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Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices to 2021

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The technology has reached a tipping point, because the necessary lower power electronics and more efficient energy gathering and storage are now sufficiently affordable, reliable and longer lived for …

The technology has reached a tipping point, because the necessary lower power electronics and more efficient energy gathering and storage are now sufficiently affordable, reliable and longer lived for a huge number of applications to be practicable. From wind-up laptops for Africa, wireless light switches working from the power of your finger and wireless sensors in oil fields monitoring equipment power by vibration – these are all in use now with many more applications emerging.

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  • 1. Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices 2011-2021 Energy harvesting is otherwise known as power harvesting or energy scavenging. It is the use of ambient energy to power small electronic or electrical devices. That includes photovoltaics, thermovoltaics, piezoelectrics and electrodynamics, among other options, which are now being used in a wide variety of applications. The technology has reached a tipping point, because the necessary lower power electronics and more efficient energy gathering and storage are now sufficiently affordable, reliable and longer lived for a huge number of applications to be practicable. From wind-up laptops for Africa, wireless light switches working from the power of your finger and wireless sensors in oil fields monitoring equipment power by vibration – these are all in use now with many more applications emerging. Energy harvesting has reached a tipping point. This is because the necessary lower power electronics and more efficient energy gathering and storage are now sufficiently affordable, reliable and longer lived for a huge number of applications to be practicable. From wind-up laptops for Africa to the wireless light switch working from the power of your finger, these things are either available or imminently available. And photovoltaics, long used in aerospace, has come down-market, even to road furniture but it has much further to go even to disposable solar film and even solar paint. The first solar powered watches and phones have appeared. Some new photovoltaic technologies are printed reel to reel at low cost, the resulting film working off heat as well as light. For example, Sony is commercialising flexible solar cells for indoor use. However, there are further challenges to overcome in order to achieve self-powered wireless sensor networks monitoring devices in hostile environments, inaccessible parts of the globe and even inside the human body. Some of the challenges include lowering manufacturing costs and optimising performance of energy harvesters, while always keeping in mind innovation in competing technologies such as primary batteries. Taking these observations into account, IDTechEx find that the total market for energy harvesting devices, in applications ranging from consumer electronics to industrial monitoring and wireless sensor networks will reach over $5 billion by 2022. How do these things work? Which technologies have the most potential now and in the future? What are the advantages and disadvantages of each? Which countries have the most active programs and why? What are the leading universities, developers, manufacturers and other players up to? What alliances exist? What are the timelines for success? All these questions and more are answered in this report. table Of Content 1. Executive Summary And Conclusions 1.1. Market Forecast 2012-2022, 2032 2. Introduction 2.1. What Is Energy Harvesting? 2.2. What It Is Not Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices 2011-2021
