CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive
                Database Guide



                                                ...
4. CSA PAIS Subject Coverage.................................................................................................
CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive

10 Reasons to Use CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive

   1.  Access to over ...
The PAIS Archive offers an unparalleled resource for users worldwide who conduct
research on global public policy, world a...
CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive chronicle issues that are the subject of public
and social debate. The database pr...
Subject Headings

CSA PAIS International strives to provide access to the latest
concepts and trends in the literature thr...
•   Energy resources and policy - Production, consumption,
       technology, and development, with sectoral analysis. See...
This service supplements CSA Illumina by providing daily
updates of citations from over 110 journals in the social
science...
Searchable Fields and Codes: Table


                                               7
                   www.csa.com
     ...
The table below shows field codes and sample search queries
                with regard to the Full Record View screen sho...
Field Codes Defined

The following field codes are found in the records of this
database. Here they are listed in alphabet...
article. Conference proceedings also frequently
       populate the Source field.
   •   When searching for a chart, diagr...
Language

The following languages are indexed in CSA PAIS
International:

   •   English
   •   French
   •   German
   • ...
•    ELECTRONIC – PAIS defines full-text journals as
         those that are published on the Internet and do not
        ...
NOT         Use to narrow a search and retrieve
                records that do not contain the term
                follo...
Ready, Set, Search!
Using CSA Illumina to Search CSA PAIS
International with PAIS Archive

Now that you have an understand...
•   Advanced Search gives you the advantage of being
    able to select any of the 21 field codes from a pull-
    down me...
For institutions that subscribe to the Community of
Scholars™ database, users will notice that the Advanced
Search screen ...
Note: Searches are not case sensitive.
LIMITS
Search strategies may be refined by using the following limits
(available in...
SORTING
The sorting features give you the opportunity to order your
results based on the publication date or relevancy.

 ...
•   Published Works is the results page default and
       includes thirteen publication types: Journals, Peer-
       Rev...
CSA Illumina offers a number of value-added features to help
with the search process and maximize the relevancy of search
...
Scholar Profiles: Short View with Community Tree™




In order to view the full profile, click on the author name. The
Co-...
Scholar Profile: Full View




For more information about the Community of Scholars™
database, click here or visit
http://...
THESAURUS or INDEXING TERMS LIST SEARCH

Using the PAIS Subject Terms Thesaurus, you can search
CSA PAIS International dir...
•   The Hierarchy display shows a terms and its
    hierarchy, including its Scope and History Notes, its
    unique alpha...
•   The Rotated Index displays all thesaurus terms or
    phrases that contain the search term used (see below).




     ...
Remembered (or Marked) Terms can be selected and searched
from any of the displays, applying AND, OR, or Explode
operators...
for example, various spellings of author names, what types of
publications are covered by a particular database, or the
na...
*Notice the variation of the author name. Search all
                                         instances/variations of a na...
2. Set parameters for your search (i.e., technology type,
      geographical location,):

             "What aspects of ru...
II) Build your search strategy:

A. Quick search:
   1. Enter phrase or multiple search terms separated by
   Boolean oper...
•   APA (American Psychological Association), 5th Edition - Annotated with Abstracts
    •   ASA (America Sociological Ass...
B. If results are not on target:
    1. Check spelling of search terms and use thesauri or
    browsable indexes to drop u...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

guide

638 views
600 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
638
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

