MAZ ETHIOPIA TOUR- Booklet eng-By Dawit Solomon
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MAZ ETHIOPIA TOUR- Booklet eng-By Dawit Solomon MAZ ETHIOPIA TOUR- Booklet eng-By Dawit Solomon Presentation Transcript

  • 20 Our Vehicles Address: Our office located on our building ,Bole on the road 500m from Olympia to Meskel flower , in front of BGM hospital. Office: +251-115-510508 Fax: +251-115-572289 P.o.box: 56 Code: 1110 E-mail: info@mazethiopiatour.com / book@mazethiopiatour.com Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Contact in Germany : schewa@ethio-travel.com www.mazethiopiatour.com Www.mazethiopiatrading.com Design : Dawit Solomon : Tel: +251-913-066990 Maz Ethiopia Tour Payment and Custumer Satisfaction Guaranted !! ” Visit Ethiopia and be seven years younger ” Maz Ethiopia Tour Operation “ Travel with an Adventure Spirit !” Well Come !Well Come !
  • 2 Background Information : Maz Ethiopia Tour: is one of a privately owned national tour op- erator established in the year 2009 G.C. The name “MAZ” refers to the first three letters of the name of the owner Mr. Mazengia and has a complementary meaning in Hamer tribes, when a young boy tries to jump lined bulls to show that they are old enough to get married. In this jumping process his relatives will help him in holding the bulls, and they call it “MAZ”. We are expressing the motto of Ethiopia “a land of 13 months of sunshine”. Where our head office located on our building in Addis Ababa Bole Olympia, 500m from Olympia towards Meskel flower and work with the local community at the destinations to ad- dress globally demanded that tourism should be “pro-poor” to ensure the existence of sustainable environment, social, cultural values and mutual share of economical bene- fits. We have sister companies engaged in hotel service (Yabello motel), Yordanos Teshale Car Importer , Fuel station (Yabello and Shashemene), and Maz Gemstones Exporter . The staffs are qualified holders of , BA in Tourism Management and Ecotourism with long years of experience, well acquainted to the country’s, indigenous natural, social and culture values, and share an extensive knowledge, maintaining the utmost respect of customers for mutual benefit and carry responsible tour operations. Our unlimited service includes: Maz Ethiopia Tour offers a variety choice of well designed tailored or package tours based on individual and/or group requests. Nature Based Tours , Ethiopia’s land formation is in between from the earth’s lowest point -125 meters to the highest mountain peak 4,600 meter: the highest in the country and the fourth highest in Africa in which fauna and flora can be discovered along the high altitude plateau, vol- canic lakes, forests, alpine moor land and trout filled streams. Adventure Tours, Gemstone Tours: Ethiopia is home of various precious and semi precious gemstones. As a result of this our gemstone departments have a very unique tour packages for study tour, photo- graphing and documentary video crews with all adjustments and facilitation. Our gem- stone sights are very admirable so please do contact us for tour package requests. Ethiopia “a land of 13 months of Sunshine”. 19 Amazing ! Map of Ethiopia
