Cloud computing and higher education

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My thoughts on cloud computing and higher education as they intersect with institutional, state and federal policies.

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Cloud computing and higher education

  1. 1. Cloud Computing: Institutional, State and National Policies David Barber 3/3/2011
  2. 2. Summary: Cloud Computing <ul><li>A sourcing strategy requiring effective policy development at the institutional level. </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations and uncertainties lead to campus policies of selective adoption </li></ul><ul><li>A policy of demand aggregation at the “state” or “above the campus” level can lead to satisfactory cloud services </li></ul><ul><li>Federal government can promote cloud standards and needs to address legal issues </li></ul>06/12/11
  3. 3. Definitions <ul><li>Cloud – According to NIST: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Policy – According to Dictionary.com: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… a course of action adopted and pursued by a government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Policy isn’t just what we prohibit or require it is also how budgets are allocated and used </li></ul>06/12/11
  4. 4. Institutional Policies <ul><li>Cloud computing is a sourcing strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Every policy applies that would apply to an on campus service </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud forces awareness and recognition of policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If policies were implicit or undefined before, they become explicit requirements needed to judge service providers </li></ul></ul>06/12/11
  5. 5. Institutional Policies (2) <ul><li>Ohio State Universities list of policies: </li></ul>06/12/11
  6. 6. Institutional Policies (3) <ul><li>Campus expenditures are campus policies </li></ul><ul><li>Campuses are increasingly adopting cloud computing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adoption is selective and depends both on the application and the provider </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>60% outsourcing of student e-mail according to the Campus Computing Project but 15% outsourcing of faculty e-mail </li></ul></ul></ul>06/12/11
  7. 7. State Policies <ul><li>Really “above the campus” collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>States differ considerably in organization of multiple higher education institutions </li></ul><ul><li>States have long had a policy of promoting collaboration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: networks and library consortia </li></ul></ul>06/12/11
  8. 8. State Policies (2) <ul><li>With deficits state funding will be limited: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>California - $28B </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illinois - $13B </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Jersey - $11B </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutions want to trade cuts for autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>States are talking about outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Demand aggregation will depend on campuses </li></ul>06/12/11
  9. 9. State Policies (3) <ul><li>Opportunities for Collaboration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2010 NASCIO State CIO Survey </li></ul></ul>06/12/11
  10. 10. National Policies <ul><li>Currently … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gridlock & impending cuts to key programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NSF, NIST and more </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A reasonable conclusion: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bill St. Arnaud’s blog, Feb. 26, 2011: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One of the big challenges facing UCAN, as well as universities and R&E networks is the huge indebtedness and near bankruptcy of most governments. The glory days of large dollops of funding from government for R&E networking or basic research are over. </li></ul></ul></ul>06/12/11
  11. 11. National Policies (2) <ul><li>Problems, but with opportunities … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal government spends $80B/yr on IT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal CIO has set policy of supporting cloud computing and targeted 25% of IT budget for cloud </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cloud supported by IT industry groups: </li></ul></ul>06/12/11
  12. 12. National Policies (3) <ul><li>Issues on the horizon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Central to privacy in the cloud </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>World has changed since 1986 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Will be fault lines between privacy advocates (e.g. the Digital Due Process Coalition) and law enforcement </li></ul></ul></ul>06/12/11
  13. 13. Summary: Cloud Computing <ul><li>A sourcing strategy requiring effective policy development at the institutional level. </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations and uncertainties lead to campus policies of selective adoption </li></ul><ul><li>A policy of demand aggregation at the “state” or “above the campus” level can lead to satisfactory cloud services </li></ul><ul><li>Federal government can promote cloud standards and needs to address legal issues </li></ul>06/12/11
  14. 14. Questions? 06/12/11

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