Montague ConsultGlobal Recruitment Survey               Q3 2012      Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You            ...
IntroductionThe Montague Consult Global Recruitment Survey is collatedfrom a number of sources including the Manpower Glob...
International Comparison - AmericasNearly 30,000 employers from 10 countries in North, Central and South America were inte...
International Comparison – Americas                   Cont.ArgentinaIn a similar fashion to the majority of the Americas, ...
International Comparison – Americas                   Cont.ChileIn this quarter’s snapshot, Chile’s job market is once aga...
International Comparison – Asia PacificManpower Group interviewed more than 16,000 employers across Australia, China, Hong...
International Comparison – Asia Pacific                Cont.Demand in the Services sector is also fuelling optimism in Tai...
International Comparison – Asia Pacific                Cont.ChinaIn line with the country’s BRICS status, the percentage o...
International Comparison – Asia Pacific                Cont.MalaysiaAfter a modest, yet notable rise in recruitment activi...
International Comparison – Asia Pacific                Cont.SingaporeHiring rates in Singapore have fallen slightly since ...
International Comparison – Asia Pacific                Cont.VietnamThe Vietnamese employment market has been more active f...
International Comparison – EMEAApproximately 19,500 employers across 23 countries in the Europe, Middle East and Africa (E...
International Comparison – EMEA                       Cont.Europe’s debt crisis continues to place a drag on regional hiri...
International Comparison – EMEA                       Cont.FinlandAs predicted, hiring levels in Finland have fallen this ...
International Comparison – EMEA                       Cont.GreeceFollowing a somewhat surprisingly high degree of recruitm...
International Comparison – EMEA                       Cont.LuxembourgAfter a significant boom in hiring activity at the en...
International Comparison – EMEA                       Cont.NorwayFollowing quite significant activity within the Norwegian...
International Comparison – EMEA                       Cont.SwedenSimilar to many of the other higher flyers seen last quar...
International Comparison – EMEA                       Cont.BulgariaThe start of 2012 has seen a new high in terms of hirin...
International Comparison – EMEA                      Cont.HungaryThere is good news for Hungary in this quarter’s Snapshot...
International Comparison – EMEA                       Cont.RussiaThe level of hiring activity in Russia has fallen this qu...
International Comparison – EMEA                       Cont.BahrainBahrain’s recruitment levels have stayed fairly steady o...
International Comparison – EMEA                       Cont.QatarThis March, Qatar again boasts the highest rates of employ...
International Comparison – EMEA                       Cont.AlgeriaThe percentage of Algerian companies hiring managerial a...
International Comparison – EMEA                       Cont.GhanaHiring activity in Ghana has increased by 9% for this quar...
UK Sector ComparisonIntroductionIt has been argued and considered as to how the UK’s Industry Sectors perform in terms of ...
UK Sector Comparison Cont.Data AnalysisThe data have shown that of the Industry Sectors identified and between the periods...
UK Sector Comparison Cont.                                                      Finance &                      Community  ...
UK Sector Comparison Cont.                                                      Finance &                      Community  ...
UK Sector Comparison Cont.40%                                                          Agriculture30%                     ...
UK Sector Comparison 2007                                                        Finance &                        Communit...
UK Sector Comparison 2007 Cont.35%30%25%20%15%                                                       Q1 2007              ...
UK Sector Comparison 2008                                                        Finance &                      Community ...
UK Sector Comparison 2008 Cont.25%20%15%10%                                                     Q1 2008                   ...
UK Sector Comparison 2009                                                           Finance &                        Commu...
UK Sector Comparison 2009 Cont.15%10% 5% 0%                                                        Q1 2009                ...
UK Sector Comparison 2010                                                          Finance &                        Commun...
UK Sector Comparison 2010 Cont.15%10% 5%                                                        Q1 2010                   ...
UK Sector Comparison 2011          Agricult Community & Constructi Hotels &     Finance & Business    Manufactu Minin Tran...
UK Sector Comparison 2011 Cont. 0.20.15 0.1                                                        Q1 2011                ...
ConclusionThe information and data gained certainly shows that even through some very tenuous times full ofeconomic hardsh...
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Montague Consult Global Recruitment Survey Q3 2012

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Global Analysis Report on the performance of the Recruitment Industry - including sector comparison.

