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  • 1. The perfect tense(Le Passé Composé) 1- Use and formation 2- Perfect with Avoir 3- Perfect with Etre 4-Time expressions V. Passerat
  • 2. 1-Use and formation• This tense is used to describe a single completed action in the past.• It needs 2 parts: the auxiliary verb (avoir or être in the present) and the past participle. V. Passerat
  • 3. Regular past participles• The past participle of a verb is the form that generally corresponds to the –ed ending in English (played, changed, finished…)• -ER verbs end in –é (manger mangé)• -RE verbs end in –u (vendre vendu)• -IR verbs end in –i (finir fini) V. Passerat
  • 4. 2-Avoir verbs• Most verbs use the auxiliary avoir .• The endings always stay the same. -ER -RE -IR REGARDER VENDRE FINIRJ’ai regardé vendu finiTu as regardé vendu finiIl, Elle, On a regardé vendu finiNous avons regardé vendu finiVous avez regardé vendu finiIls, Elles ont regardé vendu fini V. Passerat
  • 5. Irregular past participlesAvoir (j’ai eu/I had), être (j’ai été/I was),faire (j’ai fait/I did), peindre (j’ai peint/I painted).Ending in “it”: Ending in “ert”:dire (j’ai dit/I said) offrir (j’ai offert/I offered)écrire (j’ai écrit/I wrote) ouvrir (j’ai ouvert/I opened)Ending in “is”:mettre (j’ai mis/I put)prendre (j’ai pris/I took)promettre (j’ai promis/I promised)remettre (j’ai remis/I put back), V. Passerat
  • 6. Ending in “u”:boire (j’ai bu/I drank), connaître (j’ai connu/Iknew),courir (j’ai couru/I ran), devoir (j’ai dû/I had to),disparaître (j’ai disparu/I disappeared), lire (j’ailu/read), pleuvoir (il a plu/It rained), pouvoir (j’aipu/I could), recevoir (j’ai reçu/I received), savoir(j’ai su/I knew), tenir (j’ai tenu/I held), vivre (j’aivécu/I lived), voir (j’ai vu/I saw), vouloir (j’ai voulu/Iwanted). V. Passerat
  • 7. 3- Etre verbs• There are some verbs that use the auxiliary être.• In that case, the past participle agrees with the subject (masculine, feminine, singular or plural endings). V. Passerat
  • 8. -ER -RE -IR ALLER DESCENDRE PARTIRJe suis allé(e) descendu(e) parti(e)Tu es allé(e) descendu(e) parti(e)Il,Elle, On est allé(e) descendu(e) parti(e)Nous sommes allé(e)s descendu(e)s parti(e)sVous êtes allé(e)(s) descendu(e)(s) parti(e)(s)Ils, Elles sont allé(e)s descendu(e)s parti(e)s V. Passerat
  • 9. List of Etre verbs• Monter (to go up) monté(e)(s)• Rester (to stay) resté(e)(s)• Venir (to come) venu(e)(s)• Arriver (to arrive) arrivé(e)(s)• Naître (to be born) né(e)(s)• Sortir (to go out) sorti(e)(s)• Tomber (to fall) tombé(e)(s)• Rester (to stay) resté(e)(s)• Aller (to go) allé(e)(s)• Mourir (to die) mort(e)(s)• Partir (to leave) parti(e)(s)• Entrer (to enter) entré(e)(s)• Descendre (to get off/go down) descendu(e)(s) V. Passerat
  • 10. Reflexive verbs• All reflexive verbs use the auxiliary être in the perfect tense. Se lever (to get up) Je me suis levé(e) Tu t’es levé(e) Il,Elle,On s’est levé(e) Nous nous sommes levé(e)s Vous vous êtes levé(e)(s) Ils,Elles se sont levé(e)s V. Passerat
  • 11. 4- Time expressions• L’année dernière (last year)• Avant-hier (the day before yesterday)• Hier (yesterday)• Hier matin/soir (yesterday morning/evening)• Pendant les dernières vacances (during the last holidays)• La semaine dernière (last week)• Le week-end dernier (last week-end) V. Passerat