Experiences of Agricultural
Research in Kenya: From Research
 to Implementation of Extension
             Service


      ...
Outline of Presentation
• Introduction

• Kenyan NARS: Role of research in
  Development

• Approaches for Linking agric r...
Flagship projects identified for agric.
     sector development in next 5 yrs
  – Agricultural policy reforms
  – Three-ti...
Role of Research in Agric.
            Development
• Productivity impact

• Livelihoods impact

• Environmental impact and...
more bread, ugali

Impact orientation                                                   impact
                           ...
National Agric. Research System-
                  Kenya
• Consists of approx. 30 institutions:
   –   Public agric. resea...
Role of NARS R4D: Case of KARI
• Core function is to generate improved agric.
  technologies, information and knowledge as...
Contribution of KARI to Productivity

• Works with other partners to provide the
  necessary STI framework in agriculture ...
Overall purpose

• To contribute to the modernization of the
  agricultural sector by increasing
  agricultural productivi...
KARI’s Research programmes
1. Food crops (Cereals, root and tubers, grain legumes,
   crop health)

2. Horticulture and in...
Programmes (Cont..)
6.   Natural Resource Management (Land use
     planning, Soil and water mgt, Integrated soil fertilit...
Research Approach
• KARI has adopted the APVC approach to
  effectively contribute to generation of
  technologies and kno...
Network of KARI Centres
Approaches used to improve Research-
    Extension linkages for impact
 • Joint planning at research centre level (Centre
...
Approaches used to improve Research –
     Extension linkages for impact
•   Implementation of joint research extension ac...
Examples of Successful SA Initiatives
•   Soil and water conservation project
    supported by Sida and Gok
•   Agroforest...
Successful SA (Cont’d)
• Smallholder dairy zero grazing systems =>
  manures easily directed/applied to crop
  land
• Indi...
Some reasons for success
• Involvement of key partners, including beneficiaries
  in design and implementation of the proj...
Thank you
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Research Extension Implementation Of Services Research Festus

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Research Extension Implementation Of Services Research Festus