guide

  1. 1. CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive Database Guide 2006 Table of Contents 1. 10 Reasons to Use CSA PAIS International............................................................................1 2. What Is CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive?...........................................................1 3. Benefits of CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive.........................................................2 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  2. 2. 4. CSA PAIS Subject Coverage....................................................................................................3 Subject Headings.................................................................................................................3 PAIS Broad Topics Classification Scheme.........................................................................4 5. Supplemental Complimentary Databases...............................................................................5 Recent References Related to the Social Sciences/Humanities...........................................5 Web Resources....................................................................................................................5 6. Searchable Fields and Codes....................................................................................................6 Full-Record View................................................................................................................6 Table...................................................................................................................................7 Field Codes Defined............................................................................................................8 7. Publication Types......................................................................................................................9 8. Document Delivery...................................................................................................................9 .......................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................9 9. Language...................................................................................................................................9 10. Selection and Indexing Policy...............................................................................................10 11. Boolean Operators and Other Search Tools...................................................………….....11 12. Ready, Set, Search! Using the CSA Illumina Platform to Search CSA PAIS International ............................12 Quick, Advanced, or Command Searching........................................................................12 Limits…............................................................................................................................15 Results Page......................................................................................................................15 Sorting Features.................................................................................................................16 Type Tab ..........................................................................................................................16 Showing Records..............................................................................................................16 Print, Save, and E-mail......................................................................................................16 QuikBib ............................................................................................................................16 13. Value Added Features..........................................................................................................17 Scholar Profiles.................................................................................................................17 Thesaurus Search..............................................................................................................20 Browsable Indexes............................................................................................................23 14. The Research Process...........................................................................................................24 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  3. 3. CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive 10 Reasons to Use CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive 1. Access to over 1.35 million records. 2. Backfile coverage dating to 1915 via PAIS Archive. 3. Coverage of international peer-reviewed journals. 4. Advanced searching capability of 21 indexed fields. 5. Searching via Browsable Indexes. 6. Thesaurus Searching capability. 7. Ability to cross- search with other CSA Illumina databases using an automatic de- duping feature. 8. Lateral searching through Authors and Descriptors. 9. Provoked searches of the Recent References and Web Resources Related to the Social Sciences and Humanities databases. 10. Easy citation formatting via QuikBib. What Is CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive? The CSA PAIS International database offers access to the international literature in public affairs, public and social policies, and international relations. The database contains references to more than 556,400 journal articles, books, government documents, statistical directories, grey literature, research reports, conference reports, publications of international agencies, microfiche, Internet material, and more. The database backfile dates to 1972: PAIS International includes records from the print PAIS Bulletin 1977 and forward; and from the PAIS print Foreign Language Index published 1972-1990, at which time it merged with the PAIS Bulletin. In addition to English, some of the indexed materials are published in French, German, Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish from over 120 countries throughout the world. Subscriptions to CSA PAIS International may be enhanced by adding access to the PAIS Archive. The PAIS Archive database comprises a retrospective conversion of the PAIS Annual Cumulated Bulletin, Volumes 1-62, published 1915-1976. The initial release on the CSA Illumina platform of this conversion project contained over 850,000 records covering the years 1937-1976. Part II of the Archive was made available in Fall 2005 and included records covering the years 1915-1936 bringing the total number of records to more than 1 million. 