  • 18 Climate Ethiopia in the equator has high altitude i.e. a temperate, moderate, even chilly climate. There are rainy season’s .the irregular short rain and the long rain seasons. In Ethiopia there are two main seasons, the dry season locally called ‘Bega’ prevails from Octo- ber to May and the rain season locally called ‘Kiremt’ runs from June to September .In the South it usually rains in March and April, in other periods it may seldom rain. Topography Ethiopia is central plateau varying a height between 1800 and 3000 meters, with several moun- tains whose peaks rise over 4000 meters. Ethiopia has different rivers; the Blue Nile is the most famous Ethiopian river, which runs a distance of 1400 kilometers from the source in the Tana Lake to the White Nile in Khartoum. Calendar Ethiopia has its own calendar of 13 months .It follows the Julian calendar which is divided in to 12 months of 30 days each and 13th month with five or six days (leap years)at the end of the year. The time difference is +3 hrs from Greenwich Mean Time. Language Ethiopia is a multi-ethnic state with 83 languages and more than 200 dialects. The main lan- guages are: Amharic, Tigrigna and Oromigna and have more than 200 dialects. English is also widely spoken. Time Ethiopia is three hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+3) Time remains constant throughout the year. In Ethiopia, the day is calculated in a manner similar to many equatorial countries, where days and nights always have the same length. Medical service Medical facilities are improving and public and private medical centers are rapidly grow- ing in number. Through there are quite a number of public hospitals and private medical institutions are recommended. Health requirement All visitors (including infants) are required to possess a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate. Vaccination against cholera is also required for any person who has visited or been in transit through cholera –infected area within six days prior to arrival in Ethiopia. Electric Supply Ethiopia uses more than 220volts. The opening of one of the biggest hydro electric dam (Gilgel Gibe 1&2) Currency The local currency is the Ethiopia birr, made up of 100 cents. Notes are issued in denomi- nation of 1, 5, 10, 50 & 100 birr. There are five different coins 0.1, 0.5, 0.10, 0.25 & 0.50 cents. Visitors may import an unlimited amount of foreign currency. Credit cards work only in the hotels 3*/4*/5*, big super markets and in the Ethiopian Airlines offices. Travel tips Amazing ! 3 Trekking, From a day to three months trekking tours can be organized up on client’s interest, budget and time. The three month trekking was practiced with the British in 1998 through the North West and Central highland and lowlands of the country (the most dramatic mountain scenery and Nile valley in Africa), Rafting, Blue Nile and Omo river invite you to a white water rafting tour in Ethiopia. Rock climbing, Rock climbing is not an indigenous sport, but there are excellent sites, which are of- fering for rock climbers with marvelous scenic views around and on top. Honey harvesting, Ethiopia has suitable temperature for any living things as a result there are a lot of forests where forest bees are existing in real wilderness; where a honey harvesting could be practiced in the wild jungle forest as a great travel experience. Forest coffee picking, Coffee tours become more and more popular . This tour is organized in collaboration with the Coffee Farmers and cooperatives in the coffee growing areas. picking with the farmers in the forest is an adventure you should not miss. Both natural honeys harvested and natural coffee picked can be taken home. In order to well facilitate these, Maz Ethiopia Tour also provides complementary service of; -Hotel, lodges and any accommodations bookings and follow up. -Shuttle service, using variety of own up-to-date and fully insure fleet of vehicles with experienced Chauffeurs and -Ticketing, for domestic and international flights. -Total Fuel stations in Yabello and Shashemene regions. Our Sister Companies:  Yordanos Teshale car importer  Maz Ethiopia Tour  Maz Gemstone Exporter  Yabello Motel (Yabello)  Shashemene and Yabello fuel station ...you will be amazed at our service provision !
