Vrihi: An Effort to ConserveFolk Rice VarietiesDr. Debal DebCentre for Interdisciplinary StudiesBarrackporewww.cintdis.org...
MASSIVE EROSION OF FOLK CROPGENETIC DIVERSITY• West Bengal had over 5,550 Rice landraces until1975.• Over 5,200 of these v...
In Situ Conservation ofFolk Crop Genetic Diversity● Vrihi was founded in 1997● Works on the principle of Local Ex SituSeed...
Accession and In Situ Conservation● Vrihi has a collection of 920 DistinctTraditional Varieties – the largest ineastern In...
AMAZING FARMER INNOVATIONSJugal: The Double-Grain Rice
AMAZING FARMER INNOVATIONSSateen: The Three-Grain Rice
On-Farm Research in Agroecology* Agrobiodiversity Documentation*  Enumeration of Pests and Predators in Different Afgroeco...
Rice Farm Food Web
Publications from Vrihis Research1. 1994. Industrial vs Ecological Agriculture (RFSTE,New Delhi)2. 1995. Seeds of Traditio...
Vrihis Recognition1. Circolo Culturale Ambientescienze (Cremona,Italy) recognized Vrihi as ”Conservator of GlobalSignifica...
From Negligence to Plagiarism1. The W.B. State Agriculture Directorateconsidered Vrihis effort to be of no significance.2....
Photo of JugalReplica (L)Original (R)
Photo of SateenReplica (L) Original (R)
Photos of Jugal and Sateen (Original)
Vrihi
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Vrihi

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Vrihi (Sanskrit for "rice") is India's largest non-governmental rice seed bank for farmers. Founded in 1997, Vrihi now has over 1000 accessions of 940 rice landraces. Each variety is grown on Vrihi farm in Oridha. Genetic purity of each landrace is maintained by preventing cross-pollination.

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Vrihi

  1. 1. Vrihi: An Effort to ConserveFolk Rice VarietiesDr. Debal DebCentre for Interdisciplinary StudiesBarrackporewww.cintdis.org/Vrihi.html
  2. 2. MASSIVE EROSION OF FOLK CROPGENETIC DIVERSITY• West Bengal had over 5,550 Rice landraces until1975.• Over 5,200 of these varieties were shipped toIRRI between 1965-75.• Our intensive search over the past 11 years haverecovered only 640 landraces.• The extant varieties include:FLOOD-TOLERANT, DROUGHT-TOLERANT, SALT-TOLERANT, AROMATIC AND MEDICINAL VARIETIES.
  3. 3. In Situ Conservation ofFolk Crop Genetic Diversity● Vrihi was founded in 1997● Works on the principle of Local Ex SituSeed Bank● Distributes seeds to Farmers for Free● Expands Seeds Exchange Network● Documents Varietal Characteristics of EachLandrace following INGER Guidelines
  4. 4. Accession and In Situ Conservation● Vrihi has a collection of 920 DistinctTraditional Varieties – the largest ineastern India.● Includes rare and unique germplasm –like salt-tolerant varieties, flood tolerantvarieties and drought tolerant varieties.● Each Landrace has been characterisedand documented.
  5. 5. AMAZING FARMER INNOVATIONSJugal: The Double-Grain Rice
  6. 6. AMAZING FARMER INNOVATIONSSateen: The Three-Grain Rice
  7. 7. On-Farm Research in Agroecology* Agrobiodiversity Documentation*  Enumeration of Pests and Predators in Different Afgroecosystems* Study of Agronomic Consequences of Farm Micro­habitat Diversity Enhancement*  Study on Food Web Structural Complexity*  Estimation of Eoclogiucal Resilience of Agroecosystems* Experiments with Different Cultivation Systems (Mulching, Cover Crops, Types of Composting, SRI etc.)
  8. 8. Rice Farm Food Web
  9. 9. Publications from Vrihis Research1. 1994. Industrial vs Ecological Agriculture (RFSTE,New Delhi)2. 1995. Seeds of Tradition, Seeds of Future: Folk RiceVarieties of Eastern India (RFSTE, New Delhi)3. 2009. ”Valuing folk crop varieties for agroecology andfood security” Bioscience Resource 10: 7-12.4. 2009. ”Biodiversity and complexity of rice farmecosystems: An empirical assessment” Open EcologyJournal 2: 112-129.5. 2010. ”Two unique rice varieties from West Bengal”Seed Research 43 (forthcoming)
  10. 10. Vrihis Recognition1. Circolo Culturale Ambientescienze (Cremona,Italy) recognized Vrihi as ”Conservator of GlobalSignificance” (2007)2. FAO recognized Vrihis effort as ”One of the bestexamples of crop genetic diversity conservationthrough community effort” (2008)3. PVPFRA, endowed Vrihi with the National PlantGenome Saviour Award (2009)
  11. 11. From Negligence to Plagiarism1. The W.B. State Agriculture Directorateconsidered Vrihis effort to be of no significance.2. The Director even told in 2000 that effort toconserve traditional crop varieties was futile,unscientific, and anti-progress.3. In 2008 and 2009, the Director reproducedtext and photographs from my copyrighted book,without acknowledgement and citation, andpuboished them as his own work.
  12. 12. Photo of JugalReplica (L)Original (R)
  13. 13. Photo of SateenReplica (L) Original (R)
  14. 14. Photos of Jugal and Sateen (Original)

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