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  1. 1. DOGUS UNIVERSITY ISE 303 Database Design and Administration - Course Instruction Manual This course instruction manual aims to provide a topic by topic outline for this course together with the appropriate in-class materials and the appropriate reading. Faculty Faculty of Engineering Department Computer Engineering / Information Systems Engineering Program Credits / Hours 4 (3+0+2) ECTS 4 Prerequisites None Lecturer Assoc. Prof. Dr. Selim AKYOKUŞ (Room: G 912, Tel: (Ext) 1213) Electronic mail: The text book Ramez Elmasri and Sham Navathe, Fundamentals of Database Systems, 5th edition, Addison-Westley, 2007. Recommended Texts • Silbershatz, Korth and Sudarshan, Database System Concepts, 5th edition, McGraw Hill, 2005 • Connolly, Begg, Thomas & Carolyn, Database Systems : A Practical Approach to Design, Implementation and Management, 3rd Ed., Addison Wesley, 2005. • Kroenke, Davis M.. Database Processing : Fundamentals, Design & Implementation. 8th Ed., Prentice Hall, 2006. • Date, C. J., An Introduction to Database Systems. 6th Ed., Addison Wesley, 2003. The Course Basic concepts of database systems; The relational model: domains and relations, data integrity, relational algebra, relational calculus, SQL; Database design: functional dependencies, normalization, entity/relationship model; File Structures, indexing and hashing; Data protection: recovery, concurrency, security, integrity; Views; Optimization; Distributed database systems; Object-oriented systems Purpose This course involves study of fundamental concepts behind the design, implementation and application of database systems. Brief review of entity- relationship, database models and an in-depth coverage of the relational model including relational algebra and calculi, query languages, normalization theory, integrity and security, object-oriented databases, object-relational databases, storage structures, access methods, query processing, transaction and concurrency control, advanced querying and information retrieval. In labs, students will practice several database management systems such as ACCESS, MS SQL Server and Oracle. Students will learn to use SQL, embedded and dynamic SQL, GUI facilities, client-server interfaces, and other software packages in database management systems. Assessment Midtem 1 & 2 35 % Final Exam 40 % Lab & Hws 15 % Projects 10 %
  2. 2. Teaching Plan Weeks Lecture Laboratory Week1 Chapter 1 - Databases and Database Users Introduction to DMBS with MS 1.1 Introduction Access, concepts of data, fields 1.2 An Example and tables, field attributes, data 1.3 Characteristics of the Database Approach types 1.4 Actors on the Scene 1.5 Workers behind the Scene 1.6 Advantages of Using the DBMS Approach 1.7 A Brief History of Database Applications 1.8 When Not to Use a DBMS 1.9 Summary Chapter 2 - Database System Concepts and Architecture 2.1 Data Models, Schemas, and Instances 2.2 Three-Schema Architecture and Data Independence 2.3 Database Languages and Interfaces 2.4 The Database System Environment 2.5 Centralized and Client/Server Architectures for DBMSs 2.6 Classification of Database Management Systems 2.7 Summary Week2 Chapter 5 - The Relational Data Model and Relational Creating and running queries, MS Database Constraints Access forms, basic Access 5.1 Relational Model Concepts applications 5.2 Relational Model Constraints and Relational Database Schemas 5.3 Update Operations, Tranactions, and Dealing with Constraint Violations 5.4 Summary Chapter 6 - The Relational Algebra and Relational Calculus 6.1 Unary Relational Operations: SELECT and PROJECT 6.2 Relational Algebra Operations from Set Theory 6.3 Binary Relational Operations: JOIN and DIVISION 6.4 Additional Relational Operations 6.5 Examples of Queries in Relational Algebra 6.6 The Tuple Relational Calculus 6.7 The Domain Relational Calculus 6.8 Summary Week3 Chapter 8 - SQL-99: Schema Definition, Constraints, Relationships, referential integrity, Queries, and Views cascading dependencies, 8.1 SQL Data Definition and Data Types designing relational database 8.2 Specifying Constraints in SQL management systems 8.3 Schema Change Statements in SQL 8.4 Basic Queries in SQL 8.5 More Complex SQL Queries 8.6 INSERT, DELETE, and UPDATE Statements in SQL 8.7 Specifying Constraints as Assertions and Triggers 8.8 Views (Virtual Tables) in SQL 8.9 Additional Features of SQL 8.10 Summary