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Montague Consult Global Recruitment Survey Q3 2012

  1. 1. Montague ConsultGlobal Recruitment Survey Q3 2012 Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  2. 2. IntroductionThe Montague Consult Global Recruitment Survey is collatedfrom a number of sources including the Manpower GlobalEmployment Outlook Survey and the Antal InternationalGlobal Snapshot Survey.All information held within this document is designed to sharean overview of activity within the Recruitment andEmployment Industry on a global platform. To date, there hasbeen a short fall in obtaining such information and as suchMontague Consult aims to provide this statistical analysis inorder to furnish those working within the RecruitmentIndustry, employers and HR can access the information easily. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  3. 3. International Comparison - AmericasNearly 30,000 employers from 10 countries in North, Central and South America were interviewed to measure hiringactivity in Quarter 3 2012. The hiring pace is expected to remain positive in each country through the next threemonths, and Net Employment Outlooks improve or remain stable in five of the 10 countries quarter-over-quarter. In acomparison with Quarter 3 2011, Outlooks improve or remain stable in six of the 10 countries.Opportunities for job seekers are expected to be strongest in Brazil, Panama and Peru, and weakest in Argentina andthe United States, although the U.S. Outlook is the strongest reported since Quarter 3 2008. Bullish hiring expectationsin the Finance, Insurance & Real Estate industry sector are contributing to Brazil’s bright Outlook; governmentmeasures here to cut interest rates and encourage consumer spending and growth are evidently beginning to have animpact. Despite reporting the strongest forecast in the Americas, the Outlook from Brazilian employers—as well asthose in Argentina—is notably more cautious than three months ago and is the weakest forecast since Quarter 1 2010.Meanwhile, the upbeat Outlook reported in the United States is led by demand in the Leisure & Hospitality andProfessional & Business Services sectors. Although the U.S. Outlook continues a steady pattern of improvement, theresults have not translated to meaningful job creation, yet there are definite signs that there are a growing number ofopportunities for job seekers with the right skill sets. Optimism among Peruvian employers improves moderately in ayear-over-year comparison, and employers anticipate an active hiring pace in most of the country’s industry sectorsand regions; opportunities for job seekers are expected to be strongest in the Finance, Insurance & Real Estate sector,and hiring plans in the Manufacturing and Transportation & Utilities sectors are the strongest in approximately fouryears. And as they have in seven of the eight previous quarters, Canadian employers in the Mining sector continue toreport the strongest hiring plans in the country, although government reports indicate that demand for skilled workersis expected to outstrip the supply and compel employers to look beyond their own borders to locate suitable talent. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  4. 4. International Comparison – Americas Cont.ArgentinaIn a similar fashion to the majority of the Americas, Argentina’s hiring activity has fallen this quarter from 65% to 44%.The next few months offer more positive prospects for Argentina’s job seekers though, as recruitment levels will start torecover again and hiring rates will go back up to 50%. There is currently a higher degree of turnover than expectedwithin the Argentinean job market, as the percentage of businesses shedding staff has increased to a high of 43%. TheArgentinean employment market will settle over the coming quarter, however, and the upward trend in job cuts overthe past six months will end.BrazilThe past six months have seen Brazil’s recruitment levels steadily fall below the halfway mark. At present, 42% ofBrazilian businesses are recruiting at a managerial and professional level. Fortunately, the coming quarter should seethis negative trend finish and hiring rates will start increasing again to 48%. On the other side of the employmentmarket, the number of Brazilian companies letting staff go, or looking to do so over the next three months, hasincreased once more from 26% to 33%. It should be noted, however, that this figure is still one of the lowest of any ofthe countries surveyed across the Americas.CanadaDespite a decrease in the percentage of companies taking on new recruits this March, Canada currently boasts thehighest employment figures of the Americas - 53%. This is expected to remain the case as the year progresses, withCanadian recruitment rates increasing to 55%. Following December’s dip in firing activity, job losses have once againreturned to 37%, but this is most likely due to the Canadian job market rightsizing after a jump in employment lastquarter. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  5. 5. International Comparison – Americas Cont.ChileIn this quarter’s snapshot, Chile’s job market is once again characteristic of the Americas in general. Hiring levels havefallen from 60% to 42%, while job losses have gone up slightly to 39%. On a brighter note, however, the following fewmonths should offer a better outlook for those seeking work in Chile. This quarter’s Snapshot predicts a respectableincrease of 11% in hiring activity and a lack of movement around job loss figures for Chile. All these signs indicate thatChile’s job market is set to grow in the next three months.MexicoAt 36%, there has been a quite significant drop in the level of Mexican companies taking on new staff this quarter. Thisdip will only be brief however, with hiring rates increasing once more over the coming three months. The percentage ofcompanies reducing their staff headcount has risen slightly at the beginning of 2012. At 31%, though, Mexico currentlyholds the lowest rates for job cuts of any of the American countries surveyed. The following quarter is expected toresult in firing activity rising modestly to 37%, but whether this occurs in reality is yet to be seen.United States of AmericaHiring rates in the United States of America have remained relatively constant this quarter - falling just 3% to 48%. Joblosses within the employment market have varied slightly more during this time, with 32% of companies letting staffgo- 6% up on December’s figures. Overall, however, the job market in the United States of America has been the moststable of any of its neighbouring countries over the last three months. This stability is set to continue into the nearfuture with recruitment rates fluctuating by just 1% and firing level varying by a modest 3%. Winners & Losers Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  6. 