Teaching teenagers dq may 2013

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  • Think of 2 or 3 adjectives that best describe yourself.Here’s a picture of me when I was 15!
  • Think of 2 or 3 adjectives that best describe yourself as you are now.Are you different? In what ways?
  • Could be in work, in a hobby, a challenge, in love, physically, mentally?
  • Lack of personal involvement. Passive. Teenagers are used to being told to do things, not deciding to do them.
  • Your methodology and focus will change in a student-centered lesson
  • Teaching teenagers dq may 2013

    1. 1. Teaching TeenagersBell ThailandMay 2013David Quartermain
    2. 2. What were you like as a teenager?rebellious?sullen?fun to teach?
    3. 3. How are you different now?wiser?more independent?more motivated?
    4. 4. Think of something you were reallymotivated to do, and that you put alot of effort into.What & Why?
    5. 5. What is Motivation ?• In psychology, motivation is the drivingforce (desire) behind all actions of anorganism.• Motivation is goal-directed behaviour.• A student’s willingness, need, desire andcompulsion to participate in, and besuccessful in, the learning process.
    6. 6. What is Motivation ?Intrinsic Motivation:This is caused by factors within the student. Forexample, a person might be motivated simplybecause they enjoy the learning process, becausethey are naturally competitive, or because theydesire the praise and satisfaction of doingsomething well. The teacher can do a lot toincrease or reduce a student’s intrinsic motivation
    7. 7. What is Motivation ?Extrinsic Motivation:This is shaped by factors outside the individual.For example the student might be motivatedby the need to get a job, pass an exam, studyoverseas or to please his/her parents
    8. 8. What is Motivation ?Short Term / Long Term
    9. 9. So why are so many teenagers un-motivated ?Lack of personal involvementIrrelevant to life nowNo understanding of how it mayimpact their futureToo self-consciousExperience of failure
    10. 10. Why is an un-motivated student a problem?Reluctant to participateShort attention spanDisruptive behaviourNegative effect on peersReflects poorly on teacher!
    11. 11. What is a Motivated Learner ?• Looks Interested• Keen to participate• Asks Questions• Takes the initiative• Works with pride
    12. 12. So how do I get from….to…
    13. 13. Learning is not a spectator sportLearning is an activity – not a supine position
    14. 14. The teacherdominates theclassroomThe classroom isstudent-centredTeacher-dominated to student-centred
    15. 15. The teacher…Explains the new languageAsks questionsDecides who answersSets the activitySays what is right and wrongThe students…Listen to the teacherRead the bookWork aloneAnswer the questionsAre correctedWait for the breakIn a teacher-centered lesson
    16. 16. In a student-centered lessonThe teacher…Elicits the new languageAsks questionsPrompts studentsMonitors the activityChecks what is right and wrongThe students…Listen to each otherRead the bookWork togetherAnswer the questionsCorrect each otherWait for the break
    17. 17. Teacher-Dominated / Student-CentredSome things will be different:Some things stay the same:e.g. syllabus, language content, coursebook,teacher’s aims….o what the teacher doeso what the students doo interactiono focus of attentiono error correctiono feedback
    18. 18. Teacher-dominatedStudent-CentredKnowledgeUseGrammar-TranslationTask-Based LearningCommunicative approach
    19. 19. The teacher’s role will changeControllerAssessorResourceFacilitatorTutor
    20. 20. PairworkGroupsClass MingleWhole classIndividual workThe student’s role will change
    21. 21. DictationRunning DictationChoral DrillingGroup DiscussionControlled practiceFreer practiceClass SurveyAccuracyFluencyThe activities will changeProject Work
    22. 22. Student-centredThis means:Students are a resourceLearning links to experienceLanguage is relevantPeer work takes placeLanguage is usedSkills are integratedIt’s more interestingMotivation is increased…learning can take place
    23. 23. Adapting classroom managementElicit from students before telling themElicit from students before telling themStudents work in pairs before and after activitiesStudents work in pairs before and after activitiesStudents can nominate who answers questionsStudents can nominate who answers questionsStudents work in groups during activitiesStudents work in groups during activitiesStudents can give feedback as well as the teacherStudents can give feedback as well as the teacher
    24. 24. For example…
    25. 25. Student-Centred Classroom“I know I cannot teach anyone anything.I can only provide an environmentin which he (or she) can learn.”Carl Rogers (1965, p. 389)‘Client-Centred Therapy’ (Houghton Mifflin)
    26. 26. davidq@ipm.edu.mo
    27. 27. http://school.discoveryeducation.com/Across Down2. mans best friend 1. we get wool from this4. black and white animal from China 3. tall animal with long neck6. big animal with a trunk 5. miaow
    28. 28. Real-world English
    29. 29. A long time ago, there was apoor man in a small village.He had an orange tree in hisgarden. One day, he foundone of his oranges was muchbigger than the others. It wasas big as a football. The poorman took the orange to theking.
    30. 30. Students may be too shy to speak English
    31. 31. “In personalized learning, learners are given space to bring their own experiences,attitudes, and feelings into the learning process. Learning is thus made moremeaningful and real, and learners are able to make systematic connections betweentheir own lives and the life of the classroom.When learning is personalized, content is processed more deeply, and learnerindependence and autonomy are fostered.”Dr David Nunan
    32. 32. What’s the solution? choice of topic sport music family their pet food
    33. 33. What’s the solution? preparation time
    34. 34. What’s the solution? use a modelA: Dzien dobryJak sie masz?B: Dobrze
    35. 35. What’s the solution? group practice first
    36. 36. What’s the solution? error correction self-correction peer correction correct individually later praise before criticism ignore
    37. 37. Teenagers respond well to visualstimuli
    38. 38. Teaching Speaking
    39. 39. You’re stuck in a desert. Which piece ofequipment would you find most useful?cosmetic mirrorparachutetorchwaterbottleknifeTeaching Speaking
    40. 40. 4 6 2 3hamburger Egypt banana students answer apple weather6 7 4 9Saturday regular tomorrow results pronounce started remember6 9Motorola possible Saudi another Tokyo customer Manchester6 4 7 3 1passenger Microsoft already government photograph teacher luckily1 2Africa unhappy football monument Toyota Lebanon bicycle5 5 7 9 4 0relative telephone afterwards Nokia unlucky dictionary Mercedes7 5 8Arabia remember computer language Egyptian opposite hospitalTravel through the maze using only those words with first syllable stress ()FINISHBringing Variety to your Teaching
    41. 41. 4 6 2 3hamburger Egypt banana students answer apple weather6 7 4 9Saturday regular tomorrow results pronounce started remember6 9Motorola possible Saudi another Tokyo customer Manchester6 4 7 3 1passenger Microsoft already government photograph teacher luckily1 2Africa unhappy football monument Toyota Lebanon bicycle5 5 7 9 4 0relative telephone afterwards Nokia unlucky dictionary Mercedes7 5 8Arabia remember computer language Egyptian opposite hospitalTravel through the maze using only those words with first syllable stress ()FINISH(00-853) 66 55 77 14Bringing Variety to your Teaching
    42. 42. Bringing Variety to your TeachingUsing movie clips

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