Strategic Planning Responses to City Vulnerability 3rd International Urban Design Conference August 2010 - National Conven...
More potential problems than you can poke a stick at relating to:- City Vulnerability Identifying the issues <ul><li>Clima...
Future Health Liability Future Health Liability – Unfunded Health Budgets
PB-CUSP Alliance Research Costs to government $86 million (or approximately $80,000 per block) – or the cost to provide po...
Status Quo Melbourne @ 5 million <ul><li>Will cost  $110,080,000,000  extra over 50 years assuming that half of all future...
New Ways Needed – A Change in Direction <ul><li>Sustainable Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Future Urban Form </li></ul><ul><ul><...
The Elephant in the Room Climate Change Adaptation Why isn’t there more public discussion....?
Planning Responses New Ways Needed – A Change in Direction <ul><ul><li>Sustainable Built Form and Land Use </li></ul></ul>...
240 persons travel to work in: 177 cars    3 buses  1 tram Land Use and Transport Modes
Green Transport infrastructure? <ul><li>A number of cities in US and elsewhere now  pulling down inner city expressways </...
Cheonggyecheon area  before  restoration (Seoul) Source: http://www.metro.seoul.kr/kor2000/chungaehome/en/seoul/2sub.htm/ ...
Cheonggyecheon area after restoration Source: http://www.metro.seoul.kr/kor2000/chungaehome/en/seoul/2sub.htm/ Cheonggyech...
“ If you’re looking for a big opportunity look for a big problem”  ANON
Where do Australian emissions come from? 48% 14% Stationary energy (power plants, etc) Transport (vehicles) AGO, figures f...
Where do Australian emissions come from? Stationary energy (power plants, etc) Transport (vehicles) AGO, figures for 1999 ...
Smart Grids:  An Alternative Renewables Enabler
EVs, Distributed Energy and Smart Grids Courtesy of EPRI
A Tipping Point? What do we require to institute change? A transport system tipping point
Tipping elements and thresholds! In and out of ice ages – last couple of millions of years oscillating every 70,000 years ...
Tipping elements and thresholds! Cold Warm Hot Loss of each “tipping element” increases the risk of passing thresholds
Tipping elements and thresholds! Cold Warm Hot Loss of each “tipping element” increases the risk of passing thresholds
Tipping elements and thresholds! Cold Warm Hot Loss of each “tipping element” increases the risk of passing thresholds
Tipping elements and thresholds! Cold Warm Hot At some point we trigger runaway global warming Overshoot and collapse to a...
Peak Oil – Is this our Tipping Point  (if it isn’t Climate Change) Some future scenarios have petrol prices at up to  $8/l...
Destiny of all life lies within technology
 
What is Biophilia?  Biophilia   Edward O. Wilson, a Harvard University entomologist, coined the term &quot;biophilia&quot;...
The Biophilic City Concept  <ul><li>Increase Biodiversity and Stabilise Ecological Systems </li></ul>
Deforestation
Biodiverse Cities
 
The Biophilic City Concept  <ul><li>Increase Biodiversity and Stabilise Ecological Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction ...
Mole Hill Vancouver Edible Cities Cuba
Vertical Farms
The Biophilic City Concept  <ul><li>Increase Biodiversity and Stabilise Ecological Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction ...
Conclusions  New Ways Needed – A Change in Direction <ul><ul><li>Sustainable Built Form and Land Use </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
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3rd Int Urban Design Conf