1 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  4. 4. The PAIS Archive offers an unparalleled resource for users worldwide who conduct research on global public policy, world affairs, history, and international relations. The PAIS Archive includes carefully selected resources to help users identify and locate information about significant political, economic, social and cultural issues affecting international and local communities, countries, governments and society. Its broad topical scope and retrospective coverage complement more specialized databases that cover the humanities, health care, agriculture, sociology, history, and many other disciplines, providing historical perspective on many of the 20th century's public and social policies. Also, the PAIS Archive database contains references to monographs, periodical articles, notes and announcements, and analytics, and the original historical subject headings have been retained within the file for enhanced searching capabilities. Benefits of CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive Since its first index was published in 1914, PAIS has chronicled issues in the public debate through highly selective coverage of a wide variety of sources. The current CSA PAIS International database and PAIS Archive enable researchers, students, librarians, government agencies, and others to conduct complete research in the field of global public policy since 1915. A subscription to CSA PAIS International with PAIS Archive…  Makes available online the complete file of the leading index on public affairs  Provides quality librarians can count on  Positions libraries to recapture valuable shelf space currently used to store the 62 annually cumulated print volumes of the PAIS Bulletin, 1915-1976  Guarantees subscribing libraries long-term access to a unique resource that indexes important and not widely held resources  Contains unique material and retrospective coverage not available in other Indexes  Helps librarians provide well-balanced information from a variety of viewpoints and sources CSA PAIS Subject Coverage 2 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  5. 5. CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive chronicle issues that are the subject of public and social debate. The database provides current and historical perspective on many of the 20th century’s public and social policies. Find information on such topics as: o Affirmative o Gun action Control o AIDS o Home Drug o Asbestos Testing removal o Intellectual and health Property related Rights issues o Internet o Assisted o Neo-Nazis Suicide o Ozone o Campaign Depletion Funding o Patenting o Child Labor Human o Child Genes Sexual o Political Exploitation Correctness o Citizen o Political Militia Persecution o Climate o Privatized Change Space o Cybercops Exploration o Disaster o Recycling Relief o Spousal o Ethnic Abuse Cleansing o Street o Female Children Circumcisio o Teen n Pregnancy o Free Speech o Violence on o Generation- TV X o Virtual o Genetic Reality Engineering o Weapon o Globalizatio Stockpiles n o Workplace o Growth Violence Hormones For a complete list of subject coverage, click here. 3 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  6. 6. Subject Headings CSA PAIS International strives to provide access to the latest concepts and trends in the literature through the PAIS Subject Headings. As a new term surfaces in the materials being indexed, it is accessible electronically via free-text searching of the abstract and/or title of the bibliographic record. As its usage in the literature increases, a term may be established as a Subject Heading and connected to related terms. Similarly, Subject Headings may be retired as usage of the concept declines. New terminology for existing concepts may also be established. Geographic Subject Headings are similarly maintained. Also, for easier access, PAIS has classified its 7,000 Subject Headings Authority File under 24 Broad Topics and 569 Subtopics. These Subject Headings may be used as searchable fields with the Descriptors (DE=) field when constructing queries (see the Selection and Indexing Policy section for more information). CSA PAIS International Broad Topics The system provides subject access to policy approaches in areas and issues of concern to governments, including economic, political, and social background information and statistics. The scope is international, with access at global, regional, national, and local levels. Listed below are the 24 Broad Topics and their subdivisions. • Administration of justice - Court system and law enforcement. • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing and agricultural policy - See also "Environment and environmental policy". • Banking and public and private finance - Institutions, instruments, and operations. • Business and service sector - Types of business, business functions and practices; for agroindustry see "Agriculture, forestry, and fishing"; for power industries see "Energy resources and policy". • Culture and religion - Social and political perspective. • Economic conditions and policy - See also "Banking and finance" and "Business and industry". • Education and education policy - Levels and types of education, institutions, personnel, administration, and students. 