  • 2. 2.3. Energy Harvesting Compared With Alternatives 2.4. Power Requirements Of Different Devices 2.5. Harvesting Options To Meet These Requirements 2.6. Battery Advances Fail To Keep Up - Implications 2.7. Some Key Enablers For The Future - Printed Electronics, Smart Substrates, Mems 2.7.1. Printed And Thin Film 2.7.2. Smart Substrates 2.7.3. Mems 3. Applications And Potential Applications 3.1. Aerospace And Military 3.2. Industrial 3.2.1. Standards - Enocean Alliance Vs Zigbee 3.2.2. Real Time Locating Systems 3.2.3. Wireless Sensor Networks (wsn) 3.2.4. Aircraft, Engines, Automotive And Machinery 3.3. Consumer 3.3.1. Mobile Phones, Wristwatches, Radio, Lamps Etc 3.3.2. E-labels, E-packaging, E-signage, E-posters 3.3.3. Textiles 3.4. Healthcare 3.5. Third World 3.6. Environmental 4. Harvesting-tolerant Electronics, Direct Use Of Power, Storage Options 4.1. Harvesting Tolerant Electronics And Direct Use Of Power 4.1.1. Progress With Harvesting Tolerant Electronics 4.2. New Battery Options 4.2.1. Smart Dust 4.2.2. Lithium Laminar Batteries 4.2.3. Planar Energy Devices 4.2.4. Cymbet Corporation - Integrated Battery Management 4.2.5. Infinite Power Solutions 4.2.6. Transparent Printed Organic Batteries 4.2.7. Biobatteries Do Their Own Harvesting 4.2.8. Battery That Incorporates Energy Harvesting - Flexel 4.2.9. Technion Israel Institute Of Science 4.2.10. Need For Shape Standards For Laminar Batteries 4.3. Alternatives To Batteries 4.3.1. Supercapacitors 4.3.2. Supercapacitors And Supercabatteries Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices 2011-2021
  • 3. 4.3.3. Supercabatteries 4.3.4. Mini Fuel Cells 5. Light Harvesting For Small Devices 5.1. Comparison Of Options 5.1.1. Important Parameters 5.1.2. Principles Of Operation 5.1.3. Options For The Future 5.1.4. Many Types Of Photovoltaics Needed For Harvesting 5.2. Limits Of Csi And Asi Technologies 5.3. Limits Of Cdte 5.4. Gaasge Multilayers 5.5. Dssc 5.6. Cigs 5.7. Organic 5.8. Nanosilicon Ink 5.9. Nantennas 5.10. Other Options 5.10.1. Nanowire Solar Cells 6. Movement Harvesting 6.1. Vibration Harvesting 6.2. Movement Harvesting Options 6.2.1. Piezoelectric - Conventional, Zno And Polymer 6.2.2. Electrostatic 6.2.3. Magnetostrictive 6.2.4. Energy Harvesting Electronics 6.3. Electroactive Polymers 6.4. Mems 6.5. Electrodynamic 6.5.1. Generation Of Electricity 6.5.2. Harvesting From The Human Heart 6.5.3. Bridge Monitoring 6.5.4. Wind Up Foetal Heart Rate Monitor 7. Heat Harvesting 7.1. Thermoelectrics 7.1.1. Thermoelectric Construction 7.1.2. Advantages Of Thermoelectrics 7.1.3. Automotive Thermoelectric Generation (ateg) Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices 2011-2021