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3rd Int Urban Design Conf

  1. 1. Strategic Planning Responses to City Vulnerability 3rd International Urban Design Conference August 2010 - National Convention Centre, Canberra Darren Bilsborough, Director of Sustainability A-P Adjunct Professor of Sustainability, Curtin University
  2. 2. More potential problems than you can poke a stick at relating to:- City Vulnerability Identifying the issues <ul><li>Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Global Population and Consumption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leading to Resource Depletion and;- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peak Oil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peak Water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peak Food </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pollution (air, water and soil) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Health and Well Being (future liabilities) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Future Health Liability Future Health Liability – Unfunded Health Budgets
  4. 4. PB-CUSP Alliance Research Costs to government $86 million (or approximately $80,000 per block) – or the cost to provide power, water, sewerage, schools, hospitals and local government services for fringe developments. Road infrastructure is the most significant cost. Cost to people $250 million in transport costs over 50 years – people in fringe developments drive more frequently and own more cars $ 4.23 million in health costs – people in fringe developments have higher risk of obesity related to lower levels of physical activity for people. Cost to the planet 4,400 tons of greenhouse gas is saved for 1,000 urban dwellings, which is roughly equal to the amount emitted from 200 homes – an estimated dollar value of approximately $19.32 million. Productivity Opportunity A 6% improvement in productivity due to active travel Lifestyle. PB-CUSP Alliance Research
  5. 5. Status Quo Melbourne @ 5 million <ul><li>Will cost $110,080,000,000 extra over 50 years assuming that half of all future housing is built on the periphery of Melbourne </li></ul>PB-CUSP Alliance Research
  6. 6. New Ways Needed – A Change in Direction <ul><li>Sustainable Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Future Urban Form </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Land Use (how to grow?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Buildings (next steps) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biophillic city concept </li></ul></ul>Planning Responses
  7. 7. The Elephant in the Room Climate Change Adaptation Why isn’t there more public discussion....?
  8. 8. Planning Responses New Ways Needed – A Change in Direction <ul><ul><li>Sustainable Built Form and Land Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fewer cars (less roads), more public transport…..pedestrian and cycling priorities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. 240 persons travel to work in: 177 cars 3 buses 1 tram Land Use and Transport Modes
  10. 10. Green Transport infrastructure? <ul><li>A number of cities in US and elsewhere now pulling down inner city expressways </li></ul><ul><li>New concept in the US of “Road Diet” – removing some traffic lanes to limit traffic flows and speeds to environmental capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore, London, Stockholm congestion charging and other cities looking at following </li></ul><ul><li>Roadspace is increasingly being allocated to public transport, bicycles and other small vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Big investments are being made in public transport </li></ul>Green Transport infrastructure?
  11. 11. Cheonggyecheon area before restoration (Seoul) Source: http://www.metro.seoul.kr/kor2000/chungaehome/en/seoul/2sub.htm/ Cheonggyecheon area before restoration (Seoul)
  12. 12. Cheonggyecheon area after restoration Source: http://www.metro.seoul.kr/kor2000/chungaehome/en/seoul/2sub.htm/ Cheonggyecheon area after restoration
  13. 13. “ If you’re looking for a big opportunity look for a big problem” ANON
  14. 14. Where do Australian emissions come from? 48% 14% Stationary energy (power plants, etc) Transport (vehicles) AGO, figures for 1999 6% 3% 2% Garbage tips Industrial processes Gases escaping (during mining, from pipes) 17% 10% Land use change and forestry (clearing , etc) Agriculture (mostly ex-animals)
  15. 15. Where do Australian emissions come from? Stationary energy (power plants, etc) Transport (vehicles) AGO, figures for 1999 62% of all emissions from Transport and Energy
  16. 16. Smart Grids: An Alternative Renewables Enabler
  17. 17. EVs, Distributed Energy and Smart Grids Courtesy of EPRI
  18. 18. A Tipping Point? What do we require to institute change? A transport system tipping point
  19. 19. Tipping elements and thresholds! In and out of ice ages – last couple of millions of years oscillating every 70,000 years or so! Cold Warm Hot
  20. 20. Tipping elements and thresholds! Cold Warm Hot Loss of each “tipping element” increases the risk of passing thresholds
  21. 21. Tipping elements and thresholds! Cold Warm Hot Loss of each “tipping element” increases the risk of passing thresholds
  22. 22. Tipping elements and thresholds! Cold Warm Hot Loss of each “tipping element” increases the risk of passing thresholds
  23. 23. Tipping elements and thresholds! Cold Warm Hot At some point we trigger runaway global warming Overshoot and collapse to a new stable state?
  24. 24. Peak Oil – Is this our Tipping Point (if it isn’t Climate Change) Some future scenarios have petrol prices at up to $8/litre in Australia. Even modest scenarios foresee $2 a litre within a few years Surveys by Budget Direct suggest 30% of motorists in Australian cities will stop using their car to commute if petrol reaches $1.75 a litre
  25. 25. Destiny of all life lies within technology
  26. 27. What is Biophilia? Biophilia Edward O. Wilson, a Harvard University entomologist, coined the term &quot;biophilia&quot;, referring to humans' &quot;love of living things&quot; - our innate affinity with nature
  27. 28. The Biophilic City Concept <ul><li>Increase Biodiversity and Stabilise Ecological Systems </li></ul>
  28. 29. Deforestation
  29. 30. Biodiverse Cities
  30. 32. The Biophilic City Concept <ul><li>Increase Biodiversity and Stabilise Ecological Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of Urban Farming (including Vertical Farms) Catering for Local Food Requirements and Reduction in Food Miles </li></ul>
  31. 33. Mole Hill Vancouver Edible Cities Cuba
  32. 34. Vertical Farms
  33. 35. The Biophilic City Concept <ul><li>Increase Biodiversity and Stabilise Ecological Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of Urban Farming (including Vertical Farms) Catering for Local Food Requirements and Reduction in Food Miles </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement in Water Management, Efficiency and Recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased Energy Intensity through Reduced Heat Island Effect – Consideration of Climate Change Adaptation due to ▲ ºC into the Future </li></ul><ul><li>Improved Health and Well Being (Biophilia and Reduced Pollution) and Associated Productivity Improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-sequestration of Legacy CO² </li></ul>
  34. 36. Conclusions New Ways Needed – A Change in Direction <ul><ul><li>Sustainable Built Form and Land Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fewer cars (less roads), more public transport…..pedestrian and cycling priorities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urban growth containment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transit Oriented Development (TODS, PODS, CODS and GODS) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urban farming, local food supply </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biophilic cities </li></ul></ul></ul>
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