Understanding Azure<br />David Gristwood<br />Application Architect, Microsoft <br />blogs.msdn.com/david_gristwood<br />
Why a Cloud Platform?<br />Reduce capital & operations costs<br />Simplify application deployment & management <br />Simpl...
RNLI & Windows Azure<br />www.aws.net/services/cloud-services/case-study  <br />
The Azure Philosophy<br />
Azure is about Scale<br /><ul><li>Azure is designed from the ground up for true Internet scale
Builds on our existing on-line properties and services
Supports the “Scale Fast, Fail Fast” model to ride the peaks and troughs</li></ul>www.flickr.com/photos/januszbc/177618449...
Characteristics of Azure Applications<br />“Elasticity” <br /><ul><li>Need massive scale
Need high reliability
Have variable load
Have short or unpredictable lifetime</li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/39919537@N06/3666813048/<br />
Helps your Systems Scale<br /><ul><li>Most architecture is hidden inside code
Azure encourages you to define your application into constituent parts
Azure can scale the parts of your application as appropriate</li></ul>www.flickr.com/photos/39818355@N00/2128626176<br />
Flexible Architecture <br /><ul><li>Systems evolve over time
Cloud is not an “all or nothing” proposition
Azure makes it easier to extend to the cloud</li></ul>www.flickr.com/photos/tomkpunkt/3695066577<br />
Opening up the Cloud<br /><ul><li>Allow developers to apply their existing skills to the cloud
Support for .NET, Ruby, PHP, Java
Interoperability with any platform, tools or technology </li></ul>www.flickr.com/photos/h19/2306213399/in/set-721575942245...
Flexible Business Model<br /><ul><li>No up front hardware purchase
Pay as you go costing model
Ideal in current economical climate </li></ul>www.flickr.com/photos/cleebster/2508660124<br />
Data Centers<br />
Windows Azure Platform Availability <br />2010<br />Northern Europe<br />North Central USA<br />2010<br />2010<br />Easter...
Delivering an Efficient & Sustainable Cloud<br />Microsoft has run Online Servicessince 1994<br />1st MSFT datacentre buil...
Chicago Datacentre – Scalable, Sustainable <br />One of world’s largest datacentres using   containers,  on-line on July 2...
Dublin Datacentre<br /><ul><li>First Mega Datacentre built outside the US,  on-line on July 2009
Cost $500 million,  303+sq ft facility and growing
EU Datacenter Best Practice Award Winner
Stand-alone Server Pods
 Environmentally Sustainable
 Free Air-Cooling via Air-Side Economization
 50% less energy use vs. traditional facilities
1 % water use vs. traditional facilities
1.25 PUE
5.4MegaWatts today, 22.2 MW for future use
ISO 27001:2005 Accreditation
SAS 70 Type I and II  Attestations</li></li></ul><li>The Azure Platform<br />
The Azure Services PlatformThe Big Picture<br />AppFabric<br />SQL Azure<br />Applications<br />Windows Azure<br />Applica...
SERVICES<br />SERVICES<br />SERVERS<br />SERVERS<br />Applications <br />Available <br />Now<br />Developer Tools<br />Pro...
Windows Azure<br />
Application<br /> Compute<br />Storage<br />Fabric<br />Config<br />Windows AzureWindows in the cloud<br />AppFabric<br />...
Web vs Worker Role<br />Worker Role<br />Web Role<br />System Host<br />IIS Host<br />Your Code<br />Your Code<br />
Common Azure Pattern<br />Worker Role<br />Web Role<br />Queue<br />Storage<br />Blob<br />Storage<br />
Storage<br />Storage*<br />Queue<br />Blob<br />Account<br />Tables<br />* New for 2010 - “Drives” – durable NTFS volumes ...
Blobs<br />Blobs<br />Containers<br />Photo1.png<br />Photo2.png<br />Pictures<br />Photo3.png<br />
Tables<br />Entities<br />Tables<br />Genre = …<br />Title    = …<br />Movies<br />Genre = …<br />Title    = …<br />Actors...
