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Post fire procedures

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    Post fire procedures Post fire procedures Presentation Transcript

    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR CONDUCTING LIVE FIRE TRAINING EVOLUTIONS & POST-FIRE PROCEDURES
    • TEMINAL PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES The student shall demonstrate the ability to lead groups of firefighters during live structure fire control training evolutions.
    • ENABLING OBJECTIVES
      • Identify and describe instructor traits and attitudes that may impact his/her ability to communicate with students.
      • Demonstrate the ability to conduct a settee.
      • Demonstrate the ability to lead firefighters during a one-room-and-contents fire attack.
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • ENABLING OBJECTIVES
      • Demonstrate the ability to lead firefighters during a two-rooms-and-contents fire attack.
      • Demonstrate the ability to lead firefighters during an above-grade fire attack.
      • Demonstrate the ability to lead firefighters during a below-grade fire attack.
      • Describe and demonstrate appropriate post-burn procedures for acquired structures.
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR TRAITS & ATTITUDES STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
      • -Must be able to maintain control of themselves & their students
      • -Must demonstrate the ability to get correct information across to each student
        • -Comfortable talking to people
        • -Help each student understand the information
        • -Don’t overwhelm your students
        • -Give them the best training you
        • would want
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR TRAITS & ATTITUDES
      • The SFCI shall be well versed in fire behavior and techniques for controlling structural fires
        • Be prepared
        • Instructing is more than just leading a group into the building
        • Use provided teaching points to aid students
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR THINGS TO PREPARE FOR
      • Student Disposition
        • Are they able to complete the burn evolution?
        • Are they showing signs of impending medical or emotional problems?
        • Do they have the proper training to complete the exercise?
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR THINGS TO PREPARE FOR
      • Fire Conditions
        • Are the conditions untenable for the students?
        • Have building conditions changed since the start of the evolution?
      • Student Accountability
        • Where are your students?
        • Do you have all of your group members?
        • Stay with your students in and out of the building
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR THINGS TO PREPARE FOR
      • Building Layout and Setup
        • Where are the fire sets located?
        • What are the emergency escape locations?
        • What are the emergency exit warning signals?
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR AVOID INSTRUCTOR PITFALLS
    • INSTRUCTOR PITFALLS UNTENABLE BUILDING CONDITIONS
      • Fire sets should be no larger than the building can withstand
      • Acquired structures can flashover
      • Extreme heat can cause serious injury or even death
      • Excessive heat can damage equipment
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • INSTRUCTOR PITFALLS DEALING WITH STUDENTS MISTAKES
      • Yelling at a student doesn’t create positive behavior changes
        • Causes student to have bad experience
        • May encourage them not to attend future training activities
      • Take a break if you are upset:
        • Go to the command post and discuss error with IC or Ops Officer
      • Meet with the team or individual later to discuss the evolution
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • INSTRUCTOR PITFALLS DEALING WITH STUDENTS MISTAKES POST-FIRE CRITIQUE
      • Ask students to tell you:
        • what went right
        • what went wrong
      • Always give students positive feedback
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • INSTRUCTOR PITFALLS DEALING WITH STUDENTS MISTAKES
      • Don’t demean a student or group of students
        • makes you look bad
        • people will lose respect for you
      • Most students will look to you as a professional instructor
        • their actions will hinge on your every word
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • INSTRUCTOR PITFALLS DEALING WITH STUDENTS MISTAKES
      • Always present the “model” example
      • Your actions will reflect in your students
      • Avoid excessive taunting of other instructors if they must exit and evolution ( may prompt person to work beyond their limits )
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL EVOLUTIONS
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL EVOLUTIONS A structure fire control class is usually made up of several evolutions that allow students the opportunity to operate as members of a team to control one-room-and-contents & two-rooms-and-contents fires.
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL EVOLUTIONS
      • Drills allow students ample opportunities to:
        • Operate the nozzle
        • Work in supporting roles
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL EVOLUTIONS
      • Settee
      • One-room-and-contents fire
      • Two-rooms-and-contents fire
      • Above-grade fire
      • Below-grade fire
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS SETTEE (LIVE FIRE BEHAVIOR)
      • All participants wear full PPE
        • Students shall hook up air when directed by instructor
        • Students shall remain in all PPE through-out the evolution
      • Bring students into large room
        • May have to do two settees to accommodate number of students
      • Ensure students are aware of escape plan
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS SETTEE (LIVE FIRE BEHAVIOR)
      • Limit fire load (5-7 pallets) so:
        • Injuries are prevented
        • Equipment is not damaged
      • ISO ensures fire load limits
      • Instructor reviews basic fire behavior
        • Stages of fire
        • Thermal layering
        • Heat transmission
        • Flashover/backdraft conditions
        • States of fuel
        • Products of combustion
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS SETTEE (LIVE FIRE BEHAVIOR)
      • Discuss nozzle control techniques
      • Ensure everyone’s air is connected before lighting fire
      • All non-essential personnel must leave
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS SETTEE (LIVE FIRE BEHAVIOR)
        • Ignition phase development
        • Growth phase development
        • Conditions that lead to flashover & fully developed phase
        • Conditions that lead to decay phase
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
      • Once fire is started, point out:
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS SETTEE (LIVE FIRE BEHAVIOR)
      • Have experienced instructor operate nozzle
      • Students are taught to use straight stream
      • Check for extension in acquired structure
      • Students exit after settee
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS ONE-ROOM-AND-CONTENTS
      • Student enters room with instructor & extinguishes small fire set
      • Discuss fire characteristics
      • Be aware of group members physical & emotional condition
      • Ensure each group member completes task
      • Students should attack this fire on your command.