  • 4. 7.1.4. Heat Pumps 8. Other Harvesting Options 8.1. Electromagnetic Field Harnessing 8.2. Microbial And Other Fuel Cells 8.3. Multiple Energy Harvesting 9. Profiles Of Participants In 22 Countries 9.2. Advanced Cerametrics 9.3. Agency For Defense Development 9.4. Aist Tsukuba 9.5. Alabama A.&m. University 9.6. Alps Electric 9.7. Ambient Research 9.8. Ambiosystems Llc 9.9. Applied Digital Solutions 9.10. Argonne National Laboratory 9.11. Arizona State University 9.12. Arveni 9.13. Australian National University - Department Of Engineering 9.14. Avago Technologies General 9.15. Bae Systems 9.16. Boeing 9.17. California Institute Of Technology 9.18. California Institute Of Technology/jet Propulsion Laboratory 9.19. California State University - Northridge 9.20. Carnegie Mellon University 9.21. Cea (atomic Energy Commission Of France) 9.22. Chinese University Of Hong Kong 9.23. Chungbuk National University 9.24. Citizen Holding Co Ltd 9.25. China National Space Administration 9.26. Clarkson University 9.27. Cymtox Ltd 9.28. Drexel University 9.29. East Japan Railway Company 9.30. Edf R&d 9.31. Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute (etri) 9.32. Ember Corporation 9.33. Encrea Srl 9.34. European Space Agency Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices 2011-2021
  • 5. 9.35. Exergen 9.36. Fast Trak Ltd 9.37. Fatih University 9.38. Ferro Solutions, Inc. 9.39. Fraunhofer Institut Integrierte Schaltungen 9.40. Freeplay Foundation 9.41. G24 Innovations 9.42. Ganssle Group 9.43. Gas Sensing Solution Ltd 9.44. General Electric Company 9.45. Georgia Institute Of Technology 9.46. Greenpeak Technologies 9.47. Harvard University 9.48. High Merit Thermoelectrics 9.49. Hi-tech Wealth 9.50. Holst Centre 9.51. Honeywell 9.52. Idaho National Laboratory 9.53. Imec 9.54. Imperial College 9.55. India Space Research Organisation 9.56. Intact 9.57. Intel 9.58. Itri (industrial Technology Research Institute) 9.59. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency 9.60. Kanazawa University 9.61. Kcf Technologies Inc 9.62. Kinergi Pty Ltd 9.63. Kinetron Bv 9.64. Kobe University 9.65. Konarka 9.66. Kookmin University, 9.67. Korea Electronics Company 9.68. Korea Institute Of Science And Technology 9.69. Korea University 9.70. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 9.71. Lear Corporation 9.72. Lebônê Solutions 9.73. Leviton 9.74. Lockheed Martin Corporation 9.75. Lv Sensors, Inc. 9.76. Massachusetts Institute Of Technology 9.77. Memscap Sa Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices 2011-2021
  • 6. 9.78. Michigan Technological University 9.79. Microdul Ag 9.80. Micropelt Gmbh 9.81. Microsemi 9.82. Microstrain Inc. 9.83. Midé Technology Corporation 9.84. Miniwiz Sustainable Energy Dev. Ltd 9.85. Mitsubishi Corporation 9.86. Nanosonic Inc 9.87. Nasa 9.88. National Physical Laboratory 9.89. National Semiconductor 9.90. National Taiwan University, 9.91. National Tsing Hua University 9.92. Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd 9.93. Newcastle University 9.94. Nextreme 9.95. Nokia Cambridge Uk Research Centre 9.96. North Carolina State University 9.97. Northrop Grumman 9.98. Northeastern University 9.99. Northwestern University 9.100. Nova Mems 9.101. Ntt Docomo 9.102. Oak Ridge National Laboratory 9.103. Ohio State University 9.104. Omron Corporation 9.105. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 9.106. Pavegen 9.107. Pennsylvania State University 9.108. Perpetua 9.109. Perpetuum Ltd 9.110. Polatis Photonics 9.111. Powerleap 9.112. Powerfilm, Inc. 9.113. Pulseswitch Systems 9.114. Purdue University 9.115. Rockwell Automation 9.116. Rockwell Scientific 9.117. Rosemount, Inc. 9.118. Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, 9.119. Sagentia 9.120. Sandia National Laboratory Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices 2011-2021