Partitions and Rows<br />
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Understanding The Azure Platform November 09

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An overview of the Microsoft Azure platform, including Windows Azure and SQL Azure

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Understanding The Azure Platform November 09

  1. 1. Understanding Azure<br />David Gristwood<br />Application Architect, Microsoft <br />blogs.msdn.com/david_gristwood<br />
  2. 2. Why a Cloud Platform?<br />Reduce capital & operations costs<br />Simplify application deployment & management <br />Simplify scaling to internet scale<br />Cost effectively handle peak loads<br />Focus on new functionality & not infrastructure<br />
  3. 3. RNLI & Windows Azure<br />www.aws.net/services/cloud-services/case-study <br />
  4. 4. The Azure Philosophy<br />
  5. 5. Azure is about Scale<br /><ul><li>Azure is designed from the ground up for true Internet scale
  6. 6. Builds on our existing on-line properties and services
  7. 7. Supports the “Scale Fast, Fail Fast” model to ride the peaks and troughs</li></ul>www.flickr.com/photos/januszbc/1776184496<br />
  8. 8. Characteristics of Azure Applications<br />“Elasticity” <br /><ul><li>Need massive scale
  9. 9. Need high reliability
  10. 10. Have variable load
  11. 11. Have short or unpredictable lifetime</li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/39919537@N06/3666813048/<br />
  12. 12. Helps your Systems Scale<br /><ul><li>Most architecture is hidden inside code
  13. 13. Azure encourages you to define your application into constituent parts
  14. 14. Azure can scale the parts of your application as appropriate</li></ul>www.flickr.com/photos/39818355@N00/2128626176<br />
  15. 15. Flexible Architecture <br /><ul><li>Systems evolve over time
  16. 16. Cloud is not an “all or nothing” proposition
  17. 17. Azure makes it easier to extend to the cloud</li></ul>www.flickr.com/photos/tomkpunkt/3695066577<br />
  18. 18. Opening up the Cloud<br /><ul><li>Allow developers to apply their existing skills to the cloud
  19. 19. Support for .NET, Ruby, PHP, Java
  20. 20. Interoperability with any platform, tools or technology </li></ul>www.flickr.com/photos/h19/2306213399/in/set-72157594224557858<br />
  21. 21. Flexible Business Model<br /><ul><li>No up front hardware purchase
  22. 22. Pay as you go costing model
  23. 23. Ideal in current economical climate </li></ul>www.flickr.com/photos/cleebster/2508660124<br />
  24. 24. Data Centers<br />
  25. 25. Windows Azure Platform Availability <br />2010<br />Northern Europe<br />North Central USA<br />2010<br />2010<br />Eastern Asia<br />Western Europe <br />South Central USA<br />2010<br />Southeast Asia<br />
  26. 26. Delivering an Efficient & Sustainable Cloud<br />Microsoft has run Online Servicessince 1994<br />1st MSFT datacentre built in 1989 <br />Running Online Services 24x7x365 <br />MSN launched beta in 1994/public in 1995<br />Global service delivery to 59 markets/36 languages<br />∙ 30B Live ID authentications/month ∙ 2B Bing queries/month<br /> ∙ 10B MSN page views/month ∙ 240B Messenger messages/month<br />Global Infrastructure to Run Your Services World Wide<br />Quincy, WA: Approx 500K sq ft, hydro-powered<br />San Antonio, TX: Approx 475K sq ft, recyclable water<br />Chicago, IL: Approx 700K sq ft, water economization<br />Dublin, Ireland: Approx 303+K sq ft, air economization<br />
  27. 27. Chicago Datacentre – Scalable, Sustainable <br />One of world’s largest datacentres using containers, on-line on July 2009<br />Cost $500 million, 700k sq ft facility (approx 16 football fields)<br />30 MegaWatts today, 60 MW for future use<br />ISO 27001:2005 Accreditation<br />SAS 70 Type I and II Attestations<br />40 ft containers with 1800-2500 servers <br />Density of 10 times amount of compute in equivalent space in traditional datacentres<br />Optimizes efficiency, reduces wastes and carbon footprint <br />Delivers an average PUE of 1.22<br />Plug-and-play infrastructure = Rapid Deployment <br />
  28. 28. Dublin Datacentre<br /><ul><li>First Mega Datacentre built outside the US, on-line on July 2009
  29. 29. Cost $500 million, 303+sq ft facility and growing
  30. 30. EU Datacenter Best Practice Award Winner
  31. 31. Stand-alone Server Pods