  • 4 Our company “Maz” refers to the first three letters of the name of the Mr. Mazengia Demma. The owner was one of dedicated Ethiopian investors who run 5 sister companies under the name of Maz Trading. Maz trading managed and run by professional and well experienced management pro- fessionals and all the staffs are dedicated to professionalism and even give priority for customers interest to assure that our “ Customers are our kings”. Maz Trading “…..all services at your gate” Yabello Motel is one of the hospitality industry established in the remote part of the country Yabello, 5 km away from the town. Established with a mission to address tourist accommo- dation demand in the region. Moreover this we are well known in quality service delivery and loyal partnership with Ethiopian travel companies. Yabello Motel is the perfect accommodation for business travellers and couples with our tranquil , safe and secure environment. With tasteful meals, quality furnishings, and modern, clean surroundings, your stay will leave you refreshed and revived. Our motel have 45 well furnished & clean rooms with single, double, twin and triple oc- cupancy and even well furnished tents. Morning to the late evening our motel are ready to deliver you a customer oriented bar and restaurant service with a traditional and Euro- pean dishes. Recreational activities (pool & billiard) are found inside of our motel, so please come and enjoy. A refined level of comfort awaits you at Yabello Motel, Distinct styling, personalized ser- vice. The plush amenities and features will always leave a lasting impression. We are glad to serve you as our guest in Ethiopia. And we hope you will be happy with your choice and you will decide to come back again. Yabello Motel “on your stay...you will feel like at your home ” About our sister Companies :- Peaceful garden with admirable birds song 17Omo valley –(Coffee , birding & tribal ) MET 013: Duration: 18 nights/19 days DAY 1: ARRIVAL ADDIS ABABA DAY 2: ADDIS ABABA – LANGANO DAY 3: LANGANO – ARBAMINCH DAY 4: FULL DAY IN ARBAMINCH DAY 5: ARBAMINCH – TURMI DAY 6-7: TURMI – OMORATE – TURMI DAY 8: TURMI – KEY AFER- JINKA DAY 9: EXCURSION TOUR TO MAGO NA- TIONAL PARK DAY 10: JINKA – KONSO – YABELLO DAY 11: EXCURSION TOUR TO DUBLOCK DAY 12: YABELLO - WENDO GENET DAY 13: WENDO GENET – JIMMA DAY 14: JIMMA – BEBEKA DAY 15: BEBEKA – KIBISH DAY 16: FULL DAY TREKKING TO THE NEAR BY SURMA VILLAGES DAY 17: KIBISH – TULGIT – BEBEKA DAY 18: BEBEKA – JIMMA DAY 19: JIMMA – ADDIS ABABA Omo valley and Rift valley lake- MET 014 Duration : 09 nights/ 10 days Day 1: Arrive in Addis & Drive to-Arba Minch (505km) .Overnight – Hotel Day 2: Visit the two lakes Abaya & Chamo Day 3: Ride Konso - Key Afer (ethnic market) – Jinka. Overnight – Hotel Day 4: Discover Mursi tribes and Mago Na- tional Park. Overnight – Hotel Day 5: Discover Dimeka market and ride to Turmi. Overnight – Hotel Day 6: Explore the Karo tribes in Dus & Kor- cho villages. Day 7: Journey to Omorate – Dassenech /Galeb –Turmi market Day 8: Discover Arbores & Konso. Overnight – Hotel Day 9: Konso – Langano. Overnight – Hotel Day 10: Langano – Addis Ababa .Departure Combination Tour (Historic and Cultural ) Ethiopian combination Tour (Tribal Expedition to the lower Omo valley, Bale Mountain and Harar Mode of transportation– Surface MET 015: Duration-and 18 Nights/ 19 Days Day 1- Arrivals at Addis Ababa airport meet by our staff member, transfer to hotel, over- night in hotel. Day 2- Morning drive to Arba Minch ,on the way visit Crater Lake of Debre Zeit. O/n in htl. Day 