Poetry and wisdom

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Poetry and wisdom

  1. 1. Introduction
  2. 2. <ul><li>Same idea expressed twice in one or more lines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Give ear, my people, to my teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>turn your ear to what I say (Ps 78:1, JPS). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Repeated idea is “listen to my words” </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Psalm 25:4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Let me know Your paths, O LORD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>teach me Your ways (JPS) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Repeated idea is “show me what you want” </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Idea expressed and then contrasted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For the LORD cherishes the way of the righteous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>but the way of the wicked is doomed (Ps 1:6, JPS). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proverbs 14:1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The wisest of women builds her house, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But folly tears it down with its own hands (JPS). </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Idea expressed and then developed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don't let your spirit be quickly vexed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for vexation abides in the breasts of fools (Ecc 7:9, JPS). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ps 119:153 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See my affliction and rescue me </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for I have not neglected Your teaching (JPS). </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Repetition of a consonant or sound </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers; A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked; If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, Where's the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Draws attention to the line </li></ul><ul><li>Helps memorization </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Poems organised by alphabetic order – Ps 145 </li></ul>אֲ רוֹמִמְךָ אֱלוֹהַי הַמֶּלֶךְ וַאֲבָרֲכָה שִׁמְךָ לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד בְּ כָל־יוֹם אֲבָרֲכֶךָּ וַאֲהַלְלָה שִׁמְךָ לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד גָּ דוֹל יְהוָה וּמְהֻלָּל מְאֹד וְלִגְדֻלָּתוֹ אֵין חֵקֶר דּ וֹר לְדוֹר יְשַׁבַּח מַעֲשֶׂיךָ וּגְבוּרֹתֶיךָ יַגִּידוּ
  8. 8. <ul><li>The use of the same, or similar sounding, words in different contexts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the brightness before Him, His thick clouds (‘ avav ) passed (‘ avru ) with hailstones and coals of fire. (Psa 18:12 NKJ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying, &quot;Jeremiah, what do you see?&quot; And I said, &quot;I see a branch of an almond tree [ Shaqed ].&quot; 12 Then the LORD said to me, &quot;You have seen well, for I am ready to perform (Shoqed) My word.“ (Jer 1:11-12, NKJ) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Proverbs </li></ul><ul><li>Ecclesiastes </li></ul><ul><li>Job </li></ul><ul><li>Psalms </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 5 </li></ul><ul><li>James </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Egyptian wise man </li></ul><ul><li>Taught during the Old Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Papyrus and clay tablets found in 1900 </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Teacher–pupil relationship described like “father” and “son” </li></ul><ul><li>My son, hear the instruction of your father, And do not forsake the law of your mother </li></ul><ul><li>(Proverbs 1:8 ) </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Those who keep his teachings were like “...golden apples in silver settings” </li></ul>A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold In settings of silver . (Proverbs 25:11, NKJ )
  13. 14. <ul><li>Incompetent, who could not apply his sayings described as </li></ul><ul><li>“ ...a proverb that hangs limp in the mouth of a fool is like crippled legs” </li></ul>Like the legs of the lame that hang limp Is a proverb in the mouth of fools. (Proverbs 26:7)
  14. 15. <ul><li>Proverbs 1:2-6 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discipline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discretion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discernment </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Skill of an Artisan </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedic knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>People interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Reverence for God </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Direct advice, easy to apply </li></ul><ul><li>Answers not always forthcoming </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the order of the book </li></ul><ul><li>Consult commentaries for imagery </li></ul><ul><li>Not all proverbs are promises </li></ul><ul><li>(p.244-45) </li></ul>
  17. 18. Suffering of the Righteous
  18. 19. <ul><li>Late </li></ul><ul><li>Early </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign? </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid </li></ul>
  19. 20. Job Three Friends Children God This is happening because you have sinned Intercession Explain !!! I’m innocent Prologue cc.1-3 Discourse cc.4-31 I AM GOD !!! God’s response cc.38-42 Elihu Elihu’s Discourse cc.32-37
  20. 21. <ul><li>Sheol </li></ul><ul><li>Resurrection of the Dead </li></ul><ul><li>How to suffer </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulation of God </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>Ezekiel 14:14 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Even if these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, they would deliver only themselves by their righteousness,&quot; says the Lord GOD. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reflection of Jesus suffering </li></ul>
  22. 23. Israel’s Hymnbook?
  23. 24. 42-72 73-89 90-106 107-150 1-41 Book I Book II Book III Book IV Book V
  24. 26. <ul><li>David </li></ul><ul><li>Solomon (72) </li></ul><ul><li>Moses (90) </li></ul><ul><li>Sons of Korah (42-49) </li></ul><ul><li>Sons of Asaph (73-83) </li></ul><ul><li>Unnamed (114, 117) </li></ul><ul><li>Editors and Redactors </li></ul>
  25. 27. Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm
  26. 28. Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm
  27. 29. Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm
  28. 30. <ul><li>Psalm 72:20 The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended. </li></ul><ul><li>Psalm 103:1 A Psalm of David. Bless the LORD, O my soul: and all that is within me, bless his holy name. </li></ul>
  29. 31. Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm Psalm
  30. 32. <ul><li>Hymns (Pss 104, 105) </li></ul><ul><li>Laments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal (Ps 42) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community (Ps 74) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Songs of Thanksgiving (Pss 30, 107) </li></ul><ul><li>Zion Psalms (Pss 76, 84) </li></ul><ul><li>Enthronement Psalms (Pss 95-99) </li></ul>
  31. 33. Pss 3-88 Ps 89 Pss 90-106 Pss 107-150 Ps 1 Gateway Davidic Kingdom Exile God is King Praise and Worship
  32. 34. <ul><li>New Testament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Matt 21:42 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Matt 22:44 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lk 19:38 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acts 2:25-28 (Ps 16:8-11) </li></ul></ul>
  33. 36. <ul><li>Solomon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1:1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>25:1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Agur </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30:1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lemuel’s Mother </li></ul><ul><ul><li>31:1 </li></ul></ul>
  34. 37. <ul><li>Collection that expanded with time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prov 10:1 “Proverbs of Solomon” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prov 22:17 “Words of the Wise” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prov 24:23 “..also belong to the wise” </li></ul></ul>
  35. 38. <ul><li>Farming 12:10-11; 28:19 </li></ul><ul><li>Metallurgy 17:3 </li></ul><ul><li>Politics 16:10-15 </li></ul><ul><li>Economics 11:1, 16:11 </li></ul><ul><li>Psychology 12:15, 14:10 </li></ul>
  36. 39. <ul><li>The way of the righteous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proverbs 2:8 He guards the paths of justice, And preserves the way of His saints. (NKJ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The way of the wicked </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proverbs 12:15 The way of a fool is right in his own eyes, But he who heeds counsel is wise. (NKJ) </li></ul></ul>
  37. 40. <ul><li>Read Proverbs 26:4-5 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you feel about these verses? </li></ul></ul>
  38. 41. Introduction 1:1-7 Basic acts and consequences cc.10-15 Exceptions to the rule cc.16-29 Hermeneutical prologue, general principles cc.1-9
  39. 42. <ul><li>Very little </li></ul><ul><li>A woman of valour </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus as the “Way” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reminiscent of the way of the righteous </li></ul></ul>

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