How to Avoid
  Failures
  David M. Gobis CTC CSI

           ©2009




                           1
Coverings is a Registered Provider with The American Institute of
Architects Continuing Education Systems. Credit earned o...
Learning Objectives
• All tile and setting material is not created
  equal. Are yours up to the task?

• Tile Industry and...
Material Selection



            It is all about
              •Planning
              •Selection
             • Executio...
Planning
 The right materials for the application

 The right method for the application

 The right labor skills for t...
Proper Planning is About
  This           Not this




                            6
Most Common Complaints

• Movement Joints
• Substrates
• Waterproofing
• Large Tile
• Thinsets
                           7
Substrate Issues




                   8
Appropriate Substrate
                                   Concrete

      American Concrete                       Tile Coun...
Substrate Preparation
Clean          Bondable




                          10
Proper Substrate Preparation
    YES !           NO !!!!!




                               11
Wood Substrates




                  12
Appropriate Substrate
                      Wood
Engineered Wood Assoc.             Tile Industry
                        ...
Large Tile




             14
Big Tile and Patterns
  Consider 1/3 offset with        Make sure modular
   12x24 tile                      patterns fit
...
This recent Standards revision now includes a
          category for Rectified Tile
Lippage Allowances (minus
                                   warpage)
Tile Type             Tile Size           Grout Join...
Lighting
Critical Lighting Effects




                            18
Planning for Waterproofing
The right materials for the application

The right method for the application

The right lab...
Appropriate Design
3 Years Old     2 Years Old




                              20
Appropriate Design
    One Year Old




                     21
Appropriate Design
 And Even More Bad Ideas




                           22
Appropriate Design
            Showers Need Effective Waterproofing




Board set                     Door
 on tub        ...
Appropriate Design
Plumbing code may be insufficient to protect the structure




                                        ...
Enhanced?

          Appropriate Design
Consider waterproofing the entire area at the surface




                        ...
Thinsets




           26
Mortar / Dry-Set / Thin-set
         Confusing Terminology
• ANSI 118.1 Dry-Portland Cement (Un-modified Thin-set)
• ANSI ...
Get Specific Recommendations
        for Glass Tile




                           28
Not All Thinsets Suitable for
        Exterior Use




                                29
Ceramic Tile is NOT Structural
Always make sure
the method used for
installation provides at
least 80% coverage
equally di...
Dots Don’t Work!




                   31
Ridges, Exterior Deck, Freeze/Thaw




                                     32
Movement Joints




                  33
Always Provide Movement Joints
•   interior — 20’ to 25' in each
    direction.
•   exterior — 8' to 12' in each
    direc...
Incorporated into Every Job




                              35
Recent Job




             36
The Question is NOT Will There
       be Movement




 It Is How Much
                             37
Questions?
          Dave Gobis
Independent Technical Consultant
         262-994-1175
 dave@ceramictileconsultant.com
   ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Cov 09 How To Avoid Failure C

571

Published on

How to avoid common failures in ceramic tile installations

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
571
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cov 09 How To Avoid Failure C