  3. 3. Chapter 9 - Introduction to SQL Programming Techniques 9.1 Database Programming: Issues and Techniques 9.2 Embedded SQL, Dynamic SQL, and SQLJ 9.3 Database Programming with Function Calls: SQL/CLI and JDBC 9.4 Database Stored Procedures and SQL/PSM 9.5 Summary Week4 Chapter 3 - Data Modeling Using the Entity-Relationship Creating reports, embedding forms (ER) Model and reports with queries in MS 3.1 Using High-Level Conceptual Data Models for Database Access applications. Design 3.2 An Example Database Application 3.3 Entity Types, Entity Sets, Attributes, and Keys 3.4 Relationship Types, Relationship Sets, Roles, and Structural Constraints 3.5 Weak Entity Types 3.6 Refining the ER Design for the COMPANY Database 3.7 ER Diagrams, Naming Conventions, and Design Issues 3.8 Example of Other Notation: UML Class Diagrams 3.9 Relationship Types of Degree Higher Than Two 3.10 Summary Chapter 4 - The Enhanced Entity-Relationship (EER) Model 4.1 Subclasses, Superclasses, and Inheritance 4.2 Specialization and Generalization 4.3 Constraints and Characteristics of Specialization and Generalization Hierarchies 4.4 Modelin of UNION Types Using Categories 4.5 An Example UNIVERSITY EER Schema, Design Choices, and Formal Definitions 4.6 Example of Other Notation: Representing Specialization and Generalization in UML Class Diagrams 4.7 Data Abstraction, Knowledge Representation, and Ontology Concepts Week5 Chapter 7 - Relational Database Design by ERand EER- Introduction to Modules, Macros, to-Relational Mapping VBA for MS Access applications. 7.1 Relational Database Design Using ER-to-Relational Mapping 7.2 Mapping EER Model Constructs to Relations 7.3 Summary Chapter 12 - Practical Database Design Methodology and Use of UML Diagrams 12.1 The Role of Information Systems in Organizations 12.2 The Database Design and Implementation Process 12.3 Use of UML Diagrams As an Aid to Database Design Specification 12.4 Rational Rose, a UML-Based Design Tool 12.5 Automated Database Design Tools 12.6 Summary
  4. 4. Week6 Chapter 10 - Functional Dependencies and Introduction to MS SQL Server, Normalization for Relational Databases Enterprise Manager, Query 10.1 Informal Design Guidelines for Relation Schemas Analyzer 10.2 Functional Dependencies 10.3 Normal Forms Based on Primary Keys 10.4 General Definitions of Second and Third Normal Forms 10.5 Boyce-Codd Normal Form 10.6 Summary Chapter 11 - Relational Database Design Algorithms and Further Dependencies 11.1 Properties of Relational Decompositions 11.2 Algorithms for Relational Database Schema Design 11.3 Multivalued Dependencies and Fourth Normal Form 11.4 Join Dependencies and Fifth Normal Form 11.5 Inclusion Dependencies 11.6 Other Dependencies and Normal Forms 11.7 Summary Week7 Chapter 13 - Disk Storage, Basic File Structures, and Importing & Exporting Data from/to Hashing SQL Server, client configurations, 13.1 Introduction ODBC connections to SQL Server, 13.2 Secondary Storage Devices connecting to SQL Server with MS 13.3 Buffering of Blocks Access 13.4 Placing File Records on Disk 13.5 Operations on Files 13.6 Files of Unordered Records (Heap Files) 13.7 Files of Ordered Records (Sorted Files) 13.8 Hashing Techniques 13.9 Other Primary File Organizations 13.10 Parallelizing Disk Access Using RAID Technology 13.11 New Storage Systems 13.12 Summary Chapter 14 - Indexing Structures for Files 14.1 Types of Single-Level Ordered Indexes 14.2 Multilevel Indexes 14.3 Dynamic Multilevel Indexes Using B-Trees and B+- Trees 14.4 Indexes on Multiple Keys 14.5 Other Types of Indexes 14.6 Summary Week8 Chapter 15 - Algorithms for Query Processing and Introduction to stored procedures, Optimization creating & running stored 15.1 Translating SQL Queries into Relational Algebra procedures in Query Analyzer 15.2 Algorithms for External Sorting environment. 15.3 Algorithms for SELECT and JOIN Operations 15.4 Algorithms for PROJECT and SET Operations 15.5 Implementing Aggregate Operations and OUTER JOINS 15.6 Combining Operations Using Pipelining 15.7 Using Heuristics in Query Optimization 15.8 Using Selectivity and Cost Estimates in Query Optimization 15.9 Overview of Query Optimization in Oracle 15.10 Semantic Query Optimization 15.11 Summary
  5. 5. Chapter 16 - Physical Database Design and Tuning 16.1 Physical Database Design in Relational Databases 16.2 An Overview of Database Tuning in Relational Systems 16.3 Summary Week9 Chapter 17 - Introduction to Transaction Processing Connection and developing Concepts and Theory database applications in .NET 17.1 Introduction to Transaction Processing framework by using SQL Server 17.2 Transaction and System Concepts database, running stored 17.3 Desirable Properties of Transactions procedures. 