Core of CBT Theory It was developed by Dr. Aaron T. Beck Cognitive Therapy (CT) is an active, directive, structured, collaborative, and psychoeducational model or brief psychotherapy CBT is a form of psychotherapy that focuses on cognition- thoughts and on behavior-your actions The interactions between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are at the core of CBT Cognitive therapists look for patterns & connections among events, thoughts, emotions, & behavior
Cognitive Therapy Concepts Collaborative empiricism is defined as the cooperative working relationship focused on jointly determining goals and seeking feedback Socratic dialogue is a type of questioning designed to promote new learning Guided discovery is when the counselor coaches the child through a voyage of self-discovery in which the child does his/her own thinking & draws their own conclusions
Principles to FollowJudith Beck (1995) outlined the principles to follow with CBT Base counseling methods on an ever-involving understanding of the person & his or her problems in cognitive terms Build a strong therapeutic relationship Stress collaboration and active participation Be goal oriented and problem focused Try to be time-limited Structure Sessions Teach clients to name, evaluate, and respond to their dysfunctional thoughts and beliefs Use a variety of techniques to change thinking, mood and behavior
Cognitive Restructuring Thought identification and monitoring Linking thoughts, feelings, and behavior Challenging and changing distorted and dysfunctional thoughts Learning alternative ways of coping with difficult situations
Goals of Therapy Modify patterns of behavior to alleviate presenting problem Restructure dysfunctional thoughts that impact relationships Teach clients new skills Communication skills Problem Solving Negotiation
Therapist CharacteristicsThe style of the therapist: ACTIVE POSITIVE COLLABORATIVE Therapists should aim to “teach in a playful way and play in a way that teaches,” (Garralda & Hyde, 2003)
Cognitive Behavior Play Therapy(CBPT)Application of CBPT principles to play therapy Cognitive model of emotional disorders is based on the interplay among cognition, emotions, behavior, and physiology. The role of cognition must be carefully considered for children, interventions are focused on absence of adaptive thoughts & cognitive errors CBT is brief and time limited A sound therapeutic relationship is essential for CBPT It is structured and directive CBT uses primarily the Socratic method
References Garralda, M. E., & Hyde, C. (Eds.). (2003). Managing Children with Psychiatric Problems (2nd ed.). London : BMJ Publishing Group. Henderson, D. A., & Thompson, C. L. (2011). Counseling Children (8th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning. O’Connor, K. J., & Schaefer, C. E. (Eds.). (1994). Handbook of Play Therapy: Advances and Innovations Canada: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.