SCOPE OF PRESENTATION
IMPLICATIONS IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
•Gestalt is a psychology term which means "unified
of visual perception
German psychologists in the 1920s.
•These theories attempt to describe how people tend
to organize visual elements into groups or unified
wholes when certain principles are applied
•Gestalt was a holistic approach and rejected the
mechanistic perspectives of the stimulus - response
GESTALT STUDIES OF LEARNING
INSIGHT AND MENTALITY OF APES
Köhler: intelligence in apes
Solving the problem:
the chimp see the
Would proximity of objects
There is no line making a triangle, so how do we
Can’t explain how we could see two different images that
alternate another one, glass/silhouette ???
If we're thinking about the
perils of growing old, we'll on
average see the old
woman. But if we're focused
on the joys of youth and
beauty, it's the young
woman that will appear.
Failing to divide figure from ground
The Factor of Closure - brain attempts to complete part to
generate the whole.
The Factor of Proximity - when elements are grouped closely
together, they are percieved as wholes.
The Factor of Similarity - learning is facilitated if similar ideas are
treated and linked together and then contrasted with opposing or
complementary sets of ideas.
The Figure-Ground Effect - eye tends to see the objects, rather
than the spaces or holes between them.