After Coulibri burns down, her brother dies, and her mother goes mad, Antoinette ends up in a convent school in Spanish Town, Jamaica.INITIAL SITUATION
CONFLICT After a month of courtship, Antoinette marries Rochester. We know its odd to describe a marriage as a conflict, but in Antoinettes turbulent world, marriage is an incredibly fraught thing. Marriage isnt a union of two people in love, but a financial arrangement manufactured by her stepfather and her stepbrother. Instead of insuring her security, her apparently well-intentioned stepfathers goal, Antoinettes wealth is signed over to Rochester, thus resulting in her loss of economic freedom. To be fair, Rochester in the beginning seems to have some genuine feeling for Antoinette – remember the part where he promises to trust her if she trusts him? But whether this promise can withstand all the baggage they bring into the relationship…well, thats why their marriage is a conflict.
Rochester receives a nasty letter from Daniel Cosway/Boyd, Antoinettes alleged stepbrother, who claims all kinds of awful things about Antoinette and her family.COMPLICATION
CLIMAX Antoinette slips Rochester some voodoo Viagra, but it works a little too well – after sleeping with Antoinette, Rochester beds her maid.
SUSPENSE Distraught, Antoinette runs away to Christophines, and, when she returns, she has an ugly quarrel with Rochester. The climax, or climaxes, of the novel generate(s) a series of reactions that worsen the situation. Instead of talking things over reasonably, everyone – Antoinette, Rochester, and to a lesser degree Christophine – seems to feed off each others volatile emotions until they become lost in a blazing mess of acrimony. In such a state, neither Antoinette nor Rochester seems able to distinguish love from hate, and they both alternate between fiery rage and icy calm. Its difficult to know who to believe or who to sympathize with at this point.
DENOUOMENT Rochester decides to ship Antoinette back to his manor in England. Rochester has Antoinette declared insane, ships her back to England, and locks her up in his attic. Confining her in this way is really only finishing off geographically what hes done to her on a physical and emotional level. Having already appropriated her fortune, he now lays claim to her entire person, symbolically indicated by the fact that he re-names her "Bertha." In Part III, Antoinettes narrative reflects this loss of self through her constant questioning of who and where she is.
CONCLUSION Antoinette has a dream where she sets fire to the entire house. When she wakes up, she escapes from her attic room and walks down a dark hallway by candlelight. While it may seem that the novel concludes with Antoinettes setting fire to Thornfield Hall, technically its only in her dream where she sets fire to the house. The novel actually ends with Antoinette waking up from her dream and walking down a "dark passage." Its true that she says that she finally knows what she has to do, but she never specifies what this mysterious task is. For a fuller discussion of the ending, see our "Whats Up with the Ending?" But lets just note here that the open-endedness of the ending seems fitting for a novel that has been driven by conflicting perspectives, a novel that has never given us readers the "truth" of what happened from an impartial or omniscient point of view. No one in the novel is exempt from its relentless perspectival clashing, not even the seemingly cool and calculating Rochester, and the novel isnt about to let us off the hook either.
TRAGEDY PLOTAnticipation Stage Dream Stage Frustration Stage Nightmare Stage Destruction or Death Wish Stage
After a difficult childhood, Antoinette comes of agein a convent school, where all the sermons aboutthe blessed life after death make her wonderwhether happiness is possible in this life.ANTICIPATION STAGE
Antoinette seems to have foundhappiness through a sexually satisfyingrelationship with her newhusband, Rochester.DREAM STAGE
Antoinettes marriage soon sours when Rochesterreceives a letter filled with malicious gossip fromDaniel Cosway/Boyd.FRUSTRATION STAGE
Convinced that sex is the only way to getRochester to love her, Antoinette slips Rochester avoodoo aphrodisiac, but he gets violently ill, andsleeps with her maid.NIGHTMARE STAGE
To retaliate, Antoinette flirts with a number ofmen and has an affair with Sandi Cosway.Rochester has her declared insane and confinesher to an attic room in his English manor, whereshe ultimately escapes with dreams of burningdown the house and everyone in it.Destruction or DeathWish Stage
THREE ACT ANALYSIS PLOTPart Part Part 1 11 111
THREE ACT ANALYSIS PLOTAct IAfter a troubled childhood and adolescence, Antoinette meetsand marries Edward Rochester.Act IIWhile their honeymoon is passionate at first, it cools drasticallywhen Rochester receives a letter containing malicious gossipabout Antoinette. It becomes downright frigid when Antoinettedrugs Rochester and Rochester sleeps with Antoinettes maid.Act IIIRochester hides Antoinette away in his estate in England, butshe escapes with murderous dreams of setting fire to the wholeplace.
Antoinette - The daughter of ex-slave ownersand the storys principal character, based onthe madwoman Bertha from CharlotteBrontës gothic novel Jane Eyre. Antoinette isa sensitive and lonely young Creole girl whogrows up with neither her mothers love norher peers companionship. In a conventschool as a young woman, Antoinettebecomes increasingly introspective andisolated, showing the early signs of herinherited emotional fragility. Her arrangedmarriage to an unsympathetic and controllingEnglish gentleman exacerbates her conditionand pushes her to fits of violence. Eventuallyher husband brings her to England and locksher in his attic, assigning a servant woman towatch over her. Delusional and paranoid,Antoinette awakes from a vivid dream andsets out to burn down the house.
