The internet in syria
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The internet in syria



An inside look at how Syrian cyber-rebels are using technology to get around state censorship. Presented by Dlshad Othman (Syria), an activist and IT engineer providing Syrians with digital security ...

An inside look at how Syrian cyber-rebels are using technology to get around state censorship. Presented by Dlshad Othman (Syria), an activist and IT engineer providing Syrians with digital security tools at ISOC-DC's event for the State Department's Internet Freedom Fellows, CENSORSHIP 2020: The Future of Free Speech Online, at Georgetown University on June 25, 2012



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The internet in syria The internet in syria Presentation Transcript

  • THE INTERNET WITH SYRIAN FLAVOR ! Practices of the Syrian regime against the freedom of the Internet Dlshad Othman
  • IntroductionPublic internet access was introduced in Syria in 2000. Since then, theSyrian government has continuously tried to control its access. Article 38of the Syrian Constitution states that "every citizen has the right toexpress his opinion freely and openly in speech, writing, and through allother means of expression and to participate in supervision andconstructive criticism to ensure the safety of domestic and nationaliststructure and strengthens the socialist system and the state guaranteesthe freedom of the press, printing and publication according to law."
  • Using the internet for Human Rights activitiesSyrian opposition and civil society organizations use Internet-basedcommunication systems as their main way to communicate, which cancompromise their ability to effectively communicate between parties. Infact, recently government authorities presented copies of personal emailsto detained protesters, suggesting that such surveillance is widespread.In addition, there are reports that the Syrian government has recentlyattempted to procure high-end filtering and surveillance systems such asBluecoat and NetAPP.
  • Practices – Suspends the internet service 1- Dara’a City for more than 40 days – March , April 2011. 2- Homs City , for more than 25 days in one time . 3- Doma City , 29-1-2012 to 24-3-2012 3- Every Thursday and Friday in these areas ,Damascus countryside , Homs , Hama , Aleppo countryside , and Kamishli 4- All of Syria become without internet over 3G for 1 week , June 2012 5- Many reports for Cases of certain cities Image from Google Transparency Report
  • Practices – SURVEILLANCE1- To have an Internet subscription in Syria ( 3G – ADSL) you need to signa contract and providing a copy from your ID and your fingerprint.2- intelligence have a powers to enter and decision-making in the ISPs3- BlueCoat SG90004- Utimaco5- Area Spa6- Ericsson7- December 2011 , Sophos said the deal with Syria had been terminated8- February 2012 leaked document from the Syrian Department ofCommunications , talking about Terminate the contract with Italiancompany Area SPA9- Twitter Hashtag (#Syria) flooding months of Revolution
  • Practices – Attacks1- Syrian Electronic Army2- DDOS Attacks www.vdc-sy.org3- Syrian Trojans4- Facebook flood5- Internet Cafes Activities6- DNS forwarding7- Fake SSL certificate, At 1 May 2011 , May 2012 for Facebook..etc8- Confiscation of equipment – SCM team9- Blocking Tor10- DPI: At 14 April 2012 , over all the Syrian ISPs , VPN L2TP Stoppedworking , According to bloomberg , Utimaco AG and Qosmos SA supplieda deep-packet inspection technology.11- Blcok SSL – 443 for more than 4 hours
  • CENSORSHIPThe Syrian government has expanded the blocking of website widely since 2007,with most all online social networks and blogging sites blocked from 2007 until theend of 2011. According to Taming the Internet, a report released by SCM, blockedwebsites presently include:35 Kurdish sites28 opposition political sites25 Lebanese sites21 media sites13 Islamic sites9 proxy server sites9 cultural sites7 press-related sites6 online social networking sites5 human rights organizations sites3 blogging sites
  • CENSORSHIP- The Arabic Wikipedia was blocked from 30 April 2008 until 12 February 2009.And it has been blocked again after a while.- February 2011 Syria removed the block over YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter.- May 2011 Syria Blocked Flash video Streaming to disable youtube network.- Beginning in 2011, the government start blocking VPN connections (likeOpenVPN or other PPTP services), which were frequently used by parties undersurveillance to evade detection. In response, many Syrians have begun usingcustomized software proxy services like L2TP, VPN over SSH, and TOR.- Keywords
  • BloggersSeveral Syrian bloggers and writers were arrested because of what theypublished on the web pages like :• Osama Mousa an Assyrian - Syrian blogger and human rights activist , he had been arrested at 27/2/2008 because of his Articles on his blog.• Tal Dosr al-Mallohi is a Syrian blogger from Homs, Tal was taken from her home by officers of one of the security offices in Syria because she has written poems about Palestine and social commentaries on her blog.• Karim Arbaji a blogger arrested at 2007 by the Syrian Secret Police who was sentenced to three years in prison for publishing information against the national morale.• Razan Ghazzawi Syrian Bloggers she had been arrested for 2 times.• Husain Garrier Syrian Bloggers he had been arrested for 2 times and he still in the jail
  • Links
  • Links
  • LinksBlocking, T. R. (2008, September 15). AHEWAR. Retrieved from Frontier Foundation. (2012, February 21). Retrieved from Spy Tech Companies & Their Authoritarian Customers, Part II:Trovicor and Area SpA: News/Hacktivist. (n.d.). Law and Combating Cybercrime. Retrieved from Syria News/Hacktivist: Center for Media and Freedom of Expression. (2008, May 05). Taming the Internet Report. Retrieved from SCM: about Osama Mousa the website of Harvard university censorship in Syria surveillance software linked to Syrian regime users in Syria targeted by cyber attack Internet In the Arab World A New Space of Repression? Computers Underpin Syria Surveillance expands "iron censorship" over Internet
  • Thank you