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Chapter 8 Chapter 8 Presentation Transcript

  • Concepts of Database Management, Fifth Edition
    • Chapter 8:
    • Database Administration
  • Objectives
    • Discuss the need for database administration (DBA)
    • Explain the DBA’s responsibilities in formulating and enforcing database policies for access privileges, security, disaster planning, and archiving
    • Discuss the DBA’s administrative responsibilities for DBMS evaluation and selection, DBMS maintenance, data dictionary management, and training
  • Objectives
    • Discuss the DBA’s technical responsibilities for database design, testing, and performance tuning
  • Database Administration (DBA)
    • Resource that supervises database and use of DBMS
    • DBA functions are usually performed by a group
    • May refer to one person also called a database administrator
  • Figure 8.1: DBA Responsibilities
  • Policy Formulation and Enforcement
    • Access Privileges
      • Users access the database only in ways in which they are entitled
    • Security
      • Access restrictions ensure database is secure
      • Passwords, encryption, and views implement security
      • Effective password protection critical
  • Figure 8.2: Access Privileges for Sam
  • Figure 8.3: Access Privileges for Paige
  • Figure 8.4: Access Privileges for Valerie
  • Figure 8.5: Attempted Security Violation by Brady
  • Figure 8.6: Attempted Security Violation by Paige
  • Figure 8.7: DBMS Supplies Security Features
  • Figure 8.8: Supplemented Security Features
  • Policy Formulation and Enforcement
    • Disaster Planning
      • Protection against physical damage
      • Use DBMS backup and recovery tools with supplements where needed
      • Disaster recovery plan
    • Archiving
      • Place to keep corporate data
      • Mass-storage device used for archiving
  • Figure 8.9: Movement of Data to Archive
  • Other Database Administrative Functions
    • DBMS Evaluation and Selection
      • Data definition
      • Data restructuring
      • Nonprocedural languages
      • Procedural languages
      • Data dictionary
      • Concurrent update
      • Backup and recovery
      • Security
      • Integrity
  • Other Database Administrative Functions (Con’t.)
      • Replication and distributed databases
      • Limitations
      • Documentation and training
      • Vendor support
      • Performance
      • Portability
      • Cost
      • Future plans
      • Other considerations
  • Other Database Administrative Functions (Con’t.)
    • DBMS Maintenance
      • Configuration changes
      • Upgrades for new releases
      • Problem resolution
  • Other Database Administrative Functions (Con’t.)
    • Data Dictionary Management
      • Is essentially database catalog with wider range of information
      • Updates the data dictionary
      • Establishes naming conventions for tables, fields, etc.
      • Creates data integrity rules
    • Training
      • How to use DBMS and database
  • Technical Functions
    • Database Design
      • Establishes sound methodology for database design
      • Creates documentation standards
      • Manages changes
    • Testing
      • DBA controls production system
      • Grants privileges to programmers to modify and test software
  • Figure 8.11: Interaction Between Test and Production Systems
  • Technical Functions (con’t.)
    • Performance Tuning
      • DBA attempts to get best performance with funding constraints
      • Create indexes, splitting tables, changing table design
      • Denormalization - process that creates a table not in 3NF to optimize performance
        • JOINs may be too costly to just scan data
  • Figure 8.12: Customer Table
  • Figure 8.13a: Split Customer Table
  • Figure 8.13b: Split Customer Table
  • Figure 8.14: Including Part Descriptions in OrderLine Table
  • Summary
    • Database administration (DBA) - person or group responsible for supervising database and use of database management system (DBMS)
    • DBA formulates and enforces policies about
      • Users who can access database
      • Portions of database they may access
      • In what manner they can access database
    • DBA formulates and enforces policies about security
  • Summary
    • DBA
      • Creates and implements backup and recovery procedures
      • Formulates and enforces policies that govern the management of an archive for data
      • Leads effort to evaluate and select new DBMS
      • Installs and maintains DBMS after it has been selected and procured
      • Maintains data dictionary, establishes naming conventions for its contents, and provides information from it to others in the organization
  • Summary
    • DBA
      • Coordinates and provides database and DBMS training
      • Verifies all information-level database designs, completes all physical-level database designs, and creates documentation standards
      • Controls production system, which is accessible only to authorized users
      • Tunes database design to improve performance