BIG BANThe Clock Tower of thePalace of Westminster,known as the Big Ben, isone of Londons mostfamous landmarks. At thetime the tower was built in1858 its clock was thelargest in the world.The name Big Benactually refers to theclocks hour bell, thelargest of the clocks fivebells. The other four areused as quarter bells.
LONDON EYELondon Eye, a giantobservation wheel locatedin the Jubilee Gardens onthe South Bank. The 135meter (443ft) tall structurewas built as part ofLondons millenniumcelebration.Many famous landmarksare clearly visible,including BuckinghamPalace, St. PaulsCathedral and the Housesof Parliament. On a clearday you can see as far as
THE HOUSE OF PARLIAMENTThe Houses of Parliament, alsoknown as the Palace ofWestminster is the seat ofBritains two parliamentaryhouses, the House of Lords andthe House of Commons.In the middle of the 11thcentury, King Edward theConfessor had moved his courtto the Palace of Westminster,situated on a central site nearthe river Thames.In 1265 a parliament wascreated with two houses: theLords and the Commons.
TRAFALGAR SQUARETrafalgar Square, thelargest square inLondon, is oftenconsidered the heart ofLondon. Ever since theMiddle Ages, TrafalgarSquare has been acentral meeting place. Atthe middle of the squarestands a tall column, amonument honoringadmiral Nelson.
ROYAL MEWSVisitors to BuckinghamPalace can make a sidetrip to the Royal Mews,one of the finest examplesin the world of a workingstable.The Royal Mews, locatedbeside BuckinghamPalace, is theheadquarters for thedepartment of the RoyalHousehold, whichprovides transport by roadvia both motorcars andhorse-drawn carriages for
Buckingham PalaceBuckingham Palace, one ofseveral palaces owned bythe British Royal family, isone of the major touristattractions in London.The original building wasconstructed as acountryhouse in 1705 bythe duke of Buckingham,John Sheffield. KingGeorge III bought thehouse in 1761 for his wifeand had it altered byWilliam Chambers.
Marble ArchOnce given a place of honor in frontof Buckingham Palace but laterrelegated to Hyde Park,Londons Marble Arch ismodeled after one of Romesmost famous sights.Marble arch was designed in1827by John Nash as the triumphalgateway to BuckinghamPalace.At the time John Nashwas an accomplishedarchitect who was largelyresponsible for changing thearchitectural face of the cityduring the early 19th centurythanks to his work.