3- Full day Arba Minch morning excursion to Dorze tribe .Overnight – Hotel Day 4– Journey to Jinka. Overnight – Hotel Day 5- Day excursion to Mago national park .Jinka. Overnight – Hotel Day 6- Morning journey to Turmi on the way visit one market .Overnight – Hotel Day 7- Excursion to Karo, to explore the Karo tribe . Day 8- Morning head to Omorate border .Overnight – Hotel/camping Day 9– Yabello (Yabello sanctuary, Elso & singing well). Overnight – in our Motel. Day 10– In the morning journey : salt lake chaw bet (El Sod). Overnight – in our Motel Day 11- Morning fish market at Lake Awassa. Overnight – in hotel Day 12- Climb the Sanneti Plateau up to Demtu summit.O/n in Camping. Day 13- Drives to Sof Omar caves, picnic lunch. Camping Day 14- Morning hiking, then head to Wondo Genet. Overnight – in Hotel Day 15- Morning journey to Awash lunch break at Nazareth.. Overnight – in Hotel Day 16- Morning head to Harar .Overnight – in Hotel Day 17- Full day visit the walled city of Harar, Harar .Overnight – in Hotel Day 18- Morning drive back to Addis, lunch break at the town of Debre Zeit.. O/n in Htl Day 19- Full day Addis Ababa city tour Including Museum. Departure
  • 16 Birding Tours MET 009: Duration: 06 nights/ 07 days DAY 1: ARRIVAL/ ADDIS ABABA . O/N IN HTL DAY 2: AWASH NATIONAL PARK.O/N IN HTL DAY 3: FULL DAY BIRDING IN HOT SPRINGS & FENTALÉ CRATER LAKE DAY 4: DINSHO AND BALE GOBA.O/N IN HTL DAY 5: THE BALE MOUNTAINS.O/N IN HTL DAY 6: SOF OMAR – A SPECTACULAR NATURAL CAVE.O/N IN HTL DAY 7: GOBA – ADDIS- DEPARTURE MET 010: Duration: 13 nights/ 14 days DAY 1: ARRIVAL ADDIS ABABA . O/N IN HTL DAY 2: FULL DAY CITY TOUR OF ADDIS. O/N IN HTL DAY 3: ADDIS ABABA - SODORE . O/N IN HTL DAY 4: SODORE – DINSHO.O/N CAMPING DAY 5: FULL DAY TREKKING AROUND DINSHO . DAY 6: TREK TO WEBE RIVER VALLEY.O/N CAMPING DAY 7: TREK DINSHO – MARARO. O/N CAMPING DAY 8: MARARO – WASEMA .O/N CAMPING DAY 9: WASEMSA – GEBRE GURACHA. O/N CAMPING DAY 10: GEBRE GURACHA – LITTLE BATU .O/N CAMPING DAY 11: LITTLE BATU - DINSHO LOGE.. O/N IN HTL DAY 12: JOURNEY TO AWASSA .. O/N IN HTL DAY 13: AWASSA - WENDO GENET. O/N IN HTL DAY 14: WENDO GENET – ADDIS ABABA .DEPARTURE. MET 011: Duration: 07 nights/ 08 days DAY 1: ARRIVAL/ ADDIS ABABA. O/N IN HTL DAY 2: AWASH NATIONAL PARK.O/N IN HTL DAY 3: FULL DAY BIRDING IN HOT SPRINGS & FENTALÉ CRATER LAKE DAY 4: DINSHO AND BALE GOBA. O/N CAMPING DAY 5: THE BALE MOUNTAINS.O/N CAMPING DAY 6: SOF OMAR – A SPECTACULAR NATURAL CAVE. DAY 7: SHALLA – ABIJATA LAKES.O/N IN HTL DAY 8: LANGANO – ADDIS- DEPARTURE Bale Trekking and Birding MET 012: (Duration: 12 nights/ 13 days ) DAY 1: ARRIVAL ADDIS ABABA DAY 2: FULL DAY CITY TOUR OF ADDIS DAY 3: ADDIS ABABA - SODORE DAY 4: SODORE – DINSHO DAY 5: FULL DAY TREKKING AROUND DINSHO DAY 6: TREK TO WEBE RIVER VALLEY DAY 7: TREK DINSHO – MARARO DAY 8: MARARO – WASEMA DAY 9: WASEMSA – GEBRE GURACHA DAY 10: GEBRE GURACHA – LITTLE BATU DAY 11: LITTLE BATU - DINSHO LODGE DAY 12: JOURNEY TO AWASSA DAY 13: AWASSA – ADDIS ABABA .DEPARTURE. Our tour packages will helps you to have a lifetime travel experience . 5 Comfortable bed rooms with king size bed , hot shower and flat Screen Tv Bar service & cuisines Pool and Billiards
