EU Enlargement and Turkey’s Application for Membership v3


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EU Enlargement and Turkey’s Application for Membership v3

  1. 1. EU enlargement and Turkey’s application for membership Lea Hannibalsen David Mircea Bucur
  2. 2. Enlargement: The accession process Copenhagen Criteria (1993): Political: rule of law, stable institutions, democracy, respect for human rights. Economic: functional market economy. Legal: EU laws and practice. Adherence to the terms of a political, economic and monetary union. Joining the EU is a 3 stage process:1. A country is offered a prospect of membership.2. The country is given official candidate status.3. Formal membership negotiations.
  3. 3. 2004 Enlargement: Expanding East•Estonia•Latvia•Lithuania•Poland•Czech Republic•Slovakia•Hungary•Slovenia•Cyprus
  4. 4. 2007 Enlargement: Romania and Bulgaria•Romania•Bulgaria
  5. 5. Who’s joining next?•Iceland•Croatia•Serbia•Bosnia and Herzegovina•Montenegro•Kosovo•Albania•Turkey
  6. 6. Turkey: Timeline1959: Turkey applies for associate membership of EEC.1963: Ankara Agreement signed, aiming to enter a customs union.1987: Turkey applies for full EEC membership.1995: Customs union founded between Turkey and the EU.1997: Council declares Turkey eligible to become a member state.2004: Council defines conditions for opening accession negotiations.2005: Negotiations formally opened.
  7. 7. Turkey and European Union- Long-term process with shifting attitudes from the EU towards a full membership for Turkey.- Applied for membership of the EEC in 1987 (association agreement with EEC in 1963) and the accession negotiations froze in 2006.- Turkey has made great progress pursuing EU standards yet they lack several important areas(commission progress report 2005).- Why not Turkey?
  8. 8. Pros and preferences for a Turkishmembership in the EU- The emergence of democracy and vibrant economy in Turkey.(Enlargement Policy; the spread of liberal democratic ideas and marketeconomy principles).- A reinforcement of Security.(Maintaining security in the eastern Mediterranean, role model forneighbouring Islamic states. May help to create security and stability inthe European continent. Geographical location).
  9. 9. Concerns and problems regarding a fullmembership for Turkey The conflict with Cyprus and Greece Conditionality and criteria issues Geographical and Cultural issues Association partnership instead of full membership?
  10. 10. Attitudes towards Turkish membership- Attitude among European citizens.(Four factors which can explain attitudes: Economic costs andbenefits, cultural differences, political ideology and the general attitudestowards the EU).- Perspectives of the Turkish elite.(Opinions on membership. Political and cultural issues. Reflection onrejection and future prospect. Cost and benefits. Any concerns?).
  11. 11. Statistic view ofthe 27 memberstates support forTurkish accession:- The countries who aremost supportive are thetwo newest members:Romania and Bulgaria- Among the countrieswho are leastsupportive we findFrance and Austria.Both countries are likelyto have referendumsabout the Turkishaccession.
  12. 12. Further reading European Commission key documents countries/turkey/key_documents_en.htm 2004 enlargement _enlargement/e50017_en.htm 2004 and 2007 Enlargement documents/links _enlargement/index_en.htm General information regarding Turkey and the EU information/turkey/index_en.htm