His mother was from Kansas, and his father from Kenya. Barack’s parents eventually divorced, and after his mother remarried, he lived in Indonesia for a time before returning to Hawaii to live with his grandparents. Later he moved to New York where he graduated from Columbia University in 1983.
Obama ran for the US Senate in 2004. During his time as a senator, Obama published his second book, "The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream." He resigned his seat in November to prepare for his transition to president.