Gestalt

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Gestalt

  1. 1. SCOPE OF PRESENTATION  EVOLUTION  THEORY  STUDIES  GESTALT’S FACTORS  IMPLICATIONS IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
  2. 2. •Gestalt is a psychology term which means "unified whole“ •Theories of visual perception German psychologists in the 1920s. developed by •These theories attempt to describe how people tend to organize visual elements into groups or unified wholes when certain principles are applied •Gestalt was a holistic approach and rejected the mechanistic perspectives of the stimulus - response models
  3. 3. Max Wertheimer Wolfgang Köhler Kurt Koffka
  4. 4. GESTALT THEORY
  5. 5. GESTALT STUDIES OF LEARNING INSIGHT AND MENTALITY OF APES  Köhler: intelligence in apes  Solving the problem:  Could the chimp see the “whole” problem?  Would proximity of objects influence solution of problem?  Insight  Spontaneous understanding of relationships
  6. 6. There is no line making a triangle, so how do we see one?
  7. 7. BISTABLE FIGURE Can’t explain how we could see two different images that alternate another one, glass/silhouette ???
  8. 8. If we're thinking about the perils of growing old, we'll on average see the old woman. But if we're focused on the joys of youth and beauty, it's the young woman that will appear.
  9. 9. GESTALT’S FACTORS Similarity
  10. 10. GESTALT’S FACTORS  PROXIMITY
  11. 11. GESTALT’S FACTORS  Closure http://graphicdesign.spokanefalls.edu/tutorials/process/gestaltprinciples/closure/closure_a.gif
  12. 12. GESTALT’S FACTORS Good continuation
  13. 13. FIGURE/GROUND Failing to divide figure from ground
  14. 14. The Factor of Closure - brain attempts to complete part to generate the whole. The Factor of Proximity - when elements are grouped closely together, they are percieved as wholes. The Factor of Similarity - learning is facilitated if similar ideas are treated and linked together and then contrasted with opposing or complementary sets of ideas. The Figure-Ground Effect - eye tends to see the objects, rather than the spaces or holes between them.

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