Basics of Welsh Research

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Class taught at the Conference On Family History & Genealogy 2 August 2013 in Provo, Utah.

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  • Records are associated with certain jurisdictions. Parish registers, poor law and census records at the parish level, court records at the county level and probate records at the archdeaconry or diocese.
  • Ordnance Survey 25 inch to one mile map.Image taken at Neath Antiquarian Society Archive 9 September 2011.
  • From an estate sale catalog, map scale 208.33 feet to an inch. West Glamorgan Archive Service reference D/D Z 543/1 photographed 28 February 2011.
  • Poor law union map
  • Gellionnen Chapel Records, FHL# 813540 item 6, TNA# RG4/3884
  • Membership List, Gellionnen Chapel, Glamorgan, Wales, FHL# 813540 item 6, TNA# RG4/3884
  • Membership List, Gellionnen Chapel, Glamorgan, Wales, FHL# 813540 item 6, TNA# RG4/3884
  • See https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Wales_History for other items.
  • 1750 burials in Llangiwg, Glamorgan showing three people still using the patronymic naming pattern. These burials provide evidence for the two preceding generations. One person, William Morgan John, was old enough to be married and with an estimated span of thirty three years between generations this burial record moves the pedigree back about 100 years.
  • Bishop’s Transcript pre 1813
  • https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/7/74/Glamorgan_Parish_map.jpg
  • Cambrian Newspaper, 26 March 1842.
  • 1861 census of Cilybebyll, Glamorgan, Wales
  • I’m typing in the parish name of Llangiwg but the system does not have the parish listed under that spelling.
  • Margaret died at age 29 and Samuel remarried but it would be difficult to prove this with the parish registers only. The burial is on Family History Library DGS number 425322, image 30,
  • Basics of Welsh Research

    1. 1. Basics of Welsh Research
    2. 2. Names John Mary David Margaret Thomas Hannah Evan Matilda William Sarah Edward Elizabeth
    3. 3. Patronymics • Mab or ab or ap = son of • Ferch or verch = daughter of • In South Wales ab or ap was not always used
    4. 4. Examples • Evan Rees ap John • David Thomas Howell • David Williams • Matilda vch John
    5. 5. Naming Pattern
    6. 6. PLACE-NAMES
    7. 7. Jurisdictions Diocese & Parish are critical
    8. 8. Find & Use Detailed Maps
    9. 9. Records in Welsh • Nonconformist records • Chapel histories • Monumental inscriptions • Periodicals
    10. 10. NONCONFORMITY
    11. 11. PARISH REGISTERS
    12. 12. Key Dates in Welsh Family History • 1538 christening, marriage and burial records begin • 1597 Bishop’s transcripts begin • 1754 pre-printed forms for marriages • 1813 pre-printed forms used for christenings & burials • 1837 civil registration • 1841 census records begin, done every ten years
    13. 13. Findmypast.com
    14. 14. Pre 1813 burial (1750)
    15. 15. Post 1813 burial
    16. 16. Marriages
    17. 17. Marriages • Marriages are indexed well and serve as a good finding tool • Get your bearings by using maps – Map of the country • https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Wales – Map of the county showing all parishes • The book Atlas and Index of Parish Registers • Order one of the three maps for Wales at http://www.ihgs.ac.uk/shop/contents/ihgsmaps/ihgsparis hmaps/index.html?action=page&id=2
    18. 18. Start with a marriage index • FindMyPast has many Welsh parish registers at https://www.findmypast.com/ or use FindMyPast for free at a FamilySearch Center • A list of county based indexes is at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Wal es_Marriage_Indexes_Before_1837
    19. 19. Marriages pre 1754
    20. 20. Details to watch for 1754-1837
    21. 21. Post 1836 Parish Register
    22. 22. Some details are the same as before 1837
    23. 23. Some details are new
    24. 24. Christenings Christenings often show: • child’s given name • Father’s name • Mother’s name Sometimes included: • Family residence such as the village, street or farm name • Father’s occupation
    25. 25. Post 1812 parish register christening
    26. 26. Bishop’s Transcript
    27. 27. CIVIL REGISTRATION
    28. 28. David Thomas Howell Death Notice On the 11th inst., aged 75 years, Mr. David Thomas Howell, landlord of the Star Public house, Llanguicke. He was for many years a consistent member of the Independents, and was highly esteemed and beloved by all who knew him.
    29. 29. CENSUS RECORDS
    30. 30. PROBATE RECORDS
    31. 31. RECORD SUPPLEMENTS / SUBSTITUTES
    32. 32. Monumental Inscriptions Supplement other records
    33. 33. Strategies for Success • Kill off your ancestor • Find your ancestor in every census • Always search both the Parish Registers and Bishop’s Transcripts
    34. 34. Strategies for Success • Use indexes • Don’t trust indexes • Watch for patronymics: David Thomas Howell is a clue
    35. 35. Basics of Welsh Research
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