6. International Comparison – Asia PacificManpower Group interviewed more than 16,000 employers across Australia, China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, NewZealand, Singapore and Taiwan to measure anticipated hiring activity in the July-September time frame. Positive hiringplans are reported throughout the region with employers in India, Taiwan and Singapore anticipating the strongesthiring intentions. With the exception of Australia, hiring expectations improve or remain stable from three months agoin each of the region’s labour markets. However, in a year-over-year comparison, Net Employment Outlooks weaken infive of eight countries and territories; the most notable decline in hiring sentiment is reported by employers in Australiawhere job prospects weaken across all industry sectors.Opportunities for job seekers are again expected to be strongest in India where the Outlook now matches the mostoptimistic forecast reported by the country’s employers. Notably, India’s employers have now reported the mostoptimistic hiring plans among all of the countries and territories surveyed for three consecutive quarters.Additionally, Net Employment Outlooks in three industry sectors match or exceed the strongest forecasts on record.Hiring in the Services sector continues to be strong. Rapid job growth is also expected in the Retail sector, due partly tothe relaxed legislation regarding single-brand retail; growth in the sector is causing structural talent shortages that theRetailers Association of India hopes to remedy by training five million people over the next five years. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  7. 7. International Comparison – Asia Pacific Cont.Demand in the Services sector is also fuelling optimism in Taiwan as employers in the thriving Tourism segment struggleto find the right talent. Meanwhile, the strong third-quarter forecasts in mainland China’s Chonqing, Wuhan andSuzhou regions reflect how companies are moving operations inland to the Central & West region from the country’scoastal hubs as a means of offsetting labour arbitrage.Elsewhere in the region, Japan’s Outlook has climbed steadily for three years and is now the strongest since the thirdquarter of 2008. The effects of the rebuilding effort following last year’s tsunami and a boost in consumer spending ismanifesting itself in steady improvements to Japan’s Construction and Retail sectors. Confidence among the country’semployers is also boosting hiring intentions in the Manufacturing sector to the strongest level in more than four years.AustraliaAustralia’s recruitment activity has fallen by 18% this quarter to 55% - a value better reflecting that predicted back inthe Snapshot of July 2011. This figure is set to level out over the coming three months, however, with 54% of Australiancompanies looking to take on staff in the near future. On the other side of the employment market, job cuts in Australiahave increased for the start of 2012 from 31% to 41%. The good news, though, is that for this next quarter thepercentage of companies looking to shed employees should take a downward turn and fall to 38%. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  8. 8. International Comparison – Asia Pacific Cont.ChinaIn line with the country’s BRICS status, the percentage of Chinese companies hiring at a managerial / professional levelhas increased this quarter. Current hiring rates stand at 72% and will remain in the seventies over the next few months.The number of Chinese businesses downsizing staff numbers has also increased for this quarter’s report - rising from17% to 24%. This indicates a growing degree of turnover within the Chinese job market for the immediate future -though Chinese firing rates will still be lower than most in the region.IndiaAfter an impressive year of recruitment activity, Indian hiring levels have fallen to 55% for the start of 2012. This brieflull will not continue, however, with the level of Indian businesses taking on new staff rising again to 57% next quarter.The percentage of companies letting staff go currently stands at 24% - 3% higher than in December but still lower thansome in the region. Predictions have been made in this quarter’s Snapshot that over the next few months job cuts willrise to 38%, but whether this relatively large jump actually occurs is yet to be seen.JapanThe Japanese employment market has taken a bit of a hit this quarter - understandable given the recent naturaldisasters impacting this country. The percentage of Japanese companies hiring new staff at present has fallen from animpressive 75% to 56%, in a similar fashion to a number of other countries in the region. On a brighter note, hiringactivity will start to recover over the next few months - rising to 58%. Job cut rates have grown this quarter to 36%, witha further 8% increase expected in the coming months. This is, however, reasonable considering the consequences ofthe recent earthquake and tsunami. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  9. 9. International Comparison – Asia Pacific Cont.MalaysiaAfter a modest, yet notable rise in recruitment activity for December, Malaysian hiring rates have returned to the mid-forties, last seen in the March 2011 Snapshot. The number of companies taking on new managerial and professionalstaff currently stands at 44% - 11% down on December’s total. Firing rates have also seen quite a considerable riseduring this time, from just 11% to 32%. Over the following three months however, things should be steadier for theMalaysian job market with hiring and firing rates varying just 2% and 1% respectively.New ZealandManagerial and professional staff looking for employment in New Zealand will not have seen the predicted 11% rise inrecruitment made in December’s Snapshot. Hiring activity has remained relatively stable, though, with a slight decreaseof 3% to 53%. The following few months should see the promised growth in recruitment rates, with the number ofcompanies taking on new staff rising to 61%. On the other side of the employment market, the percentage of NewZealand’s companies reducing staff headcount has gone up over the past few months to 36% - much like its neighbourAustralia. Whether the further 8% increase in job losses predicted in this quarter’s Snapshot actually happens, though,is yet to be confirmed.PhilippinesAt the start of 2012, the Philippines continue to boast the world’s highest levels of recruitment. This quarter, aremarkable 97% of companies are hiring at a managerial / professional level - a figure well above any other countrysurveyed. The firing rates for the Philippines are also the most appealing across the globe, with just 5% of businessescurrently shedding employees and 4% looking to do so in the near future. As this year progresses, the job market in thePhilippines should continue to remain exceptionally stable. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  10. 