4 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  7. 7. • Energy resources and policy - Production, consumption, technology, and development, with sectoral analysis. See also "Environment and environmental policy". • Environment and environmental policy - Includes the natural and built environment. See also "Energy resources and policy" and "Agriculture, forestry, and fishing". • Government - Public administration, systems and structures of government, and conduct of policy. • Health conditions and policy - Public health, medical care, institutions, and insurance aspects. • Human rights - Violations and rights promotion. • International relations - Multilateral political and security issues which concern international bodies. • Labor conditions and policy - Labor market, labor movement, and working conditions. • Law and ethics - Divisions of the law and ethical approaches from a public policy perspective; excludes pure legal theory. • Manufacturing and heavy industry - Specific industries, types of industry, aspects of industry in general. • Media, telecommunications, and information policy - Print, broadcast, and multimedia; includes infrastructure and policy aspects. • Military and defense policy - Branches, administration, and planning. • Politics - Practice, consequences, and systems; for theory and policy see "Government and politics". • Population groups, population policy, and demographics - See also "Social conditions and policy". • Science and technology policy - Excludes theory and methodology. • Social conditions and policy - See also "Population groups, population policy, and demographics". • Trade and trade policy - Covers trade outside national boundaries. • Transportation and transportation policy - Modes of transport, planning, and innovations. Supplemental Complimentary Databases When you search the CSA Illumina social science databases, including CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive, two supplementary database are searched simultaneously: Recent References Related to the Social Sciences/Humanities and Web Resources Related to the Social Sciences/Humanities. Access to these databases is included with a subscription to CSA PAIS International on CSA Illumina. Recent References Related to the Social Sciences/Humanities 5 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  8. 8. This service supplements CSA Illumina by providing daily updates of citations from over 110 journals in the social sciences. Citations in this database include searchable fields for article title, author name, and journal title. If the search produces any matches to your search, you will see the choice for ‘Recent References Related to the Social Sciences/Humanities.’ Citations identified include those not yet indexed in the CSA Illumina database(s) being searched. Web Resources This database is a collection of over 73,000 high-quality web sites relevant to Social Sciences and the Humanities, which are selected and indexed by our editors. Sites indexed include secondary sources providing specific information of interest to a college-level audience, from respected, non-biased sources such as educational institutions, government agencies, and scientific organizations. Also indexed are sites representing primary sources of interest to social science researchers. Web sites must originate from a reputable source and not appear to be ephemeral. Furthermore, editors avoid sites with an obvious political agenda, although this may be somewhat difficult when monitoring sites that would be of interest to students of political science and history. The URLs must provide immediate access to the web information. The feature can be found as the Web Sites tab, to the right of the Published Materials tab from within the Search Results page (see below). URLs are reviewed on a monthly basis, averaging a phenomenal rate of less than 1% dead links. Collapse/Expand button to view Recent References results Web Sites tab containing web resources Searchable Fields and Codes: Full-Record View 6 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  9. 9. Searchable Fields and Codes: Table 7 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  10. 10. The table below shows field codes and sample search queries with regard to the Full Record View screen shot on the previous page. Bakht, Zaid, Gayatri B. Koolwal, and Shahidur R. Khandker. “The Poverty Impact of Rural Roads: Evidence from Bangladesh” in Energy Policy, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 781-792, May 2006. Field Name Label Search Examples Title TI= ti=poverty and rural and Bangladesh Author AU= au=(bakht, zaid) au=bakht Source SO= so=(international bank for reconstruction and development) so=(reconstruction and development) so=(international bank for reconstruction and development) and 2006 Descriptors DE= de=(Bangladesh -- Rural development) de=(Poverty relief -- Bangladesh ) de=(Poverty -- Bangladesh) Abstract AB= ab=(rural road projects and agricultur* and poverty) and Bangladesh Series Title SR= sr=(Policy Research Working Pa. No. 3875) sr=(policy and 3875) Publisher PB= pb=(international bank for reconstruction and development) pb=(reconstruction and development) Availability AV= av=(internat bank reconstruction and development) av=(reconstruction and development) Resource Location RL= rl=http://wdsbeta.worldbank.org/external/default/WD SC ontentServer/IW3P/IB/2006/03/2 9/000012009_20060329093100/Rendered/PDF/wps3 8750re v0pdf.pdf rl=(wdsbeta.worldbank.org) and 2006 Features FE= fe=il Language LA= la=english Publication Year PY= py=2006 Publication Type PT= pt=(Book or Monograph) pt=(Government Document, International) Format Availability FA= fa=Electronic Update UD= ud=20060427 Accession Number AN= an=(2006-0510830) For more information regarding field codes see the bullet points on page 8 or click here. Note: See Ready, Set, Search! for information and tips on Advanced and Command Searching on pages 11-13. 