      • Take time and teach, allow for to rebuild if necessary.
      • While staged for this, discuss initial line placement and caution about correctly checking nozzle and not crawling under fire.
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS TWO-ROOMS-AND-CONTENTS
      • Burn buildings only
      • Student enters first room with instructor & extinguishes fire
      • Backs out after knockdown
      • Each group member must complete evolution
      • Be aware of group members physical & emotional condition
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS TWO-ROOMS-AND-CONTENTS
      • Ensure each group member completes task
      • Students should now begin to attack fire at their own discretion. Just coach them.
      • While staged for this, discuss reading smoke
      • Also, discuss the need for a line to be placed to protect the stairwell.
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS ABOVE-GRADE FIRE
      • Only in buildings designed to handle these fires
      • Advance up stairs or ladder
      • Student enters room with instructor & extinguishes fire
      • Each group member must complete evolution
      • Be aware of group members physical & emotional condition
      • Ensure each group member completes task
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS BELOW-GRADE FIRE
      • Only in buildings designed to handle these fires
      • Advance down stairs
      • Student enters room with instructor & extinguishes fire
      • Each group member must complete evolution
      • Be aware of group members physical condition
      • Ensure each group member completes task
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS Class-A Burn Building Overhaul
      • Prior to clean-up (overhaul) the I.C. shall ensure the following:
        • All fire are extinguished
        • Building conditions are tenable
        • All instructors and students are in the appropriate PPE
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS Class-B Burn Building Evolutions
      • Class B Buildings use the same evolutions as other structural burns
      • Fire in controlled either by sensors or prop operator
      • Instructor must be able to paint a visual picture to students and relate the difference between evolutions and Class A fire
      • Can be a safe and effective teaching tool if used properly
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
      • Prior burning down the structure the IC shall ensure the following:
        • Minimum hand lines are in place on the exterior of the structure.
          • 4- 1.75” Hand lines
          • 2- 2.5” Hand lines
        • Sufficient personnel in place to operate the hand lines
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS Acquired Structure Burn Down
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
        • Instructor shall ensure that each line is operated only when necessary.
        • Ensure that exposures are protected
        • Instructor assigned to each hand line
          • This includes other structures
          • Power lines
          • Apparatus and equipment
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS Acquired Structure Burn Down
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS Acquired Structure Burn Down
        • The instructor shall talk to the team about the following conditions:
          • Smoke and Fire Conditions
          • Flashover Recognition
          • Structural Integrity
          • Exposure Protection
          • Defensive Operations
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURAL FIRE CONTROL TRAINING EVOLUTIONS
      • Each group leader has the responsibility of safety for their team
      • The team leader shall be a qualified instructor in live fire evolutions
      • Instructor & student free-lancing will not be tolerated
      • Instructors must keep up with evolution rotations
      • Always be prepared for the worse case scenario and the small stuff will be easily handled
      • Instructors need to stay with their groups and discuss teaching points throughout the day
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • POST-BURN PROCEDURES
      • Account for all personnel
      • Overhaul remaining fires
      • Inspect building for stability/hazards
      • Prepare records & reports
      • Release property back to owner
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • REVIEW ENABLING OBJECTIVES
      • We have identified and described instructor traits and attitudes that may impact his/her ability to communicate with students.
      • We have demonstrated the ability to conduct a settee.
      • We have demonstrated the ability to lead firefighters during a one-room-and-contents fire attack.
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • REVIEW ENABLING OBJECTIVES
      • We have demonstrated the ability to lead firefighters during a two-rooms-and-contents fire attack.
      • We have demonstrated the ability to lead firefighters during an above-grade fire attack.
      • We have demonstrated the ability to lead firefighters during a below-grade fire attack.
      • We have described & demonstrated appropriate post-burn procedures for acquired structures.
      STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR
    • STRUCTURE FIRE CONTROL INSTRUCTOR END OF SECTION ON CONDUCTING LIVE FIRE TRAINING EVOLUTIONS & POST-FIRE PROCEDURES