10. International Comparison – Asia Pacific Cont.SingaporeHiring rates in Singapore have fallen slightly since December from 44% to 39%. Recruitment activity for this country,however, remains higher than it was in either March or July last year - 35% and 29% respectively. The percentage ofcompanies letting staff go has risen quite notably from 12% to 23% this quarter. The good news is that the comingquarter should see these job loss rates start to lower again, indicating a rightsizing of the job market in Singapore.South KoreaAt 56%, the hiring rates in South Korea are slightly higher than many countries in the region. This figure is set to dropmodestly over the next few months, but half of the South Korean businesses surveyed will continue to recruit at amanagerial and professional level during this time. The present situation looks good for South Korean’s job market interms of firing rates, with 19% of companies currently shedding staff - one of the lowest in the Far East. As the yearprogresses, job losses are predicted to rise by 10%, but the situation for South Korea will remain better than for someof its neighbours.TaiwanTaiwan currently boasts the second highest recruitment rates for the Asia Pacific region. In this March’s Snapshot, 68%of companies are taking on new recruits and 62% still expecting to do so over the next few months. The percentage ofTaiwan’s businesses cutting managerial / professional positions has been recorded at 34% this quarter comparativelyhigher than some of the surrounding countries. The level of turnover in Taiwan’s job market has been predicted tojump quite substantially to 48% new quarter. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  11. 11. International Comparison – Asia Pacific Cont.VietnamThe Vietnamese employment market has been more active for the start of 2012. Both hiring and firing rates haveincreased over the last few months, indicating a lot more turnover in this country’s job market. The number ofVietnamese companies currently hiring new staff has gone up by 3% to 53%, while the rate of job cuts has risen quitesubstantially from just 10% to 35%. The situation will improve modestly over the coming quarter, however, with hiringrates continuing to increase to 59% while firing activity remains steady. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  12. 12. International Comparison – EMEAApproximately 19,500 employers across 23 countries in the Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) region wereinterviewed to gauge anticipated hiring activity for Quarter 3 2012. The short-term hiring forecast across the EMEAregion is relatively stable or improved from the second quarter in 20 of the 23 countries. However, Net EmploymentOutlooks weaken in 17 countries in a year-over-year comparison. The region’s hiring plans are strongest in Turkey,Israel, Bulgaria, Romania, Slovenia and Norway, and are weakest in Greece. The buoyant forecast in Turkey is partiallydue to optimism in the Public & Social sector as employers respond to the Labour Ministry’s approval of funding for34,000 new positions in government combined with an aggressive recruitment initiative for Education. Meanwhile,optimism is notably weaker in Germany as many large companies plan downsizings in the months ahead; NetEmployment Outlooks fall in all but one industry sector year-over-year. Similarly, hiring plans in the Netherlands remainsubdued as employers there report their first negative forecast since the second quarter of 2010.Meanwhile, employer sentiment in the Manufacturing sector has now declined for four consecutive quarters and hiringplans are at their weakest since the Dutch survey began in 2003. Employer hiring sentiment in the UK remains tepid asthe country unexpectedly slipped into its second official recession in four years following a larger than anticipatedslump in financial services, oil and gas extraction and construction. Still, opportunities do exist for those with in-demand skill sets. This is especially true for top-level engineers; employers in nearly half of the UK’s engineering firmscurrently experience difficulty in their attempts to find suitable senior-level engineers, and more than a third complainthat less-experienced recruits often fail to meet their requirements.Despite one of the lowest unemployment rates on the European continent, the labour market in Switzerland remainsstagnant. There are encouraging signs that investments in the Construction sector may increase, triggered by lowinterest rates. However, these developments have yet to spark a corresponding uptick in hiring as the Constructionsector Outlook sinks to its weakest level since the Swiss survey began. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  13. 13. International Comparison – EMEA Cont.Europe’s debt crisis continues to place a drag on regional hiring intentions—all seven countries reporting negativethird-quarter hiring intentions are in the region.AustriaAs December’s Snapshot predicted, Austrian hiring levels have remained above 40% this quarter. The number ofcompanies currently recruiting new staff stands at 43% and is set to remain quite stable over the next few months.Austrian firing levels have also increased this quarter; rising from 19% to 35%. This however, is most likely a result ofthe significant recruitment boom within Austrian companies seen in the latter half of 2011.BelgiumRecruitment of managerial and professional staff in Belgium has fallen quite substantially this quarter from 60% to 46%.This is set to level out over the coming months, however, and remain at 43%. Belgium’s firing levels have been morestable during the first quarter of 2012 and currently stand at 28%. This figure is expected to rise very modestly to 32%but still remain lower than the high of 37% seen this time last year.DenmarkThose seeking managerial positions in Denmark this quarter have not seen the expected boom of employment, aspredicted by December’s Snapshot. Hiring levels have remained relatively consistent though, falling just 2% from 53%to 51%. Over the following few months, the percentage of companies recruiting is expected to fall a little further to47%. This figure, however, is greater than hiring levels currently present within some of Denmark’s neighbouringcountries. On the other hand, firing levels have also dropped slightly this quarter to 35%, indicating more of thosealready in employment are keeping their jobs. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  14. 14. International Comparison – EMEA Cont.FinlandAs predicted, hiring levels in Finland have fallen this quarter, while the number of businesses looking to shed staff hasrisen. This has happened to a greater extent than expected; particularly in terms of the percentage of companiesrecruiting new staff. According to this quarter’s Snapshot, hiring rates in Finland now stand at 49% rather than thepredicted 57%. The next quarter is looking more positive, however, with hiring levels remaining relatively consistent at45% and Finland’s firing levels dropping from 39% to 31%.FranceThe number of French companies looking to recruit at a managerial and professional level has dropped quitesignificantly in the early months of 2012. At present, 36% of businesses in France are hiring new staff. Over the next fewmonths, things are expected to take a turn for the better, however. Hiring levels are predicted to be 39% next quarter,indicating a modest yet noteworthy rise and an increase in stability within the French job market. Firing levels for thepresent quarter and those predicted for the next have remained somewhat more stable, with 30% of French businessescurrently letting staff go and 32% looking to do so in the near future. GermanyDespite the present unrest concerning the Euro in Western Europe, Germany’s job market has once again remainedstable this quarter. Recruitment figures have not fallen to 25% as predicted in December’s Snapshot, but remain at32%. The percentage of German companies letting staff go this quarter also stands at a consistently low rate of 8% andjust 7% of businesses are currently looking to shed staff at a managerial / professional position over the next threemonths. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  15. 15. International Comparison – EMEA Cont.GreeceFollowing a somewhat surprisingly high degree of recruitment last quarter, given Greece’s current economic instability,hiring levels in Greece have fallen in the start of 2012. At present, 42% of Greek businesses are taking on new staff at amanagerial and professional level; 18% less than in December. The percentage of companies letting people go has alsorisen from 38% to 45%, perhaps quite understandably. The good news, however, for Greece is that over the next threemonths hiring levels are once again set to take a positive turn, with 47% of Greek corporations looking to recruit newstaff.IrelandSimilar to much of Western Europe, the percentage of Irish companies undergoing recruitment has fallen this quarter.43% of businesses are currently hiring at a managerial / professional level, while 42% will be looking to do so over thenext quarter. Firing rates have remained more stable though, rising just 3% over the last three months. This isparticularly pleasing given that Ireland had one of the highest levels of recruitment in the last Snapshot, indicatingmany of the managerial staff hired in Q4 2011 are keeping their jobs.ItalyDespite much fluctuation for some of its neighbouring countries, Italy’s employment market has stayed relativelysteady this quarter. Hiring levels have dropped slightly from 42% to 39% and the number of Italian companies lettingstaff go has risen a little to 15%. It should be noted however, that this current level of job loss is one of the lowest inWestern Europe and is predicted to remain so for the coming quarter. This infers a good amount of job stability forthose already working in Italy. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  16. 16. International Comparison – EMEA Cont.LuxembourgAfter a significant boom in hiring activity at the end of 2012, the percentage of companies in Luxembourg currentlytaking on new staff has gone back down to 50%. This is expected to decrease slightly over the next three months to48% but remain more or less stable. Firing levels in Luxembourg have also decreased quite dramatically this quarter,from 41% to 23%, and are set to remain in the twenties for the coming months. This indicates more employees hired inthe boom are keeping their jobs.MaltaHiring levels have dropped quite substantially in Malta this quarter to 53%. This, however, does follow an impressive82% of businesses hiring staff in the months leading up to December - the highest for Western Europe. Understandably,the number of companies shedding staff has also risen rather significantly from 27% to 58% during this time. Firinglevels, however, are set to take a downward turn during the coming quarter, falling from 58% to 53%.NetherlandsThings are looking positive for the Netherlands’ job market this quarter. Hiring levels have steadied at 40% and are setto rise to 50% over the next few months - 1% higher than July last year. Though only a 1% decrease in job loss waspredicted, the number of companies letting staff go has also fallen considerably this quarter from 38% to just 20%. Thisvalue is expected to go down further to 19% over the next three months, signalling a fair amount of growth for theDutch employment market. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  17. 17. International Comparison – EMEA Cont.NorwayFollowing quite significant activity within the Norwegian job market last quarter, hiring levels have fallen for the start of2012. At present, 48% of companies are employing managerial / professional staff and 45% are expecting to do so overthe next few months. Job loss activity has also decreased, though not quite as much as predicted. The percentage ofNorwegian businesses currently cutting staff has fallen from 35% to 29%. The next quarter is set to see a slight increasein this figure but Norwegian jobs will still remain more stable than six months ago.PortugalAfter a somewhat inconsistent year, hiring rates in Portugal have settled around those seen this time last year. Atpresent, 35% of companies are recruiting new staff and 37% are looking to do so over the coming quarter. Job losseshave also increased from 23% to 36% in the first part of 2012, indicating a higher level of turnover in the Portugueseemployment market. This does follow a significant drop in the number of companies letting staff go, however, andresembles more the activity seen in March last year when Portugal’s employment activity was more steady.SpainRecruitment rates in Spain have recovered slightly this quarter to 29%, after falling by 8% in December. On the otherside, the percentage of companies shedding employees has also increased from 18% to 26% over the last few months.This is understandable, however, given the sudden dip in job cuts in last quarter’s Snapshot and is equivalent to thosepresent before the slump. Firing levels are set to remain stable for the near future, inferring an increase in stability forthe Spanish employment market over the coming months. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  18. 18. International Comparison – EMEA Cont.SwedenSimilar to many of the other higher flyers seen last quarter within Western Europe, hiring levels in Sweden have gonedown quite dramatically over the last three months. The percentage of Swedish companies taking on new staff hasfallen from 68% to 46%. This is expected to improve, however, over the coming quarter and rise to a respectable 50%.The rate of job cuts will remain more stable during this period, varying just 2% from 28% to 30%. This is reassuring,despite a fall in recruitment activity, as it indicates that those hired during the boom are retaining their positions.SwitzerlandFollowing an unexpected rise in employment last quarter, the percentage of businesses in Switzerland taking on newstaff has fallen to 31% during the start of 2012. This is set to decrease to 23% over the few coming months. On apositive note, however, job loss rates are at a consistently low level for Western Europe - standing at just 12%. This lackof turnover in Switzerland’s employment market is expected to continue for the next quarter, offering a high degree ofjob security for those employed by Swiss companies.United KingdomThe level of recruitment activity in the United Kingdom has remained more stable this quarter, after taking a quitesignificant dip in the lead up to December. Currently, 45% of companies in the United Kingdom are recruiting at amanagerial and professional level and the same will be looking to do so over the next few months. The number ofbusinesses shedding staff this quarter has increased slightly from 24% to 28%. This figure, however, is still lower thanthat seen six months ago. As the year progresses, the United Kingdom can look forward to a notably stableemployment market, despite the current unrest other countries in the European Union may be experiencing with theEuro. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  19. 19. International Comparison – EMEA Cont.BulgariaThe start of 2012 has seen a new high in terms of hiring activity for Bulgarian businesses. Recruitment of managerial /professional staff has increased by an impressive 14% from 48% to 62% this quarter, indicating a positive outlook forthose seeking employment in this country. On the other side, the percentage of Bulgarian companies currently lettingstaff go has also increased to 37%, but to a lesser extent than that seen for recruitment. Though 37% indicates arelatively high staff turnover at present; this figure is predicted to remain stable over the next few months, putting anend to the upward trend in Bulgarian job losses over the past six months.CroatiaCurrent hiring activity in Croatia has taken a positive turn this quarter, rising from 38% to 43%. Over the next fewmonths, the percentage of Croatian companies recruiting is expected to diminish slightly but will remain above 40%. Interms of job cuts, the number of companies shedding staff in Croatia has risen quite dramatically over the last threemonths from just 13% to 27%, indicating a high level of turnover within the Croatian job market. The coming quartershould see this unexpected increase in activity end, however, with firing levels dropping down again to 19%.Czech RepublicAfter a sudden boom in employment registered in last quarter’s Snapshot, hiring levels in the Czech Republic havereturned to 47% over the last three months. The percentage of companies letting staff go has also risen during this timefrom 23% to 28%, though to a far less extent than recruitment levels have dropped. This represents a positive outlookfor those in employment, as businesses in the Czech Republic have clearly retained much of the workforce hired duringDecember’s boom. Job cuts are set to fall again over the next quarter to 25%, offering further stability for employeeswithin the Czech Republic. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  20. 20. International Comparison – EMEA Cont.HungaryThere is good news for Hungary in this quarter’s Snapshot, as hiring levels have remained consistent at38% - despite being predicted to fall considerably to just 27%. The number of companies looking torecruit at a managerial / professional level is set to decrease slightly over the coming three months butonly by a further 2%. On the other side, the percentage of Hungarian businesses shedding employeeshas also fallen slightly from 29% to 26%, indicating more staff with managerial positions are keepingtheir jobs.PolandDespite once again being predicted to fall, recruitment rates in Poland have remained consistent at arespectable 58% this quarter. This Snapshot suggests that this will drop to 52% over the next threemonths, but only time will tell if this is case. Firing levels in Poland have also stayed attractively lowduring the first quarter of 2012. At present, just 16% of Polish companies are downsizing theirworkforce and only 15% are planning to do so over the next three months.RomaniaThe percentage of Romanian businesses currently hiring new staff has fallen this quarter from 57% to49%. This is set to stabilise over the coming three months, however, changing by just 1% to 48%. Thelevel of job cuts has also stayed relatively consistent for March’s Snapshot. At present the number ofRomanian companies shedding managerial / professional staff stands at 27% - only 1% up onDecember’s figures. Next quarter, job loss figures will also increase by 1%, indicating the Romanianemployment market is remarkably steady at this time. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  21. 21. International Comparison – EMEA Cont.RussiaThe level of hiring activity in Russia has fallen this quarter from 67% to 58%. Despite this, Russia still boasts higheremployment rates than any of those present across Europe at this time. The percentage of companies looking to takeon new managerial and professional staff over the next few months is also expected to remain in the fifties –decreasing by just 2% to 56%. On the other side, the level of Russian jobs being cut continues to drop in this quarter’ssnapshot to 31%. The number of businesses looking to shed staff in the near future is set to continue in this downwardtrend, representing an on-going, positive outlook for those in Russian employment.TurkeyAfter a six month boom of hiring activity in Turkey, recruitment levels have finally fallen again, as was predicted inDecember’s Snapshot. Somewhat surprisingly, though, this has been to a greater degree than expected, with thenumber of Turkish companies taking on new staff dropping from 74% to just 41%. Turkish job cut rates stand at 31% atpresent, increasing 3% over the last few months. Fortunately, however, this indicates that despite Turkish companies’lack of expansion this quarter, most of the staff that was employed during the recruitment boom has remained securein their jobs.IsraelIn this quarter’s Snapshot, Israel’s employment market continues to be noticeably active, despite December’s editionpredicting hiring levels were set to fall to 44%. Instead, the percentage of companies in Israel undergoing recruitmenthas remained in the fifties. This is set to drop below the half - way mark in the coming quarter- though whether thisactually happens is yet to be seen. Israel’s firing rates have also grown over the last three months to 43%, but to alesser extent than hiring has dropped. This indicates more managerial / professional employees are retaining their jobs. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  22. 22. International Comparison – EMEA Cont.BahrainBahrain’s recruitment levels have stayed fairly steady over the last few months. The percentage of companies hiringstaff lies at 53% at present - 1% more than in December’s Snapshot. This modest, yet positive trend for employmenthas been predicted to continue for the coming quarter, with 55% of Bahrain’s companies looking to hire at a manageriallevel over the next three months. In terms of job loss rates in Bahrain this quarter, the number of businesses sheddingstaff, or looking to do so soon, has increased quite markedly as expected - from 35% to 47%. This should level out asthe year progresses, however, and remain at a high but steady 47%.KuwaitAt 60%, the percentage of companies hiring at a managerial / professional level in Kuwait has risen by 7% this quarter -1% more than predicted three months ago. On the other side, the level of job losses has also increased during this timeby 3% to 32% and is set to remain the same for the coming quarter. Since this rise in firing activity stands below that forrecruitment, however, it seems Kuwait’s job market has expanded in 2012. The number of companies hiring new staffwithin the next few months is expected to decrease to 49%, but whether this occurs is yet to be confirmed.OmanDespite December’s prediction that Oman’s recruitment activity would fall this quarter, the percentage of companieshiring at a managerial / professional level has increased by 4% to 74% - one of the highest for the region. Job losseshave also plummeted in this time from 26% to just 12%, indicating a high degree of employment stability for thoseworking in Oman. Over the next few months, the number of businesses looking to shed managerial staff is expected togrow somewhat to 17%, but this will still leave Oman with the lowest rates for job loss in the region. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  23. 23. International Comparison – EMEA Cont.QatarThis March, Qatar again boasts the highest rates of employment for the region and the second highest in the world.The number of companies recruiting new staff has remained at 77% over the last six months, in line with the country’s‘2030 Vision.’ Hiring levels are expected to fall over the coming quarter but remain at a respectable 65%. Firing rateshave been less stable since December - rising from just 14% to 22%. This trend is set to continue for the near future,but to a lesser extent with job cuts reaching 25%.Saudi ArabiaFollowing a significant recruitment boom, hiring activity in Saudi Arabia has dropped quite considerably this quarterfrom 73% to 57%. Things are expected to take a turn for the better over the coming few months, however, with thepercentage of companies hiring rising again to a respectable 64%. On the other side of the job market, firing activityhas increased as expected from a record low of 10% to 19%. Given the current drop in recruitment activity in SaudiArabia though, this modest increase indicates many of the staff hired in the boom is retaining their positions and theSaudi Arabian job market is rightsizing.United Arab EmiratesHiring activity in the United Arab Emirates has fallen by 13% this quarter. Yet at 49%, this figure still remains higher thanthis time last year. The employment market is also set to recover over the coming months, with recruitment ratesgrowing to 54%. In terms of job loss rates, the percentage of businesses in the United Arab Emirates downsizing staffnumbers has stayed at one of the lowest for the region-just 14%. The coming few months will see firing activity remainat this consistently low value, signalling a good degree of job stability for this country. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  24. 24. International Comparison – EMEA Cont.AlgeriaThe percentage of Algerian companies hiring managerial and professional staff is quite low in relation to its fellowAfrican countries. At present, Algerian recruitment rates stand at 45% and are expected to lower modestly to 40% overthe next three months. At 49%, the level of job cuts is also relatively high within the Algerian job market compared tosome of the surrounding areas. Things are set to improve for the coming quarter, however, with the number of Algerianbusinesses looking to shed employees taking a downward turn towards 43%.AngolaWith hiring rates currently standing at 49%, Angola’s job market is not as active as some of the neighbouring countries.Over the next few months, this figure will fall slightly but remain above 40%. On the other side of Angola’s employmentmarket, there is a relatively high degree of turnover occurring at present. 41% of companies are looking to cutmanagerial / professional positions this quarter and 46% are predicting they will do so over the next three months.Whether this occurs in practice, however, is yet to be confirmed.EgyptIn spite of the on-going political unrest, the Egyptian job market is faring relatively well. The percentage of companieshiring at a managerial and professional level has fallen from December’s high of 64% to 55% this quarter. However, therate of job cuts has also dropped to a greater extent from 34% to 23%, indicating more employees are keeping theirjobs. The next few months should bring continued stability for the Egyptian employment market as well with bothhiring and firing levels varying by just 1% - a notable achievement given the current political instability of this country. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  25. 25. International Comparison – EMEA Cont.GhanaHiring activity in Ghana has increased by 9% for this quarter’s Snapshot to 55%. This value is set to remain steady forthe next few months, after a year of somewhat dramatic fluctuations. The percentage of Ghana’s businesses sheddingstaff at the start of 2012 has risen to a higher degree than expected - from 23% to 41%, indicating a high level ofturnover within Ghana’s job market. Over the coming quarter job cuts have been predicted to increase further, but to amore modest extent than for this March’s Snapshot.NigeriaAfter the significant recruitment boom in Nigeria back in December, the percentage of companies hiring new staff hasfallen quite substantially from 73% to 44%. The next quarter should see Nigeria’s job market recover well, however,with 56% of businesses expecting to recruit during the next three months - one of the highest rates for Africa. Aspredicted, job losses in Nigeria have gone up from 27% to 32% over this quarter and are expected to reach 40% in thenear future. Nevertheless, recruitment does remain the more active field, indicating more Nigerian employees arekeeping their jobs after the boom.South AfricaThough the level of South African companies recruiting new staff has reduced by 15% this quarter to 53%, firing ratesfor this country are the lowest for Africa - at 19%. The following three months are expected to bring more good newswith both hiring rates increasing to 59% and firing rates falling in parallel to a modest 15%. This indicates the SouthAfrican employment market is set to grow as the year progresses. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  26. 26. UK Sector ComparisonIntroductionIt has been argued and considered as to how the UK’s Industry Sectors perform in terms of Recruiting Patterns.Montague Consult has therefore put together a study research to learn this information. The information provided inthis document has been gained through studying the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey and Antal InternationalGlobal Snapshot.The figures are representative samples of 2,102 employers across the UK. We have collated the information to includethe following Industry Sectors:• Agriculture• Community & Social• Construction• Finance & Business Services• Hotels & Retails• Manufacturing• Mining• Transport & Communications• UtilitiesWe have managed to analyse and utilise information from Quarter 4 2006 through to Quarter 3 2012. The informationprovided also includes seasonal variations. Collectively, this will hopefully provide a useful piece of information whichdemonstrates the fluctuating pattern in recruitment requirements throughout the UK’s industry sectors. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  27. 