17.4 Characterizing Schedules Based on Recoverability 17.5 Characterizing Schedules Based on Serializability 17.6 Transaction Support in SQL 17.7 Summary Chapter 18 - Concurrency Control Techniques 18.1 Two-Phase Locking Techniques for Concurrency Control 18.2 Concurrency Control Based on Timestamp Ordering 18.3 Multiversion Concurrency Control Techniques 18.4 Validation (Optimistic) Concurrency Control Techniques 18.5 Granularity of Data Items and Multiple Granularity Locking 18.6 Using Locks for Concurrency Control in Indexes 18.7 Other Concurrency Control Issues 18.8 Summary Chapter 19 - Database Recovery Techniques 19.1 Recovery Concepts 19.2 Recovery Techniques Based on Deferred Update 19.3 Recovery Techniques Based on Immediate Update 19.4 Shadow Paging 19.5 The ARIES Recovery Algorithm 19.6 Recovery in Multidatabase Systems 19.7 Database Backup and Recovery from Catastrophic Failures 19.8 Summary Week10 Chapter 20 - Concepts for Object Databases Introduction to Triggers, creating & 20.1 Overview of Object-Oriented Concepts configuring triggers in SQL Server 20.2 Object Identity, Object Structure, and Type Constructors 20.3 Encapsulation of Operations, Methods, and Persistence 20.4 Type and Class Hierarchies and Inheritance 20.5 Complex Objects 20.6 Other Objected-Oriented Concepts 20.7 Summary Chapter 21 Object Database Standards, Languages, and Design 21.1 Overview of the Object Model of ODMG 21.2 The Object Definition Language ODL 21.3 The Object Query Language OQL 21.4 Overview of the C++ Language Binding 21.5 Object Database Conceptual Design 21.6 Summary
  6. 6. Chapter 22 - Object-Relational and Extended-Relational Systems 22.1 Overview of SQL and Its Object-Relational Features 22.2 Evolution of Data Models and Current Trends of Database Technology 22.3 The Informix Universal Server 22.4 Object-Relational Features of Oracle 8 22.5 Implementation and Related Issues for Extended Type Systems 22.6 The Nested Relational Model 22.7 Summary Week11 Chapter 23 - Database Security Developing standalone database 23.1 Introduction to Database Security Issues applications, client/server 23.2 Discretionary Access Control Based on Granting and architecture applications in .NET Revoking Privileges framework by using SQL server 23.3 Mandatory Access Control and Role-Based Access database which supplied by Control for Multilevel Security triggers, stored procedures, user 23.4 Introduction to Statistical Database Security interactions, web connections 23.5 Introduction to Flow Control 23.6 Encryption and Public Key Infrastructures 23.7 Privacy Issues and Preservation 23.8 Challenges of Database Security 23.9 Summary Chapter 24 - Enhanced Data Models for Advanced Applications 24.1 Active Database Concepts and Triggers 24.2 Temporal Database Concepts 24.3 Spatial and Multimedia Databases 24.4 Introduction to Deductive Databases 24.5 Summary Chapter 25 - Distributed Databases and Client-Server Architectures 25.1 Distributed Database Concepts 25.2 Data Fragmentation, Replication, and Allocation Techniques for Distributed Database Design 25.3 Types of Distributed Database Systems 25.4 Query Processing in Distributed Databases 25.5 Overview of Concurrency Control and Recovery in Distributed Databases 25.6 An Overview of 3-Tier Client-Server Architecture 25.7 Distributed Databases in Oracle 25.8 Summary Week12 Chapter 26 - Web Database Programming Using PHP Introduction to Oracle, Oracle 26.1 Structured, Semistructured, and Unstructured Data products, client configurations. 26.2 A Simple PHP Example 26.3 Overview of Basic Features of PHP 26.4 Overview of PHP Database Programming 26.5 Summary Chapter 27 - XML: Extensible Markup Language 27.1 XML Hierarchical (Tree) Data Model 27.2 XML Documents, DTD, and XML Schema
  7. 7. 27.3 XML Documents and Databases 27.4 XML Querying 27.5 Summary Week13 Chapter 28 - Data Mining Concepts Introduction to PL/SQL, applying 28.1 Overview of Data Mining Technology knowledge of general database 28.2 Association Rules abilities, stored procedures and 28.3 Classification triggers to Oracle environment 28.4 Clustering 28.5 Approaches to Other Data Mining Problems 28.6 Applications of Data Mining 28.7 Commercial Data Mining Tools 28.8 Summary Chapter 29 - Overview of Data Warehousing and OLAP 29.1 Introduction, Definitions, and Terminology 29.2 Characteristics of Data Warehouses 29.3 Data Modeling for Data Warehouses 29.4 Building a Data Warehouse 29.5 Typical Functionality of a Data Warehouse 29.6 Data Warehouse versus Views 29.7 Problems and Open Issues in Data Warehouses 29.8 Summary Week14 Chapter 30 - Emerging Database Technologies and Developing web and client/server Applications database applications with Delphi 30.1 Mobile Databases by using .NET framework. 30.2 Multimedia Databases 30.3 Geographic Information Systems (GIS) 30.4 Genome Data Management -Review of the Subjects Marking System at Doğuş University A+ 4 94 100 A 3,75 87 93 B+ 3,5 79 86 B 3 70 78 C+ 2,5 60 69 C 2 50 59 D+ 1,5 45 49 D 1 40 44 F 0 0 39