Cruwys / Cruse  one-name study and DNA project Presented by Debbie Kennett
 
Background <ul><li>January 2002 started family history research </li></ul><ul><li>February 2006  Cruwys  ONS registered wi...
Surname history <ul><li>'Crocker,  Cruwys , and Coplestone, When the Conqueror came, were at home.'   </li></ul><ul><li>11...
 
 
Surname evolution <ul><li>Cruwys  spelling stabilised from 1684 onwards in Cruwys Morchard parish registers and from early...
The problem of variants England, Wales and Scotland data from Steve Archer’s Surname Atlas.  US census data from www.ances...
Documentary work <ul><li>Active reconstruction from GRO indexes, censuses and parish registers for  Cruwys  and  Cruse </l...
DNA work <ul><li>46 Y-chromosome results </li></ul><ul><li>All tested at 37 markers </li></ul><ul><li>9 tested at 67 marke...
The  Cruwys  story so far <ul><li>Cruwys Morchard tree (haplogroup R1b1b2) </li></ul><ul><li>3  Cruwys , 1 Crewes, 1 Cruis...
UK  Cruse /Crews results <ul><li>Ogbourne St George, Wiltshire </li></ul><ul><li>William Cruse d.1717 (R1b1b2) </li></ul><...
Cruse /Crews/Screws of USA <ul><li>Virginia supergroup (I1) </li></ul><ul><li>11 matches (8 Crews, 3  Cruse ) </li></ul><u...
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Cruwys ONS and DNA project

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This presentation was given at the Guild of One-Name Studies DNA Seminar which took place on 20th February 2010:

http://www.one-name.org/Seminar_Cheltenham_Feb2010.html

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Cruwys ONS and DNA project

  1. 1. Cruwys / Cruse one-name study and DNA project Presented by Debbie Kennett
  2. 3. Background <ul><li>January 2002 started family history research </li></ul><ul><li>February 2006 Cruwys ONS registered with Guild </li></ul><ul><li>May 2006 Guild profile page established (11,500 visits) </li></ul><ul><li>January 2007 started blog (25,500 visits) </li></ul><ul><li>September 2007 started DNA project with my dad as first participant </li></ul><ul><li>November 2007 added Cruse as registered variant </li></ul><ul><li>February 2010 208 ONS correspondents </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook groups for Cruwys (93) and Cruse (109) </li></ul>
  3. 4. Surname history <ul><li>'Crocker, Cruwys , and Coplestone, When the Conqueror came, were at home.' </li></ul><ul><li>1166 Ottuel de Crues held half a fee at Cruwys Morchard, Devon, from Oliver de Tracy of Barnstaple </li></ul><ul><li>Cruwyses have been Lords of the Manor of Cruwys Morchard continuously from c.1200 to the present </li></ul><ul><li>Cruwys family records (c. 2500 documents including manor rolls) dating back to 13th century still held at Cruwys Morchard House </li></ul><ul><li>c.1200 Richard de Cruwes and Alexander de Cruwes signed the Tracy Deed, earliest document in collection </li></ul>
  4. 7. Surname evolution <ul><li>Cruwys spelling stabilised from 1684 onwards in Cruwys Morchard parish registers and from early 1800s elsewhere. </li></ul><ul><li>Variants in parish registers and medieval documents include: Creuse, Crews, Crewse, Crues, Cruis, Cruse , Crusse, Cruwes, Cruze, Cruys </li></ul><ul><li>Cruse spelling stabilised from 1800s onwards. Evolved from Crewes, Crews, Cruce, Crues, Crouse, Cruise, Cruse, Curs, Curse </li></ul><ul><li>Cruse changed to Scruse in one Wiltshire line </li></ul><ul><li>In the US Crew became Crews/ Cruse . Crews evolved to Screws/Scruse. Germanic Gr ü ss Anglicised to Cruse . </li></ul>
  5. 8. The problem of variants England, Wales and Scotland data from Steve Archer’s Surname Atlas. US census data from www.ancestry.com 2015 Cruse 868 Cruse 0 Crewys 14 Crewys 1 Cruwys 84 Cruwys 198 Screws 0 Screws 63 Crowse 9 Crowse 71 Crewse 19 Crewse 237 Cruce 23 Cruce 0 Scruse 48 Scruse 41 Crewes 83 Crewes 691 Cruice 291 Cruice 3914 Crews 530 Crews 7231 TOTAL 1969 TOTAL NUMBER 1880 USA NUMBER 1881 Eng W & S
  6. 9. Documentary work <ul><li>Active reconstruction from GRO indexes, censuses and parish registers for Cruwys and Cruse </li></ul><ul><li>Pedigrees collected and verified for unregistered variants </li></ul><ul><li>All Cruwys GRO BMDs extracted </li></ul><ul><li>1837-2005 </li></ul><ul><li>All Cruse GRO BMDs extracted </li></ul><ul><li>1837-1940 </li></ul><ul><li>Main Cruwys Morchard tree reliably reconstructed back to 1400s and tentatively to 1200s </li></ul><ul><li>Crewes of Cornwall tree researched to 1400s and published by Tom Johns </li></ul><ul><li>Donation of 30+ years of Cruse research from David Cruse </li></ul><ul><li>Key stats </li></ul><ul><li>Cruwys 1837-2005: </li></ul><ul><li>541 births, 421 marriages, </li></ul><ul><li>448 deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Cruse 1837-2005: </li></ul><ul><li>6,221 births, 5,054 marriages, </li></ul><ul><li>2,757 deaths </li></ul><ul><li>130 Cruwys name-bearers in England and Wales in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>1,400 Cruse name bearers in England and Wales in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>16,222 individuals (5105 families) in 73 trees in Family Historian database </li></ul><ul><li>852 individuals (289 families) in 15 trees in separate US FH database </li></ul>
  7. 10. DNA work <ul><li>46 Y-chromosome results </li></ul><ul><li>All tested at 37 markers </li></ul><ul><li>9 tested at 67 markers </li></ul><ul><li>5 deep clade tests </li></ul><ul><li>1 WTY applicant </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment from existing contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment from pre-existing Crews and Cruise projects </li></ul><ul><li>New contacts converted </li></ul><ul><li>Donations used to subsidise tests for targeted lines of interest </li></ul><ul><li>All known variants included </li></ul>Thailand 1 Scruse 1 Scotland 1 Crewes 1 France 1 Screws 2 Canada 4 Cruise 4 Australia 5 Cruwys 7 England 12 Crews 15 USA 22 Cruse 16 Country Surnames
  8. 11. The Cruwys story so far <ul><li>Cruwys Morchard tree (haplogroup R1b1b2) </li></ul><ul><li>3 Cruwys , 1 Crewes, 1 Cruise </li></ul><ul><li>Y-line verified back to John Cruwys b.1449 (35/37, 64/67 markers) </li></ul><ul><li>married 1. Elizabeth Whitley 2. Mary Fraunceys </li></ul><ul><li>Includes PEI branch (all Cruwyses in Canada and USA) </li></ul><ul><li>Cruwys Morchard House not tested – descended through female line George Sharland s/o Harriet Cruwys Royal Licence 1831 </li></ul><ul><li>67-marker match (GD 8-10) with Cruise of Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Oakford tree (haplogroup G) </li></ul><ul><li>Four matches ( 3 Cruwys , 1 Cruse ), three trees, no paper link </li></ul><ul><li>John Cruwys m.1708 Oakford, Devon </li></ul><ul><li>John Cruwys m.1817 Westminster, London (all of Australia) </li></ul><ul><li>John Cruse m.1785 Kilkhampton, Cornwall </li></ul><ul><li>Other Cruwys lines </li></ul><ul><li>One illegitimate line from Witheridge, Devon (R1b1b2) </li></ul><ul><li>Two lines to be tested </li></ul><ul><li>Five lines with apparently no living descendants </li></ul>
  9. 12. UK Cruse /Crews results <ul><li>Ogbourne St George, Wiltshire </li></ul><ul><li>William Cruse d.1717 (R1b1b2) </li></ul><ul><li>Four Cruse matches </li></ul><ul><li>Verified postulated link with Berkshire Cruses </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Cruse shipwreck survivor c.1840 South Africa - 36/37 marker match but no paper link </li></ul><ul><li>Devon Cruses (I2b1) </li></ul><ul><li>Two Cruse matches with unknown paper link: Clovelly (1769) and Ashburton (1795) lines </li></ul><ul><li>8 singletons </li></ul><ul><li>Cruses : 2 Somerset, 3 London, </li></ul><ul><li>1 Liverpool </li></ul><ul><li>Crews: 1 Devon </li></ul><ul><li>Scruse: 1 Wiltshire </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Cruse 1862 death notice </li></ul>
  10. 13. Cruse /Crews/Screws of USA <ul><li>Virginia supergroup (I1) </li></ul><ul><li>11 matches (8 Crews, 3 Cruse ) </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly documented paper trail </li></ul><ul><li>No link yet found with a UK line </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration with pre-existing Crews of USA DNA project </li></ul><ul><li>Michael Jackson line (R1b1b2) </li></ul><ul><li>2 matches (1 Crews and 1 Screws) </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama Scruse/Screws needed to verify Katherine Scruse link </li></ul><ul><li>Other lines </li></ul><ul><li>Crews of Heard County, Georgia, USA (two Crews matches) </li></ul><ul><li>Cruise of Canada (2 Cruise matches) </li></ul><ul><li>4 singletons - 2 with 67 marker matches with other surnames </li></ul>Prince Screws b. 1826 illegitimate son of Benjamin Screws s/o plantation owner Prince Screws b.1878 Alabama Prince Albert Screws b.1907 Alabama Kattie B Screws b1930 Alabama (Katherine Esther Scruse) Michael Jackson b1958 Indiana

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