27. UK Sector Comparison Cont.Data AnalysisThe data have shown that of the Industry Sectors identified and between the periods of Q4 2006through to and including Q3 2012, the Utilities Sector was an overwhelming top performer in termsof consistent hiring patterns throughout the period with an average score of 10%. However, theHotels & Retail Sector also performed well throughout this period and coming in at a close secondposition to the Utilities Sector with an average score of 9%.Some distance behind the Utilities Sector and Hotels & Retail Sector is the Mining Sector, which Ihave to admit did provide something of a surprise to me with an average score of 7% coming aheadof the Manufacturing sector which managed to achieve an average score of 4%. The ManufacturingSector did hold its own with a considerable gap between them and the Community & Social Sectorwhich achieved an average score of 3%; also managing to outperform the Transport &Communication Sector, although only just. The Transport & Communication Sector managed toachieve an average score of 2%.The Agriculture Sector which with all factors considered still has maintained a high performancelevel, scoring and average of 1%. The Finance & Business Service Sector has been hit hard over thisperiod only managing an average score of 0% and coming in almost last place. Last positionhowever, has been reserved for the Construction Sector which although has been hit the hardest ofall the Industry Sectors, with all economic factors considered, has still managed to do perform ratherwell with an average score of -2%. Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  28. 28. UK Sector Comparison Cont. Finance & Community Hotels & Transport & Agriculture Construction Business Manufacturing Mining Utilities & Social Retail Communication ServicesQ4 2006 1% 7% 2% 23% 5% 10% 21% 16% 17%Q1 2007 3% 9% 13% 27% 3% 7% 18% 13% 21%Q2 2007 8% 8% 14% 19% 13% 14% 15% 13% 17%Q3 2007 7% 9% 8% 21% 16% 14% 31% 5% 26%Q4 2007 0% 11% 9% 23% 6% 10% 15% 14% 2%Q1 2008 0% 11% -5% 11% 1% 12% -2% 10% 17%Q2 2008 1% 9% 1% 7% 5% 8% 23% 0% 12%Q3 2008 9% 7% 8% 12% 4% 7% 9% 3% 4%Q4 2008 -2% 2% 10% 0% -3% 3% -4% 3% 9%Q1 2009 3% 3% -23% -4% -8% -6% 3% -7% 8%Q2 2009 7% 0% -16% -7% -7% -7% -5% -4% 4%Q3 2009 1% 1% -6% -4% -7% -5% -1% -5% 9%Q4 2009 -2% 2% -3% 4% -5% -4% -9% -9% 4% Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  29. 29. UK Sector Comparison Cont. Finance & Community Hotels & Transport & Agriculture Construction Business Manufacturing Mining Utilities & Social Retail Communication ServicesQ1 2010 -3% -1% -13% 8% -4% -4% 1% -9% 6%Q2 2010 1% 0% -1% 5% -2% 2% 0% -7% 4%Q3 2010 4% -1% -2% 6% 1% 4% 2% 0% 8%Q4 2010 -4% -3% -6% 12% -1% 5% 6% 1% 7%Q1 2011 -8% 0% -8% 9% -8% -1% 2% 5% 7%Q2 2011 -2% -5% 3% 15% -5% -1% 6% 2% 5%Q3 2011 4% 0% -7% 9% 3% 10% 10% 6% 5%Q4 2011 2% 5% -8% 7% -3% 5% 3% 7% 11%Q1 2012 -2% -1% -3% -1% -4% 2% 9% -6% 14%Q2 2012 7% 3% -8% 5% 1% 1% 8% 5% 13%Q3 2012 -2% -4% -10% 13% 1% 7% 5% 2% 16% Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  30. 30. UK Sector Comparison Cont.40% Agriculture30% Community & Social20% Construction10% Hotels & Retail 0%-10% Finance & Business Services-20% Manufacturing-30% Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  31. 31. UK Sector Comparison 2007 Finance & Community Hotels & Transport & Agriculture Construction Business Manufacturing Mining Utilities & Social Retail Communication Services 3% 9% 13% 27% 3% 7% 18% 13% 21%Q1 2007 8% 8% 14% 19% 13% 14% 15% 13% 17%Q2 2007 7% 9% 8% 21% 16% 14% 31% 5% 26%Q3 2007 0% 11% 9% 23% 6% 10% 15% 14% 2%Q4 2007 Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  32. 32. UK Sector Comparison 2007 Cont.35%30%25%20%15% Q1 2007 Q2 200710% Q3 2007 Q4 20075%0% Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  33. 33. UK Sector Comparison 2008 Finance & Community Hotels & Transport & Agriculture Construction Business Manufacturing Mining Utilities & Social Retail Communication Services 0% 11% -5% 11% 1% 12% -2% 10% 17%Q1 2008 1% 9% 1% 7% 5% 8% 23% 0% 12%Q2 2008 9% 7% 8% 12% 4% 7% 9% 3% 4%Q3 2008 -2% 2% 10% 0% -3% 3% -4% 3% 9%Q4 2008 Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  34. 34. UK Sector Comparison 2008 Cont.25%20%15%10% Q1 2008 Q2 2008 Q3 2008 5% Q4 2008 0%-5%-10% Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  35. 35. UK Sector Comparison 2009 Finance & Community Hotels & Transport & Agriculture Construction Business Manufacturing Mining Utilities & Social Retail Communication Services 3% 3% -23% -4% -8% -6% 3% -7% 8%Q1 2009 7% 0% -16% -7% -7% -7% -5% -4% 4%Q2 2009 1% 1% -6% -4% -7% -5% -1% -5% 9%Q3 2009 -2% 2% -3% 4% -5% -4% -9% -9% 4%Q4 2009 Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  36. 36. UK Sector Comparison 2009 Cont.15%10% 5% 0% Q1 2009 Q2 2009-5% Q3 2009 Q4 2009-10%-15%-20%-25% Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  37. 37. UK Sector Comparison 2010 Finance & Community & Hotels & Transport & Agriculture Construction Business Manufacturing Mining Utilities Social Retail Communication Services -3% -1% -13% 8% -4% -4% 1% -9% 6%Q1 2010 1% 0% -1% 5% -2% 2% 0% -7% 4%Q2 2010 4% -1% -2% 6% 1% 4% 2% 0% 8%Q3 2010 -4% -3% -6% 12% -1% 5% 6% 1% 7%Q4 2010 Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  38. 38. UK Sector Comparison 2010 Cont.15%10% 5% Q1 2010 Q2 2010 0% Q3 2010 Q4 2010-5%-10%-15% Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  39. 39. UK Sector Comparison 2011 Agricult Community & Constructi Hotels & Finance & Business Manufactu Minin Transport & Utiliti ure Social on Retail Services ring g Communication esQ1 2011 -0.08 0 -0.08 0.09 -0.08 -0.01 0.02 0.05 0.07Q2 2011 -0.02 -0.05 0.03 0.15 -0.05 -0.01 0.06 0.02 0.05Q3 2011 0.04 0 -0.07 0.09 0.03 0.1 0.1 0.06 0.05Q4 2011 0.02 0.05 -0.08 0.07 -0.03 0.05 0.03 0.07 0.11 Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  40. 40. UK Sector Comparison 2011 Cont. 0.20.15 0.1 Q1 2011 Q2 20110.05 Q3 2011 Q4 2011 0-0.05 -0.1 Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
  41. 41. ConclusionThe information and data gained certainly shows that even through some very tenuous times full ofeconomic hardship and uncertainties, the Global Recruitment Market has actually remained quitebuoyant demonstrated by a 3% increase in global turnover year on year. I think we can all also agreethat some Countries have provided some pleasant surprises in their productivity levels throughoutthese turbulent times. Despite grave economic performances, the Recruitment Industry remains one ofthe largest and consistent contributors to the GDP of their host Country.With results from the various Industry Sectors showing between 10% at best and -2% on the other endof the scale, and including the number of Industry Sectors included, I think we can agree that there isfact no one single Industry Sector which out performs others. There is however a fluctuating patternbetween them all, perhaps with an exception of Construction which has performed quite badly over thisperiod. However, caution must be adopted as all figures demonstrated within this document arecovering a very difficult economic period, one which has not been encountered since the fifties.Montague Consult will of course continue to monitor this information and make it publically availableon a quarterly basis. Feel free to contact Montague Consult or visit us at Montague Consult Limited - Supporting You & Your Business
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