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Us.1.British American Colonial Project

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  • 1. BRITISH AMERICAN COLONIAL PROJECT By Camille, Mallary, Meg, and Virginia
  • 2. Geography
    • Mary land
    • – 1633 – settlement:
    • St. Mary’s
    • Major cities
    • Baltimore
    • St. Mary’s
    • Colonial capitol – Annapolis
    • Crops – tobacco
    • Lots of small farms
    • Resources: tobacco
    • Virginia
    • – 1607 – settlement: Jamestown
    • Major cities
    • - Richmond
    • -Jamestown
    • -Colonial capitol – Williamsburg
    • Colonial capitol – Annapolis
    • C rops – tobacco & corn
    • Small farms & bigger households
    • Crops – tobacco
    • Resources: tobacco & rice
    • Colonial capitol – Annapolis
    • Soil – non fertile soil in Jamestown – fertile soil along the coast
        • -swamp lands not good for planting crops
    •  
  • 3. Geography Continued
    • North Carolina
    • – 1653 – settlement: Albemarle
    • Major cities
    • Wilmington
    • Colonial Capitol – New Bern
    • Crops – tobacco & rice
    •  
    • South Carolina
    • – 1663 – Charleston
    • Major Cities
    • Colonial capitol - Charles town
          • – became a very important trade route
    • Crops – rice
    • Bigger households
    • Indigo plantations
    • Resources: rice & indigo
    Georgia – 1732 – settlement: Savannah -Major cities Colonial capitol - Savannah -Resources: indigo -Growing season: 268 days - March – November   -Climate: warm & temperate; long growing season -Population: More men then women; enslaved Africans -Lowlands and plateau’s
  • 4. Founded
    • Georgia —James Oglethorpe
      • First colonist were poor English traders and artisans from Switzerland and Germany
      • Savanna: first settlement
      • Named after King George of England
    • North and South Carolina —The English
      • John Locke
      • Named after King Charles II
      • Became a colony when King Charles II took over England
      • English developed Charlestown in 1670
    • Maryland —English Catholics—1634
      • Lord Baltimore founded
      • Named after Mary, queen of new monarch
    • Virginia —John Smith—became a colony in 1624 when the Virginia company revoked
      • Jamestown: First English settlers
      • Virginia Company—1606
  • 5. Political Structure
      • The first American colonies
        • wealthy gentlemen from southwestern England
        • Jamestown
          • Surrounded by swamps 
      • The Native American colonies
        • divided into 30 tribes
        • Chiefs
          • Chief was Powatan
    • Basic political structure in the colonies of this region
      •   House of Burgesses
        • The first representative body in colonial America
        • Had power to make laws and raise taxes
      • Crown took over Virginia
        • Made it the first royal colony in the English empire
      • Royal Colonies
        • Belonged to the crown
      • Proprietary colonies
        • Belonged to powerful individuals or companies
    • County Government
      • The English’s county government was in Jamestown. Jamestown was in Virginia.
  • 6. Economy
    • Exported sugar , tobacco, cotton, and indigo to England
    • The Triangular Trade
      • Slaves from Africa
      • Exported raw materials
    • Southern Colonies would give:
      • rum to Africa
      • Tobacco, indigo, and rice to Europe
    Cotton Field Indigo Plantation
    • GA:
      • Indigo plantation
      • Household
      • Rice plantation
    • SC:
      • Indigo plantation
      • Household
      • Rice plantation
    • NC:
      • Indigo plantation
      • Household
      • Tobacco plantation
    • VA:
      • Small farm
      • Household
      • Tobacco plantation
      • Workshop
    • MD:
      • Small farm
      • Tobacco plantation
  • 7. Religion
    • Maryland – roman Catholic until 1649
      • now is Anglican – 1691
      • Lord Baltimore brought in Catholics
        • more protestants immigrated then Catholics
    •  
    • Virginia – mostly Anglican
    • also Jewish and Presbyterian areas
    •  
    • North Carolina – Anglican
    • - Presbyterian areas
    •  
    • South Carolina – Anglican
    • - Presbyterian & Jewish areas
    • Georgia – Anglican
    • - Jewish areas
    • majority of population were religious refugees from Switzerland
    • could not drink alcohol or own slaves  
  • 8. Society
    • GA:
      • Indigo plantation
      • Household
      • Rice plantation
    • SC:
      • Indigo plantation
      • Household
      • Rice plantation
    • NC:
      • Indigo plantation
      • Household
      • Tobacco plantation
    • VA:
      • Small farm
      • Household
      • Tobacco plantation
      • Workshop
    • MD:
      • Small farm
      • Tobacco plantation
  • 9. Primary Source
      • First Theater opened in Charlestown, Carolinas: 1736
      • College of William and Mary founded in Williamsburg, Virginia in 1693
      • Virginias first newspaper published in Williamsburg in 1736
      • The Virginia Company: 1606
      • John Rolfe: learned how to cultivate tobacco in Virginia in 1616
      • House of Burgesses: met in Jamestown, Virginia in 1619
        • First representative body in colonial America
        • Made laws and raised taxes
  • 10. Important People
    • - John Smith
    • - a colonist who emerged as a strong leader
    • - English sailor, soldier, and author
    • - leader of a Virginia colony
    • - dated Powhatan’s daughter
    • - Powhatan
    • - ruled 30 tribes in Virginia
    • - dignity, keen mind
    • - Pocahontas was his daughter -chief Algonquins
    • - James Oglethorpe
      • Led the Georgia trustees designed their colony as a haven for English debtors.
      • Set strict rules for colonists
        • Could not drink alcohol
        • Couldn’t own slaves
    • - Lord Baltimore
      • Owned and governed it as a proprietary colony.
      • Founded Maryland as colonial refuge for his fellow catholics
  • 11. WORK CITED
    • K, Kyle and S, Andy. “Colonies of the South.” The Southern Colonies . 21 November, 2000. East Buchanan Middle School. 2 October, 2008.
    • < http://www.east-buc.k12.ia.us/00_01/ca/13cC.htm >
    •  
    • “ The Southern Colonies.” Colonial America. 2 October, 2008. < http://www.mce.k12tn.net/colonial_america/southern_colonies.htm >
    • Atlas =
    • “ The Nystrom Atlas of United States History.” Eds. Betty Franks, Jacqueline Frierson, Robert Hagopian and Arthur Zilversmit. Nystrom; Chicago, Illinois 2000.
    •  
    • Thomas, Robert. “Frost Chart for United States.” The Old Farmers Almanac. 6 October 2008. Yankee Publishing Inc; 2008 New Hampshire. http :// www.almanac.com/garden/frostus.php
    • &quot;Southern Colonies.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 2 Oct 2008, 00:31 UTC. 2 Oct 2008
    • < http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Southern_Colonies&oldid=242380364 >.
    • “ Virginia Company.” Jamestown Rediscovery . 2000. The Association for the Preservation of Virginia
    • Antiquities. October 6, 2008. http://www.apva.org/history/vaco.html

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