  32. 32. Environmentally Sustainable
  33. 33. Free Air-Cooling via Air-Side Economization
  34. 34. 50% less energy use vs. traditional facilities
  35. 35. 1 % water use vs. traditional facilities
  36. 36. 1.25 PUE
  37. 37. 5.4MegaWatts today, 22.2 MW for future use
  38. 38. ISO 27001:2005 Accreditation
  39. 39. SAS 70 Type I and II Attestations</li></li></ul><li>The Azure Platform<br />
  40. 40. The Azure Services PlatformThe Big Picture<br />AppFabric<br />SQL Azure<br />Applications<br />Windows Azure<br />Applications<br />Others<br />Mobile<br />Desktop<br />Server<br />
  41. 41. SERVICES<br />SERVICES<br />SERVERS<br />SERVERS<br />Applications <br />Available <br />Now<br />Developer Tools<br />Programming Model<br />Beta at PDC<br />Ship in 2010<br />Application Services<br />Beta 1<br />Relational Database<br />v4<br />Beta in 2010<br />Operating System<br />“Cloud”<br />CTP<br />Systems Management<br />
  42. 42. Windows Azure<br />
  43. 43. Application<br /> Compute<br />Storage<br />Fabric<br />Config<br />Windows AzureWindows in the cloud<br />AppFabric<br />Applications<br />SQL Azure<br />Windows Azure<br />Applications<br />Mobile<br />Desktop<br />Server<br />Others<br />
  44. 44. Web vs Worker Role<br />Worker Role<br />Web Role<br />System Host<br />IIS Host<br />Your Code<br />Your Code<br />
  45. 45. Common Azure Pattern<br />Worker Role<br />Web Role<br />Queue<br />Storage<br />Blob<br />Storage<br />
  46. 46. Storage<br />Storage*<br />Queue<br />Blob<br />Account<br />Tables<br />* New for 2010 - “Drives” – durable NTFS volumes built on Blob storage<br />
  47. 47. Blobs<br />Blobs<br />Containers<br />Photo1.png<br />Photo2.png<br />Pictures<br />Photo3.png<br />
  48. 48. Tables<br />Entities<br />Tables<br />Genre = …<br />Title = …<br />Movies<br />Genre = …<br />Title = …<br />Actors<br />Name = …<br />DOB = …<br />
  49. 49. Partitions and Rows<br />
  50. 50. Blobs<br />Blobs<br />Containers<br />Photo1.png<br />Photo2.png<br />Pictures<br />Photo3.png<br />
  51. 51. Queues<br />Messages<br />Queues<br />“Body1”<br />“Body2”<br />ThumbnailJobs<br />“Body3”<br />
  52. 52. Development Fabric and Storage<br />Local Machine<br />Windows Azure Simulation Environment <br />Development Storage<br />Development Fabric<br />
  53. 53. Portal<br />
  54. 54. Windows Azure for Application Developers<br />Hosted<br />Service<br />Portal<br />SDK<br />Storage<br />Develop<br />Run<br />Deploy<br />
  55. 55. The Fabric<br />
  56. 56. Fault Domains<br />
  57. 57. Lights-Out Service Management <br />Create services at the developer portal<br />Manage services programmatically using the Service Management API<br />Use in combination with diagnostics API to build a feedback loop<br />
  58. 58. Service Upgrade Models<br />In-place rolling upgrade<br />Role instances are spread over update domains<br />Roles are updated one update domain at a time<br />Service remains available during upgrade<br />Real-time hot swap<br />Swap service endpoints of old/new version<br />Enables complex architectural changes<br />Planned downtime<br />Stop and replace service with new version<br />
  59. 59. SQL Azure<br />
  60. 60. 37<br />“SQL Server in the Cloud”<br />Alternative to Windows Azure storage<br />Focused on SQL Server core database services<br />Accessed via TDS<br />Supports a subset of T-SQL for SQL Server 2008<br />Limited to 1Gb or 10Gb database <br />
  61. 61. SQL Azure Database<br />Highly scaled out relational database as a service<br />Relational database service<br /><ul><li>SQL Server technology foundation
  62. 62. Highly symmetrical
  63. 63. Highly scaled</li></ul>Database “as a Service” – beyond hosting<br />Browser<br />SQL Azure Database <br />(Windows Azure Compute)<br />SOAP/REST<br />HTTP/S<br />Astoria/REST - EDM<br />HTTP/S<br />App Code<br />(ASP.NET)<br />SQL Server Reporting Server<br />(on-premises)<br />Customer Value Props<br /><ul><li>Self-provisioning and capacity on demand
  64. 64. Symmetry w/ on-premises database platform
  65. 65. Automatic high-availability and fault-tolerance
  66. 66. Automated DB maintenance (infrastructure)
  67. 67. Simple, flexible pricing – “pay as you grow”</li></ul>Windows Azure <br />Compute<br />T-SQL (TDS)<br />T-SQL (TDS)<br />SQL Azure<br />Database<br />MS<br />Datacenter<br />- AD Federation (LiveId /.NetSvcs ACS)<br />
