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Cruwys ONS and DNA project
 

Cruwys ONS and DNA project

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This presentation was given at the Guild of One-Name Studies DNA Seminar which took place on 20th February 2010:

This presentation was given at the Guild of One-Name Studies DNA Seminar which took place on 20th February 2010:

http://www.one-name.org/Seminar_Cheltenham_Feb2010.html

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  • This presentation was given at the Guild of One-Name Studies DNA developments seminar held in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, in February 2010. The full programme can be seen here:

    http://www.one-name.org/Seminar_Cheltenham_Feb2010.html
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    Cruwys ONS and DNA project Cruwys ONS and DNA project Presentation Transcript

    • Cruwys / Cruse one-name study and DNA project Presented by Debbie Kennett
    •  
    • Background
      • January 2002 started family history research
      • February 2006 Cruwys ONS registered with Guild
      • May 2006 Guild profile page established (11,500 visits)
      • January 2007 started blog (25,500 visits)
      • September 2007 started DNA project with my dad as first participant
      • November 2007 added Cruse as registered variant
      • February 2010 208 ONS correspondents
      • Facebook groups for Cruwys (93) and Cruse (109)
    • Surname history
      • 'Crocker, Cruwys , and Coplestone, When the Conqueror came, were at home.'
      • 1166 Ottuel de Crues held half a fee at Cruwys Morchard, Devon, from Oliver de Tracy of Barnstaple
      • Cruwyses have been Lords of the Manor of Cruwys Morchard continuously from c.1200 to the present
      • Cruwys family records (c. 2500 documents including manor rolls) dating back to 13th century still held at Cruwys Morchard House
      • c.1200 Richard de Cruwes and Alexander de Cruwes signed the Tracy Deed, earliest document in collection
    •  
    •  
    • Surname evolution
      • Cruwys spelling stabilised from 1684 onwards in Cruwys Morchard parish registers and from early 1800s elsewhere.
      • Variants in parish registers and medieval documents include: Creuse, Crews, Crewse, Crues, Cruis, Cruse , Crusse, Cruwes, Cruze, Cruys
      • Cruse spelling stabilised from 1800s onwards. Evolved from Crewes, Crews, Cruce, Crues, Crouse, Cruise, Cruse, Curs, Curse
      • Cruse changed to Scruse in one Wiltshire line
      • In the US Crew became Crews/ Cruse . Crews evolved to Screws/Scruse. Germanic Gr ü ss Anglicised to Cruse .
    • The problem of variants England, Wales and Scotland data from Steve Archer’s Surname Atlas. US census data from www.ancestry.com 2015 Cruse 868 Cruse 0 Crewys 14 Crewys 1 Cruwys 84 Cruwys 198 Screws 0 Screws 63 Crowse 9 Crowse 71 Crewse 19 Crewse 237 Cruce 23 Cruce 0 Scruse 48 Scruse 41 Crewes 83 Crewes 691 Cruice 291 Cruice 3914 Crews 530 Crews 7231 TOTAL 1969 TOTAL NUMBER 1880 USA NUMBER 1881 Eng W & S
    • Documentary work
      • Active reconstruction from GRO indexes, censuses and parish registers for Cruwys and Cruse
      • Pedigrees collected and verified for unregistered variants
      • All Cruwys GRO BMDs extracted
      • 1837-2005
      • All Cruse GRO BMDs extracted
      • 1837-1940
      • Main Cruwys Morchard tree reliably reconstructed back to 1400s and tentatively to 1200s
      • Crewes of Cornwall tree researched to 1400s and published by Tom Johns
      • Donation of 30+ years of Cruse research from David Cruse
      • Key stats
      • Cruwys 1837-2005:
      • 541 births, 421 marriages,
      • 448 deaths
      • Cruse 1837-2005:
      • 6,221 births, 5,054 marriages,
      • 2,757 deaths
      • 130 Cruwys name-bearers in England and Wales in 2002
      • 1,400 Cruse name bearers in England and Wales in 2002
      • 16,222 individuals (5105 families) in 73 trees in Family Historian database
      • 852 individuals (289 families) in 15 trees in separate US FH database
    • DNA work
      • 46 Y-chromosome results
      • All tested at 37 markers
      • 9 tested at 67 markers
      • 5 deep clade tests
      • 1 WTY applicant
      • Recruitment from existing contacts
      • Recruitment from pre-existing Crews and Cruise projects
      • New contacts converted
      • Donations used to subsidise tests for targeted lines of interest
      • All known variants included
      Thailand 1 Scruse 1 Scotland 1 Crewes 1 France 1 Screws 2 Canada 4 Cruise 4 Australia 5 Cruwys 7 England 12 Crews 15 USA 22 Cruse 16 Country Surnames
    • The Cruwys story so far
      • Cruwys Morchard tree (haplogroup R1b1b2)
      • 3 Cruwys , 1 Crewes, 1 Cruise
      • Y-line verified back to John Cruwys b.1449 (35/37, 64/67 markers)
      • married 1. Elizabeth Whitley 2. Mary Fraunceys
      • Includes PEI branch (all Cruwyses in Canada and USA)
      • Cruwys Morchard House not tested – descended through female line George Sharland s/o Harriet Cruwys Royal Licence 1831
      • 67-marker match (GD 8-10) with Cruise of Ireland
      • Oakford tree (haplogroup G)
      • Four matches ( 3 Cruwys , 1 Cruse ), three trees, no paper link
      • John Cruwys m.1708 Oakford, Devon
      • John Cruwys m.1817 Westminster, London (all of Australia)
      • John Cruse m.1785 Kilkhampton, Cornwall
      • Other Cruwys lines
      • One illegitimate line from Witheridge, Devon (R1b1b2)
      • Two lines to be tested
      • Five lines with apparently no living descendants
    • UK Cruse /Crews results
      • Ogbourne St George, Wiltshire
      • William Cruse d.1717 (R1b1b2)
      • Four Cruse matches
      • Verified postulated link with Berkshire Cruses
      • Henry Cruse shipwreck survivor c.1840 South Africa - 36/37 marker match but no paper link
      • Devon Cruses (I2b1)
      • Two Cruse matches with unknown paper link: Clovelly (1769) and Ashburton (1795) lines
      • 8 singletons
      • Cruses : 2 Somerset, 3 London,
      • 1 Liverpool
      • Crews: 1 Devon
      • Scruse: 1 Wiltshire
      • Henry Cruse 1862 death notice
    • Cruse /Crews/Screws of USA
      • Virginia supergroup (I1)
      • 11 matches (8 Crews, 3 Cruse )
      • Poorly documented paper trail
      • No link yet found with a UK line
      • Collaboration with pre-existing Crews of USA DNA project
      • Michael Jackson line (R1b1b2)
      • 2 matches (1 Crews and 1 Screws)
      • Alabama Scruse/Screws needed to verify Katherine Scruse link
      • Other lines
      • Crews of Heard County, Georgia, USA (two Crews matches)
      • Cruise of Canada (2 Cruise matches)
      • 4 singletons - 2 with 67 marker matches with other surnames
      Prince Screws b. 1826 illegitimate son of Benjamin Screws s/o plantation owner Prince Screws b.1878 Alabama Prince Albert Screws b.1907 Alabama Kattie B Screws b1930 Alabama (Katherine Esther Scruse) Michael Jackson b1958 Indiana