  • 6 Maz Gemstone Exporter ….Leading in varieties” Established with a mission of exporting Ethiopian unique precious and semi precious gem stones to various parts of the world and gen- erate foreign currency. We are one of the companies legally recognized and licensed by the Ethiopian Ministry of Trade as well as Ministry of Mines to export all types of precious and semi precious stones to different parts of the world. Maz Gemstone Exporter and Suppliers of the exquisite precious and semi precious Gem- stones. Our collection of beautiful Gemstones includes Ethiopian fire opal, aquamarine, Iolite, blue rainbow and many more color gemstones. The company is based in the capi- tal city Addis Ababa with its head office located at Bole 500 meters on the road from Olympia to Meskel flower in front of BGM hospital. Finally we hope that you understand that our aim is to be a trustworthy shop- ping agent for individuals and companies worldwide. Please be assured that your satisfaction and your repeating business are paramount within our priori- ties, both for us and for the development of Gemstone industry . Total Service Stations Yabello and Shashemene Total: “You Know Where to Turn!” Total is a major fuel retailer, with more than 16,400 stations worldwide and leadership positions in Western Europe. In Africa, more than 3,500 stations dot the landscape in over 40 countries. In our country Ethiopia also Total is the major station marks; We Maz Trading owns two of the total stations mark in Yabello and Shashemene. Our Marketing crews of the two stations work hard to keep our network up to date through targeted development with our head office based Addis (Maz Trading ), in or- der to standardize consistent delivery of fuel and lubricants without any shortage. 15 Fair PackagesPrice Trekking MET 006: Simien Mountain (12 nights/13 days ) Day 1. Arrive Addis Ababa .Over night hotel Day 2. Flight to Gondar, the African Camelot Over night hotel (B, L, D) Day 3. Journey to Sankaber via Debark Overnight camping (B, L, D) Day 4. Trek Sankaber to Geech Overnight camping (B, L, D) Day 5. Hike at Emietgogo .O/n camping. Day 6. Along the escarpment of Emietgogo-Amba Ras to Chenek Day 7. Chenek to Ambiquo (foot of Ras Dashen) Day 8. Ambiquo to Ras Dashen, climb the roof top of Africa O/n at campsite in Ambiquo. (B, L, D) Day 9. Return back to Chenek We overnight at the campsite at Chenek. (B, L, D) Day 10. To Gondar, Drive via Debark Over night in Goha .(B, L, D) Day 11. Flight to Gondar to Lalibela .O/n in htl. Overnight in Mountain View hotel. (B, L, D) Day 12. Sightseeing in Lalibela .O/n in htl. Over night in Mountain View hotel (B, L, D) Day 13. Flight to Addis Ababa . Departure MET 007: Bale Trekking (06 nights/07 days ) DAY 1: ARRIVE ADDIS ABABA. O/N IN HTL DAY 2: ADDIS-ETHIOPIAN RIFT VALLEY – DINSHO.O/N CAMPING. DAY 3: DINSHO - GEYSAY VALLEY – DINSHO .O/N CAMPING DAY 4: DINSHO – WEIB VALLEYS-FINCHA ÁBERA WATER FALL DAY 5: FINCHA ÁBERA-MERERO-WASSAMA DAY 6: WASSAMA VALLEY - BATU - GARBA GURACHA LAKE. O/N CAMPING DAY 7: GARBA GURACHA-KONTHE – GOBA-ADDIS ABABA .DEPARTURE “Ethiopia is country of matchless athletes!” MET 002 : Duration : 09 nights/ 10 days (Surface ) Day 1. Addis-Bahir dar .Overnight – Hotel Day 2. Journey to Bahir dar. Overnight – Hotel Day 3. Ride Bahir dar – Gondar . Overnight – Hotel Day 4. Ride Gondar- Axum. Overnight – Hotel Day 5. Ride via Simien mountain-Axum Day 6. Ride Axum – Mekelle. Overnight – Hotel Day 7. Ride to Lalibela . Overnight – Hotel Day 8. Lalibela . Overnight – Hotel Day 9. Ride Lalibela- Kombolcha Day 10. Kombolcha- Debre Birhan- Addis Ababa. Danakil Depression Tour MET 008: Duration: 09 nights/10 days Day 1: Arrival/ Addis Ababa. Overnight – Addis Day 2: Ride to Kombolcha. Overnight – Hotel Day 3: Ride to Mekelle. O/n Camping Day 4: Ride to Hamed Ela. O/n Camping Day 5: Full day Excursion to Danakil Depression O/n Camping Day 6: Journey from Hamed Ela to Way Dodom .O/n Camping Day 7: climb to the Volcanic Mountain of Arte Ale. O/n Camping Day 8: Descend to where your cars camped Day 9: Ride from Afdera to the town of Awash Sebat.O/n in htl. Day10: Ride from Awash Sebat to Addis Ababa . Departure.