  68. 68. Microsoft SQL Azure T-SQL<br />
  69. 69. Codename “Dallas”<br />
  70. 70. Information as a Service<br />41<br />Data or functionality that is “of value to many” – enabling applications, reports, BI analysis, etc…<br />Examples include GIS/Spatial, traffic, movie show times, crime, real-estate sales, financial data, navigation, census data, reviews, etc…<br />Various Classifications: <br />Commercial: clean, supported, and regularly updated from ISVs and Content Providers <br />Trusted Public Domain: clean, unsupported data from academia and governments (Census, FDA, …)<br />Crowd Sourced: unreliable data in the public domain from anyone and everyone<br />
  71. 71. Information in the Cloud<br />Codename “Dallas”<br />Atom 1.0, RAW<br /><ul><li>Find
  72. 72. Subscribe
  73. 73. Interact</li></ul>Data Provider<br />Data Consumer<br />
  74. 74. Accessing Data from “Dallas”<br />
  75. 75. Commercial Information<br />
  76. 76. Windows Azure Platform Consumption Prices <br />Pay as you go and grow for only what you use when you use it <br />Elastic, scalable, secure, & highly available automated service platform<br />Highly available, scalable, and self managed distributed database service<br />$9.99/month(up to 1 GB DB/month) <br />Compute<br />Web Edition<br />Per service hour<br />Per database/month <br />$0.12/hour<br />+ Variable Instance Sizes <br />Windows Azure platform AppFabric Service Bus & Access Control<br />Scalable, automated, highly available services for secure connectivity<br />Business Edition <br />Storage <br />Access Control<br />Service Bus<br />$99.99/month(up to 10 GB DB/month)<br />$0.015/10k Message Operations<br />Per GB stored & transactions<br />Per database/month <br />$0.015/10k Message Operations<br />Per Message Operation<br />Per Message Operation<br />$0.15 GB/month<br />$0.01/10K transactions <br />Prices shown in USD only<br />International prices are available<br />
  77. 77.  <br />Windows Azure Instance Sizes<br />Variable instance sizes to handle complex workloads of any size <br />X Large<br />Large <br />Medium<br />Small<br />$0.96 <br />$0.48 <br />$0.24 <br />$0.12 <br />Per service hour<br />Per service hour<br />Per service hour<br />Per service hour<br />Unit of Compute Defined <br />Equivalent compute capacity of a 1.6Ghz processor (on 64bit platform) <br />X-Large<br />Large <br />Medium<br />Small<br />8 x 1.6Ghz<br />4 x 1.6Ghz <br />2 x 1.6Ghz <br />1 x 1.6Ghz <br />(high IO)<br />(high IO) <br />(high IO)<br />(moderate IO) <br />14 GB memory<br />7.0 GB memory<br />3.5 GB memory <br />1.75 GB memory <br />2000 GB <br />(instance storage) <br />1000 GB storage<br />(instance storage)<br />500 GB storage<br />(instance storage) <br />250 GB storage<br />(instance storage) <br />
  78. 78. Windows Azure Platform Data Transfer <br />Priced per GB transferred/month (prices shown in USD) <br />North America Region <br />Asia Pacific Region<br />Europe Region<br />$0.10 GB Ingress<br />$0.15 GB Egress <br />$0.10 GB Ingress<br />$0.15 GB Egress <br />$0.30 GB Ingress<br />$0.45 GB Egress <br />N. Europe <br />Sub-region <br />N. Central – US <br />Sub-region <br />E. Asia<br />Sub-region <br />W. Europe <br />Sub-region <br />S. Central - US <br />Sub-region<br />S.E. Asia<br />Sub-region <br />No Charge For Off Peak Ingress Promotion (ends 6/30/10)<br />On-board to Windows Azure platform at no charge <br />Off peak times defined as: 10pm-6am Mon-Fri & from 10pm-Fri to 6am-Mon for weekends in each designated regional time zones below <br />Europe <br />WET = UTC<br />North America<br /> PST = UTC-8 <br />Asia Pacific<br />SST = UTC+8<br />
  79. 79. TCO Analyzer Tool <br />Quickly determine “quantitative” value of using Windows Azure Platform services <br />TCO of development and running Windows Azure Platform vs. traditional delivery channels <br />Estimation “of” and conversion “to” on-premise solution to Windows Azure Platform services <br />TCO tool available today <br />http://www.microsoft.com/windowsazure/tco/<br />
  80. 80. © 2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries.<br />The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.<br />
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