  1. 1. How to Avoid Failures David M. Gobis CTC CSI ©2009 1
  2. 2. Coverings is a Registered Provider with The American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems. Credit earned on completion of this program will be reported to CES Records for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for non-AIA members are available on request. This program is registered with the AIA/CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation. 2
  3. 3. Learning Objectives • All tile and setting material is not created equal. Are yours up to the task? • Tile Industry and substrate trades guidelines, valuable resouces. • Is your available labor qualified to do the job? 3
  4. 4. Material Selection It is all about •Planning •Selection • Execution 4
  5. 5. Planning  The right materials for the application  The right method for the application  The right labor skills for the job 5
  6. 6. Proper Planning is About This Not this 6
  7. 7. Most Common Complaints • Movement Joints • Substrates • Waterproofing • Large Tile • Thinsets 7
  8. 8. Substrate Issues 8
  9. 9. Appropriate Substrate Concrete American Concrete Tile Council of North America Institute American National Standards • ACI 302.2R-21 • F-113 • CHAPTER 5—FLOOR COVERING slab to be well cured, dimensionally AND ADHESIVE MANUFACTURER’S stable, and free of cracks, waxy or oily RECOMMENDATIONS films, and curing compounds. • 5.1—Introduction • ANSI A108.01 The architect and engineer should • 3.1.2.1 communicate to ensure that the • Do not use liquid curing compounds or requirements for floor coverings in other coatings that may prevent Division 9 of Construction bonding of tile setting materials to Specifications Institute (2000) slabs. Use control joints through the specifications are compatible with slab and tile finish as specified or Division 3 requirements for concrete in where cracks are anticipated.” the same specification 9
  10. 10. Substrate Preparation Clean Bondable 10
  11. 11. Proper Substrate Preparation YES ! NO !!!!! 11
  12. 12. Wood Substrates 12
  13. 13. Appropriate Substrate Wood Engineered Wood Assoc. Tile Industry • maximum variation in plywood surface shall not exceed 1/4" in10'-0" and 1/16" in 1'-0" from the required plane. Adjacent edges of plywood sheets— www.apawood.or max. 1/32" above or below g each other. • floor systems, including the framing system and subfloor panels, over which tile will be installed shall be in conformance with the IRC 13
  14. 14. Large Tile 14
  15. 15. Big Tile and Patterns Consider 1/3 offset with Make sure modular 12x24 tile patterns fit To minimize any natural warpage
  16. 16. This recent Standards revision now includes a category for Rectified Tile
  17. 17. Lippage Allowances (minus warpage) Tile Type Tile Size Grout Joint Width Allowable Glazed wall/Mosaics 1” x 1” to 6”x6” 1/8” or less 1/32” Quarry 6” x 6” to 8”x8” 1/4“ or greater 1/16” Paver (porcelain) All 1/8” to 1/4“ 1/32” Paver (porcelain) All 1/4“ or greater 1/16” 1/32” of an inch is .0312 or about the thickness of a credit card 1/16” of an inch is .0625 or about the thickness of a penny
  18. 18. Lighting Critical Lighting Effects 18
  19. 19. Planning for Waterproofing The right materials for the application The right method for the application The right labor skills for the job 19
  20. 20. Appropriate Design 3 Years Old 2 Years Old 20
  21. 21. Appropriate Design One Year Old 21
  22. 22. Appropriate Design And Even More Bad Ideas 22
  23. 23. Appropriate Design Showers Need Effective Waterproofing Board set Door on tub Nail Waterproofing 23
  24. 24. Appropriate Design Plumbing code may be insufficient to protect the structure 24
  25. 25. Enhanced? Appropriate Design Consider waterproofing the entire area at the surface 25
  26. 26. Thinsets 26
  27. 27. Mortar / Dry-Set / Thin-set Confusing Terminology • ANSI 118.1 Dry-Portland Cement (Un-modified Thin-set) • ANSI 118.4 Latex or Polymer-Portland Cement Mortar (Modified Thin-set) – Wall Tile Thin-set Mortar (Non-Sag Mortar) – Crack Prevention Mortar (Flexible Thin-set) – Complete Contact Mortar (No Back Buttering over flat surfaces) – Rapid Setting Mortar (allows grouting and foot traffic faster) – Medium Bed Mortars (Apply up to ¾” without excess shinkage ) – ANSI 118.11 EGP Latex Mortar (Thin-set Over Plywood)
  28. 28. Get Specific Recommendations for Glass Tile 28
  29. 29. Not All Thinsets Suitable for Exterior Use 29
  30. 30. Ceramic Tile is NOT Structural Always make sure the method used for installation provides at least 80% coverage equally distributed, 95% in wet areas or exterior applications.
  31. 31. Dots Don’t Work! 31
  32. 32. Ridges, Exterior Deck, Freeze/Thaw 32
  33. 33. Movement Joints 33
  34. 34. Always Provide Movement Joints • interior — 20’ to 25' in each direction. • exterior — 8' to 12' in each direction. • interior tilework exposed to direct sunlight or moisture — 8’ to 12' • where tilework abuts restraining surfaces • same as grout joint, but not less than 1/4".
  35. 35. Incorporated into Every Job 35
  36. 36. Recent Job 36
  37. 37. The Question is NOT Will There be Movement It Is How Much 37
  38. 38. Questions? Dave Gobis Independent Technical Consultant 262-994-1175 dave@ceramictileconsultant.com © 2009 38
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×