Rochester - Antoinettes English husbandwho, though never named in the novel,narrates at least a third of the story.Rochester, the youngest son of a wealthyEnglishman, travels to the West Indies forfinancial independence, as his older brotherwill inherit his fathers estate. WhenRochester arrives in Spanish Town he comesdown with a fever almost immediately. He ispressured into marrying Antoinette, althoughhe has only just met her and knows nothingof her family. He soon realizes the mistake hehas made when he and Antoinettehoneymoon on one of the Windward Islands.Eventually, they abandon the Caribbeanlifestyle Rochester has come to abhor. Theymove back to England, where he locks hisderanged wife in an upstairs garret.
Christophine - A servantgiven to Annette as a weddingpresent by her first husband,Alexander Cosway.Christophine, like her mistress,comes from Martinique and istherefore treated as an outsiderby the Jamaican servantwomen. A wise and agelessfigure, Christophine is loyal toboth Annette and her daughter,and she exercises an unspokenauthority within the household.Christophine practices obeah, aCaribbean black magic, withwhich she tries to helpAntoinette regain first herhusbands love and then hersanity.
MINOR CHARACTER ANNETTE MR. MASON AUNT CORAALEXANDER SANDY AMELIE COSWAY COSWAY DANIEL RICHARD TIA COSWAY MASON PIERRE
PROTAGONIST Antoinette is clearly the character around which the novels eventsrevolve. Her first-person narratives in Parts I, II, and III frame Rochesters and Grace Pooles narratives.
Antagonist Rochester While Antoinette encounters a lot of hostility in the novel, none really matches the drubbing she gets from Rochester. The fact that he makes passionate love to her in the beginning only magnifies the hurt he inflicts after he receives the damning letter from Daniel Cosway/Boyd. And did we mention that he locks her up in his attic? Christophine From Antoinettes childhood on, Christophine serves as a source of comfort and some pretty solid relationship advice. Her behavior at times, however, does call into question how pure her intentions really are.
Tia to Antoinette Antoinette refers to Tia in Parts I and III as her reflection. Despite their racial differences, Tia represents how Antoinette, as a Creole, identifies more strongly with the black Caribbean community than with white society.
SETTING • Coulibri, near Spanish1830s Town, Jamaica • Granbois, near1840s Massacre, Dominica - • Thornfield Hall
MAIN THEMES RACEMORTALITY IDENTITY LOVE LANGUAGE
Race Race is absolutely integral to the way that the characters understand themselves and their place in society. Some writers and scholar claim that Rhys’s Wide Sagasso Sea portrays black characters as flat stereotypes – child –like, primitive, animalistic. We might consider how everything is told from a character’s expectations about race are tested by the novel itself, particularly with a Creole character such as Antoinette, who alternately identifies with both white and black communities.
Identity While Antoinette’s constant questioning of who she is takes center stage, many of the other characters in Wide Sargasso Sea also struggle to make sense of their identities during the tumultuous historical period described in the novel. Character must navigate challenges to the ways that race, gender and class their affect their identities. Their mental states are often altered due to illness, alcohol, narcotics, or even oboeh. Often, other characters serve as mirrors or doubles who reveal unexpected desires and commonalities, as Tia does for Antoinette.
Language and Communication Language in Wide Sargasso sea isn’t just medium for communicating thought s and feelings but a social force that actually shapes the fates of the characters. It marks a character’s place in society, as when the black characters use a dialect of English that sounds broken or even obscene to the white characters. It can signal the introduction of a foreign or exotic element, as when Christophine speaks in patois, a dialect of French spoken in the Carribean.
LOVE Romantic love inn the novel is constantly thwarted by all the baggage the characters bring into their relationship, including their past histories and their ideas about race, gender, and class. Antoinette is not necessarily exempt from the same kind of racism that marks Rochester’s attitude toward herself and Amelie, as her relationship with Sandi Cosway shows.
MORTALITY Death for Antoinette and Rochester become a potent metaphor for all of he ways in which selves can be lost, transformed, or destroyed. The novel plays on the literary tradition of equating death with orgasm in order to suggest how sex between the characters can be a form of control, rather than pleasure. The novel is also littered with people who act like zombies, beings that are both alive and dead, and ghosts, beings that neither alive nor dead.
MINOR THEMES THE VERSION- CONTRASSUPERNA POWER S OF -TING -TURAL REALITY REGION
MORAL VALUES • Antoinette loves Rochester sincerely. • Even they just know each other, sheSincerity accept his proposal. • She also always try to comfort him. • The trouble they had face, make them realize to become honest with eachHonesty other. • Antoinette tell Rochester everything about her mother madness. • Antoinette such a blissful girl, she patient with the person around her that hate her.Patient • She know everything about what other people say to her mother and family.
MORAL VALUES • At first, Antoinette and Rochester respect each other.Respect • After Rochester know about Annette, he starts to make distance with Antoinette. • Antoinette is loyal towards Rochester. • Christophine asks her to leave RochesterLoyalty and find another man, but she refused because her loves towards Rochester. • Antoinette is a kind person, because she always tries to satisfy Rochester heart.Kindness • She tries to persuade him when there misunderstanding between them.
MORAL VALUES • Christophine love Antoinette. Because of that she always help her and support her. Helping • when Antoinette sad with Rochester behaviors, Christohpine help her to make obeah. • Christophine protect Antoinette and family for ages. • When other people tried to bulliedProtective them, she used her influence in community to defend them.