In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
“ ” In suits at common law, where the amount of money goes over 20 dollars, the person has the right to a jury and everything learned in the case cannot be brought into another case meaning once the case is over, it’s over. A new case can only start if there is new evidence.
Why It Was Included
This amendment was added to the Constitution so that way everything is fair and that the person that was accused of doing something has their chance to defend themselves. If people are thrown in jail without a trial and they are found out to be innocent a while later, then the people that are accused of something that they didn’t do can file a suit against the court system or the DA’s office.
Now: 1500 dollars or more will be tried with a jury
1500 dollars or less- without a jury
Case cannot be retried without new evidence
US forbids anyone from setting up their own court system. Example: Joe the Plumber’s Court.
What It Means
This amendment preserves the right of the accused to have a fair trial with a jury
Applies to civil cases (two private parties, one bringing a case against the other)
It’s important because juries provide a diversity of opinions in a trial. There’s more than just a judge to decide your verdict.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
“ ” No one can be charged more money than what is appropriate for the crime they are accused of. Cruel and unusal punishment (treating prisoners unfairly) is prohibited. Severity of crime = amount of bail/fines Bail is the amount of money you have to pay in order to leave jail until your trial.
Why It Was Included
This amendment was added to the Constitution because it shows that even though people may or may not have done something wrong, they still have their rights and they can’t be treated unfairly. Large fines or a large bail are inappropriate for a minor crime.
Death penalty (today):
Death penalty (back then):
Being pulled into pieces by horses
Chained down and being a human target
What It Means
It’s important to have this right so that you aren’t forced to pay more than usual for bail or fines, and no inappropriate punishments are inflicted whilst you are in prison.
The death penalty is a controversial issue because some people argue that it violates the rights expressed in this amendment.
States with : states without :: 36 : 14
Louisiana is one of the states with the death penalty.
Minimum age to receive death sentence: sixteen
Death by lethal injection
Murder, rape, treason
The Death Penalty Information Center. “ The Death Penalty.” The Death Penalty Information Center. 12 January 2009. http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org . accessed January 10 2009.
Houghton, Bob. Amendment 7. http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/score_lessons/bill_of_rights/index.htm . 12 January, 2009. <http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/score_lessons/bill_of_rights/media/seven.htm>
Houghton, Bob. Amendment 8. http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/score_lessons/bill_of_rights/index.htm . 12 January 2009. http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/score_lessons/bill_of_rights/media/eight.htm.
Wikipedia Contributors. “The Seventh Amendment” . Wikipedia. 10 January 2009. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seventh_Amendment Accessed 10 January 2009.
Wikipedia Contributors. “The Eighth Amendment”. Wikipedia. 10 January 2009. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eighth_Amendment Accessed 10 January 2009.