8 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  11. 11. Field Codes Defined The following field codes are found in the records of this database. Here they are listed in alphabetical order by two- letter code. See Field Codes and Search Examples for detailed descriptions and search examples. AB = Abstract LC = LC Control Number AN = Accession Number PB = Publisher AU = Author PT = Publication Type AV = Availability PY = Publication Year CA = Corporate Author RL = Resource Location DE = Descriptors RP = Report Number FE = Features SR = Series Title IB = ISBN SO = Source IP = Information Provider TI = Title IS = ISSN UD = Update LA = Language • An ISBN search should be constructed without using hyphens, e.g. ib=0849317142, whereas an ISSN search should include hyphens and be placed in parentheses, e.g. is=(0301-4215). • When searching for a title (TI=), note that this field contains the title of the source document in English. Non-Roman titles are transliterated into English as well. • A Corporate Author (CA=) the name of the organization that has produced the original source document. This field is often present when there is no personal author field. Use the distinctive parts of the name when searching this field and do not search for designations such Corp, Co, Company, Ltd. etc, e.g. ca=(environmental protection agency). • The Source field (SO=) contains bibliographic citation information. If the record describes a journal article, the source field in CSA Biological Sciences contains both the full title and the abbreviated journal title. To find the correct form of the abbreviated name, look in the Serials Source List, which is located in the database’s fact sheet. A source need not be a journal 9 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  12. 12. article. Conference proceedings also frequently populate the Source field. • When searching for a chart, diagram, illustration (il), index, map, or table, use the Features (FE=) field to limit your search, e.g. fe=(chart and il) not table. This type of search is best paired with a Descriptors (DE=), Keyword (KW=), or other field code search to reduce the number of results to your area of interest. • The Resource Location (RL=) field contains a hyperlinked URL, that, when clicked, will open a new window and display the material associated with the citation. In many instances this is a PDF document, but websites of the organization, institution, or association that published or authored the reference can also be found in this field. Publication Types CSA PAIS International indexes three broad publication types that are searchable on CSA Illumina by using the field code PT= . These document types include journal articles, monographs (which includes books, government documents, research reports, and websites. These publication types are searchable by their name (i.e. pt=(government document)). Please note that the government documents publication type can include state, regional, national, and international subdivisions (i.e. pt=(government document) and international). The publication types (PT=) represented in PAIS International by percentage: • Journal Article: 63% • Book: 25% • Government Document: 11% • Websites: 1% Document Delivery Fee-based document delivery for materials cited in PAIS International and PAIS Archive is supplied by New York Public Library's NYPL Express service. For document availability, fee schedules, and ordering information, please visit http://www.nypl.org/express/. 10 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  13. 13. Language The following languages are indexed in CSA PAIS International: • English • French • German • Italian • Portuguese • Spanish Selection and Indexing Policy The inclusion of content in CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive is highly selective. Monographs, government documents, and other reports are drawn from a wide range of print and electronic sources. The journals covered in CSA PAIS International are defined in three ways: • INTERNATIONAL – More than 3,800 journals published in over 120 countries and five different languages have been indexed and abstracted by CSA PAIS International. Many titles are accompanied by a URL to the publisher’s website. A serials coverage list is alphabetized by title and updated semi-annually. • PEER-REVIEWED - PAIS defines 'peer-review' or 'refereed' as the role of experts or review boards in the field of expertise examining the journal articles before acceptance for publication. It is the process through which experts in the field of study assess the quality of articles that are submitted to a journal for publication. PAIS relies upon the front matter of the journals included to determine that it is peer-reviewed and contacts publishers for verification. 11 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  14. 