  1. 1. Experiences of Agricultural Research in Kenya: From Research to Implementation of Extension Service Dr. Festus Murithi Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) Presentation given during the UN Expert Group meeting on SLM and Agricultural Practices in Africa: Bridging the Gap between Research and Farmers, 16-17 April 2009, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
  2. 2. Outline of Presentation • Introduction • Kenyan NARS: Role of research in Development • Approaches for Linking agric research- extension for impact • Conclusions: Reasons for success of SA projects
  3. 3. Flagship projects identified for agric. sector development in next 5 yrs – Agricultural policy reforms – Three-tiered fertilizer cost reduction – Branding Kenya farm produce – Establishment of livestock disease free zones and processing facilities – Creation of publicly accessible land registries – Development of agricultural land use master plan – Development of irrigation schemes • STI recognized to be important in all the flagship projects and across the sectors
  4. 4. Role of Research in Agric. Development • Productivity impact • Livelihoods impact • Environmental impact and sustainability => Calls for impact orientation where agric R&D contributes to development impact
  5. 5. more bread, ugali Impact orientation impact - awareness -improved food - availability of: security seeds, inputs, markets -poverty reduced good roads - sustainable NRM outcomes - increase in yields - decrease in costs super seed -improved soil fertility - new knowledge, skills aez -attitudes and values outputs costs yields -private agents: extension, input - HYV seeds nutritive dealers, millers, - trade-offs value -public depts: -policy options inputs and extension, roads, tra - training sessions de, quality activities - reports -private agents: control, electricity, extension, input dealers technology -public depts: design & extension, roads, trade, Source: Waithaka NARS and Minde, 2006 development quality control
  6. 6. National Agric. Research System- Kenya • Consists of approx. 30 institutions: – Public agric. research institutions, KARI being the largest – Public and private university faculties and departments – Private companies – NGOs • Human capacity > 800 fte, 50% in KARI • Partners include: – CGIAR Centres (ILRI, ICRAF, ICRISAT, CIMMYT, CIP, CIAT, ICIPE) – Regional networks (ASARECA) • NARS policy being finalized to facilitate joint priority setting, planning and resource sharing among NARS institutions
  7. 7. Role of NARS R4D: Case of KARI • Core function is to generate improved agric. technologies, information and knowledge as public goods through conducting strategic, applied and adaptive research • Secondary role is to catalyze the adoption of the improved technologies, information and knowledge to create people level impact through establishment of effective partnerships • Also provides specialized services (e.g. lab analysis, digital mapping)
  8. 8. Contribution of KARI to Productivity • Works with other partners to provide the necessary STI framework in agriculture required to transform Kenya into a a knowledge based society. • Generates technologies and promote use of information/knowledge to respond to clients demands • Contributes to income generation, poverty reduction, social equity, good health, security due to better use of NR, global/regional competitiveness and better governance
  9. 9. Overall purpose • To contribute to the modernization of the agricultural sector by increasing agricultural productivity, promoting investment in agricultural enterprises and agribusiness
  10. 10. KARI’s Research programmes 1. Food crops (Cereals, root and tubers, grain legumes, crop health) 2. Horticulture and industrial crops (vegetables; fruit and nuts; oil and fibre; and flowers, botanicals, medicinal and aromatics) 3. Animal production (Ruminant livestock improvement, non ruminant livestock improvement and emerging livestock) 4. Animal health research (disease diagnostics; vaccines and drugs; disease control and epidemiology) 5. Range resource mgt
  11. 11. Programmes (Cont..) 6. Natural Resource Management (Land use planning, Soil and water mgt, Integrated soil fertility mgt, Irrigation and drainage) 7. Biotechnology (Crop and livestock biotechnology) 8. Genetic resources management (GenebanK) 9. KARI Seed Unit 10. Socio-economics and Applied Statistics 11. Adaptive research, outreach and partnerships These programmes are supported by ICT, HR, Procurement and Finance services
  12. 12. Research Approach • KARI has adopted the APVC approach to effectively contribute to generation of technologies and knowledge, their dissemination, adoption and impact • APVC calls for shift from focusing on commodities to differentiated agric. products responding to market demands • Research activities conducted thro’ a network of 23 centres across the country with specific regional or national mandates
  13. 13. Network of KARI Centres
  14. 14. Approaches used to improve Research- Extension linkages for impact • Joint planning at research centre level (Centre Research Advisory Committee – CRAC annual meetings) • Adopted Farming Systems approach to research and extension, and now the value chains approach • Multi-institutional and multi-disciplinary partnerships key • Joint research priority setting involving key stakeholders in different value chains • Social, cultural, economic, gender, institutional and technical issues considered
  15. 15. Approaches used to improve Research – Extension linkages for impact • Implementation of joint research extension activities • Planning/review meetings, on-farm trials, field days, demonstrations, agric. shows, M&E • Development and implementation of joint research and extension projects (e.g. the Kenya agricultural Productivity and Agric-business programme) • Establishment of KARI Seed Unit (KSU) to avail planting materials to farmers • Initiation of the Agric. Technology and Information Response Initiative (ATIRI) in KARI to strengthen capacity of farmers to demand technologies • Research getting more involved in policy formulation
  16. 16. Examples of Successful SA Initiatives • Soil and water conservation project supported by Sida and Gok • Agroforestry projects • Smallholder irrigation projects, incl drip irrigation • Cover crops/green manure projects • Conservation agriculture – minimum/zero tillage projects • Use of farm yard manure, esp. in vegetables and cash crops
  17. 17. Successful SA (Cont’d) • Smallholder dairy zero grazing systems => manures easily directed/applied to crop land • Indigenous poultry projects • Smallholder horticultural gardens • Napier grass/desmodium push-pull technologies for control of striga in maize (western Kenya) • Organic farming projects
  18. 18. Some reasons for success • Involvement of key partners, including beneficiaries in design and implementation of the projects => high appreciation of need to create impact • Clear social and economic benefits=> appropriate incentives • Compatibility of the technologies with the farming systems • Availability of input/output markets • Supportive policies • Good collective action among the beneficiaries
  19. 19. Thank you

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