5 Great Leaders

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5 Great Leaders

  1. 1. 5 Great Leaders
  2. 2. Outline  Toussaint L’ Ouverture (Haiti)  George Walker Bush (USA)  Mao Tse-tung (China)  Dalai Lama (Tibet)  Margaret Hilda Thatcher (UK)
  3. 3. Toussaint L. Ouverture  Francois-Dominique Toussaint L’Ouverture (November 1, 1743- 1803)  Father-Gaou-Guinou, deported from Benin, brought to Haiti to labor as a slave on the sugar plantations of the white men  Allowed by the plantation overseer to learn, to read and write.  Read everything available to him, including Abbe Raynal, who wrote against slavery, that influenced him a lot.  Believed to have been well educated by his godfather, Pierre Baptiste.  Raised in the beliefs of Roman Catholicism  May also have attained some education from Jesuit missionaries  Compared to most other slaves, Toussaint was well off, serving as a coachman and house servant , freed @ 33
  4. 4. Toussaint L. Ouverture  Began his military career as a leader of the 1791 slave rebellion in the French colony of Saint Domingue.  Initially allied with the Spaniards of neighboring Santo Domingo, Toussaint switched allegiance to the French when they abolished slavery.  He gradually established control over the whole island, expelled British invaders and used political and military tactics to gain dominance over his rivals.  Throughout his years in power, he worked to improve the economy and security of Saint Domingue.  He restored the plantation system using free labour, negotiated trade treaties with Britain and the United States and maintained a large and well-disciplined army.
  5. 5. Toussaint L. Ouverture  1801 - promulgated an autonomist constitution for the colony, with himself as governor for life  1802 - was forced to resign by forces sent by Napoleon Bonaparte to restore French authority in the colony  1803 - died in France where he was deported by Bonaparte  The Haitian Revolution continued under his lieutenant, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, who declared independence in 1804.  His military genius and political acumen led to the establishment of the independent black state of Haiti  “Liberator of Haiti” and “the slave who conquered Napoleon Bonaparte” , shook the institution of slavery in the New World  Sources: Wikipedia  www.hyperhistory.net
  6. 6. George Walker Bush  George Walker Bush (July 6, 1946 - )  43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009  46th Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000  Eldest son of Barbara Bush and George Herbert W. Bush , the 41st US President  Graduated from Yale University in 1968, BA History and Harvard Business School in 1975, MBA , the only President with such degree  Bush worked in oil businesses, helped his father’s campaign  Married Laura Welch, a school teacher and librarian, 1977  Ran unsuccessfully for the House of Representative, 1978  Co-owned the Texas Rangers baseball team
  7. 7. George Walker Bush  Elected in 2000 after a close and controversial election  September 11, 2001 (911) terrorist attacks occurred, WTC attacks  War on Terror, war in Afghanistan (Taliban) on October 7, 2001-Dec 2001, but the hunt for Osama Bin Laden ended on May 2, 2011  War in Iraq (Saddam Hussein) on March 20, 2003-April 9, 2003 (Fall of Bagdad)  US faced the global challenge in peacekeeping while enhancing their internal security , worst US financial crisis caused mainly by the dot com bubble bust -> Flat World outsourcing  Broad tax cuts, the PATRIOT Act, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA – our EFA), the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act, and Medicare prescription drug benefits for seniors  His leadership received increasingly heated criticism from across the political spectrum
  8. 8. George Walker Bush  Folksy, American cowboy image, both supporters and detractors have pointed to his country persona as reasons for their support or criticism  Bush embraced larger visions and was seen as a man of larger ideas and associated huge risks  Tony Blair wrote in 2010 that the caricature of Bush as being dumb is "ludicrous" and that Bush is "very smart“  Acknowledged for his decisiveness , simplistic ways  Leadership lessons from President Bush: 1. Lead by example, 2. "You can't lead without optimism.“ 3. Make decisions based on principle, 4. Leaders read. 5. Know who you are trying to please.  Source: Wikipedia , The Washington Post  www.crosswalk.com/blogs/kevin-east
  9. 9. Mao Tse-tung  Mao Zedong /Mao Tse-tung and commonly referred to as Chairman Mao (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976),  Son of a wealthy farmer in Shaoshan, Hunan, Mao adopted a Chinese nationalist and anti-imperialist outlook in early life  Active in student politics and protest, became an early member of the Chinese Communist Party  Architect and founding father of the People's Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment in 1949, governed the country as Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China until his death in 1976.  Politically a Marxist-Leninist, his theoretical contribution to the ideology along with his military strategies and brand of policies are collectively known as Maoism