14. • ELECTRONIC – PAIS defines full-text journals as those that are published on the Internet and do not have a print counterpart. Electronic journals have been covered in PAIS International since 1998 and more are being added annually. Content from these journals can be downloaded for free or via subscription. Note: For a complete list of the international journals indexed in the database, click here. The list of the international peer-reviewed journals indexed in the database is provided here. A complete list of the international electronic journals indexed in the database is available by clicking here. The indexing practices of CSA PAIS International provide value-added features that include professional document selection, extensive quality control, and descriptor indexing. Descriptors are assigned using the PAIS International Subject Terms list and provide access to the latest concepts and trends in the literature through this list of subject headings. As new terms emerge in the materials being indexed, we insure that it is immediately searchable electronically by including it in the abstract of the bibliographic record. Boolean Operators and Other Search Tools Supported by CSA Illumina Boolean operators help define the relationships between words or groups of words. AND Use to narrow a search and retrieve records containing all of the words it separates OR Use to broaden a search and retrieve records containing any of the words it separates 12 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  15. 15. NOT Use to narrow a search and retrieve records that do not contain the term following it. () Use to group words or phrases when combining Boolean phrases and to show the order in which relationships should be considered. Proximity operators identify the number of words to come between the search terms. WITHIN Use to narrow a search by specifying a proximity relationship of “X” fewer than “X” words between search terms. NEAR Use to narrow a search by specifying a proximity relationship of fewer than 10 words between search terms. Special symbols can expand the scope of your search. * Truncate using the wild card symbol. This expands a search term to include forms of a root word, e.g. delinquen* retrieves delinquency, delinquent, etc. * Find an unlimited number of characters within a word, e.g. behavi*r retrieves behavior and behaviour ? Find alternative spellings. The ? represents any single character; ?? represents two characters and so on. Use within or at the end of a word, e.g. wom?n finds woman as well as women. Note: Search queries containing several operators search in the following order: ( ), NEAR, NOT, AND, OR 13 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  16. 16. Ready, Set, Search! Using CSA Illumina to Search CSA PAIS International with PAIS Archive Now that you have an understanding of the CSA PAIS International and PAIS Archive databases and how the searchable field codes and search tools function, you are now ready to search PAIS International with Archive through CSA Illumina. Clicking on ‘Help & Support’ at any time will direct you to a context-specific Help page. QUICK, ADVANCED, OR COMMAND SEARCHING On CSA Illumina, search strategies can be applied using one of three approaches. • Quick Search restricts your search to anywhere (AY=). An anywhere search searches across all of the available fields in a record. Multiple words entered into the search field, will be treated as a phrase (see below). 14 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  17. 17. • Advanced Search gives you the advantage of being able to select any of the 21 field codes from a pull- down menu. The separate search boxes are formatted to include the Boolean Operators to help guide you in formatting your search (see below). 15 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  18. 18. For institutions that subscribe to the Community of Scholars™ database, users will notice that the Advanced Search screen has three tabs to further limit your search: All, Published Works, and Scholars. Institutions that subscribe to the COS Funding Opportunities database will see an additional tab entitled Funding. The All tab will execute your search against both all published materials and the scholar profiles. If you select the Published Works tab, your search will be run against on those materials. To find only Scholar profiles select to the Scholars tab, which allows the user to search only the Community of Scholars™ database (see below). For more information regarding the Scholar profiles, please see the Value-Added Features section on page 17. • Command Search or Professional Search may be preferred by advanced users who are comfortable entering search strategies that include field codes and nesting or parsing commands without aid of a template (see below). 16 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  19. 19. Note: Searches are not case sensitive. LIMITS Search strategies may be refined by using the following limits (available in ‘Advanced Search’ and ‘Command Search’): • Latest Update limits your results to include only the most recent records that were added to the database. PAIS International is updated on a monthly basis. • Journal Articles Only limits the search to only include the publication type of journal articles. • English Only limits retrieval to only records that are available in English. PAIS International indexes source publications in five languages; for non-English documents, titles are translated into English, and, whenever possible, an abstract is provided in English. • By Publication Date limits retrieval to a specific date range. RESULTS PAGE 17 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  20. 20. SORTING The sorting features give you the opportunity to order your results based on the publication date or relevancy. • Most Recent First displays the records in order beginning with the most recent. • Relevance Rank displays records in order based on relevancy. Relevancy is determined through a rating system that weighs the records based on the number of times the term(s) appear in the record and where they appear. TYPE TABS CSA has classified the content with CSA Social Services Abstracts as Published Works, Scholars, and Web Sites. 18 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  21. 