of agricultural supply  not enough demand </li></ul><ul><li>Prices of produce went down </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive world agricultural market </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers were in debt  pay off in cheaper dollars (inflate the currency—make more money available) </li></ul>Graduated income tax Restriction on immigration 8 hour work day Government ownership of railroads Election of US senators by popular vote Federal loan program for farmers Increase in money supply
  6. 6. <ul><li>Presidents </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Grant (1869-1877) </li></ul><ul><li>Benjamin Hayes (1877-1881) </li></ul><ul><li>James Garfield (1881) </li></ul><ul><li>Chester Arthur (1885-1889) </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption, Spoils system and The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act (1883) </li></ul><ul><li>- Major Political Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>Dominated by white southerners Northern Whites </li></ul><ul><li>Catholics Support from African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Urban workers/ farmers Half Breeds and Stalwarts </li></ul>“ One might search the whole list of Congress, Judiciary, and Executive… from 1870 to 1895, and find little but damaged reputation.” – Henry Adams
  7. 7. Primary Source
  8. 8. WORK CITED <ul><li>Einhorn, Robin L., and Bruce, J. Schulman. &quot;United States, History of the.&quot; WorldBook Advanced . 2009. World Book and the Global Device. 4 May 2009. <http://worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar576000>. </li></ul><ul><li>Lehrman, Gilder. “The Eureka High School.” Eurekacityschools.org. </li></ul><ul><li>6 May 2009. < http://www.eurekacityschools.org/ehs/perryr/GLWeb/PicJimCrow.jpg >. </li></ul><ul><li>Mintz, S. (2007). “Learn about the Gilded Age.” Digital History . 30 April 2009. < http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/modules/gilded_age/index.cfm>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Gilded Age.” Wikipedia.org . 2009. Copyright 2009. 30 April 2009. < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilded_Age >. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Gilded Age & the Progressive Era.” Spark Notes. Com. 2009. Copyright 2009. 1 May 2009. < http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/gildedage/section4.rhtml >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Scrap Book.” Pbs.org. 9 May 2009. < http://www.pbs.org/marktwain/scrapbook/05_gilded_age/index.html >. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sage, Henry J. “Politics in the gilded age.” Sage History. 2005-6. http://www.sagehistory.net/gildedage/GildedAPolitics.htm “ Gilded Age.” Wikipedia. 2009. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilded_age “ Politics of the Gilded Age.” US history. 2008-2009. Independence Hall association. http://www.ushistory.org/us/36f.asp “ The Bosses of the Senate.” Senate. http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/art/artifact/Ga_Cartoon/Ga_cartoon_38_00392.htm http://www.hermes-press.com/gilded_age.htm
  10. 10. Clemens, Samuel. &quot;The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today.&quot; The Gilded Age: A Tale of    Today . 9 May 2009. Wikipedia. 26 Apr. 2009 < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/index.html?curid=1379823 >.   Learn About the Gilded Age . 13 May 2009. Digital History. 6 May 2009 < http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/modules/gilded_age/index.cfm >.   The Bosses of Senate . 7 May 2009 http://urbandreams.ousd.k12.ca.us/lessonplans/capitalism/image/bosses.jpg . &quot;Populism (Overview).&quot; American History . 2009. ABC-CLIO. 4 May 2009 < http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com >. http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/tariff.gif http://www.nebraskastudies.org/0600/media/0601_030301.jpg

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