  • 14 Our Tour Packages Historic Tour MET 001:Duration: 06 nights/ 07 days (Flight and surface ) DAY 01: ARRIVAL ADDIS ABABA DAY 02: FLIGHT TO BAHIR DAR DAY 03: RIDE BAHIR DAR-GONDAR DAY 04: FLIGHT TO AXUM DAY 05: FLIGHT TO LALIBELA DAY 06: FULL DAY AT LALIBALA VISITING CHURCHES OUTSIDE THE TOWN .O/N IN HTL DAY 07: FLIGHT TO ADDIS ABABA DAY 08: DEPARTURE Omo Valley Tour MET 004 Duration 04 nights/ 05 day (Surface ) Day 1: Arrival/ Addis Ababa. Overnight Hotel Day 2: Addis Ababa - Arba Minch. Day 3: Arba Minch – Jinka .Overnight – Hotel Day 4: Jinka - Mago National Park & Mursi Tribes –Jinka .Overnight – Hotel MET 005 : Duration: 08 nights/ 09 days (Flight and Surface) Day1: Arrival/ Addis Ababa.O/n In htl. Day2: Flight from Addis to Arba Minch Day3: Ride from Arba Minch to Jinka Day4: Mursi tribes and Mago National Park. O/n In htl Day5: Ride from Jinka to Turmi Day6: Full day Excursion to Karo tribes Day7: Excursion to Dassenech/ Galeb & Turmi market. O/n In htl Day8: Ride from Turmi to Arba Minch Day9: Flight from Arba Minch to Addis Ababa. Departure MET 002 : Duration : 09 nights/ 10 days (Surface ) Day 1. Addis-Bahir dar .Overnight – Hotel Day 2. Journey to Bahir dar. Overnight – Hotel Day 3. Ride Bahir dar – Gondar . Overnight – Hotel Day 4. Ride Gondar- Axum. Overnight – Hotel Day 5. Ride via Simien mountain-Axum Day 6. Ride Axum – Mekelle. Overnight – Hotel Day 7. Ride to Lalibela . Overnight – Hotel Day 8. Lalibela . Overnight – Hotel Day 9. Ride Lalibela- Kombolcha Day 10. Kombolcha- Debre Birhan- Addis Ababa. Travel with us and be in the mystery land….with unusual routes. MET 003: Duration: 14 nights/ 15 days (Surface ) DAY 01: ARRIVAL ADDIS ABABA.O/N IN HTL DAY 02: FULL DAY CITY TOUR OF ADDIS.O/N IN HTL DAY 03: ADDIS – BAHIR DAR .O/N IN HTL DAY 04: FULL DAY IN BAHIR DAR.O/N IN HTL DAY 05: RIDE BAHIR DAR - GONDER .O/N IN HTL DAY 06: GONDER - SEMIEN MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK.O/N IN HTL DAY 07: SEMIEN MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK - AXUM.O/N IN HTL DAY 08: FULL DAY TOUR OF AXUM.O/N IN HTL DAY 09: AXUM - ADIGIRAT.O/N IN HTL DAY 10: ADIGIRAT – MEKELLE.O/N IN HTL DAY 11: MEKELLE - LALIBELA.O/N IN HTL DAY 12: FULL DAY TOUR OF LALIBALA.O/N IN HTL DAY 13: FULL DAY AT LALIBALA VISITING CHURCHES LOCATED OUTSIDE THE TOWN .O/N IN HTL DAY 14: LALIBELA - KOMBOLCHA.O/N IN HTL DAY 15: KOMBOLCHA – BATI/SENBETE MARKET – ADDIS ABABA.DEPARTURE. 7 YTCI is a Maz Trading owned licensed, bonded and insured independent auto importer. Yordanos Teshale car importer is a dynamic and well organ- ized car importer & seller company, we bring various model vehicles new/used for different parts of the world. Yordanos Teshale Car Importer is the place for exotic new/ used and luxury brands show off their latest and greatest vehicles. But there are also some cool new cars most of us can actually afford. Check out our showroom / warehouse to see what's headed for deal & we hope you will pick the one that catch your interest. Yordanos Teshale Car Importer “your spot for exotic auto brands ”
  • 8 The history of the country begins with a legend. The legend tells of the mythical Queen of Sheba, of King Solomon of Jerusalem and their son Me- nelik I. Ethiopia was known from the dawn of civilization. The ancient Egyptians already knew that their sacred river originated from a lake on a plateau in the country of Punt, “Land of Gods” in their language, and they knew of a garden existing beyond the desert. Geography of Ethiopia Ethiopia lies in between the Equator and the Tropic of Capricorn with a rainy season lasting from May to September; Ethiopia is a green country for most of the year. It is a large country (1.251.000 square km ), with diverse and extreme natural surround- ings. The main part of the country is an immense table land, where you can find mountain massifs reaching 4533m, and where rains and big rivers such as the Blue Nile, Tekeze, Omo and Awash have carved out small and deep canyons. History Of Ethiopia Ethiopia has a 3000 year-old history. Historical documents proved that the Axumite Empire dates back to 300 A.D. From its capital city in the north-eastern part of the country, not far from the Red Sea, it controlled a vast territory that included part of the present Yemen. The empire had a high level of civilization, a written language, Ge’ez, and its own coins which were employed in trade. ETHIOPIA Ethiopia has 10 registered UNESCO world heritage sights ! 