21. • Published Works is the results page default and includes thirteen publication types: Journals, Peer- Reviewed Journals, Conferences, Books, Chapters/Essays, Book Reviews, Reports, Dissertations, and Other. These categories are not mutually exclusive, e.g. a peer-reviewed journal would also be included in the journals publication type category. • The Scholars tab is a unique tool for finding scholars and organizations around the world by specific area of study that can be found in the complimentary Community of Scholars: Social Science or the Community of Scholars: Complete database by subscription. Click here for more information. • The Web Sites tab contains websites that have been carefully selected and reviewed by CSA’s editorial staff and include useful portions of academic, governmental, technical, and scientific web resources. SHOWING RECORDS Select how to display records from the ‘Show’ pull-down menu. Options include displaying the short format, full format, full format-omit references, and custom format. DUPLICATE RECORDS CSA Illumina automatically removes any duplicate records, or ‘de-dupes’, that may appear in your set of results, displaying only the most complete record. You can use the ‘Show Duplicates’ feature to display the duplicates. This is especially useful when you are cross-database searching. VIEWING RECORDS When viewing records on CSA Illumina both the author and descriptors are hyperlinked. Clicking on the hyperlink will search the database for each occurrence of the selected author or descriptor. PRINTING, SAVING, and E-MAILING RECORDS Printing, saving, and e-mailing records can be done by using the ‘Save, Print, E-mail’ function. This function also includes an exporting feature to a number of bibliographic managers such as RefWorks and the use of our output format editor, QuikBib. Value-Added Features 19 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  22. 22. CSA Illumina offers a number of value-added features to help with the search process and maximize the relevancy of search results. SCHOLAR PROFILES For users whose subscription package includes access to the Community of Scholars™ complete database or Community of Scholars: Social Sciences™ (a value-added content resource, complimentary with Social Science databases from CSA), profiles of active academic scholars are provided as a supplemental resource to enhance your research. Click on the Scholars tab in the top row of resources across the top of your search results to access scholar profiles. A listing of relevant scholars working in the subject area searched is displayed, with direct links to full Scholar Universe profiles. You can sort the listing of scholars by relevancy ranking or by last name. Community of Scholars™ profiles include current contact information, educational background, Website, link to CV, research interests, and verified publication lists, as available. Your search strategy also automatically provokes a search in a cross-disciplinary collection of scholar profiles called the Community Tree. Disciplines include: • Agricu • Busin • Law lture ess • Mass • Allied • Educati Communicat Health on ion • Applie • Engine • Medicine d ering • Natural Scienc • Environ Science e mental • Social • Archit Science Sciences ecture • Humani • Theology • Arts ties Click on the (+) plus sign next to the major disciplines to see further sub-categories. The number in parentheses next to the discipline and/or sub-discipline indicates the number of scholar profiles available for that category. Click on a hyper- linked term to see the scholar profiles for that category. 20 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  23. 23. Scholar Profiles: Short View with Community Tree™ In order to view the full profile, click on the author name. The Co-Scholars tab indicates that verified scholar profiles are available for co-authors of the selected scholar. Note: Some co-authors may not have a verified Scholar profile in the database and therefore do not appear as Co-Authors (see below). 21 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  24. 24. Scholar Profile: Full View For more information about the Community of Scholars™ database, click here or visit http://www.csa.com/e_products/COScholars.php. 22 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  25. 25. THESAURUS or INDEXING TERMS LIST SEARCH Using the PAIS Subject Terms Thesaurus, you can search CSA PAIS International directly for terms via an A-Z, a hierarchical, or a rotated index display. These display formats allow you to navigate the thesaurus alphabetically, through hierarchical relationships between terms, or using the rotated (permuted) index. After finding the appropriate terms, you can search for those terms in CSA PAIS International and the PAIS Archive using the Thesaurus Search Feature within the Search Tools tab. • The Alphabetical display presents an alphabetical list of thesaurus terms (see below). 23 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  26. 26. • The Hierarchy display shows a terms and its hierarchy, including its Scope and History Notes, its unique alphanumeric code, any Use For (UF) or Use directions, and its hierarchical relationships with Broader Terms (BT), Narrower Terms (NT), and Related Terms (RT) (see below). 24 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  27. 27. • The Rotated Index displays all thesaurus terms or phrases that contain the search term used (see below). 25 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  28. 28. Remembered (or Marked) Terms can be selected and searched from any of the displays, applying AND, OR, or Explode operators, and setting limits as defined above. BROWSABLE INDEXES A browsable index is an alphabetical listing of terms used in a specific field of a database. You can browse this list to see, 26 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  29. 