  • 7. 9.121. Satellite Services Ltd 9.122. Siemens Power Generation 9.123. Scuola Superiore Sant'anna 9.124. Seiko 9.125. Selex Galileo 9.126. Sentilla Corporation 9.127. Shanghai Jiao Tong University 9.128. Simon Fraser University 9.129. Smart Material Corp. 9.130. Smh 9.131. Solarprint 9.132. Solid State Research Inc 9.133. Sony 9.134. Southampton University Hospital 9.135. Spawar 9.136. Spectrolab Inc 9.137. State University Of New Jersey 9.138. Swiss Federal Institute Of Technology 9.139. Syngenta Sensors Uic 9.140. Technical University Of Ilmenau, 9.141. Thermolife Energy Corporation 9.142. The Technology Partnership 9.143. Tima Laboratory 9.144. Tokyo Institute Of Technology 9.145. Trophos Energy 9.146. Trw Conekt 9.147. Tyndall National Institute 9.148. University Of Berlin 9.149. University Of Bristol 9.150. University Of California Berkeley 9.151. University Of California Los Angeles 9.152. University Of Edinburgh 9.153. University Of Florida 9.154. University Of Freiburg - Imtek 9.155. University Of Idaho 9.156. University Of Michigan 9.157. University Of Neuchatel 9.158. University Of Oxford 9.159. University Of Pittsburgh 9.160. University Of Princeton 9.161. University Of Sheffield 9.162. University Of Southampton 9.163. University Of Tokyo Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices 2011-2021
  • 8. 9.164. Uppsala University 9.165. Us Army Research Laboratory 9.166. Virginia Tech 9.167. Voltaic Systems Inc 9.168. Washington State University 9.169. Wireless Industrial Technologies 9.170. Yale University, 9.171. Yonsei University, 9.172. Zmd Ag 10. The Enocean Alliance 10.1. Promoters 10.1.1. Bsc Computer Gmbh - Germany 10.1.2. Enocean -germany 10.1.3. Leviton - United States 10.1.4. Masco - United States 10.1.5. Mk Electric (a Honeywell Business) - United Kingdom 10.1.6. Omnio - Switzerland 10.1.7. Opus Greennet - Germany 10.1.8. Texas Instruments - United States 10.1.9. Thermokon Sensortechnik - Germany 10.2. Participants 10.2.1. Acte .pl 10.2.2. Ad Hoc Electronics - United States 10.2.3. Atlas Group 10.2.4. B.a.b Technologie Gmbh - Germany 10.2.5. Beckhoff - Germany 10.2.6. Bk-electronic Gmbh 10.2.7. Bootup Gmbh - Switzerland 10.2.8. Bsc Computer Gmbh 10.2.9. Cozir - United Kindom 10.2.10. Denro - Germany 10.2.11. Distech Controls - Canada 10.2.12. Drsg 10.2.13. Echoflex Solutions 10.2.14. Ehrt 10.2.15. Elsner Elektronik - Germany 10.2.16. Eltako Gmbh 10.2.17. Emerge Alliance 10.2.18. Ex-or - United Kindom 10.2.19. Funk Technik - Germany 10.2.20. Ge Energy - United States Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices 2011-2021
  • 9. 10.2.21. Gfr - Germany 10.2.22. Hansgrohe Group - Germany 10.2.23. Hautau - Germany 10.2.24. Hesch - Germany 10.2.25. Hoppe - Germany 10.2.26. Hotel Technology Next Generation - United States 10.2.27. Ik Elektronik Gmbh - Germany 10.2.28. Illumra - United States 10.2.29. Insys Electronics 10.2.30. Intesis Software Sl - Spain 10.2.31. Ip Controls - Germany 10.2.32. Jager Direkt Gmbh & Co 10.2.33. Kieback&peter Gmbh & Co. Kg - Germany 10.2.34. Lonmark International 10.2.35. Lutuo - China 10.2.36. Magnum Energy Solutions Llc - United States 10.2.37. Murata Europe - Germany 10.2.38. Osram 10.2.39. Osram Silvania 10.2.40. Overkiz - Germany 