13 Hamer The Hamers are pastoralists and their population is about 30,000.They are known for their practice of body adornment and wearing a multitude of colorful beads. Women adorn their necks with heavy polished iron jewelry. Hamer society consists of a complex system of age group. To pass from one age group to another in- volves complicated rituals .The most significant cere- mony for young men is the “jumping of the bull”-the final test before passing in to adulthood. The ceremony lasts three days .Late in the afternoon on the final day; ten to thirty bulls are lined up side by side. The naked initiate rushes towards the animal, vaults on to the first bull’s back and runs across the line of animals .At the end of the line ,he turns back to re- peat the performance . The Karo which counts about more than 3000 peoples, mainly live on the practice of flood retreat cultivation on the banks of Omo River in South- Western Ethiopia. The karo excel in face and body painting, practiced in preparation of their dances and ceremonies. They deco- rate their bodies, often imitating the spotted plumage of a Guinea Fowl. Feather plumes are inserted in their clay hair buns to complete the look. The clay hair bun can take up to three days to construct and is usually re-made every three to six months. Their painted face masks are spectacular. National Parks (spot of endemic fauna and floras ) THE SIMIEN MOUNTAIN NATIONAL PARK (SMNP) ‘Simien’ means ‘North’ in Amharic. Six hundred million years ago, the moun- tains were an enormous volcanic mass; rain and ice have carved deep fissures into them and rivers have continued the work of erosion, creating an incredi- ble landscape: peaks and deep gorges. In the steep slopes may be seen the Walia Ibex of the Simien Mountains, Red fox, Lammergeyer and Baboons. BALE MOUNTAIN NATIONAL PARK(BMNP) This park is home to the endemic mammal species of the mountain Nyala, Ethiopian Wolf (Simien Fox), Menilik’s Bushbuck, Lion, Bohor Reedbuck, Greater and Lesser kudu, Leopard, Warthog...In the South-East of the country is Bale Park, which extends over the massif of the same name. The mountain reaches a peak of 4,377 m above sea level and the second highest mountain in Ethiopia. ...........And many more with their own unique fauna and flora .
  • 12 Danakil Depression Danakil is the lowest part of Ethiopia at 116 m below sea level; it stretches between the Red Sea and the foothills of the eastern slopes of the Ethiopian plateau. The area contains marvelous examples of volcanoes, although cur- rently only mini- mally active. The rock surfaces are colored in spectacular hues due to the emissions of various chlorides from geysers. There are 30 salt lakes in the north of the region, which are home to an enormous variety of birds. The whole region is inhabited by the Afar people, proud nomadic shepherds. They carry salt in their camel caravans up to the Ethiopian highlands. Sof Omar Cave It is the largest cave in Africa. The area of the cave is typically characterized by flat topography and deep gorges cut by the river Web which forms the cave. The beauty of the cave consists in the untouched and wild aspects of the huge main passages, the shape of the galleries and the white color of the lime stone basalt forming the walls. Peoples of Ethiopia Ethiopia had 87 different ethnic groups live together; socially organized on a federal basis. The three most numerous ethnic groups that have had a preponderant role in the national history are the Amhara, the Tigray and the Oromo. Some of the most colorful tribes of the Southern Omo valley :- Mursi The Mursi live between their dry and wet season range on tame plains, north of Mago National Park in the Omo river region of south-western Ethiopia. They care for livestock and plant some crops. The men practice light scarification on their shoulder after killing an enemy, and shave geo- metric patterns on their head. During dances and ceremonies they adorn literally every part of their body with white chalk paint. Young unmarried men practice group stick fights. 9 People of Ethiopia Ethiopia had 87 different ethnic groups live to- gether; socially organized on a federal basis. The three most numerous ethnic groups that have had a preponderant role in the national history are the Amhara, the Tigray and the Oromo. Among these, the Amhara were in power until a few years ago and their language, Amharic, is the official national language of Ethiopia. In the present government many of ethnic groups are represented. The other ethnic groups are the Guraghe and Sidamo, dwelling in the western and southwestern territories respectively. Toward the borders with Eritrea and Djibouti, in a half independent position, amongst the deserts of Danakil lives the Afar, a half nomadic people which has almost entirely converted to Islam. Along the banks of Omo River there are several tribes among them the Nyangatom, the Karo, the Dassanech, the Bodi, the Mursi, the Surma, the Erbore & the Ethiopia:“Country of Wonders”