29. for example, various spellings of author names, what types of publications are covered by a particular database, or the names of journals indexed in a certain database. After finding appropriate terms, you can then submit a search for those terms. Searches may also be activated through three browsable indexes: Author, Journal Name, and Publication Type in both the CSA PAIS International Browsable Index and the PAIS Archive Browsable Index. Once the appropriate author name, journal name, or publication type is located, you can search directly in CSA PAIS International and the PAIS Archive using the Indexes Search Feature within the Search Tools tab (see below). 27 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  30. 30. *Notice the variation of the author name. Search all instances/variations of a name to find every article by an author. *Notice the last name is spelled differently, yet this is likely the same author. Search both to find all articles by this author. The Research Process I) How to begin the electronic research process A. Determine your goals: 1. State your research question: "What are the current trends and future prospects for rural development in impoverished agricultural areas of the world?" 28 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  31. 31. 2. Set parameters for your search (i.e., technology type, geographical location,): "What aspects of rural development and poverty are going to be analyzed (economic impact, building infrastructure, poverty relief, etc.)?" "What policy changes are being considered that would affect rural development?" "Which geographic locations are most affected by rural development and policies regarding poverty relief, and is this changing?" B. Identify general concepts: 1. Which general terms relate to your search? "rural development"; "poverty relief"; "poverty and agriculture”; “developing countries” C. Choose the appropriate database 1. Are there specific journals or organizations that specialize in my area of interest? Chronic Poverty Research Center International Bank for Reconstruction and Development International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Journal of International Development Land Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives Poverty Research News Review of African Political Economy Rural Conditions and Trends Rural Development Perspectives 2. Are any of these journals covered in CSA PAIS International/SAGE full-text collection database(s)? What other resources are available in the Web Resources Database? 29 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  32. 32. II) Build your search strategy: A. Quick search: 1. Enter phrase or multiple search terms separated by Boolean operators AND to link terms, OR to link similar words or synonyms: "poverty and rural development” or enter "poverty or poverty relief and developing countries and rural development" in Quick Search box Note: Consult thesauri for proper use of terms. For example, use "developing countries" instead of "third world"; use "poverty" instead of "destitution." B. Advanced Search: The drop boxes allow you to limit the search by any of the searchable field codes including Keyword (KW), Author (AU), Journal Name (JN), Descriptor (DE), Abstract (AU), or Title (TI). You can also limit your search to specific publication years and choose the record format. The descriptor field (DE) and abstract field (AB) will allow you to narrow down your search even more by locating specific descriptors and key words in the abstract. Example: If I wanted to limit my search to Spanish language records... DE=(poverty or (poverty relief or poverty relief measures)) and (rural develop*) and KW=agricultur* and LA=spanish III) Analyzing Results A. Good results: If results are satisfactory, then Save, Print, E-mail citations, download them to a bibliographic manager such as RefWorks, or output them via CSA's QuikBib, which allows CSA Illumina users to easily generate a bibliography of selected database records in eight of the most popular bibliographic styles. The available bibliographic styles are: • AMA (American Medical Association), 9th Edition • APA (American Psychological Association), 5th Edition 30 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  33. 33. • APA (American Psychological Association), 5th Edition - Annotated with Abstracts • ASA (America Sociological Association), 2nd Edition • Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Edition - Author-Date System • Council of Biology Editors – CBE 6th, Citation Sequence • Council of Biology Editors – CBE 6th, Name-Year Sequence • Harvard • Harvard – British Standard • MLA, 6th Edition • MLA, 6th Edition - With subscriber information • Turabian, 6th Edition - Reference List • Uniform - Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals The ‘Save, Print, Email’ feature is located at the top of the results page following the ‘Mark or Clear all on page’ and ‘Update Marked List’ links (see below). 31 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette
  34. 34. B. If results are not on target: 1. Check spelling of search terms and use thesauri or browsable indexes to drop unnecessary or misleading terms. 2. Increase precision: for example, if you want to emphasize the gender gap in access to Internet then you may have to search access as a descriptor (DE) or word in the title of the article instead of by keyword (KW). Also, sexual inequality may be more specific than just sex differences 3. You may need to rethink whether the database you selected is appropriate for your search. C. Too few/too many results: 1. Increase retrieval by using fewer ANDs and more ORs Example: KW=((poverty) or (poverty relief) or (Bangladesh – relief work)) Or... 2. Increase precision by using additional ANDs and fewer ORs (NOT can be used to exclude some terms) Example: KW=((poverty) and (poverty relief) and (Bangladesh – relief work)) 32 www.csa.com Update: May 2006 by Aimée Leverette

×