10.2.41. Peha 10.2.42. Peha - Germany 10.2.43. Probare 10.2.44. Regulvar 10.2.45. Reliable Controls - Canada 10.2.46. S+s Regeltechnik 10.2.47. S4 Group - United States 10.2.48. Sauter 10.2.49. Schulte Elektrotechnik Gmbh & Co. Kg 10.2.50. Scl Elements Inc - Canada 10.2.51. Sensordynamics Ag 10.2.52. Servodan A/s 10.2.53. Shaspa - United Kingdom 10.2.54. Siemens Building Technologies - Switzerland 10.2.55. Siemens Building Technologies Gmbh & Co 10.2.56. Smarthome Initiative - Germany 10.2.57. Sommer - Germany 10.2.58. Spartan Peripheral Devices - Canada 10.2.59. Spega - Germany 10.2.60. Steute Schaltgeräte Gmbh & Co. Kg 10.2.61. Texas Instruments 10.2.62. Titus - United States 10.2.63. Unitronic Ag Zentrale - Germany Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices 2011-2021
  • 10. 10.2.64. Unotech A/s - Denmark 10.2.65. Usnap - United States 10.2.66. Vicos - Austria 10.2.67. Viessmann Group - Germany 10.2.68. Vossloh-schwabe - Germany 10.2.69. Wago Kontakttechnik Gmbh & Co. Kg - Germany 10.2.70. Wieland Electric Gmbh - Germany 10.2.71. Ytl Technologies - China 10.2.72. Zumtobel Lighting Gmbh - Austria 10.3. Associates 10.3.1. A. & H. Meyer Gmbh - Germany 10.3.2. Abc Shop 24 - Germany 10.3.3. Active Business Company Gmbh 10.3.4. Akktor Gmbh - Germany 10.3.5. Alvi Technologies 10.3.6. Asp Automação - Brazil 10.3.7. Axis Lighting - Canada 10.3.8. Biberach University Of Applied Sciences 10.3.9. Bmd Ag -switzerland 10.3.10. Bms Systems 10.3.11. Building Intelligence Group Llc - United States 10.3.12. Cao Group, Inc. - United States 10.3.13. Circuit Holding - Egypt 10.3.14. Com-pacte - France 10.3.15. Cymbet - United States 10.3.16. Dauphin - Germany 10.3.17. Digitower Cologne 10.3.18. Dimonoff - Canada 10.3.19. Distech Controls 10.3.20. Dogma Living Technology - Greece 10.3.21. Elektro-systeme Matthias Friedl - Germany 10.3.22. Elka Hugo Krischke Gmbh - Germany 10.3.23. Encelium Technologies - United States 10.3.24. Energie Agentur 10.3.25. Enexoma Ag - Germany 10.3.26. Engenuity Systems 10.3.27. Engenuity Systems - United States 10.3.28. Engineered Tax Services - United States 10.3.29. Enocean Gmbh 10.3.30. Enolzu - Spain 10.3.31. Enotech - Denmark 10.3.32. Esic Technology & Sourcing Co., Ltd. 10.3.33. Functional Devices Inc. - United States Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices 2011-2021
  • 11. 10.3.34. Gesteknik 10.3.35. Green Link Alliance 10.3.36. Gruppo Giordano - Italian 10.3.37. Hagemeyer - Germany 10.3.38. Hbc Hochschule Biberach - Germany 10.3.39. Herbert Waldmann Gmbh & Co. Kg - Germany 10.3.40. Hermos - Germany 10.3.41. Hk Instruments - Finland 10.3.42. Hochschule Luzern - Technik & Architektur - Switzerland 10.3.43. I.m. Tecnics - Spain 10.3.44. Indie Energy - United States 10.3.45. Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. - United States 10.3.46. Ingenieurbüro Knab Gmbh - Germany 10.3.47. Ingenieurbüro Zink Gmbh 10.3.48. Ingenieurbüro Zink Gmbh - Germany 10.3.49. Inglas Innovative Glassysteme Gmbh & Co. Kg 10.3.50. Interior Automation - United Kingdom 10.3.51. Ivory Egg - United Kingdom 10.3.52. Kaga Electronics - Japan 10.3.53. Kib Projekt Gmbh 10.3.54. Korea Electronics Technology Institute (keti) - Korea 10.3.55. Kvl Comp Ltd. 10.3.56. Ledalite - Canada 10.3.57. Lesswire, Llc 10.3.58. Lighting Control & Design - United States 10.3.59. Logico2 International Sarl. - Luxembourg 10.3.60. Masco 10.3.61. Mitsubishi Materials Corporation - United States 10.3.62. Mk Electric (a Honeywell Business) 10.3.63. Mondial Electronic Gmbh - Austria 10.3.64. Moritani - Japan 10.3.65. Moritani And Co Ltd 10.3.66. Mw-elektroanlagen - Germany 10.3.67. Mydata - Germany 10.3.68. Nibblewave - France 10.3.69. Obermeyer Planen + Beraten Gmbh - Germany 10.3.70. Omnio 10.3.71. Orkit Building Intelligence 10.3.72. Pohlmann Funkbussystems - Germany 10.3.73. Pressfinish Gmbh - Germany 10.3.74. Prulite Ltd - United States 10.3.75. Pyrecap - France 10.3.76. Pyrecap/hycosys Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices 2011-2021
  • 12. 10.3.77. R+s Group - Germany 10.3.78. Sanyo Semiconductor Llc. - United States 10.3.79. Sat Herbert Gmbh 10.3.80. Sat System- Und Anlagentechnik Herbert Gmbh 10.3.81. Seamless Sensing - United Kingdom 10.3.82. Selmoni - Switzerland 10.3.83. Sensocasa - Germany 10.3.84. Seven Line Control Systems - France 10.3.85. Sifri, S.l. - Spain 10.3.86. Smartliving Asia - Hong Kong 10.3.87. Spittler Lichttechnik Gmbh - Germany 10.3.88. Spoon2 International Limited - United Kingdom 10.3.89. Steinbeis Transferzentrum Für Embedded Design Und Networking 10.3.90. Styliq - Germany 10.3.91. Stzedn - Germany 10.3.92. Suffice Group - Hong Kong 10.3.93. Tambient 10.3.94. Tambient - United States 10.3.95. Technograph Microcircuits Ltd 10.3.96. Teleprofi-verbindet - Germany 10.3.97. Thermokon - Danelko Elektronik Ab - Sweden 10.3.98. Thermokon Sensortechnik 10.3.99. T-mac Technologies Limited - United Kingdom 10.3.100. Tridum - United States 10.3.101. Trilux Gmbh & Co. Kg - Germany 10.3.102. Unitronic Ag Zentrale 10.3.103. Vicos 10.3.104. Vity Technology - Hong Kong 10.3.105. Wago Kontakttechnik Gmbh & Co. Kg 10.3.106. Weberhaus - Germany 10.3.107. Web-it - Germany 10.3.108. Welcomm - United States 10.3.109. Wieland Electric Gmbh 10.3.110. Wit - France 10.3.111. Wm Ocean - Czech Republic 10.3.112. Yongfu - Singapore 10.3.113. Zurich University Of Applied Science (zhaw) - Switzerland 11. Market Forecasts 11.1. Forecasts For Energy Harvesting Markets 11.1.1. Addressable Markets And Price Sensitivity 11.1.2. Idtechex Energy Harvesting Forecasts 2012-2022, 2032 11.1.3. Timeline For Widespread Deployment Of Energy Harvesting 11.1.4. Which Technologies Win? Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices 2011-2021
  • 13. 11.2. Wireless Sensor Networks 2010-2022 11.3. Idtechex Forecast For 2032 11.4. Bicycle Dynamo Market appendix 1: Idtechex Publications And Consultancy appendix 2: Wireless Sensor Networks appendix 3: Permanent Power For Wireless Sensors - White Paper From Cymbet ResearchMoz(http://www.researchmoz.us/) is the one stop online destination to find and buy market research reports & Industry Analysis. We fulfill all your research needs spanning across industry verticals with our huge collection of market research reports. We provide our services to all sizes of organizations and across all industry verticals and markets. Our Research Coordinators have in-depth knowledge of reports as well as publishers and will assist you in making an informed decision by giving you unbiased and deep insights on which reports will satisfy your needs at the best price. Contact: M/s Sheela, 90 State Street, Suite 700, Albany NY - 12207 United States Tel: +1-518-618-1030 USA - Canada Toll Free 866-997-4948 Email: sales@researchmoz.us Website: http://www.researchmoz.us/ Energy Harvesting and Storage for Electronic Devices 2011-2021