  • 10 Addis Ababa Among the 10 world capital cities need to be visted in your entire life due her stages of transformation ; recommended by lonely planet travel guide (on 2012). The name of the city, in Amharic, means “new flower”. Founded in 1886 by Menelik II, it is located at 2,500 metres above sea level in one of the highest parts of the Entoto mountain chain (3,000m above sea level). It enjoys an excellent climate all year round, with an average temperature of 250C. Gondar (African Camelot) Gondar offers fairy-tale castles dating back to the 17th-century that seem to belong in an Arthurian Romance. Gondar was founded by the Emperor Fasiladas in 1636 and was the capital of the coun- try for the next two centuries. The city contains a dozen of castles built by various emperors over the course of 236 years. Axum Axum was founded by the brothers Abreha and Atsbeha; it is not until midway through the fourth century that we have records of the first historical king, Ezana. The African’s nation historic route begins in the ancient city of Axum, dates back to 100 B.C. Axum is also the site of the church of Hidar Tsion Mariam (16th cen- tury), in front of which kings were crowned even as late as the last century. Inside, there are displays of golden crowns and crosses, the latter of which are still used during the major festivals of the Coptic Church. Bahir dar Bahir Dar is a well master planned city, its ave- nues lined with palm trees and plants. It is lo- cated on the south bank of Lake Tana. Lake Tana is the largest lake in Ethiopia. Just 30km from the city are the water falls of the Blue Nile or “Tis Isat” (smoking water). Yeha The six century BC, Ethiopia’s historic route begin with a glance at the tantanizing re- mains of yeha the country’s earliest high civilization. In the remote part of Tigray re- gion, Yeha rests several hours drive from the more accessible city of Axum. The journey takes you on rough tracks through dramatics high land scenery and eventually ends in a beautiful and serene agricultural. It is there, close to a much more recent Christian church, that you may see the towering ruins of Yeha’s temple of the moon-built more than 2,500 years ago, in Sabean times. The temple is an imposing rectangular edifice, though it has been long since it’s lost its roof and upper storey. The ruins stand some twelve meters in height. Ethiopian Historic Sites 11 Lalibela (African Petra) Located in the north-east of Ethiopia, Lali- bela is another renowned historical desti- nation. Placed third in historic sequence, its site hosts the “Eighth wonder of the world”, the Lalibela rock-hewn churches. UNESCO has recorded this site as one of the world wonders. It is also holy land for Ethiopia's Orthodox Christians. The city was constructed by king Lalibela of the Zagwe dynasty around the time of the fall of the Axum Empire in the 13th century. It was built in order to become the “new Ethiopian Jerusalem / sec- ond Jerusalem” and is characterized by its eleven churches carved out of the pink granite rock of the mountain. Tigray Debre Damo and the Rock Hewn Churches The monastery of Debre Damo is located 86 km to the north-east of Axum on the peak of Debre Damo at a height of 2,800 m above sea level and is one of the most important holy places of Ethiopia. Local legend has it that the monastery was founded by Abuna Aregawi, one of the nine saints, with the aid of a serpent. There are still some 80 monks living there and access to the monastery itself is gained by climbing up with the help of a rope (only mens are permitted to enter). Dire Dawa and Harar Dire Dawa which is part of the railway line stretching from Addis Ababa to Djibouti, it was built at the beginning of the 20th century with the co-operation of the French government. The mar- ket in Kefira is very interesting, providing an op- portunity to min- gle with peoples of the region: the Afar, Somali and Oromo. Located 50km from Dire Dawa and at a height of 1,870m above sea level is the city of Harar. Founded in 1500, the city was once a Muslim fortress and one of the most dynamic markets in east Africa.