  10. 10. Mao Tse-tung  Read voraciously in his spare time, most influential : Words of Warning to an Affluent Age, Great Heroes of the World, … Sun Yat Sen’s The People's Strength, and The Communist Manifesto of Marx and Engel,  Mao enrolled and dropped out of a series of schools in quick succession; a police academy, a soap-production school, a law school and an economics school, graduated a teacher at the Fourth Normal School of Changsha  Mao rose to power by commanding the Long March, forming a united front with Kuomintang (KMT) during the Second Sino- Japanese War to repel a Japanese invasion, and leading the Communist Party of China (CPC) to victory against Chiang Kai-shek's Kuomintang (KMT) in the Chinese Civil War
  11. 11. Mao Tse-tung  Officially held in high regard by many as a great political strategist, military mastermind, and savior of the nation.  Maoists further promote his role as a theorist, statesman, poet, and visionary, while anti-revisionists continue to defend most of his policies.  "[Mao] turned China from a feudal backwater into one of the most powerful countries in the World ... The Chinese system he overthrew was backward and corrupt; few would argue the fact that he dragged China into the 20th century. But at a cost in human lives that is staggering."  Mao is still regarded as one of the most important figures in modern world history, and was named one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century by Time magazine  Source: Wikipedia and China Review, China University Press
  12. 12. Dalai Lama  The Dalai Lama is a high lama in the Gelug or "Yellow Hat" branch of Tibetan Buddhism. The name is a combination of the Sino-Mongolian word dalai meaning "Ocean" and the Tibetan word bla-ma (with a silent "b") meaning "chief, high priest“  The 14th Dalai Lama (religious name: Tenzin Gyatso, shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso, born Lhamo Dondrub,[2] 6 July 1935) is the 14th and current Dalai Lama, as well as the longest lived incumbent.  Dalai Lamas are the head monks of the Gelugpa lineage of Tibetan Buddhism. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989, and is also well known for his lifelong advocacy for Tibetans inside and outside Tibet.
  13. 13. Dalai Lama  Tibetan Buddhists traditionally believe him to be the reincarnation of his predecessors and a manifestation of the Bodhisattva of Compassion.  The 14th Dalai Lama remained the head of state for the Central Tibetan Administration ("Tibetan government in exile") until his retirement on March 14, 2011.  He has indicated that the institution of the Dalai Lama may be abolished in the future, and also that the next Dalai Lama may be found outside Tibet and may be female.  The Chinese government was very quick to reject this and claimed that only it has the authority to select the next Dalai Lama.
  14. 14. Dalai Lama  Announced he would step down as Tibet's political leader to empower an elected prime minister, a move seen transforming the government in-exile into a more assertive body in the face of Chinese pressure.  Tibetan leaders have opposed his devolving of power, fearful the movement could wane without the influence of a global celebrity adored by Hollywood stars and the six million Tibetans who worship him as a reincarnated leader.  Knows the importance of collaboration, performance, and productivity. He is active on the Internet very high tech, uses social media: Google + and Twitter to reach out globally  Focus on teachings about compassion and peace  Dalai Lama co-authored The Leader’s Way, applying Buddhism to business practices  Source: Wikipedia , Edmonton Journal, CanWest Digital Media and www.inc.com
  15. 15. Margaret H. Thatcher  Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS, née Roberts (born 13 October 1925) is a British politician  A research chemist before becoming a barrister, was elected Member of Parliament for Finchley in 1959.  The longest-serving (1979–1990) Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of the 20th century, and the only woman ever to have held the post.  A Soviet journalist nicknamed her the "Iron Lady", which became associated with her uncompromising politics and leadership style.  As Prime Minister, she implemented Conservative policies that have come to be known as Thatcherism.
  16. 16. Margaret H. Thatcher  Her political philosophy and economic policies emphasised deregulation , flexible labour markets, the privatisation of state-owned companies, and reducing the power and influence of trade unions.  Popularity waned amid recession and high unemployment, until economic recovery and the 1982 Falklands War brought a resurgence of support, resulting in her re-election in 1983.  “She used her drive and hard work to get into the best position possible for growing her competencies, her network, and her visibility.”  Thatcher was determined to gain whatever leverage she could from her brains and her hard work.  She found “powerful mentors”
  17. 17. Margaret H. Thatcher  Considered as a transformational leader  Thatcher can be described as a charismatic individual who cannot just easily gain respect but sacrifice her self-interests for the good of her party and followers  Using her intellectual ability, she actively encourages a new way of thinking strategically; and stresses the use of creative thinking (Cleavenger & Gardner, 1998)  Communicated her clear and concise vision with her followers effectively  Steinberg (2008) described Thatcher’s leadership style to be high on both ideology and information management  Source: Wikipedia and Bader ALHablani's Blog  Genovese, M. A. (2009). Women in power
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